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Achieving the Paris Climate Agreement Goals

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ISBN: 9783030058432 Year: Pages: 491 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05843-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:11
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This open access book presents detailed pathways to achieve 100% renewable energy by 2050, globally and across ten geographical regions. Based on state-of-the-art scenario modelling, it provides the vital missing link between renewable energy targets and the measures needed to achieve them. Bringing together the latest research in climate science, renewable energy technology, employment and resource impacts, the book breaks new ground by covering all the elements essential to achieving the ambitious climate mitigation targets set out in the Paris Climate Agreement. For example, sectoral implementation pathways, with special emphasis on differences between developed and developing countries and regional conditions, provide tools to implement the scenarios globally and domestically. Non-energy greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios define a sustainable pathway for land-use change and the agricultural sector. Furthermore, results of the impact of the scenarios on employment and mineral and resource requirements provide vital insight on economic and resource management implications. The book clearly demonstrates that the goals of the Paris Agreement are achievable and feasible with current technology and are beneficial in economic and employment terms. It is essential reading for anyone with responsibility for implementing renewable energy or climate targets internationally or domestically, including climate policy negotiators, policy-makers at all levels of government, businesses with renewable energy commitments, researchers and the renewable energy industry.

Renewables for Energy Access and Sustainable Development in East Africa

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Energy ISBN: 9783030117351 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11735-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:07
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This short open access book investigates the role of renewable energy in East Africa to provide policy-relevant inputs for the achievement of a cost-effective electrification process in the region. For each country, the authors review the current situation in the domestic power sector, adopt a GIS-based approach to plot renewable energy resources potential, and review currently planned projects and projects under development, as well as the key domestic renewables regulations. Based on such information, least-cost 100% electrification scenarios by 2030 are then modelled and comparative results over the required capacity additions and investment are reported and discussed. The authors also inquire into some of the key technological, economic, policy, cooperation, and financing challenges to the development of a portfolio of renewables to promote energy access in a sustainable way, including a discussion of the challenges and opportunities that might stem from the interaction between local RE potential and natural gas resources currently under development in the region. To conclude, policy recommendations based on the book’s results and targeted at international cooperation and development institutions, local policymakers, and private stakeholders in the region are elaborated.

Africa-EU Renewable Energy Research and Innovation Symposium 2018 (RERIS 2018)

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Energy ISBN: 9783319934389 Year: Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93438-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book presents the proceedings of the 2nd Africa-EU Renewable Energy Research and Innovation Symposium (RERIS 18), held in Maseru, Lesotho in January 2018. The symposium aimed to foster research cooperation on renewable energy between Africa and Europe – in academia, as well as the private and public sectors. Addressing thematic areas such as • Grid-connected renewable energy; • Decentralised renewable and household energy solutions; • Energy socioeconomics; and • Promotion of energy research, innovation, education and entrepreneurship, the book brings together contributions from academics and practitioners from the EU and Africa to enable mutual learning and knowledge transfer – a key factor in boosting sustainable development in the African renewable energy market. It also plays a significant role in promoting African renewable energy research, which helps to secure energy supply in both rural and urban areas and to increase generation capacities and energy system resilience. This book is an invaluable resource for academics and professionals across the renewable energy spectrum.

Innovative Models for Sustainable Development in Emerging African Countries

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Research for Development ISBN: 9783030333232 Year: Pages: 167 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33323-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book explores key issues and presents recent case studies in areas of importance for the transition to a circular model of development in emerging African countries that will minimize resource consumption and waste production. The topics covered include the development of sustainable housing models, energy and environmental issues in building design and technical systems, recycling for a sustainable future, models for humanitarian emergencies, and low-cost and web-based digital tools with applications in architecture and archaeology. The aim is to contribute to a necessary paradigm shift with respect to urban planning and usage of territories, moving from a linear urban metabolism based on the “take, make, dispose” approach to a circular metabolism. Such a change requires a focus on the relationship between the architectural, urban, and physical aspects of new developments, climate, and energy demand, as well as the identification and integration of strategies and infrastructures to achieve a high level of efficiency and self-sufficiency. The book will appeal to all with an interest in sustainable development in the African context.

