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Se mobiliser pour la santé

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ISBN: 9782356710031 9782356710932 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses des Mines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 10:55:56
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Le domaine de la santé a été largement transformé depuis une vingtaine d’années par l’action des associations de patients. Ces associations s’impliquent dans la production et la diffusion de connaissances sur les maladies et les questions de santé ; elles jouent un rôle actif dans l’émergence et la consolidation des mobilisations collectives autour des problèmes de santé ; elles sont reconnues comme des acteurs à part entière de la démocratie sanitaire aux côtés des pouvoirs publics, des prof...

Ce que soigner veut dire

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ISBN: 9782911256097 9782356711830 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses des Mines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 10:55:56
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Qu'est-ce que bien soigner? Dans ce livre provoquant et original, Annemarie Mol montre que ce n'est pas, comme on l'a beaucoup dit, laisser les patients choisir. À partir de l'exemple des personnes atteintes de diabète, l'auteur propose une nouvelle manière de prendre soin des personnes, qui ne les transforme pas en citoyens ou en consommateurs, mais qui les reconnaît comme corps et âmes souffrants, comme individus investis dans leur propre prise en charge, comme membres de collectifs multipl...

Palliativmedizin und Betäubungsmittelrecht - Möglichkeiten und Grenzen

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783863951368 Year: Pages: 105 DOI: 10.17875/gup2013-159 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:42:01
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The collection is related to a workshop at the Georg-August-University Göttingen from 2012 and refers to the use of narcotics in palliative care. Experts of law and medicine discuss the situation of doctors leaving narcotics at their patients home, the prevailing legal norms and the need for reform.

Interaction of BCI with the underlying neurological conditions in patients: pros and cons

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194896 Year: Pages: 129 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-489-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-16 15:44:59
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The primary purpose of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) systems is to help patients communicate with their environment or to aid in their recovery. A common denominator for all BCI patient groups is that they suffer from a neurological deficit. As a consequence, BCI systems in clinical and research settings operate with control signals (brain waves) that could be substantially altered compared to brain waves of able-bodied individuals. Most BCI systems are built and tested on able-bodied individuals, being insufficiently robust for clinical applications. The main reason for this is a lack of systematic analysis on how different neurological problems affect the BCI performance. Neurological problems interfering with BCI performance are either a direct cause of a disability (e.g. stroke, autism, epilepsy ) or secondary consequences of a disability, often overlooked in design of BCI systems (chronic pain, spasticity and antispastic drugs, loss of cognitive functions, drowsiness, medications which are increasing/decreasing brain activity in certain frequency range) . While some of these deficits may decrease the performance of a BCI, others may potentially improve its performance compared to BCI tested on a healthy population (e.g. overactivation of motor cortex in patients with Central neuropathic pain (CNP), increased alpha activity in some patient groups). Depending on the neurological condition, a prolonged modulation of brain waves through BCI might produce both positive or detrimental effects. Thus some BCI protocols might be more suitable for a short term use (e.g. rehabilitation of movement) while the others would be more suitable for a long term use. Prolonged self-regulation of brain oscillation through BCI could potentially be used as a treatment for aberrant brain connections for conditions ranging from motor deficits to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Currently, ASD is an increasingly prevalent condition in the U.S. with core deficits in imitation learning, language, empathy, theory of mind, and self-awareness. Understanding its neuroetiology is not only critical and necessary but should provide relevant insights into the relationship between neuroanatomy, physiology and behaviour. In this Research Topic we welcome studies of the highest scientific quality highlighting how BCI systems based on different principles (SSVEP, P300, slow cortical potential, auditory potential, operant conditioning, etc) interact with the underlying neurological problems and how performance of these BCI system differ compared to similar systems tested on healthy individuals. We also welcome studies defining signatures of neurological disorders and proposing BCI based treatments. We expect to generate a body of knowledge valuable both to researchers working with clinical populations, but also to a vast majority of BCI researchers testing new algorithms on able-bodied people. This should lead towards more robust or tailor-made BCI protocols, facilitating translation of research from laboratories to the end users.

Biology of Cognitive Aging: Model Systems, Technologies and Beyond

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451449 Year: Pages: 145 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-144-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Welcome! We, humans, tend to experience forgetfulness when we get old. The forgetfulness may become more serious memory impairment, dementia. Presumably, we have known it for a long time, but we still do not know the mechanism behind. A normal part of forgetfulness is called age-related memory impairment (AMI), which is considered the first step towards mild cognitive impairment (MCI; transition state) and dementia (disease state). The majority of dementia is attributable to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Progression to dementia occurs at a high rate in patients with AMI. This eBook covers exciting but yet challenging field of cognitive aging. AMI is specific to neural tissues of the brain and is considered to be segmental aging. It happens not only to humans but also to a variety of species. Learning and memory are vulnerable to aging in a wide variety of model species, including worms, fruit flies, insects, snails, fishes, and rodents. Aging specifically reduces the ability to learn new information but leaves “old” memories and procedural memory intact. A comparative approach including the use of model systems seems to facilitate understanding of the molecular mechanisms that lead to AMI and AD. We advocate research on model systems. This eBook also provides the first manuscript co-authored with an AD patient to create a feedback loop from patients incorporated into research. We also included a manuscript on the semi-automated system that was inspired by such a feedback. Those may place a nice flavor to this exciting series of comparative research on cognitive aging. We hope you enjoy this eBook. Warm regards, Shin Murakami, Ph.D.Welcome! We, humans, tend to experience forgetfulness when we get old. The forgetfulness may become more serious memory impairment, dementia. Presumably, we have known it for a long time, but we still do not know the mechanism behind. A normal part of forgetfulness is called age-related memory impairment (AMI), which is considered the first step towards mild cognitive impairment (MCI; transition state) and dementia (disease state). The majority of dementia is attributable to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Progression to dementia occurs at a high rate in patients with AMI. This eBook covers exciting but yet challenging field of cognitive aging. AMI is specific to neural tissues of the brain and is considered to be segmental aging. It happens not only to humans but also to a variety of species. Learning and memory are vulnerable to aging in a wide variety of model species, including worms, fruit flies, insects, snails, fishes, and rodents. Aging specifically reduces the ability to learn new information but leaves “old” memories and procedural memory intact. A comparative approach including the use of model systems seems to facilitate understanding of the molecular mechanisms that lead to AMI and AD. We advocate research on model systems. This eBook also provides the first manuscript co-authored with an AD patient to create a feedback loop from patients incorporated into research. We also included a manuscript on the semi-automated system that was inspired by such a feedback. Those may place a nice flavor to this exciting series of comparative research on cognitive aging. We hope you enjoy this eBook. Warm regards, Shin Murakami, Ph.D.

