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Father of Persian Verse

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Book Series: Iranian Studies Series ISBN: 9789087280925 9789087282851 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: doi.org/10.24415/9789087280925 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100449
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-18 11:01:19
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Abu ‘Abdollâh’ Jafar ibn Mohammad Rudaki (c. 880 CE-941 CE) was a poet to the Samanid court which ruled much of Khorâsân (northeastern Persia) from its seat in Bukhara. He is widely regarded as the father of Persian poetry, for he was the first major poet to write in New Persian language, following the Arab conquest in the seventh and eighth centuries, which established Islam as the official religion, and made Arabic the predominant literary language in Persian-speaking lands for some two centuries. This book presents Rudaki as the founder of a new poetic aesthetic, which was adopted by subsequent generations of Persian poets. Rudaki is credited with being the first to write in the rubâi form; and many of the images we first encounter in Rudaki’s lines have become staples of Persian poetry.

Keywords

Literature --- Persian poetry --- persia --- poetry

Writing Self, Writing Empire: Chandar Bhan Brahman and the Cultural World of the Indo-Persian State Secretary

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Book Series: South Asia Across the Disciplines ISBN: 9780520286467 9780520961685 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.3 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:05
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"Writing Self, Writing Empire examines the life, career, and writings of the Mughal state secretary, or munshi, Chandar Bhan Brahman (d. ca. 1670), one of the great Indo-Persian poets and prose stylists of early modern South Asia. Chandar Bhan’s life spanned the reigns of four emperors: Akbar (1556–1605), Jahangir (1605–1627), Shah Jahan (1628–1658), and Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir (1658–1707), the last of the “Great Mughals” whose courts dominated the culture and politics of the subcontinent at the height of the empire’s power, territorial reach, and global influence. Chandar Bhan was a high-caste Hindu who worked for a series of Muslim monarchs and other officials, forming powerful friendships along the way; his experience bears vivid testimony to the pluralistic atmosphere of the Mughal court, particularly during the reign of Shah Jahan, the celebrated builder of the Taj Mahal. But his widely circulated and emulated works also touch on a range of topics central to our understanding of the court’s literary, mystical, administrative, and ethical cultures, while his letters and autobiographical writings provide tantalizing examples of early modern Indo-Persian modes of self-fashioning. Chandar Bhan’s oeuvre is a valuable window onto a crucial, though surprisingly neglected, period of Mughal cultural and political history."

The Persianate World

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ISBN: 9780520972100 9780520300927 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.64 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:04
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A world historical exercise in examining ‘out of Asia’ forms of cosmopolitanism, The Persianate World traces the reach and limits of Persian’s usage as a Eurasian lingua franca. From the Balkans via the Caucasus to Bengal, and beyond to the imperial capitals of London, Saint Petersburg and Beijing, the chapters ask how Persian gained its status, maintained it, and finally surrendered it to its many linguistic competitors. Capturing the ‘Persianate’ as process, fourteen essays place transregional Persian in relation to such regional languages as Bengali, Chinese, Turkic, and Punjabi, to trace the expansion and retraction of written ‘Persographia’ between 1400 and 1900.

Creating Standards. Interactions with Arabic script in 12 manuscript cultures

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-9696 ISBN: 9783110639063 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: 336,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110639063 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
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Manuscript cultures based on Arabic script feature various tendencies in standardisation of orthography, script types and layout. Unlike previous studies, this book steps outside disciplinary and regional boundaries and provides a typological cross-cultural comparison of standardisation processes in twelve Arabic-influenced writing traditions where different cultures, languages and scripts interact. A wide range of case studies give insights into the factors behind uniformity and variation in Judeo-Arabic in Hebrew script, South Palestinian Christian Arabic, New Persian, Aljamiado of the Spanish Moriscos, Ottoman Turkish, a single multilingual Ottoman manuscript, Sino-Arabic in northwest China, Malay Jawi in the Moluccas, Kanuri and Hausa in Nigeria, Kabyle in Algeria, and Ethiopian Fidäl script as used to transliterate Arabic. One of the findings of this volume is that different domains of manuscript cultures have distinct paths of standardisation, so that orthography tends to develop its own standardisation principles irrespective of norms applied to layout and script types. This book will appeal to readers interested in manuscript studies, sociolinguistics, literacy studies, and history of writing.

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