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The poor in England 1700-1850: An economy of makeshifts

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ISBN: 9781526137869 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This fascinating study investigates the experience of English poverty between 1700 and 1900 and in the ways in which the poor made ends meet. The phrase 'economy of makeshifts' has often been used to summarise the patchy, desperate and sometimes failing strategies of the poor for material survival. Incomes or benefits derived from such strategies allegedly ranged from wages supported by under-employment via petty crime through to charity, but allusions to this array of makeshifts usually fall short of answering vital questions about how and when the poor secured access to them. This book represents the single most significant attempt in print to supply the English 'economy of makeshifts' with a solid, empirical basis and to advance the concept of makeshifts from a vague but convenient label to a more precise yet inclusive definition. Individual chapters written by some of the leading, young historians of welfare examine how advantages gained from access to common land, mobilisation of kinship support, resorting to crime, and other marginal resources could prop up struggling households. They suggest how the balance of these strategies might change over time or be modified by gender, life-cycle and geography. A comprehensive introduction summarises the state of research on English poverty, and a thought-provoking conclusion makes valuable suggestions for the direction of future research. This book will be crucial for historians of social life and welfare, of interest to researchers working on eighteenth- /nineteenth- century England and will be useful to undergraduates seeking guidance on the historiography of poverty.

Keywords

history --- poor --- poverty --- england

1 Introduction (Book chapter)

Book title: Energy Poverty and Vulnerability

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781315231518 9781138294455 Year: Pages: 13 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-03 11:02:11
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This book aims to provide a global perspective on energy poverty, with the aid of novel theoretical approaches that disturb entrenched scientific preconceptions and policy prescriptions. We are particularly interested in deepening existing conceptualizations&#xD;of the systemic drivers of energy poverty, by drawing attention to the&#xD;manner in which the condition is embedded in deeper forms and practices of social&#xD;exclusion and injustice. Starting from the fact that energy poverty is an inherently&#xD;spatial phenomenon – it is both experienced in and caused by the entanglement of&#xD;the socio-technical infrastructures of the home, while varying significantly across&#xD;cities, regions and nations – there is a strong focus on the geographic processes and&#xD;contingencies that underpin the emergence of this predicament. We draw together&#xD;the findings of original research conducted by leading experts from a wide range of&#xD;countries in order to capture the rapidly expanding corpus of scientific and policy&#xD;expertise on energy poverty. By furthering knowledge on the driving forces of the&#xD;condition, the book also produces policy-relevant insights that can aid decisionmaking&#xD;on how domestic energy deprivation can be ameliorated.

Measuring Poverty and Wellbeing in Developing Countries

Authors: ---
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198744818 9780198744801 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744801.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 11:01:19
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Detailed analyses of poverty and wellbeing in developing countries, based on household surveys, have been ongoing for more than three decades. The large majority of developing countries now regularly conduct a variety of household surveys, and their information base with respect to poverty and wellbeing has improved dramatically. Nevertheless, appropriate measurement of poverty remains complex and controversial. This is particularly true in developing countries where (i) the stakes with respect to poverty reduction are high; (ii) the determinants of living standards are often volatile; and (iii) related information bases, while much improved, are often characterized by significant non-sample error. It also remains, to a surprisingly high degree, an activity undertaken by technical assistance personnel and consultants based in developed countries. This book seeks to enhance the transparency, replicability, and comparability of existing practice. It also aims to significantly lower the barriers to entry to the conduct of rigorous poverty measurement and increase the participation of analysts from developing countries in their own poverty assessments. The book focuses on two domains: the measurement of absolute consumption poverty and a first-order dominance approach to multidimensional welfare analysis. In each domain, it provides a series of computer codes designed to facilitate analysis by allowing the analyst to start from a flexible and known base. The volume covers the theoretical grounding for the code streams provided, a chapter on ‘estimation in practice’, a series of eleven case studies where the code streams are operationalized, a synthesis, an extension to inequality, and a look forward.

Armut und Gesundheit - Öffentliche Ringvorlesung Wintersemester 2013/2014

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ISBN: 9783863952570 Year: Language: English|German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:44
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Der Zusammenhang von Armut und Krankheit, bzw. mangelnder Gesundheit, ist immer schon klar ersichtlich gewesen. In einer Vorlesungsreihe stellten Vertreter verschiedener Disziplinen, die sich im Göttingen International Health Network (GIHN) zusammengeschlossen haben, ausgewählte Aspekte vor, die darstellen, wie Armut und Gesundheit miteinander verknüpft sind. Die Fragen, Probleme, Erklärungs- und Interventionsmodelle beziehen sich besonders auf Afrika und Indien und Anrainerstaaten. Mit der Vorlesungsreihe stellten sich die Vertreter der verschiedenen Fächer bewusst einer allgemeineren Öffentlichkeit und bemühten sich, auch komplexe Themen verständlich und doch auf neuestem Stand der Forschung darzustellen.

