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Pesticides - Strategies for Pesticides Analysis

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ISBN: 9789533074603 Year: Pages: 418 DOI: 10.5772/565 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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This book provides recent information on various analytical procedures and techniques, representing strategies for reliability, specificity, selectivity and sensitivity improvements in pesticides analysis. The volume covers three main topics: current trends in sample preparation, selective and sensitive chromatographic detection and determination of pesticides residues in food and environmental samples, and biological (immunoassays-and biosensors-based) methods application in pesticides analysis as an alternative to the chromatographic methods for ""in situ"" and ""on line"" pesticides quantification. Intended as electronic edition, providing an immediate ""open access"" to its content, the book is easy to follow and will be of interest to the professionals involved in pesticides analysis.

Pesticides - The Impacts of Pesticides Exposure

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ISBN: 9789533075310 Year: Pages: 460 DOI: 10.5772/1003 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Pesticides are supposed to complete their intended function without ""any unreasonable risk to man or the environment"". Pesticides approval and registration are performed ""taking into account the economic, social and environmental costs and benefits of the use of any pesticide"". The present book documents the various adverse impacts of pesticides usage: pollution, dietary intake and health effects such as birth defects, neurological disorders, cancer and hormone disruption. Risk assessment methods and the involvement of molecular modeling to the knowledge of pesticides are highlighted, too. The volume summarizes the expertise of leading specialists from all over the world.

Herbicides, Theory and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789533079752 Year: Pages: 624 DOI: 10.5772/1430 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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The content selected in Herbicides, Theory and Applications is intended to provide researchers, producers and consumers of herbicides an overview of the latest scientific achievements. Although we are dealing with many diverse and different topics, we have tried to compile this ""raw material"" into three major sections in search of clarity and order - Weed Control and Crop Management, Analytical Techniques of Herbicide Detection and Herbicide Toxicity and Further Applications. The editors hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the methodology of use of herbicides, weed control as well as problems related to its use, abuse and misuse.

Pesticides in the Modern World - Pests Control and Pesticides Exposure and Toxicity Assessment

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ISBN: 9789533074573 Year: Pages: 628 DOI: 10.5772/948 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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The present book is a collection of selected original research articles and reviews providing adequate and up-to-date information related to pesticides control, assessment, and toxicity. The first section covers a large spectrum of issues associated with the ecological, molecular, and biotechnological approaches to the understanding of the biological control, the mechanism of the biocontrol agents action, and the related effects. Second section provides recent information on biomarkers currently used to evaluate pesticide exposure, effects, and genetic susceptibility of a number of organisms. Some antioxidant enzymes and vitamins as biochemical markers for pesticide toxicity are examined. The inhibition of the cholinesterases as a specific biomarker for organophosphate and carbamate pesticides is commented, too. The third book section addresses to a variety of pesticides toxic effects and related issues including: the molecular mechanisms involved in pesticides-induced toxicity, fish histopathological, physiological, and DNA changes provoked by pesticides exposure, anticoagulant rodenticides mode of action, the potential of the cholinesterase inhibiting organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides, the effects of pesticides on bumblebee, spiders and scorpions, the metabolic fate of the pesticide-derived aromatic amines, etc.

Pesticides in the Modern World - Risks and Benefits

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ISBN: 9789533074580 Year: Pages: 574 DOI: 10.5772/949 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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This book is a compilation of 29 chapters focused on: pesticides and food production, environmental effects of pesticides, and pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The first book section addresses the benefits of the pest control for crop protection and food supply increasing, and the associated risks of food contamination. The second book section is dedicated to the effects of pesticides on the non-target organisms and the environment such as: effects involving pollinators, effects on nutrient cycling in ecosystems, effects on soil erosion, structure and fertility, effects on water quality, and pesticides resistance development. The third book section furnishes numerous data contributing to the better understanding of the pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The addressed in this book issues should attract the public concern to support rational decisions to pesticides use.

