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Solidification

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ISBN: 9789535139058 9789535139065 9789535140580 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68508 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Abstract

Almost all processing of technologically important materials includes a process where liquid material is cooled to form a solid, called ""solidification."" In order to form a solid from an undercooled melt, the formation of crystalline nuclei and growth of these nuclei to form a solid are necessary. The process of an atom jumping from the liquid to the solid is a diffusive jump with a driving force. The book Solidification is logically developed through a careful presentation of the relevant theories and models of solidification occurring in a variety of materials. Mathematicians, chemists, physicists, and engineers concerned with melting/freezing phenomena will also find this book to be valuable.

Advances in Glass Science and Technology

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ISBN: 9781789231762 9781789231779 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69580 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
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In this book, some recent advances in glass science and technology are collected. In the first part, the structure and crystallization of innovative glass compositions are analysed. In the second part, innovative applications are described from the use of glass in optical devices and lasers to fibres in composites, micropatterned components in sensors and microdevices, beads in building walls and sealing in solid oxide fuel cells.

Scientometrics

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ISBN: 9781789233063 9781789233070 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72488 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General)
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Technological change is one of the greatest issues in the modern world. As the world faces societal challenges, e.g., climate challenges, aging problem, and energy security, technology will contribute to new or better solutions for those problems. New technologies take time to develop and mature; moreover, they tend to be born in the gaps of multiple technology fields; therefore, early detection of emerging technological concepts across multiple disciplines will be a very important issue. Our goal seeks to develop automated methods that aid in the systematic, continuous, and comprehensive assessment of technological emergence using one of the major foresight exercises, scientometrics. There is now a huge flood of scientific and technical information, especially scientific publications and patent information. Using the information patterns of emergence for technological concepts has been discovered and theories of technical emergence have been also developed in several years. We have been developing visualization tools in which thousands of technical areas have been interacted with each other and evolved in time. Several indicators of technical emergence have been improved by universities, international organizations, and funding agencies. This book intends to provide readers with a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art in scientometrics that focuses on the systematic, continuous, and comprehensive assessment of technological emergence.

Phase Change Materials and Their Applications

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ISBN: 9781789235302 9781789235319 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71894 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
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Today, the application of phase change materials (PCMs) has developed in different industries, including the solar cooling and solar power plants, photovoltaic electricity systems, the space industry, waste heat recovery systems, preservation of food and pharmaceutical products, and domestic hot water. PCMs use the principle of latent heat thermal storage to absorb energy in large quantities when there is a surplus and release it when there is a deficit. This promising technology has already been successfully implemented in many construction projects. The aim of this book is to assist the scientists and to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the properties that characterize the phase change materials from theoretical and experimental perspectives with a focus on their technological applications. The present status and future perspectives of phase change material are discussed.

Metrology

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ISBN: 9781789235951 9781789235944 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71144 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General)
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Metrology, the science of measurement, is crucial for many sciences and technological developments. Since metrology helps to improve many other sciences, the book reflects in general metrology and some special metrological approaches at different fields such as radiation and frequency measurements in detail. This book also focuses on technical testing and control applications in the industry. It also intends the fundamentals of metrology concerning the related standards and systems of units. In addition, the book considers the calibration of measurement instruments and measurement uncertainties as the basic requirements of the related quality standards.

Graphene Oxide - Applications and Opportunities

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ISBN: 9781789235883 9781789235890 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73080 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
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This book aims to introduce the emerging technologies of graphene oxide (GO) in various fields such as industrial, medical, electronics, artificial intelligence, materials-alloys, energy storage devices, optical, physics, mechanical, nanomaterials, and sustainable chemistry. At the current level of development, the properties and binding structure of graphene are important toward the recent applications. The knowledge produced by the graphene oxide could be a much haunting basis for discovering innovative opportunities in the field of emerging trends of research. Future technology expected that the full development will depend only on graphene and its functionalized composite materials. This book highlights the challenges and opportunities associated with GOs. Subject of interest in this book is exploring the opportunities and technologies related to abundant clean energy, pure water, and noble long healthy life.

New Uses of Micro and Nanomaterials

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781789841732 9781789841749 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73361 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
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A fundamental part of modern technology is composed of devices that use special materials as main components. Since the last few decades of the last century and even more recently, a remarkable development has been achieved in new micro- and nanostructured materials with compositional structures and production methods that open unprecedented technological, economic, and ecological perspectives due to high yields, economies of scale, the possibility of reducing weight and size, and the low environmental impact of the equipment that contains them. This book offers a collection of excellent studies that use state-of-the-art methodologies developed by professional researchers from different countries in diverse areas of materials. In this way, this book is particularly useful to academics, scientists, practicing researchers, and postgraduate students whose work relates to the latest nanomaterial technologies.

The Use of Technology in Sport - Emerging Challenges

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789844825 9781789844832 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73269 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General)
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The development and implementation of new technology devices to help professionals, athletes, and non-athletes improve their physical fitness, performance, health, and well-being have emerged in the last few years. This book briefly overviews the current state of the art in technology applied to sports, providing examples, literature syntheses, and recent applications to sports, focused on the most important evidenced-based developments in this area. Attention is drawn to issues and unusual matters that may arise when it comes to technological innovation applied to sport. For the reader, this could be a different perspective on technological progress in physical activity.

Biochemistry and Health Benefits of Fatty Acids

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Book Series: Biochemistry ISSN: 26320983 ISBN: 9781789848724 9781789848731 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 138 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73762 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biochemistry
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Fatty acids are considered as a very important category of chemical compounds to human health as well as from an industrial perspective. This book intends to provide an update on fatty acid research, their methods of detection, quantification, and related diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Cyclic fatty acids are also covered, along with short chain fatty acids, which are important to the human gut microbiota. Fatty acids are important in the chemical structure of the cell membrane and its pivotal role in this aspect is reviewed herein. The book also contains a chapter that deals with some unpublished molecular aspects concerning the roles of fatty acids in depression and bipolar disorder. All in all, the book provides a brief overview of both highly explored as well as overlooked perspectives of fatty acids, while highlighting its significance as a biochemical molecule, which is imperative to the livelihood of unicellular and multi-cellular organisms alike.

Electrical and Electronic Properties of Materials

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ISBN: 9781789849295 9781789849301 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73110 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
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Materials properties, whether microscopic or macroscopic, are of immense interest to the materials scientists, physicists, chemists as well as to engineers. Investigation of such properties, theoretically and experimentally, has been one of the fundamental research directions for many years that has also resulted in the discovery of many novel materials. It is also equally important to correctly model and measure these materials properties. Keeping such interests of research communities in mind, this book has been written on the properties of polyesters, varistor ceramics, and powdered porous compacts and also covers some measurement and parameter extraction methods for dielectric materials. Four contributed chapters and an introductory chapter from the editor explain each class of materials with practical examples.

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