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Alltagsleben nach 1945 - die Nachkriegszeit am Beispiel der Stadt Göttingen

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ISBN: 9783940344816 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.17875/gup2010-368 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Göttingen nach Kriegsende 1945 – Wie gestaltete sich der Nachkriegsalltag aus Sicht der Bevölkerung und der alten und neuen Behörden? Welche Formen und Auswirkungen hatten die neuen politischen Verhältnisse, die Flüchtlinge, die Mangelwirtschaft, die Wohnungsnot, die Umgestaltung des Bildungssektors und welche Neuordnungen des öffentlichen und kulturellen Lebens stießen auf Akzeptanz oder Ablehnung? Diesen und anderen Fragen geht der vorliegende Sammelband nach. Er beruht auf Beiträgen eines Seminars im Fach Geschichte der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, die von den Herausgeberinnen redigiert und durch ein Vorwort ergänzt wurden. In verschiedenen Archiven stießen die Studierenden auf zahlreiche bislang unveröffentlichte Quellen und analysierten diese mit Hilfe aktueller Forschungsansätze zur Alltagsgeschichte.

Humour and Irony in Dutch Post-war Fiction Film

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ISBN: 9789048528370 Year: Pages: 426 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_621792 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-19 11:01:23
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Dutch cinema, when discussed, is typically treated only in terms of pre-war films or documentaries, leaving post-war fictional film largely understudied. At the same time, a "Hollandse school," a term first coined in the 1980s, has developed through deadpan, ironic films like those of director and actor Alex van Warmerdam. Using seminal theories on humour and comedy, this book explores a number of Dutch films using the notion of categories, such as low-class comedies, neurotic romances, deliberate camp, and grotesque satire. With its original approach, this study makes surprising connections between Dutch films from various decades.

Fortschritt und Verfall: Zur Diskussion von Religion und Moderne im Ausgang von Joachim Ritter

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ISBN: 9783946198123 9783946198154 9783946198130 9783946198147 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.16994/bae Language: German
Publisher: Modern Academic Publishing
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:22:54
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xamined in this study. Subsequently, section 4.2 analyzes Ritter’s involvement in debates concerning the concept of value as contested in particular by Carl Schmitt. Ritter supports the critique of the value concept philosophically but does not follow the political and politico-theological implications of Schmitt. Accordingly, authors like Lübbe and Böckenförde refer to the thought of Carl Schmitt in an explicitly liberalizing way. Aside from the discussion of the philosophy of value, this requires a closer look at the concept of Political Theology as it is subject of the debate of Schmitt and Hans Blumenberg. Section 4.3 eventually concentrates on the controversies concerning the concept of religion and its philosophical importance. Functionalism and substantialism are keywords in this discussion that within the group of Ritter’s former students is particularly associated with Robert Spaemann. His reasoning concerning Lübbe’s concept of religion indicates a farther-reaching critique of Ritter’s approach and modernity in general. All these aspects show that there are different ways of answering the tasks and questions Ritter formulated concerning philosophy, either positively in adoption of or negatively in distinction to his own approach. His theoretical ambivalences led the former students of his Collegium Philosophicum to develop various methods of differentiating his positions. Section 4.4 finally resumes aforementioned aspects in reference to post-war German debates on the question of religious presuppositions of liberal-democratic politics, particularly concerning Böckenförde’s notable insight that the liberal and secular state for its own sake relies on presuppositions it cannot guarantee.
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Mit dem gewachsenen Interesse für die Geistesgeschichte Nachkriegsdeutschlands und der Bundesrepublik hat auch der Name Joachim Ritter in den letzten Jahren verstärkt Beachtung gefunden. Zwischen 1946 und 1968 lehrte er Philosophie an der Universität Münster und beeinflusste als akademischer Lehrer durch sein Collegium Philosophicum eine ganze Reihe von namhaften Hochschullehrern und Intellektuellen. Diese Studie rekonstruiert zum einen die Entwicklung dieses Kreises. Insbesondere untersucht sie, wie Joachim Ritters Philosophie, sein Verständnis der modernen Welt und seine eigene intellektuelle Entwicklung in den Nachkriegsjahren bei seinen akademischen Schülern wirksam wurden, namentlich bei Hermann Lübbe und Odo Marquard, Robert Spaemann und Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde. Besonderes Augenmerk gilt zum anderen den religionstheoretischen und -politischen Überlegungen dieser Autoren, die sich, obwohl jeweils entscheidend von Ritter beeinflusst, doch deutlich voneinander abheben. Zur Erschließung dieser unterschiedlichen Perspektiven auf Moderne und Religion im Kontext der jungen Bundesrepublik – zwischen Fortschritt und Verfall – werden Bezüge zu Autoren wie Carl Schmitt und Hans Blumenberg aufgegriffen und nachgelassene Aufzeichnungen Joachim Ritters ausgewertet. Durch ihre offenen Anschlusspunkte ebenso wie durch ihre inhaltlichen Ambivalenzen, die zudem im zeitlichen Verlauf nicht unverändert blieben, erweist sich rückblickend die Fruchtbarkeit, mit der Ritters Philosophie die Auseinandersetzung mit der eigenen Gegenwart anzuregen vermochte, als sein maßgebliches Erbe.
Martin Ingenfeld ist Politikwissenschaftler. Der Schwerpunkt seines Forschungsinteresses liegt im Bereich der politischen Theorie und Philosophie. Mit vorliegender Arbeit wurde er im Jahr 2015 an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München promoviert."