Healthcare, Frugal Innovation, and Professional Voluntarism: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483658 9783319483665 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48366-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 12:50:28
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This book investigates what international placements of healthcare employees in low resource settings add to the UK workforce and the efficacy of its national health system. The authors present empirical data collected from a volunteer deployment project in Uganda focused on reducing maternal and new-born mortality and discuss the learning and experiential outcomes for UK health care professionals acting as long term volunteers in low resource settings. They also develop a model for structured placement that offers optimal learning and experiential outcomes and minimizes risk, while shedding new light on the role that international placements play as part of continuing professional development both in the UK and in other sending countries.

Keywords

healthcare --- politics --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

The Ethics of Educational Healthcare Placements in Low and Middle Income Countries: First Do No Harm?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483627 9783319483634 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48363-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 13:02:49
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This book examines the current state of elective placements of medical undergraduate students in developing countries and their impact on health care education at home. Drawing from a recent case study of volunteer deployment in Uganda, the authors provide an in-depth evaluation of the impacts on the students themselves and the learning outcomes associated with placements in low resource settings, as well as the impacts that these forms of student mobility have on the host settings. In addition to reviewing the existing literature on elective placements, the authors outline a potential model for the future development of ethical elective placements. As the book concurs with an increasing international demand for elective placements, it will be of immediate interest to universities, intermediary organizations, students as consumers, and hosting organisations in low-resource settings.

Keywords

education --- policy --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

Energy Poverty and Vulnerability

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781315231518 9781138294455 Year: Pages: 264 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:09

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Human health and well being are closely intertwined with the ability to access affordable and modern domestic energy services, including heating, cooling, lighting, cooking, and information technology. Energy poverty is said to occur when such amenities cannot be secured up to a socially- and physically- necessitated level. Millions of people across the world suffer from energy poverty due to a combination of financial, social and technical circumstances. Energy Poverty and Vulnerability provides novel and critical perspectives on the drivers and consequences of energy-related injustices in the home. Drawing together original research conducted by leading experts, the book offers fresh and innovative insights into the ways in which hitherto unexplored factors such as cultural norms, environmental conditions and household needs combine to shape vulnerability to energy poverty. Case studies from a wide range of countries are presented, thus providing the first globally-integrated account of a policy and research domain that has previously been divided between the Global South and North. An examination of the diverse manifestations of energy poverty is supplemented by an identification of this condition’s shared and context-specific causes. Conveying policy-relevant insights that can inform decision-making, this book can be of great interest to students and scholars of energy demand, social justice, and sustainability transitions, as well as decision-makers and practitioners who wish to find out more about this complex issue.

Aspects of Poverty and Inequality in Cameroon

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631595350 Year: Pages: 171 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:28
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Poverty and inequality remain extremely high for Cameroon despite improvements in poverty figures between 1996 and 2001. To understand the dynamics of poverty and inequality between 1996 and 2001, this book develops a poverty and inequality profile, investigates the sources of inequality along spatial lines and simulates some policies which could be used in the reduction of poverty and inequality. The book also addresses two major sectors of the Cameroonian economy with a special focus on gender bias in agriculture and linkages between the formal and informal sector. The empirical analyses show that there are large spatial differences in poverty in Cameroon and that sources of inequality vary by location. Regardless of the definition used, the informal sector in Cameroon is extremely large but closely linked to the formal sector. The gender bias experienced by women in access to productive assets in agriculture reduces the efficiency of agricultural production.

Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Colombia

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631603864 Year: Pages: 218 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:00
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This book analyses the distributional effects of economic growth on different dimensions of poverty in Colombia. It provides a microeconomic perspective on how economic growth affected poverty and inequality at the household level, as well as a macroeconomic perspective on the effects of growth on regional living standards. The study incorporates recent discussions on multidimensional analysis of well-being and goes beyond traditional income based measures, thereby contributing to the ongoing research on how to measure pro-poor growth and on the importance of incorporating different dimensions of well-being in convergence analysis.

Measurement of Poverty, Undernutrition and Child Mortality

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631576595 Year: Pages: 155 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:27
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Although the world has seen a strong increase in global incomes in the last two decades and consequently a decline in global poverty rates, the number of persons living in absolute poverty remains on unacceptably high levels. Besides rising incomes can not distract from the fact that resources to fight global problems remain scarce. These resources have to be devoted to the fight against different global problems like the fight against communicable and non-communicable diseases (especially HIV/AIDS and Malaria) or the fight against global warming. The main precondition to achieve the best results with these limited resources is a good knowledge about the determinants and the best policies to fight each problem. But before being able to analyze the determinants of the different global problems and especially of poverty, it is of fundamental importance to find the right indicators for each phenomenon. This book contributes to the discussion of appropriate poverty indicators for the different dimensions of poverty like income poverty, undernutrition and child mortality and proposes a multidimensional poverty indicator that takes the income distribution into consideration.

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