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Irlande Vision(s) / Révision(s)

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ISBN: 9782869064744 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires François-Rabelais
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 12:27:07
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Le thème retenu pour ces deux journées d'études, ""Vision (s)/Révision (s)"", a fourni aux participants matière à réflexion dans des domaines variés comme en atteste la diversité des textes ici réunis: fiction, poésie, théâtre, cinéma, histoire plus ou moins récente. La tension entre les deux termes, confirmée par la présence insistante du pluriel amène à s'interroger sur une dynamique, un dialogue, parfois douloureux ou convenu mais souvent fécond entre passé et présent, entre tradition et or...

Erfolgsfaktoren und Auswirkungen der Kooperation von Controllerbereich und Interner Revision

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Book Series: Controlling & Business Accounting ISBN: 9783631640739 Year: Pages: 254 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:57
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Controllerbereich und Interne Revision werden im Rahmen einer effizienten Unternehmenssteuerung und -überwachung in Forschung und Praxis getrennt voneinander zentrale Rollen beigemessen. Forschungsdefizite bestehen jedoch hinsichtlich ihres Kooperationspotenzials. Diese Arbeit liefert konkrete Hinweise, wie eine Kooperation dieser beiden Unternehmensbereiche erfolgreich ausgestaltet werden kann und somit zum Unternehmenserfolg beiträgt. Als Grundlage dieser Handlungsempfehlungen dienen die Erkenntnisse aus einer empirischen Untersuchung deutscher Unternehmen. Dieses Buch spricht Wissenschaftler, Praktiker und Studierende an, die sich einen Überblick über die Erfolgsfaktoren und Auswirkungen einer erfolgreichen Zusammenarbeit von Controllerbereich und Interner Revision verschaffen wollen.

Qualitätssicherung. Die Praxis der Übersetzungsrevision im Zusammenhang mit EN 15038 und ISO 17100

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Book Series: TRANSÜD. Arbeiten zur Theorie und Praxis des Übersetzens und Dolmetschens ISBN: 9783732905393 9783732994175 9783732994601 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:109130 Language: German
Publisher: Frank & Timme
Subject: Business and Management --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-02 11:21:03
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Translation revision is essential for ensuring the quality of translations. It is a service of its own, which involves the provision of additional personnel, time and financial resources. The quality standards, the auditing practice and the service providers are the focus of a study with Austrian language service providers, presented here by Madeleine Schnierer. The results describe the practical framework conditions and the current status of translation revision in Austria. They also show the extent to which EN 15038 and ISO 17100 form the basis of the respondents' professional activities. These and other revealing results demonstrate the importance of translation revision within quality assurance. Madeleine Schnierer studied translation with French and Russian at the University of Innsbruck and graduated from the University of Geneva with a PhD thesis on translation revision. Since September 2018 she is a lecturer in the German Department of the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting at the University of Geneva, where she teaches translation, translation revision and German language and cultural competence.

La politique agricole commune de la revue à mi-parcours (2003) au bilan de santé (2009)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782870161548 Year: Pages: 374 Language: FRE
Publisher: Presses agronomiques de Gembloux (Liege University)
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-06 14:30:00
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Cet ouvrage est un hommage au professeur Albert Ledent, disparu le 2 octobre 2017, et fait suite au livre "La politique agricole commune - des origines au 3e millénaire". Il traite de la période allant de la revue à mi-parcours de l'Agenda 2000 (2003) jusqu'au bilan de santé de la PAC en 2009. L'ouvrage traite d'abord des mesures décidées en 2003 qui constituent une réforme profonde de la politique agricole européenne, introduisant, notamment, le régime de paiement unique ainsi que le découplage et la conditionnalité des aides au revenu des agriculteurs. La seconde vague de réformes, après les grandes cultures, la viande bovine et le lait, est également abordée et concerne plus particulièrement l'huile d'olive, le tabac, le coton et le houblon. Le secteur sucre a suivi et fait l'objet, vu son importance, d'un chapitre à part entière. La période considérée dans l'ouvrage a vu se réaliser le cinquième élargissement de l'Union européenne. Pas moins de dix nouveaux Etats sont devenus membres, ceci n'étant pas sans conséquence sur la PAC et le budget de l'UE ; c'est pourquoi l'ouvrage analyse l'application de la PAC à ces nouveaux Etats membres, ainsi que leur poids relatif par rapport aux "Quinze". Il est ainsi montré que la PAC s'est continuellement adaptée aux circonstances politiques, économiques et sociales. Des questions restent cependant toujours en suspens, et cela même à la date de parution de ce livre, alors que l'on discute de la PAC pour la période 2021-2027 : quel avenir pour l'agriculture européenne, comment répartir plus équitablement le budget de la PAC, comment innover, garder vivantes les zones rurales, assurer la santé des consommateurs, maintenir l'emploi agricole, ... ?

