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The book gives a quite complete and uptodate picture of the Standard Theory with an historical perspective, with a collection of articles written by some of the protagonists of present particle physics. The theoretical developments are described together with the most uptodate experimental tests, including the discovery of the Higgs Boson and the measurement of its mass as well as the most precise measurements of the top mass, giving the reader a complete description of our present understanding of particle physics.
Standard Model  Higgs  QCD  Electroweak  Lepton  Quark  Particle Accelerator
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The book edition of the Universe Special Issue “Compact Stars in the QCD Phase Diagram” is devoted to the overarching aspects shared between heavyion collisions and compact star astrophysics in investigating the hadrontoquark matter phase transition in the equation of state of strongly interacting matter in different regions of the phase diagram of QCD. It comprises 22 review and research articles that, together, will serve as a useful guide in educating both young and senior scientists in this emerging field that represents an intersection of the communities of strongly interacting matter theory, heavyion collision physics and compact star astrophysics.
heavyion collisions  directed flow  hydrodynamics  deconfinement  hybrid stars  neutron stars  equation of state  ? meson condensation  maximum mass  ? resonances  finite temperature  finite density  quarkgluon plasma  finite size  speed of sound  neutron stars  equation of state  inmedium effects  neutrino  Quantum Chromodynamics  dense matter  vector interaction  neutron stars  equation of state  QCD matter  phase transition  critical point  modified excludedvolume mechanism  dense matter  equation of state  stars: neutron  pulsars: general, pulsars: PSR J0737 ? 3039A  pulsars: PSR J1757 ? 1854  relativistic heavyion collisions  monte carlo simulations  transport theory  strangeness  neutron stars  star oscillations  hadron–quark continuity  neutron stars  QCD phase diagram  neutron stars  stellar magnetic field  stellar structure  stellar evolution  neutron star  equation of state  phase transition  quark matter  pulsars  quark stars  general relativity  Gravitational waves  Gammaray bursts  nuclear matter  neutron stars  quarks  combustion  neutron star  QCD matter  phase transition  critical point  neutron stars  gravitational waves  equation of state  chiral symmetry  axion QED  quarkhole pairing  colddense QCD  magnetic DCDW  quark matter  hadronic matter  quark deconfinement  neutron star matter  nuclear equation of state  phase transition  crystalline structure  neutrino emissivities  cluster virial expansion  quarkhadron matter  Mott dissociation  BethUhlenbeck equation of state  heavyion collisions  supernova explosions  masstwin stars  nuclear symmetry energy  heavyion collisions  transport theory  collective flow  light cluster emission  meson production  quarkhadron phase transition  pasta phases  speed of sound  hybrid compact stars  massradius relation  GW170817
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Various cosmological observations support not only cosmological inflation in the early universe, which is also known as exponential cosmic expansion, but also that the expansion of the latetime universe is accelerating. To explain this phenomenon, the existence of dark energy is proposed. In addition, according to the rotation curve of galaxies, the existence of dark matter, which does not shine, is also suggested. If primordial gravitational waves are detected in the future, the mechanism for realizing inflation can be revealed. Moreover, there exist two main candidates for dark matter. The first is a new particle, the existence of which is predicted in particle physics. The second is an astrophysical object which is not found by electromagnetic waves. Furthermore, there are two representative approaches to account for the accelerated expansion of the current universe. One is to assume the unknown dark energy in general relativity. The other is to extend the gravity theory to large scales. Investigation of the origins of inflation, dark matter, and dark energy is one of the most fundamental problems in modern physics and cosmology. The purpose of this book is to explore the physics and cosmology of inflation, dark matter, and dark energy.
bransdicke theory  dark energy model  cosmological parameters  Dark Energy  statistical analysis  Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO)  Supernovae  cosmological model  Hubble constant  Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature  n/a  Dark Energy  Dark Matter  memory  dark matter  galactic rotation curve  cosmoligical parameters  dark energy models  loop quantum cosmology  dark energy  spacetime symmetry  de Sitter vacuum  quantum optical systems  astronomical and spaceresearch instrumentation  instruments, apparatus, and components common to several branches of physics and astronomy  normal galaxies, extragalactic objects and systems  field theory  comparative planetology  properties of specific particles  quantum optics  fundamental astronomy  EinsteinAether theory of gravity  dosmological parameters  dark energy models  cosmology  particle physics  cosmo–particle physics  QCD  hypercolor  dark atoms  composite dark matter  scalar–tensor gravity  junction conditions  null hypersurfaces  higher dimension gauged supergravity black hole  quantum gravity  quantum tunneling phenomenon  Hawking radiation  dynamical Chern–Simons modified gravity  parametrizations  cosmological parameters
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