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Die Konstituierung von Cultural Property - Forschungsperspektiven

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783941875616 Year: Pages: 333 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Political Science --- Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Kann Eigentum an Kultur sinnvoll sein? Das Interesse, Cultural Property dem Markt zuzuführen oder dies zu verhindern und hierdurch kollektiven oder individuellen, ideologischen oder ökonomischen Gewinn zu schaffen, gestaltet sich unter den stark divergierenden Bedingungen, die Akteure in einer postkolonialen, spätmodernen Welt vorfinden. Die interdisziplinäre DFG-Forschergruppe zur Konstituierung von Cultural Property beleuchtet diese seit einigen Jahren in der Öffentlichkeit mit wachsender Brisanz verhandelte Frage. Die Forschergruppe fragt nach der Konstituierung von Cultural Property im Spannungsfeld von kulturellen, wirtschaftlichen, juristischen und hiermit auch gesellschaftspolitischen Diskursen. Dies bedingt auch die in dieser fokussierten Form neue Zusammenarbeit von Fachwissenschaftler/innen aus Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften sowie Rechts-und Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Die Unterschiedlichkeit des disziplinären Zugriffs auf einen Forschungsbereich zeigt sich in den in diesem Band vermittelten ersten Ergebnissen aus der laufenden Forschung genauso deutlich wie die Notwendigkeit, disziplinäre Standpunkte in gemeinsamer Arbeit zusammenzuführen, um den Konstituierungsprozess von Cultural Property zu verstehen.

Between Imagined Communities and Communities of Practice - Participation, Territory and the Making of Heritage

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783863952051 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:00
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Community and participation have become central concepts in the nomination processes surrounding heritage, intersecting time and again with questions of territory. In this volume, anthropologists and legal scholars from France, Germany, Italy and the USA take up questions arising from these intertwined concerns from diverse perspectives: How and by whom were these concepts interpreted and re-interpreted, and what effects did they bring forth in their implementation? What impact was wielded by these terms, and what kinds of discursive formations did they bring forth? How do actors from local to national levels interpret these new components of the heritage regime, and how do actors within heritage-granting national and international bodies work it into their cultural and political agency? What is the role of experts and expertise, and when is scholarly knowledge expertise and when is it partisan? How do bureaucratic institutions translate the imperative of participation into concrete practices? Case studies from within and without the UNESCO matrix combine with essays probing larger concerns generated by the valuation and valorization of culture.

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Author:
ISBN: 9780262304412 9780262017954 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Sociology --- Science (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:34
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The evolution of activism against the expansion of copyright in the digital domain, with case studies of resistance including eBook and iTunes hacks.The movement against restrictive digital copyright protection arose largely in response to the excesses of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998. In The Digital Rights Movement, Hector Postigo shows that what began as an assertion of consumer rights to digital content has become something broader: a movement concerned not just with consumers and gadgets but with cultural ownership. Increasingly stringent laws and technological measures are more than incoveniences; they lock up access to our “cultural commons.”Postigo describes the legislative history of the DMCA and how policy “blind spots” produced a law at odds with existing and emerging consumer practices. Yet the DMCA established a political and legal rationale brought to bear on digital media, the Internet, and other new technologies. Drawing on social movement theory and science and technology studies, Postigo presents case studies of resistance to increased control over digital media, describing a host of tactics that range from hacking to lobbying.Postigo discusses the movement's new, user-centered conception of “fair use” that seeks to legitimize noncommercial personal and creative uses such as copying legitimately purchased content and remixing music and video tracks. He introduces the concept of technological resistance—when hackers and users design and deploy technologies that allows access to digital content despite technological protection mechanisms—as the flip side to the technological enforcement represented by digital copy protection and a crucial tactic for the movement.

Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781890951962 9781890951979 Year: Pages: 648 Language: English
Publisher: Zone Books
Subject: Science (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:22:09
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A movement emerges to challenge the tightening of intellectual property law around the world.At the end of the twentieth century, intellectual property rights collided with everyday life. Expansive copyright laws and digital rights management technologies sought to shut down new forms of copying and remixing made possible by the Internet. International laws expanding patent rights threatened the lives of millions of people around the world living with HIV/AIDS by limiting their access to cheap generic medicines. For decades, governments have tightened the grip of intellectual property law at the bidding of information industries; but recently, groups have emerged around the world to challenge this wave of enclosure with a new counter-politics of “access to knowledge” or “A2K.” They include software programmers who took to the streets to defeat software patents in Europe, AIDS activists who forced multinational pharmaceutical companies to permit copies of their medicines to be sold in poor countries, subsistence farmers defending their rights to food security or access to agricultural biotechnology, and college students who created a new “free culture” movement to defend the digital commons. Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property maps this emerging field of activism as a series of historical moments, strategies, and concepts. It gathers some of the most important thinkers and advocates in the field to make the stakes and strategies at play in this new domain visible and the terms of intellectual property law intelligible in their political implications around the world. A Creative Commons edition of this work will be freely available online.