Improving Bayesian Reasoning: What Works and Why?

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197453 Year: Pages: 207 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-745-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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We confess that the first part of our title is somewhat of a misnomer. Bayesian reasoning is a normative approach to probabilistic belief revision and, as such, it is in need of no improvement. Rather, it is the typical individual whose reasoning and judgments often fall short of the Bayesian ideal who is the focus of improvement. What have we learnt from over a half-century of research and theory on this topic that could explain why people are often non-Bayesian? Can Bayesian reasoning be facilitated, and if so why? These are the questions that motivate this Frontiers in Psychology Research Topic. Bayes' theorem, named after English statistician, philosopher, and Presbyterian minister, Thomas Bayes, offers a method for updating one’s prior probability of an hypothesis H on the basis of new data D such that P(H|D) = P(D|H)P(H)/P(D). The first wave of psychological research, pioneered by Ward Edwards, revealed that people were overly conservative in updating their posterior probabilities (i.e., P(D|H)). A second wave, spearheaded by Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, showed that people often ignored prior probabilities or base rates, where the priors had a frequentist interpretation, and hence were not Bayesians at all. In the 1990s, a third wave of research spurred by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby and by Gerd Gigerenzer and Ulrich Hoffrage showed that people can reason more like a Bayesian if only the information provided takes the form of (non-relativized) natural frequencies. Although Kahneman and Tversky had already noted the advantages of frequency representations, it was the third wave scholars who pushed the prescriptive agenda, arguing that there are feasible and effective methods for improving belief revision. Most scholars now agree that natural frequency representations do facilitate Bayesian reasoning. However, they do not agree on why this is so. The original third wave scholars favor an evolutionary account that posits human brain adaptation to natural frequency processing. But almost as soon as this view was proposed, other scholars challenged it, arguing that such evolutionary assumptions were not needed. The dominant opposing view has been that the benefit of natural frequencies is mainly due to the fact that such representations make the nested set relations perfectly transparent. Thus, people can more easily see what information they need to focus on and how to simply combine it. This Research Topic aims to take stock of where we are at present. Are we in a proto-fourth wave? If so, does it offer a synthesis of recent theoretical disagreements? The second part of the title orients the reader to the two main subtopics: what works and why? In terms of the first subtopic, we seek contributions that advance understanding of how to improve people’s abilities to revise their beliefs and to integrate probabilistic information effectively. The second subtopic centers on explaining why methods that improve non-Bayesian reasoning work as well as they do. In addressing that issue, we welcome both critical analyses of existing theories as well as fresh perspectives. For both subtopics, we welcome the full range of manuscript types.

Catalyzed Synthesis of Natural Products

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ISBN: 9783039219483 9783039219490 Year: Pages: 82 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-949-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- Organic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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Natural products have been a source of inspiration for chemists and chemical biologists for many years, and have a special relevance in the chemical space. In recent years, several novel synthetic strategies have appeared, such as diversity-oriented synthesis (DOS), biological-oriented synthesis (BiOS), and function-oriented synthesis (FOS), for accessing complex and functionally diverse molecules. In this manner, the synthesis of natural products has evolved towards simpler and ecological methods using biotransformation, combinatorial chemistry, or organocatalysts. In this issue, Prof. Chojnacka shows demonstrates the use of immobilized lipases as catalysts to aid in the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine enriched with myristic acid. Profs. Vila and Pedro used catalysts derived from (S)-mandelic acid to achieve the catalytic enantioselective addition of dimethylzinc to isatins. Prof. Diez shows the possibility of the obtention of 7,8-carvone epoxides in a diastereoselective manner using proline, quinidine, and diphenylprolinol as organocatalysts. A cheap, simple, clean, and scalable method involves the use of deep eutectic mixtures as reaction media, and Profs. Alonso and Guillena describe the use of this methodology for the enantioselective, organocatalyzed ?-amination of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. Biotransformations have been one of the methodologies for more efficient synthesis of natural products. Prof. Wu transforms ergostane triterpenoid antcin K using Psychrobacillus sp. Ak 187. Finally, Prof. Kovayashi reviews the total synthesis and biological evaluation of phaeosphaerides. The reader, through this issue, could gain an idea of the new directions that the synthesis of natural products using catalysts will have in the years to come.