eIoT

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030104276 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-10427-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:11
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This open access book explores the collision between the sustainable energy transition and the Internet of Things (IoT). In that regard, this book’s arrival is timely. Not only is the Internet of Things for energy applications, herein called the energy Internet of Things (eIoT), rapidly developing but also the transition towards sustainable energy to abate global climate is very much at the forefront of public discourse. It is within the context of these two dynamic thrusts, digitization and global climate change, that the energy industry sees itself undergoing significant change in how it is operated and managed. This book recognizes that they impose five fundamental energy management change drivers: 1.) the growing demand for electricity, 2.) the emergence of renewable energy resources, 3.) the emergence of electrified transportation, 4.) the deregulation of electric power markets, 5.) and innovations in smart grid technology. Together, they challenge many of the assumptions upon which the electric grid was first built. The goal of this book is to provide a single integrated picture of how eIoT can come to transform our energy infrastructure. This book links the energy management change drivers mentioned above to the need for a technical energy management solution. It, then, describes how eIoT meets many of the criteria required for such a technical solution. In that regard, the book stresses the ability of eIoT to add sensing, decision-making, and actuation capabilities to millions or perhaps even billions of interacting “smart" devices. With such a large scale transformation composed of so many independent actions, the book also organizes the discussion into a single multi-layer energy management control loop structure. Consequently, much attention is given to not just network-enabled physical devices but also communication networks, distributed control & decision making, and finally technical architectures and standards. Having gone into the detail of these many simultaneously developing technologies, the book returns to how these technologies when integrated form new applications for transactive energy. In that regard, it highlights several eIoT-enabled energy management use cases that fundamentally change the relationship between end users, utilities, and grid operators. Consequently, the book discusses some of the emerging applications for utilities, industry, commerce, and residences. The book concludes that these eIoT applications will transform today’s grid into one that is much more responsive, dynamic, adaptive and flexible. It also concludes that this transformation will bring about new challenges and opportunities for the cyber-physical-economic performance of the grid and the business models of its increasingly growing number of participants and stakeholders.

Biofuels and Sustainability

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISBN: 9784431548959 Year: Pages: 265 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54895-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Ecology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05

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This open access book presents a comprehensive analysis of biofuel use strategies from an interdisciplinary perspective using sustainability science. This interdisciplinary perspective (social science-natural science) means that the strategies and policy options proposed will have significant impacts on the economy and society alike. Biofuels are expected to contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, revitalizing economies in agricultural communities and alleviating poverty. However, despite these anticipated benefits, international organizations such as the FAO, OECD and UN have published reports expressing concerns that biofuel promotion may lead to deforestation, water pollution and water shortages. The impacts of biofuel use are extensive, cross-sectoral and complex, and as such, comprehensive analyses are required in order to assess the extent to which biofuels can contribute to sustainable societies. Applying interdisciplinary sustainability science concepts and methodologies, the book helps to enhance the establishment of a sustainable society as well as the development of appropriate responses to a global need for urgent action on current issues related to biofuels.

Energy Justice Across Borders

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030240219 Year: Pages: 305 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24021-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Geography --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:07
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Philosophy; Engineering ethics; Energy policy; Energy and state; Economic geography; Renewable energy resources; Sustainable development; Energy systems

Applications of Power Electronics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979746 / 9783038979753 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 476 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-975-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Power electronics technology is still an emerging technology, and it has found its way into many applications, from renewable energy generation (i.e., wind power and solar power) to electrical vehicles (EVs), biomedical devices, and small appliances, such as laptop chargers. In the near future, electrical energy will be provided and handled by power electronics and consumed through power electronics; this not only will intensify the role of power electronics technology in power conversion processes, but also implies that power systems are undergoing a paradigm shift, from centralized distribution to distributed generation. Today, more than 1000 GW of renewable energy generation sources (photovoltaic (PV) and wind) have been installed, all of which are handled by power electronics technology. The main aim of this book is to highlight and address recent breakthroughs in the range of emerging applications in power electronics and in harmonic and electromagnetic interference (EMI) issues at device and system levels as discussed in ?robust and reliable power electronics technologies, including fault prognosis and diagnosis technique stability of grid-connected converters and ?smart control of power electronics in devices, microgrids, and at system levels.