Insecticides - Advances in Integrated Pest Management

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ISBN: 9789533077802 Year: Pages: 724 DOI: 10.5772/2447 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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This book contains 30 Chapters divided into 5 Sections. Section A covers integrated pest management, alternative insect control strategies, ecological impact of insecticides as well as pesticides and drugs of forensic interest. Section B is dedicated to chemical control and health risks, applications for insecticides, metabolism of pesticides by human cytochrome p450, etc. Section C provides biochemical analyses of action of chlorfluazuron, pest control effects on seed yield, chemical ecology, quality control, development of ideal insecticide, insecticide resistance, etc. Section D reviews current analytical methods, electroanalysis of insecticides, insecticide activity and secondary metabolites. Section E provides data contributing to better understanding of biological control through Bacillus sphaericus and B. thuringiensis, entomopathogenic nematodes insecticides, vector-borne disease, etc. The subject matter in this book should attract the reader's concern to support rational decisions regarding the use of pesticides.

Herbicides - Properties, Synthesis and Control of Weeds

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ISBN: 9789533078038 Year: Pages: 504 DOI: 10.5772/2511 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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This book is divided into two sections namely: synthesis and properties of herbicides and herbicidal control of weeds. Chapters 1 to 11 deal with the study of different synthetic pathways of certain herbicides and the physical and chemical properties of other synthesized herbicides. The other 14 chapters (12-25) discussed the different methods by which each herbicide controls specific weed population. The overall purpose of the book, is to show properties and characterization of herbicides, the physical and chemical properties of selected types of herbicides, and the influence of certain herbicides on soil physical and chemical properties on microflora. In addition, an evaluation of the degree of contamination of either soils and/or crops by herbicides is discussed alongside an investigation into the performance and photochemistry of herbicides and the fate of excess herbicides in soils and field crops.

Insecticides - Pest Engineering

Author:
ISBN: 9789533078953 Year: Pages: 552 DOI: 10.5772/1354 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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This book is compiled of 24 Chapters divided into 4 Sections. Section A focuses on toxicity of organic and inorganic insecticides, organophosphorus insecticides, toxicity of fenitrothion and permethrin, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). Section B is dedicated to vector control using insecticides, biological control of mosquito larvae by Bacillus thuringiensis, metabolism of pyrethroids by mosquito cytochrome P40 susceptibility status of Aedes aegypti, etc. Section C describes bioactive natural products from sapindacea, management of potato pests, flower thrips, mango mealy bug, pear psylla, grapes pests, small fruit production, boll weevil and tsetse fly using insecticides. Section D provides information on insecticide resistance in natural population of malaria vector, role of Anopheles gambiae P450 cytochrome, genetic toxicological profile of carbofuran and pirimicarp carbamic insecticides, etc. The subject matter in this book should attract the reader's concern to support rational decisions regarding the use of pesticides.

Integrated Pest Management and Pest Control - Current and Future Tactics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535100508 Year: Pages: 684 DOI: 10.5772/1383 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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Integrated Pest Management is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. Its programs use current and comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interactions with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.

Insecticides - Development of Safer and More Effective Technologies

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ISBN: 9789535109587 Year: Pages: 560 DOI: 10.5772/3356 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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This book contains 20 chapters about the impact, environmental fate, modes of action, efficacy, and non-target effects of insecticides. The chapters are divided into 7 parts. Part 1 covers the non-target effects of insecticides, whereas part 2 is dedicated to integrated methods for pest control, in which insecticides are an important element for diminishing the populations of insect pests. Part 3 includes chapters about the non-chemical alternatives to insecticides, such as metabolic stress and plant extracts. Insecticides and human health are the main topic of part 4, and the interactions between insecticides and environment are discussed in part 5. Part 6 includes the chapters about insecticides against pests of urban areas, forests and farm animals, whereas biotechnology and other advances in pest control are discussed in part 7.

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