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Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences: Strengthening the Prohibition of Biological Weapons

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Book Series: Practical Ethics and Public Policy Monograph ISBN: 9781921666391 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459095 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Education --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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At the start of the twenty-first century, warnings have been raised in some quarters about how – by intent or by mishap – advances in biotechnology and related fields could aid the spread of disease. Science academics, medical organisations, governments, security analysts, and others are among those that have sought to raise concern. Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences examines a variety of attempts to bring greater awareness to security concerns associated with the life sciences. It identifies lessons from practical initiatives across a wide range of national contexts as well as more general reflections about education and ethics. The eighteen contributors bring together perspectives from a diverse range of fields – including politics, virology, sociology, ethics, security studies, microbiology, and medicine – as well as their experiences in universities, think tanks and government.&#xD;&#xD;In offering their assessment about what must be done and by whom, each chapter addresses a host of challenging practical and conceptual questions. Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences will be of interest to those planning and undertaking training activities in other areas. In asking how education and ethics are being made to matter in an emerging area of social unease, it will also be of interest to those with more general concerns about professional conduct.

Keywords

biotechnology --- prevention --- ethics --- education

La prévention du risque en médecine

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ISBN: 9782722601734 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ce livre est issu d’un séminaire qui s’est tenu en janvier 2012 au Collège de France, à l’initiative du professeur Pierre Corvol et de la chaire de Médecine expérimentale dont il est le titulaire. Son sous-titre, « d’une approche populationnelle à une approche personnalisée », oppose de façon volontairement schématique la conduite d’une prévention « de masse », appliquée indistinctement à l’ensemble d’une population, à une prévention ciblée, personnalisée, « à la carte ». Celle-ci devient pos...

The Political Economy of Workplace Injury in Canada

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Book Series: Fabriks: Studies in the Working Class ISSN: 19256485 ISBN: 9781926836003 9781926836010 Year: Pages: 284 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Workplace injuries are common, avoidable, and unacceptable. The Political Economy of Workplace Injury in Canada reveals how employers and governments engage in ineffective injury prevention efforts, intervening only when necessary to maintain the standard legitimacy. Dr. Bob Barnetson sheds light on this faulty system, highlighting the way in which employers create dangerous work environments yet pour billions of dollars into compensation and treatment. Examining this dynamic clarifies the way in which production costs are passed on to workers in the form of workplace injuries.

Tsunarisque

Author:
ISBN: 9782859446437 9782859448233 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-26 09:33:12
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Dimanche 26 décembre 2004. La terre tremble au large des côtes de Sumatra. C’est l’un des plus puissants séismes jamais enregistrés (magnitude 9.3). S’en suit un tsunami cataclysmique, le plus meurtrier de l’histoire avec près de 230 000 victimes. Les vagues ont ravagé les côtes indonésiennes proches, avant de se propager vers la Thaïlande, le Sri Lanka, l’Inde puis les côtes africaines. La province d’Aceh, au nord-ouest de Sumatra, est de loin la plus touchée. La moitié de la ville de Banda ...

Polyphenols for Cancer Treatment or Prevention

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038426486 9783038426493 Year: Pages: 554 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-12 11:40:45
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Polyphenols are commonly found in fruits and vegetables, and have been suggested to have protective effects against chronic diseases, such as cancers. They are a diverse group of molecules, many of which possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, epigenetic, drug sensitization, and/or modulation of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme properties. However, there is mixed evidence regarding their protective effects with respect to various cancers. Some of this controversy may be due to the combination of polyphenols administered, synergistic effects of accompanying compounds, bio-accessibility, bioavailability, effect of gut microbiota, and the type of cancer investigated. The purpose of this Special Issue is to present the recent evidence for the effect of polyphenol intake on cancer, as well as mechanisms of action. This Special Issue, entitled "Polyphenols for Cancer Treatment or Prevention", welcomes manuscript submissions of original research, meta-analyses, or reviews of the scientific literature. Authors should focus their manuscripts on polyphenol bioactives or dietary patterns naturally rich in polyphenols that have been identified and used for the prevention and or treatment of cancer.

Soccer Fitness (Book chapter)

Book title: Science and Football VIII

Author:
ISBN: 9781138947061 9781315670300 Year: Pages: 12 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-27 11:02:13
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The present chapter will provide an overview of the existing literature and a description of the relationship between the training elements of Soccer Fitness, the training-induced effects of Soccer Fitness on cardiovascular, metabolic and musculoskeletal fitness, and the potential of Soccer Fitness for the prevention and treatment of lifestyle diseases

Política criminal y “prevención”

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Este libro es el producto de las investigaciones de 2014 que se socializaron en el Congreso Nacional de Política Criminal y ""Prevención"" en el que se presentaron diferentes posturas y críticas al concepto de ""prevención"" del delito. La primera parte del libro la hemos denominado ""Una crítica al concepto de prevención"", en ella se contemplan los siguientes capítulos: ""Políticas públicas y 'prevención' en Colombia"", en este se confronta una política criminal garantista con una política crimina...

Lettura e dispersione

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Processi e linguaggi dell'apprendimento - Open Access ISBN: 9788891774583 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1002476 Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:14
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Reading and dispersion constitute, in different ways, two crucial points of scholastic reality and of educational research. This book highlights the multiple cognitive and emotional effects of reading and, more generally, the different ways to prevent and combat school dropouts. Therefore the volume has a double interest: on the one hand, to help the understanding of the school dispersion and the perception that it has in the field; on the other hand, identify effective prevention and recovery interventions, with particular attention to reading aloud and narrative orientation.&#xD;

Keywords

school --- reading --- dispersion --- prevention --- education --- learning

12 Computer science (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge International Handbooks ISBN: 9780415826266 9780203431405 Year: Pages: 13 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-26 11:21:02
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In this chapter we will explore the relationship between crime and computers and networks by answering the following questions:&#xD;••&#xD;Which techniques from computer science can be used to prevent crime?&#xD;••&#xD;Which techniques from computer science can be used to study crime?&#xD;To address the first question we use the 25 techniques of situational crime prevention to provide a systematic assessment of how computer and network technology can be used to prevent crime. The second question will be addressed by discussing computer simulation methods in cases where real experiments with crime prevention would be too costly or impractical.

Emergence of infectious diseases

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782759227730 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2773-0 Language: English
Publisher: éditions Quae
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:05
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From SARS to avian influenza, Ebola virus and MERS-CoV, infectious diseases have received increasing attention in recent decades from scientists, risk managers, the media and the general public. What explains the constant emergence of infectious diseases? What are the related challenges? In five chapters, experts from different scientific fields analyse the ecological, social, institutional and political dynamics associated with emerging infectious diseases. This book discusses how the concepts, scientific results and action plans of international or governmental organizations are constructed and coordinated. In clear straightforward language, this book explores the continuities and discontinuities that occur with emerging infectious diseases, both in terms of collective action and in our relationship to the biological world.

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