Search results: Found 13

Listing 1 - 10 of 13 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
The Electrochemical Oxidation of H2 and CO at Patterned Ni Anodes of SOFCs

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 18681603 ISBN: 9783866446861 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: XI, 144 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000023286 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this work, a deeper understanding of the electrochemical oxidation at SOFC anodes was gained by the experimental characterization of patterned Ni anodes in H2-H2O and CO-CO2 atmosphere. By high resolution data analysis, the Line Specific Resistance attributed to charge transfer and its dependencies on gas composition, temperature and polarization voltage were identified. Furthermore, the comparison of the performance of patterned and cermet anodes was enabled using a transmission line model.

Model-based Interpretation of the Performance and Degradation of Reformate Fueled Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 18681603 ISBN: 9783731500063 Year: Volume: 24 Pages: III, 120 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000034160 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cells offer great prospects for the sustainable, clean and safe conversion of various fuels into electrical energy. In this thesis, the performance-determining loss processes for the cell operation on reformate fuels are elucidated via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Model-based analyses reveal the electrochemical fuel oxidation mechanism, the coupling of fuel gas transport and reforming chemistry and the impact of fuel impurities on the degradation of each loss process.

Nanoskalige Kathoden für den Einsatz in Festelektrolyt-Brennstoffzellen bei abgesenkten Betriebstemperaturen

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 18681603 ISBN: 9783866448384 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: IV, 219 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000027428 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Der Wirkungsgrad von Festelektrolyt-Brennstoffzellen (SOFCs) ist stark von den Elektroden abhängig. Im Fokus der Arbeit lag die Optimierung der Kathode für Betriebstemperaturen < 600°C. Nanoskalige La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-[delta] Dünnschichtkathoden wurden untersucht, wobei mit Hilfe von Mikrostrukturoptimierung und bedingt durch oberflächliche Sekundärphasen extrem hohe Leistungsfähigkeiten erzielt werden konnten. Auch konnte erstmalig die elektrochemische Kathodenreaktion in 5 Teilprozesse unterteilt werden.

Charakterisierung und Modellentwicklung von Natur und Funktionalität der Kathoden/Elektrolyt-Grenzfläche von Hochtemperatur-Brennstoffzellen (SOFC)

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 23658029 ISBN: 9783731508618 Year: Volume: 35 Pages: II, 246 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000087336 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) achieve high efficiencies, the lower the internal electrochemical losses are. This work investigates insulating secondary phases at the cathode/electrolyte interface that are formed during fabrication. Full cells and model systems are electrochemically characterized, analyzed by electron microscopy and reconstructed by tomography. A FEM model reveals performance limiting factors. As a result, an optimized production routine is proposed.

Characterization and Modeling of Electrochemical Energy Conversion Systems by Impedance Techniques

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 18681603 ISBN: 9783866449039 Year: Volume: 23 Pages: IX, 166 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000029318 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This thesis introduces (i) amendments to basic electrochemical measurement techniques in the time and frequency domain suitable for electrochemical energy conversion systems like fuel cells and batteries, which enable shorter measurement times and improved precision in both measurement and parameter identification, and (ii) a modeling approach that is able to simulate a technically relevant system just by information gained through static and impedance measurements of laboratory size cells.

Elektrische Charakterisierung und Modellierung von metallischen Interkonnektoren (MIC) des SOFC-Stacks

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 18681603 ISBN: 9783866448339 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: V, 166 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000027170 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In dieser Arbeit wurde der Effekt des metallischen Interkonnektors (MIC) auf die Leistungsdichte der anodengestützten Zelle (ASC) sowie die Wechselwirkung zwischen dem MIC und der Kathode (Cr-Vergiftung) untersucht. Durch die Separation der Elektrodenverluste wurden drei von der Geometrie verursachte Verluste identifiziert und quantifiziert. Weiter konnte gezeigt werden, dass in Anwesenheit des MIC eine starke Degradation der Zellleistung durch Cr-Vergiftung der Kathoden-Elektrochemie stattfand.

SOFC modelling and parameter identification by means of impedance spectroscopy

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 18681603 ISBN: 9783866445383 Year: Volume: 18 Pages: VIII, 147 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000019173 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A high resolution electrochemical impedance spectroscopy study on anode supported single cells (ASC) is presented. The cells were characterised over a broad range of operating conditions, including different temperatures, current densities and various cathode and anode gas compositions.The analysis of the distribution of relaxation times combined with the numeric accuracy of a CNLS fit enabled the identification of five different processes contributing to the total polarisation loss of an ASC.

Grain-size effects in nanoscaled electrolyte and cathode thin films for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) / Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 18681603 ISBN: 9783866443365 Year: Volume: 15 Pages: VIII, 155 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000010126 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Due to their high energy conversion efficiencies and low emissions, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) show promise as a replacement for combustion-based electrical generators at all sizes. Further increase of SOFC efficiency can be achieved by microstructural optimization of the oxygen-ion conducting electrolyte and the mixed ionic-electronic conducting cathode. By application of nanoscaled thin films, the exceptionally high efficiency allows the realization of mobile SOFCs.

Finite Element Method (FEM) Model and Performance Analysis of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Author:
Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik ISSN: 23658029 ISBN: 9783731508953 Year: Volume: 36 Pages: XIII, 259 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000090508 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This work presents a numerical FEM framework, capable of predicting SOFC performance under technically relevant, planar stack contacting conditions. A high level of confidence in the model predictions is supplied by using exclusively experimentally determined material/kinetic parameters and by a comprehensive validation. The presented model aids SOFC stack development by pre-evaluating possible material choices and design combinations for cells/interconnectors without any experimental effort.

Advanced Glasses, Composites and Ceramics for High Growth Industries

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979609 / 9783038979616 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-961-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Advanced Glasses, Composites and Ceramics for High-Growth Industries (CoACH) was a European Training Network (ETN) project (http://www.coach-etn.eu/) funded by the Horizon 2020 program. CoACH involved multiple actors in the innovation ecosystem for advanced materials, composed of five universities and ten enterprises in seven different European countries. The project studied the next generation of materials that could bring innovation in the healthcare, construction, and energy sectors, among others, from new bioactive glasses for bone implants to eco-friendly cements and new environmentally friendly thermoelectrics for energy conversion. The novel materials developed in the CoACH project pave the way for innovative products, improved cost competitiveness, and positive environmental impact. The present Special Issue contains 14 papers resulting from the CoACH project, showcasing the breadth of materials and processes developed during the project.

Listing 1 - 10 of 13 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search