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Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday

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Book Series: Eide ISSN: 2198-1841 ISBN: 9783110322507 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 756 DOI: 10.1515/9783110322507 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Inthe last decades, Ingvar Johansson has made a formidable contribution to the development of philosophy in general and perhaps especially to the development of metaphysics. This volume consists of original papers written by 50 philosophers from all over the world in honour of Ingvar Johansson to celebrate his 70th birthday. The papers cover traditional issues in metaphysics and the philosophy of mind, applied ethics and applied metaphysics, the nature of human rights, the philosophy of economics and sports. Some of the papers study the philosophy of Ingvar Johansson. All of them studies subjects which he has shown an interest in. The variety of subjects covered, testifies to the extraordinary wide range of issues his thought has had a bearing on.

Free Will, Causality, and Neuroscience

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Book Series: Cognitive Science ISBN: 9789004409965 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.1163/9789004409965 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:56:27
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This book aims to show that recent developments in neuroscience permit a defense of free will. Through language, human beings can escape strict biological determinism. Readership: All interested in the philosophy of sciences, in the philosophy of mind, in the philosophy of language, in the cognitive sciences, in anthropology, and anyone interested by the question of the relation between brain and free will.

Between Psychology and Philosophy

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Comparative East-West Philosophy ISBN: 9783030225032 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22503-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Philosophy --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:09
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This open access book discusses a variety of important but unprecedented ways in which psychology can be useful to philosophy. The early chapters illustrate this theme via comparisons between Chinese and Western philosophy. It is argued that the Chinese notion of a heart-mind is superior to the Western concept of mind, but then, more even-handedly, the relative strengths and weaknesses of Chinese and Western thought overall are critically examined. In later chapters, the philosophical uses of psychology are treated more specifically in relation to major issues in Western philosophy. Michael Slote shows that empathy and emotion play a role in speech acts (like assertion and thanking) that speech act theory has totally ignored. Similarly, he treats the age-old question of whether justice pays using psychological material that has not previously been recognized. Finally, the implications of psychological egoism are discussed in terms of some new psychological and, indeed, human distinctions. Human life is pervaded by instincts and aspirations that are neither egoistic nor altruistic, and recognizing that fact can help put egoism in its place. It is less of a challenge to morality than we have realized.

Chapter 3 Derivation of Morality from Prudence (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Focus on Philosophy ISBN: 9780367230159 9780429277955 Year: Pages: 36 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:22
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This chapter derives and refines a novel normative moral theory and descriptive theory of moral psychology—Rightness as Fairness—from the theory of prudence defended in Chapter 2 of Neurofunctional Prudence and Morality: A Philosophical Theory. The chapter briefly summarizes Chapter 2’s finding that prudent agents typically internalize ‘moral risk-aversion’. The chapter then outlines how this prudential psychology leads prudent agents to want to know how to act in ways they will not regret in morally salient cases, as well as to regard moral actions as the only types of actions that satisfy this prudential interest. The chapter then uses these findings to defend a new derivation of Marcus Arvan’s theory of morality, Rightness as Fairness, showing how the derivation successfully defends Rightness as Fairness against a variety of objections. Additionally, the chapter outlines how Arvan’s theory of prudence can help substantiates the claim that Rightness as Fairness unifies a variety of competing moral frameworks: deontology, consequentialism, contractualism, and virtue ethics. Finally, the chapter shows how Chapter 2’s theory of prudence entails some revisions to Rightness as Fairness, including the adoption of a series of Rawlsian original positions to settle prudential, moral, and social-political issues under ideal and nonideal circumstances.

Historical Background of Wang Yang-ming’s Philosophy of Mind

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ISBN: 9789811530364 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3036-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:18
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This open access book offers comprehensive information on Wang Yang-ming’s life, helping readers identify and grasp the foundations on which his philosophy was established. Though a great man, Wang had an extremely difficult life, full of many hardships. Based on various official histories, Wang’s own writings, and his disciples’ records, the book explores the legendary life of this ancient philosopher, who not only diligently pursued his objective of living as a sage, but also persistently sought the ideal state of a sage in ideology. The author also shares his own interpretations of the main aspects of Wang’s philosophy using simple and straightforward language. This book will help readers understand and appreciate Wang Yang-ming’s extraordinary life, his generous mind, deep thoughts and bright personality, inspiring them to pursue enriching lives. It offers a unique and insightful work for undergraduate students and all others interested in Wang’s philosophy and life story.

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