Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Oeffentlich-private Finanzierung von Infrastruktur in Entwicklungslaendern und deren Beitrag zur Armutsreduktion

Author:
Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631583197 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3726/b13963 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:22
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Die Dissertation ist an der Schnittstelle von Betriebswirtschaftslehre und Entwicklungsökonomie angesiedelt. Basierend auf einem Multimethodenansatz werden jeweils zwei Fallstudien in Vietnam und auf den Philippinen aus beiden Perspektiven dargestellt. Der entwicklungsökonomische Teil der Arbeit umfasst die Darstellung von Good Governance und Global Governance. Anschließend werden die Auswirkungen von ausländischen Direktinvestitionen und von Energie- und Straßeninfrastruktur auf Wirtschaftswachstum und Armutsreduktion diskutiert. Ein weiterer Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Darstellung von Public Private Partnerships. Keine Fallstudie liefert einen direkten langfristigen Beitrag zur Armutsreduktion, aber sie tragen zum Wirtschaftswachstum bei. Zusammenfassend kann festgehalten werden, dass die positiven Auswirkungen von privat finanzierter Infrastruktur auf die Armutsreduktion überschätzt werden.

Public-Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Author:
ISBN: 9783038978329 9783038978336 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-833-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) and other private governance instruments (e.g., Fair Trade, Forest Stewardship Council, Fair Wear Foundation, GLOBALGAP) are increasingly regulating global production processes and economic activities. VSS verify the compliance of products or production processes with sustainability standards. The importance of voluntary sustainability standards is now widely recognized. After being operational for more than two decades, they have established themselves as private governance instruments. This recognition is also exemplified by their integration in public regulatory approaches. Governments and international organizations are partnering with voluntary sustainability standards to pursue sustainable development policies. We witness the integration of VSS in the regulatory approaches of local and national governments in countries around the world, the integration of VSS in trade policies, the emergence of public–private initiatives to govern global supply chains, and the inclusion of private initiatives in experimentalist governance regimes. This Special Issue seeks to bring together research on the interface between private and public governance. We welcome contributions which analyze specific case studies on the emergence and development of these private–public interactions, the design of public–private governance, the effectiveness of these governance arrangements, and critical perspectives on the possibilities and limitations of such public–private forms of governance. We welcome multi-disciplinary perspectives including contributions from economics, political science, law, sociology, geography, and anthropology. Papers selected for this Special Issue are subject to a peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications.

Prospects for Schistosomiasis Elimination

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039213573 / 9783039213580 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-358-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Current efforts to limit the ravages of schistosomiasis are pushing the world closer to eliminating a chronic infection that has been associated with human life in the tropics since time immemorial. This notwithstanding, the disease remains a scourge for large populations in sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia, and the main part of this book is made up by papers dealing with its current distribution, discussing ways and means to establish and implement improved control approaches. While chemotherapy limits the symptoms caused by schistosomiasis, the number of infected people will not decrease until the parasite's life cycle is interrupted. To that end, some papers focus on the intermediate snail host, which is notoriously difficult to control, while others discuss human hygiene and sanitation. The latter approach not only prevents infection through avoiding people being infected from the snail, but more importantly, also stops people infecting the snail by leaving contagious feces and urine in nature. With morbidity reduced by chemotherapy, the immediate target now is the interruption of transmission to be achieved by new tools, such as the novel chemotherapies, improved diagnostics (for humans, animals, and snails), and vaccines discussed in several of the papers. As made clear in this book, a complex infection requires new tools as well as work on many fronts, above all; however, a clear idea is needed as to how to skillfully combine the tools available and sustain implemented control activities.

Keywords

schistosomiasis --- Schistosoma --- vaccine --- zoonosis --- Asia --- Africa --- domestic animals --- buffalo --- cattle --- sheep --- goats --- Côte d’Ivoire --- coverage rate --- praziquantel --- preventive chemotherapy --- Schistosoma haematobium --- Schistosoma mansoni --- schistosomiasis --- diagnosis --- control and elimination --- DNA --- polymerase chain reaction --- schistosomiasis --- control --- elimination --- Africa --- operational research --- goals --- guidelines --- schistosomiasis --- vector control --- snail resistance --- gene drive --- transgenic snail --- schistosomiasis --- Kato-Katz --- POC-CCA --- young adults --- soil-transmitted helminths --- n/a --- Mayuge --- MDA coverage --- praziquantel --- S. mansoni --- systematic non-compliance --- treatment-opportunities --- Uganda --- climate change --- schistosomiasis --- distribution --- intermediate snail host --- transmission --- modelling --- schistosomiasis --- soil-transmitted-helminthiasis --- mapping --- preventive chemotherapy --- transmission control --- Gabon --- Central Africa --- schistosomiasis --- vaccine --- Sm14 --- FABP --- Schistosoma japonicum --- Oncomelania hupensis --- snail --- 28S ribosomal DNA --- PCR --- loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) --- pooled samples --- China --- schistosomiasis --- elimination --- praziquantel --- artemether --- combination therapy --- phylogeography --- Bulinus truncatus --- planorbidae --- Africa --- schistosomiasis --- neglected tropical diseases --- WIPO Re:Search --- BIO Ventures for Global Health --- cross-sector collaboration --- capacity-building --- drug discovery --- public-private partnerships --- GIS --- remote-sensing --- satellite --- international space station --- ECOSTRESS --- worldview --- spatio-temporal epidemiology --- climate change --- parasite --- schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis --- n/a --- schistosomiasis --- systems epidemiology --- systems thinking --- complexity --- neglected tropical diseases --- interdisciplinarity --- Schistosomiasis mansoni --- Caribbean --- elimination --- snail control --- Biomphalaria glabrata --- Schistosoma mekongi --- Neotricula aperta --- snail --- Cambodia --- Lao PDR --- elimination --- Asia --- control --- elimination --- epidemiology --- Schistosoma japonicum --- Schistosoma malayensis --- Schistosoma mekongi --- schistosomiasis --- Schistosomiasis --- Philippines --- schistosomiasis elimination --- S. japonicum zoonosis --- bovines --- schistosomiasis elimination --- snail control --- high-sensitivity diagnostics --- chemotherapy --- vaccine development --- health education --- sanitation

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by