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Straßenverkehrsdelinquenz in Deutschland - Eine empirische Untersuchung zu Deliktformen, Sanktionierung und Rückfälligkeit

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ISBN: 9783863952037 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2015-833 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:10
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Traffic violations represent by far the most significant number of misconducts punished by law. This is due to the fact that the majority of the population actively participates in road traffic. Despite the importance of this topic, only a limited number of empirical studies have been conducted about traffic offenses. The present study intends to reduce this deficit in the field of traffic infringements by analyzing nationwide data about sentences and cases of repeated offenses, differentiating by seriousness of the misdemeanors and their general and traffic specific penalties. For the first time, a complete data set from the "Bundeszentralregister" (Federal Central Criminal Register) is evaluated. This traffic violation data set contains records of 250,000 people. As a result, this research incorporates nearly all people convicted in a specific year in Germany. Under due consideration of criminal records, these data are classified into distinct categories depending on the seriousness of the offense and the type of punishment. Furthermore, this study appraises the correlation between traffic specific reconviction rates and the success of related punishments.

Straffällige Frauen - eine Untersuchung der Strafzumessung und Rückfälligkeit

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950491 Year: Pages: 393 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-138 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-06 11:01:26
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Gegenstand der Arbeit ist der Umgang der Kriminaljustiz mit Straftaten von Frauen – ein weithin vernachlässigtes Thema im Bereich der empirischen Kriminologie. Ausgewertet werden sämtliche Eintragungen im Bundeszentral- und Erziehungsregister zu Personen, die im Jahr 2004 mit einer relevante Bezugsentscheidung im Register erfasst waren. Dadurch konnten über eine Millionen Straffällige, darunter rund 200.000 Frauen, mit allen zu ihnen im Register gespeicherten strafrechtlichen Entscheidungen in die Untersuchung einbezogen werden. Diese konzentriert sich dabei im Wesentlichen auf zwei Themenkomplexe: Einmal wird die Strafzumessung bei weiblichen im Vergleich zu männlichen Straffälligen differenziert untersucht. Dabei zeigt sich, dass Frauen entgegen landläufiger Meinung keinen Strafzumessungsbonus genießen. Zum anderen wird aufgezeigt, dass das Maß der Rückfälligkeit straffälliger Frauen sich je nach justizieller Reaktion unterscheidet und von Kriterien wie Art und Anzahl der Voreintragungen abhängt.

National Reconviction Statistics and Studies in Europe = Nationale Rückfallstatistiken und -untersuchungen in Europa

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863951870 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-791 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-10 11:01:10
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Recidivism belongs to the main categories of criminology, crime policy and criminal justice. If the target of preventing offenders from reoffending is taken seriously crime policy should be measured by success of certain penal sanctions in terms of relapses. Also institutions that deal directly with crime and offenders need to get basic information on the consequences of their actions; particularly general knowledge about offender groups at risk of reoffending. All these are reasons why representative recidivism studies are needed. Meanwhile a lot of European countries gather systematic and comprehensive information on recidivism, periodically and on a national level. This volume presents an exemplary collection of such endeavors: Austria, Estonia, France, Germany, Switzerland and a comparative study of England and Wales, the Netherlands and Scotland.

Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

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ISBN: 9780199697243 Year: DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Mathematics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:17
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Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple quantitative theory of crime, conviction and reconviction, the assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples drawn from the “UK Home Office” Offenders Index (OI). Mathematical models based on the theory, together with population trends, are used to make: exact quantitative predictions of features of criminal careers; aggregate crime levels; the prison population; and to explain the age-crime curve, alternative explanations are shown not to be supported by the data. Previous research is reviewed, clearly identifying the foundations of the current work. Using graphical techniques to identify mathematical regularities in the data, recidivism (risk) and frequency (rate) of conviction are analysed and modelled. These models are brought together to identify three categories of offender: high-risk / high-rate, high-risk / low-rate and low-risk / low-rate. The theory is shown to rest on just 6 basic assumptions. Within this theoretical framework the seriousness of offending, specialisation or versatility in offence types and the psychological characteristics of offenders are all explored suggesting that the most serious offenders are a random sample from the risk/rate categories but that those with custody later in their careers are predominantly high-risk/high-rate. In general offenders are shown to be versatile rather than specialist and can be categorised using psychological profiles. The policy implications are drawn out highlighting the importance of conviction in desistance from crime and the absence of any additional deterrence effect of imprisonment. The use of the theory in evaluation of interventions is demonstrated.

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