Chapter 2 Women, land and property (Book chapter)

Book title: Elite Women and the Agricultural Landscape, 1700–1830

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Book Series: Studies in Historical Geography ISBN: 9781409456025 9781315579078 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:09
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This chapter explores the relations between women, land, property and the law.&#xD;The first part of the chapter outlines single, widowed and married women’s legal&#xD;position as property owners, paying particular attention to the doctrines of primogeniture&#xD;and coverture and their impact on women’s property rights. It explores&#xD;the circumstances by which women most commonly became landowners, outlining&#xD;the four main routes to landownership for women, as well as the practices&#xD;by which married women were sometimes able to circumvent the restrictions of&#xD;coverture. As a corollary to this, it also explores the impact of various changes&#xD;to the early modern legal system – including the shift from dower to jointure&#xD;arrangements, the emergence of strict settlement and the declining power of the&#xD;ecclesiastical courts – on women’s property rights.&#xD;The second half of the chapter sets out to assess the significance of women&#xD;as a class of landowners in Georgian England, quantifying the scale of women’s&#xD;landholding in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries using a large sample&#xD;of data drawn from the parliamentary enclosure awards. In doing so, it responds&#xD;to considerable uncertainty about the scale of women’s property ownership.&#xD;Little quantitative information is available on the proportion of land owned by&#xD;women, although a handful of studies have used rentals and leases to examine&#xD;female landholding – as opposed to landownership – within small groups of&#xD;manors. The results of the sampled enclosure awards are presented below, comparisons&#xD;between this data and the earlier, smaller studies explored, and the new&#xD;data used to throw light on four key issues: the legal and marital status of female&#xD;landowners, the scale of individual female landowners’ holdings, the geography&#xD;of female landownership and the thorny issue of change over time.

Keywords

women --- land --- property --- law

Kollektivierung und Opt-Out - Die neue Grundnorm des Urheberrechts? - Modelle im Vergleich: Google Books Settlement, §1371 UrhG, Richtlinie Orphan Works und die Wahrnehmungsbefugnis der VG Wort

Author:
ISBN: 9783863952235 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2015-894 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:34
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The German Copyright Law grants an absolute right to authors, i.e., any use of protected works requires the author's prior consent. This concept is known as opt-in. In this doctoral thesis the author examines five models which turn this concept upside down as they provide for the permission for certain beneficiaries to use protected works without the author's prior consent until the author objects to such use. This concept is known as opt-out. Also, the examined models contain elements of collectivization and, in particular, involve collecting societies. The author examines and compares these models and answers the question whether the underlying opt-out concept together with collectivization may be generalized so that it could replace opt-in.

Adat and Indigeneity in Indonesia - Culture and Entitlements between Heteronomy and Self-Ascription

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISBN: 9783863951320 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-23 08:54:18
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A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

Kultur als Eigentum: Instrumente, Querschnitte und Fallstudien

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783863952044 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:58
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Im Zeitalter verknappender Ressourcen ist Kultur – beispielsweise in Form von traditionellem Wissen oder Kulturerbe – in den Brennpunkt wirtschaftlicher, politischer wie ideeller Interessen gerückt. Die Rechte an Eigentum oder Nutzung solcher Kulturgüter werden von internationalen Bühnen bis zu lokalen Schauplätzen verhandelt und implementiert. Nach sechs Jahren intensiver, interdisziplinärer Zusammenarbeit legt die DFG-Forschergruppe 772 („Die Konstituierung von Cultural Property: Akteure, Diskurse, Kontexte, Regeln“) einen mehrgliedrigen Ergebnisband zu diesem wichtigen, spätmodernen Phänomen der Konstituierung kulturellen Eigentums vor. Ein erster Teil bietet griffige Vorstellungen verschiedener internationaler Instrumente und Arenen, in denen Handhabung von Schutz und Inwertsetzung von Kultur im Mittelpunkt stehen. Der zweite Teil versammelt Beiträge, die zentrale Handlungsmotive und Legitimationsweisen der Inwertsetzung von Kultur erörtern und Konzepte, die dabei von besonderer Relevanz sind, durchleuchten. Im dritten Teil werden Ergebnisse aus den verschiedenen Teilprojekten der Forschergruppe vorgestellt.

Essays in Conveyancing and Property Law : In Honour of Professor Robert Rennie

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782821876309 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Professor Robert Rennie has been one of the most influential voices in Scots private law over the past thirty years. Highly respected as both an academic and a practitioner, his contribution to the development of property law and practice has been substantial and unique. This volume celebrates his retirement from the Chair of Conveyancing at the University of Glasgow in 2014 with a selection of essays written by his peers and colleagues from the judiciary, academia and legal practice. Each chapter covers a topic of particular interest to Professor Rennie during his career, from the historical development of property law rules through to the latest developments in conveyancing practice and the evolution of the rules of professional negligence. Although primarily Scottish in focus, the contributions will have much of interest to lawyers in any jurisdiction struggling with similar practical problems, particularly those with similar legal roots such as the Netherlands and South Africa. As a whole, this collection is highly recommended to students, practitioners and academics.

Keywords

Scotland --- British law --- law --- property

Negotiating Tradition - The pragmatics of international deliberations on Cultural Property

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISBN: 9783863951009 Year: Pages: 190 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:20
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Communicative interactions in international negotiations on cultural property not only provide information about the emergence and proliferation of arguments, rhetorics, and registers, but also permit valuable insights into actors’ positions, strategies and alliances. They significantly influence local and national practices and views related to cultural property debates. What can be gained from a deep analysis of the communicative patterns and strategies that actors engage in – the entailing text and talk of negotiations – is a better understanding of the process itself: how do different actors argue, what kind of strategies and rhetorics do they use, to which instruments and institutions do they refer, and in what way do actors react to each other? An analysis of communicative interactions contributes to the question of how international negotiations work. The analytic inclusion of sociolinguistic practices allows insights into positions, strategies, and perspectives pertaining to cultural property. By looking at not only what actors say, but also at how and in what contexts they do so, it is possible to make more accurate statements about their positions and perceptions in cultural property debates. As these communicative interactions influence outcomes considerably, an approach from linguistic anthropology is not only beneficial for an understanding of specific negotiations, but also for the analysis of broader cultural property issues.

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