Genetiese bevindings in ‘n groep Afrikaners met skisofrenie

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ISBN: 9781928523215 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2019.BK135 Language: Afrikaans
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-13 04:45:40
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Religions and Psychotherapies

ISBN: 9783906980775 9783906980782 Year: Pages: 236 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-12 11:41:57
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The birth of modern psychotherapies—along with the birth of psychology as a science on one side and with psychoanalysis, other depth-psychological treatments and behavioral therapies in addition to medical treatments of psychological disorders on the other side—in the 19th and 20th centuries was accompanied by positivistic and mechanistic paradigms underlying empirical research and claims of scientific dignity [1]. Affirmations which could not be tested or observed empirically had to be excluded from science—including any kind of metaphysics and religious belief, notwithstanding pioneering studies by William James [2], Granville Stanley Hall, James Henry Leuba and Edwin Diller Starbuck [3] for psychology in general and for psychology of religion(s) in particular. In particular, the critique of religions by Sigmund Freud has continuously exerted a strong impact in the fields of psychiatry and psychotherapies; in addition, regarding psychodynamics and symptoms of psychic disorders, religious phenomena in the lives of patients may be just as affected as other cognitive and emotional aspects and behaviors [4]. Consequently, religious experience and religious behavior of patients in psychiatry and psychotherapies have rarely been object of research and teaching apart from predominantly symptomatic and pathogenic perspectives. [...]

Des échelles pour prendre soin

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ISBN: 9782874631504 9782875581648 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Louvain
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-12 11:12:22
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Deuxième numéro de la collection Sâges, initiée par la Chaire de médecine générale, l’ouvrage que vous tenez en mains est consacré à un nouveau thème ayant trait à la personne âgée : les échelles d’évaluation. Les soins procurés à « nos vieux » se sont vus progressivement empreints des avancées de la science, et, avec elle, d’instruments de mesure. C’est sur cette réalité que nous avons voulu porter des éclairages issus de différentes disciplines et de diverses expériences : le regard du méde...

AML in the Molecular Age: From Biology to Clinical Management

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ISBN: 9783038972808 9783038972815 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-281-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-12 12:12:38
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We appreciate your willingness to contribute an article to the upcoming Special Issue of the Journal of Clinical Medicine, which will focus on “AML in the Molecular Age: From Biology to Clinical Management”. In this Special Issue, we aim to discuss important scientific and clinical ongoing activities in AML. Scientific subjects will include articles concerning the molecular abnormalities, epigenetic mechanisms of disease/therapy as well as the role of the immune system in AML. Very interesting and uncommon subjects will include discussions of extramedullary disease and evaluations of the central nervous system by various imaging techniques. Experts will describe the role of hypomethylating agents in the management of AML and currently emerging and promising investigational therapies. Specifics of treament of pediatric and younger patients with AML. Clinical success relies greatly on supportive therapy, and we will discuss supportive therapy, including infection prophylaxis. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains the most effective measure for curing aggressive AML, and a variety of topics will be considered: donor selection, age of recipient, which has been increasing seemingly without limit; therefore, recipient/donor assessments are more important than ever in the aging population. Alternative donor use (e.g., cord blood and haploidentical individuals) has been increasing dramatically; when and who should be considered, what is being investigated? With significant changes occurring with respect to both donors and recipients, the pros and cons of using of anti-thymocyte globulin use in conditioning regimens will be also described.

Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity (2018)

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ISBN: 9783038979326 9783038979333 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-933-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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The interest in the topic of spirituality as a more or less independent dimension of quality of life is continuously growing, and research questions are beginning to change as the field of religiosity changes, becoming more diverse and pluralistic. Addressing new topics in health research also relies on standardized questionnaires. The number of instruments intended to measure specific aspects of spirituality is growing, and it is particularly difficult to evaluate the new instruments. This Special Issue will focus on some of the established instruments (updating them to different languages and cultures), but will also describe the features and intentions of newly-developed instruments, which may potentially be used in larger studies to develop knowledge relevant to spiritual care and practice. This Special Issue will serve as a resource on the instruments used to study the wide range of organized religiosity, the individual experience of the divine, and an open approach in the search for meaning and purpose in life.

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