Keywords

energy storage --- lithium-ion battery --- battery management system BMS --- battery modeling --- state of charge SoC --- grid-connected inverter --- power electronics --- multi-objective optimization --- switching frequency --- total demand distortion --- switching losses --- EMI filter --- power converter --- power density --- optimal design --- electrical drives --- axial flux machines --- magnetic equivalent circuit --- torque ripple --- back EMF --- permanent-magnet machines --- five-phase permanent magnet synchronous machine --- five-leg voltage source inverter --- multiphase space vector modulation --- sliding mode control --- extended Kalman filter --- voltage source inverters (VSI) --- voltage control --- current control --- digital control --- predictive controllers --- advanced controllers --- stability --- response time --- lithium-ion batteries --- electric vehicles --- battery management system --- electric power --- dynamic PV model --- grid-connected VSI --- HF-link MPPT converter --- nanocrystalline core --- SiC PV Supply --- DC–DC converters --- multi-level control --- renewable energy resources control --- electrical engineering communications --- microgrid control --- distributed control --- power system operation and control --- variable speed pumped storage system --- droop control --- vector control --- phasor model technique --- nine switch converter --- synchronous generator --- digital signal controller --- static compensator, distribution generation --- hybrid converter --- multi-level converter (MLC) --- series active filter --- power factor correction (PFC) --- field-programmable gate array --- particle swarm optimization --- selective harmonic elimination method --- voltage source converter --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicles --- power management system --- renewable energy sources --- fuzzy --- smart micro-grid --- five-phase machine --- fault-tolerant control --- induction motor --- one phase open circuit fault (1-Ph) --- adjacent two-phase open circuit fault (A2-Ph) --- volt-per-hertz control (scalar control) --- current-fed inverter --- LCL-S topology --- semi-active bridge --- soft switching --- voltage boost --- wireless power transfer --- DC–DC conversion --- zero-voltage switching (ZVS) --- transient control --- DC–DC conversion --- bidirectional converter --- power factor correction --- line frequency instability --- one cycle control --- non-linear phenomena --- bifurcation --- boost converter --- converter --- ice melting --- modular multilevel converter (MMC) --- optimization design --- transmission line --- static var generator (SVG) --- hardware-in-the-loop --- floating-point --- fixed-point --- real-time emulation --- field programmable gate array --- slim DC-link drive --- VPI active damping control --- total harmonic distortion --- cogging torque --- real-time simulation --- power converters --- nonlinear control --- embedded systems --- high level programing --- SHIL --- DHIL --- 4T analog MOS control --- high frequency switching power supply --- water purification --- modulation index --- electromagnetic interference --- chaotic PWM --- DC-DC buck converter --- CMOS chaotic circuit --- triangular ramp generator --- spread-spectrum technique --- system in package --- electric vehicle --- wireless power transfer --- inductive coupling --- coupling factor --- phase-shift control --- series-series compensation --- PSpice --- fixed-frequency double integral sliding-mode (FFDISM) --- class-D amplifier --- Q-factor --- GaN cascode --- direct torque control (DTC) --- composite active vectors modulation (CVM) --- permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) --- effect factors --- double layer capacitor (DLC) models --- energy storage modelling --- simulation models --- current control loops --- dual three-phase (DTP) permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) --- space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) --- vector control --- voltage source inverter --- active rectifiers --- single-switch --- analog phase control --- digital phase control --- wireless power transfer --- three-level boost converter (TLBC) --- DC-link cascade H-bridge (DCLCHB) inverter --- conducting angle determination (CAD) techniques --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- three-phase bridgeless rectifier --- fault diagnosis --- fault tolerant control --- hardware in loop --- compensation topology --- electromagnetic field (EMF) --- electromagnetic field interference (EMI) --- misalignment --- resonator structure --- wireless power transfer (WPT) --- WPT standards --- EMI filter --- electromagnetic compatibility --- AC–DC power converters --- electromagnetic interference filter --- matrix converters --- current source --- power density --- battery energy storage systems --- battery chargers --- active receivers --- frequency locking --- reference phase calibration --- synchronization --- wireless power transfer --- lithium-ion batteries --- SOC estimator --- parameter identification --- particle swarm optimization --- improved extended Kalman filter --- battery management system --- PMSG --- DC-link voltage control --- variable control gain --- disturbance observer --- lithium-ion power battery pack --- composite equalizer --- active equalization --- passive equalization --- control strategy and algorithm --- n/a --- common-mode inductor --- high-frequency modeling --- electromagnetic interference --- filter --- fault diagnosis --- condition monitoring --- induction machines --- support vector machines --- expert systems --- neural networks --- DC-AC power converters --- frequency-domain analysis --- impedance-based model --- Nyquist stability analysis --- small signal stability analysis --- harmonic linearization --- line start --- permanent magnet --- synchronous motor --- efficiency motor --- rotor design --- harmonics --- hybrid power filter --- active power filter --- power quality --- total harmonic distortion --- equivalent inductance --- leakage inductance --- switching frequency modelling --- induction motor --- current switching ripple --- multilevel inverter --- cascaded topology --- voltage doubling --- switched capacitor --- nearest level modulation (NLM) --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- dead-time compensation --- power converters --- harmonics --- n/a