Continued Violence and Troublesome Pasts: Post-war Europe between the Victors after the Second World War

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789522228574 9789522229045 9789522229038 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.22 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:55
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In most European countries, the horrific legacy of 1939–45 has made it quite difficult to remember the war with much glory. Despite the Anglo-American memory narrative of saving democracy from totalitarianism and the Soviet epic of the Great Patriotic War, the fundamental experience of war for so many Europeans was that of immense personal losses and often meaningless hardships. The anthology at hand focuses on these histories between the victors: on the cases of Hungary, Estonia, Poland, Austria, Finland, and Germany and on the respective, often gendered experiences of defeat. The book’s chapters underline the asynchronous transition to peace in individual experiences, when compared to the smooth timelines of national and international historiographies. Furthermore, it is important to note that instead of a linear chronology, both personal and collective histories tend to return back to the moments of violence and loss, thus forming continuous cycles of remembrance and forgetting. Several of the authors also pay specific attention to the constructed and contested nature of national histories in these cycles. The role of these ‘in-between’ countries – and even more their peoples’ multifaceted experiences – will add to the widening European history of the aftermath, thereby challenging the conventional dichotomies and periodisations. In the aftermath of the seventieth anniversary of 1945, it is still too early to regard the post-war period as mere history, the memory politics and rhetoric of the Second World War and its aftermath are again being used and abused to serve contemporary power politics in Europe

Geistige Gefahr und Immunisierung der Gesellschaft. Antikommunismus und politische Kultur in der frühen Bundesrepublik

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe der Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte Sondernummer ISSN: 1863-3129 ISBN: 9783486781045 Year: Pages: 410 DOI: 10.1524/9783486781045 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-21 17:56:45
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Up to the early 1960s, anticommunism was an important source of identity formation in the Bonn Republic. It aimed at consolidating the still-nascent West German democracy. Renowned historians discuss different governmental and social forms of anticommunism in the pan-German context.

Reappraisals

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ISBN: 9780801497063 Year: Pages: 264 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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Reappraisals is a provocative account of the development of modern critical theory in Germany and the United States. Focusing on the period since World War II, Peter Uwe Hohendahl explores key debates on the function of critical theory, illuminating the diverse positions and alliances among the participants. Bringing together six essays, as well as new introductory and concluding chapters, Hohendahl interprets and subjects to critical scrutiny many of the central ideas of the Frankfurt School. He first maps the trajectory of neomarxist criticism in Germany to the 1980s. Individual chapters then focus on the work of Georg Lukacs, Theodor W. Adorno, and Jürgen Habermas, and on such issues as the politicization of German criticism after 1965 under the influence of the Frankfurt School.

Selling the Economic Miracle

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Book Series: Monographs in German History ISBN: 9781845452230 9781789206401 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104862
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-26 11:21:03
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Through an examination of election campaign propaganda and various public relations campaigns, reflecting new electioneering techniques borrowed from the United States, this work explores how conservative political and economic groups sought to construct and sell a political meaning of the Social Market Economy and the Economic Miracle in West Germany during the 1950s.The political meaning of economics contributed to conservative electoral success, constructed a new belief in the free market economy within West German society, and provided legitimacy and political stability for the new Federal Republic of Germany.

Keywords

History --- History --- Economics --- 20th century --- twentieth --- Postwar --- Germany --- Business --- Federal --- Republic

Germany on their Minds

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Book Series: Studies in German History ISBN: 9781789200058 9781789200065 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102569
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:13
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Throughout the 1930s and early 1940s, before closing its borders to Jewish refugees, the United States granted asylum to approximately 90,000 German Jews fleeing the horrors of the Third Reich. And while most became active participants in American society, they also often constructed their individual and communal lives and identities in relation to their home country. As this groundbreaking study shows, even though many refugees wanted little to do with Germany, the political circumstances of the postwar era meant that engagement of some kind was unavoidable—whether initiated within the community itself, or by political actors and the broader public in West Germany. Author Anne C. Schenderlein gives a fascinating account of these entangled histories on both sides of the Atlantic, and demonstrates the remarkable extent to which German Jewish refugees helped to shape the course of West German democratization.

Diskurse des Kalten Krieges

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783205203803 Year: Pages: 742 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 420
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:18

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The study analyses Cold War discourses in Austrian post-war literature, a subject that so far has been neglected in Austrian literary history. Through extensive research, 50 mainly unknown or little acknowledged novels, stories, plays and scenes were discovered which discuss phenomena of the Cold War that defined the first post-war decades. The theoretical focus on New Historicism allows an analysis of a broad spectrum of thematic clusters, images, discursive constellations and narratives which are contextualised both in national and international Cold War discourse./ In 15 chapters, the study discusses the discursive patterns of more than 50 rather unknown books from Austrian literature from the period 1945 to 1966, such as constructions and imaginations of borders, fictive travels behind the Iron Curtain, the Gulag, and metaphors of disease and narratives of espionage. These discourse patterns are positioned within the context of the Cold War.

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