Textbook on Scar Management

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030447663 Year: Pages: 553 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44766-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Surgery --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-12-16 00:02:59
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This text book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. Written by a group of international experts in the field and the result of over ten years of collaboration, it allows students and readers to gain to gain a detailed understanding of scar and wound treatment – a topic still dispersed among various disciplines. The content is divided into three parts for easy reference. The first part focuses on the fundamentals of scar management, including assessment and evaluation procedures, classification, tools for accurate measurement of all scar-related elements (volume density, color, vascularization), descriptions of the different evaluation scales. It also features chapters on the best practices in electronic-file storage for clinical reevaluation and telemedicine procedures for safe remote evaluation. The second section offers a comprehensive review of treatment and evidence-based technologies, presenting a consensus of the various available guidelines (silicone, surgery, chemical injections, mechanical tools for scar stabilization, lasers). The third part evaluates the full range of emerging technologies offered to physicians as alternative or complementary solutions for wound healing (mechanical, chemical, anti-proliferation). Textbook on Scar Management will appeal to trainees, fellows, residents and physicians dealing with scar management in plastic surgery, dermatology, surgery and oncology, as well as to nurses and general practitioners ; Comprehensive reference covering the complete field of wounds and scar management: semiology, classifications and scoring Highly educational contents for trainees as well as professionals in plastic surgery, dermatology, surgery, oncology as well as nurses and general practitioners Fast access to information through key points, take home messages, highlights, and a wealth of clinical cases Book didactic contents enhanced by supplementary material and videos

Special Issue Dedicated to Late Professor Takuo Okuda. Tannins and Related Polyphenols Revisited: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biological Activities

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038978343 9783038978350 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-835-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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Antioxidative polyphenols represented by tannins and flavonoids are rich in numerous food sources and traditional natural medicines and currently attracting increased attention in health care and food industries because of their multiple biological activities that are favorable to human health. Commemorating the outstanding achievements on tannins by Dr. Takuo Okuda on the occasion of his passing away in December 2016, his colleagues, friends, and worldwide experts of polyphenol research have contributed 18 papers on their recent study to the Special Issue of Molecules. This book is its reprinted form. This covers reviews of structural features, historical usages, and biological activities of unique class of ellagitannins and condensed tannins, and original articles on the most up-to-date findings on the anticancer effect of green tea catechins, the antivirus effect of tannins comparing with the clinically used drugs, the analytical method of ellagitannins using quantitative NMR, the chemical structures of Hydrangea-blue complex (pigment) and condensed tannins in Ephedra sinica and purple prairie clover, and the relationship of condensed tannins in legumes and grape-marc with methane production in the in vitro ruminant system, and others. This book will be useful to natural product chemists and also to researchers in pharmaceutical and/or food industry.

Keywords

Dittrichia viscosa --- antifungal activities --- Candida spp. --- Malassezia spp. --- Microsporum canis --- Aspergillus fumigates --- Ephedra sinica --- proanthocyanidin --- oligomer --- thiolysis --- phloroglucinolysis --- TDDFT --- ECD --- neuraminidase --- inhibition --- tannins --- oseltamivir carboxylate --- zanamivir --- crystal structure --- molecular interactions --- oenothein B --- ellagitannin --- macrocyclic oligomer --- Onagraceae --- Myrtaceae --- Lythraceae --- antioxidants --- antitumor effect --- immunomodulatory effect --- anti-inflammation --- tannin composition --- purple prairie clover --- conservation method --- protein precipitation --- Escherichia coli --- Cynanchum wilfordii --- phenolic glycoside --- 2-O-?-laminaribiosyl-4-hydroxyacetophenone --- cynandione A --- thin layer chromatography --- Cynanchum auriculatum --- Acacia mearnsii bark --- wattle tannin --- proanthocyanidins --- biological activities --- tannins --- vegetable tanning --- European historic leathers --- colorimetric tests --- spectroscopy --- UV-Vis --- FTIR --- triple-negative breast cancer --- fatty acid synthase --- FASN inhibition --- polyphenolic FASN inhibitors --- (?)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate --- synthetic analogues --- apoptosis --- anticancer activity --- 1H-NMR --- quantitative NMR --- ellagitannin --- Geranium thunbergii --- geraniin --- Aluminum ion --- blue color development --- 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid --- 3-O-glucosyldelphinidin --- Hydrangea macrophylla --- ESI-mass --- metal complex --- Coreopsis lanceolata L. --- chalcone --- flavanone --- flavonol --- aurone --- Horner–Wadsworth–Emmons reaction --- condensed tannin --- bioactivity --- methanogenesis --- grape marc --- fatty acids --- in vitro batch fermentation --- neuroprotection --- PC12 --- NGF --- differentiation --- amyloid-? peptide --- taxanes --- hormesis --- polyphenol --- bamboo leaf extract --- overlay method --- ellagitannin --- structure --- revision --- (?)-epigallocatechin gallate --- immune checkpoint --- interferon-? --- epidermal growth factor --- lung tumor --- proanthocyanidins --- condensed tannins --- thiolysis --- NMR spectroscopy --- ultrahigh-resolution negative mode MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry --- antioxidant --- ORAC assay --- Acacia --- forage legume --- Trapa taiwanensis Nakai --- hydrolysable tannin --- stability --- gallotannin --- ellagitannin

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