Applications of Power Electronics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210206 / 9783039210213 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 500 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-021-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
License:

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Abstract

Power electronics technology is still an emerging technology, and it has found its way into many applications, from renewable energy generation (i.e., wind power and solar power) to electrical vehicles (EVs), biomedical devices, and small appliances, such as laptop chargers. In the near future, electrical energy will be provided and handled by power electronics and consumed through power electronics; this not only will intensify the role of power electronics technology in power conversion processes, but also implies that power systems are undergoing a paradigm shift, from centralized distribution to distributed generation. Today, more than 1000 GW of renewable energy generation sources (photovoltaic (PV) and wind) have been installed, all of which are handled by power electronics technology. The main aim of this book is to highlight and address recent breakthroughs in the range of emerging applications in power electronics and in harmonic and electromagnetic interference (EMI) issues at device and system levels as discussed in ?robust and reliable power electronics technologies, including fault prognosis and diagnosis technique stability of grid-connected converters and ?smart control of power electronics in devices, microgrids, and at system levels.

Keywords

energy storage --- lithium-ion battery --- battery management system BMS --- battery modeling --- state of charge SoC --- grid-connected inverter --- power electronics --- multi-objective optimization --- switching frequency --- total demand distortion --- switching losses --- EMI filter --- power converter --- power density --- optimal design --- electrical drives --- axial flux machines --- magnetic equivalent circuit --- torque ripple --- back EMF --- permanent-magnet machines --- five-phase permanent magnet synchronous machine --- five-leg voltage source inverter --- multiphase space vector modulation --- sliding mode control --- extended Kalman filter --- voltage source inverters (VSI) --- voltage control --- current control --- digital control --- predictive controllers --- advanced controllers --- stability --- response time --- lithium-ion batteries --- electric vehicles --- battery management system --- electric power --- dynamic PV model --- grid-connected VSI --- HF-link MPPT converter --- nanocrystalline core --- SiC PV Supply --- DC–DC converters --- multi-level control --- renewable energy resources control --- electrical engineering communications --- microgrid control --- distributed control --- power system operation and control --- variable speed pumped storage system --- droop control --- vector control --- phasor model technique --- nine switch converter --- synchronous generator --- digital signal controller --- static compensator, distribution generation --- hybrid converter --- multi-level converter (MLC) --- series active filter --- power factor correction (PFC) --- field-programmable gate array --- particle swarm optimization --- selective harmonic elimination method --- voltage source converter --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicles --- power management system --- renewable energy sources --- fuzzy --- smart micro-grid --- five-phase machine --- fault-tolerant control --- induction motor --- one phase open circuit fault (1-Ph) --- adjacent two-phase open circuit fault (A2-Ph) --- volt-per-hertz control (scalar control) --- current-fed inverter --- LCL-S topology --- semi-active bridge --- soft switching --- voltage boost --- wireless power transfer --- DC–DC conversion --- zero-voltage switching (ZVS) --- transient control --- DC–DC conversion --- bidirectional converter --- power factor correction --- line frequency instability --- one cycle control --- non-linear phenomena --- bifurcation --- boost converter --- converter --- ice melting --- modular multilevel converter (MMC) --- optimization design --- transmission line --- static var generator (SVG) --- hardware-in-the-loop --- floating-point --- fixed-point --- real-time emulation --- field programmable gate array --- slim DC-link drive --- VPI active damping control --- total harmonic distortion --- cogging torque --- real-time simulation --- power converters --- nonlinear control --- embedded systems --- high level programing --- SHIL --- DHIL --- 4T analog MOS control --- high frequency switching power supply --- water purification --- modulation index --- electromagnetic interference --- chaotic PWM --- DC-DC buck converter --- CMOS chaotic circuit --- triangular ramp generator --- spread-spectrum technique --- system in package --- electric vehicle --- wireless power transfer --- inductive coupling --- coupling factor --- phase-shift control --- series-series compensation --- PSpice --- fixed-frequency double integral sliding-mode (FFDISM) --- class-D amplifier --- Q-factor --- GaN cascode --- direct torque control (DTC) --- composite active vectors modulation (CVM) --- permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) --- effect factors --- double layer capacitor (DLC) models --- energy storage modelling --- simulation models --- current control loops --- dual three-phase (DTP) permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) --- space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) --- vector control --- voltage source inverter --- active rectifiers --- single-switch --- analog phase control --- digital phase control --- wireless power transfer --- three-level boost converter (TLBC) --- DC-link cascade H-bridge (DCLCHB) inverter --- conducting angle determination (CAD) techniques --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- three-phase bridgeless rectifier --- fault diagnosis --- fault tolerant control --- hardware in loop --- compensation topology --- electromagnetic field (EMF) --- electromagnetic field interference (EMI) --- misalignment --- resonator structure --- wireless power transfer (WPT) --- WPT standards --- EMI filter --- electromagnetic compatibility --- AC–DC power converters --- electromagnetic interference filter --- matrix converters --- current source --- power density --- battery energy storage systems --- battery chargers --- active receivers --- frequency locking --- reference phase calibration --- synchronization --- wireless power transfer --- lithium-ion batteries --- SOC estimator --- parameter identification --- particle swarm optimization --- improved extended Kalman filter --- battery management system --- PMSG --- DC-link voltage control --- variable control gain --- disturbance observer --- lithium-ion power battery pack --- composite equalizer --- active equalization --- passive equalization --- control strategy and algorithm --- n/a --- common-mode inductor --- high-frequency modeling --- electromagnetic interference --- filter --- fault diagnosis --- condition monitoring --- induction machines --- support vector machines --- expert systems --- neural networks --- DC-AC power converters --- frequency-domain analysis --- impedance-based model --- Nyquist stability analysis --- small signal stability analysis --- harmonic linearization --- line start --- permanent magnet --- synchronous motor --- efficiency motor --- rotor design --- harmonics --- hybrid power filter --- active power filter --- power quality --- total harmonic distortion --- equivalent inductance --- leakage inductance --- switching frequency modelling --- induction motor --- current switching ripple --- multilevel inverter --- cascaded topology --- voltage doubling --- switched capacitor --- nearest level modulation (NLM) --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- dead-time compensation --- power converters --- harmonics --- n/a

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