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Science Policy under Thatcher

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ISBN: 9781787353411 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353411 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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Margaret Thatcher was prime minister from 1979 to 1990, during which time her Conservative administration transformed the political landscape of Britain. Science Policy under Thatcher is the first book to examine systematically the interplay of science and government under her leadership.
Thatcher was a working scientist before she became a professional politician, and she maintained a close watch on science matters as prime minister. Scientific knowledge and advice were important to many urgent issues of the 1980s, from late Cold War questions of defence to emerging environmental problems such as acid rain and climate change. Drawing on newly released primary sources, Jon Agar explores how Thatcher worked with and occasionally against the structures of scientific advice, as the scientific aspects of such issues were balanced or conflicted with other demands and values. To what extent, for example, was the freedom of the individual scientist to choose research projects balanced against the desire to secure more commercial applications? What was Thatcher’s stance towards European scientific collaboration and commitments? How did cuts in public expenditure affect the publicly funded research and teaching of universities?
In weaving together numerous topics, including AIDS and bioethics, the nuclear industry and strategic defence, Agar adds to the picture we have of Thatcher and her radically Conservative agenda, and argues that the science policy devised under her leadership, not least in relation to industrial strategy, had a prolonged influence on the culture of British science.

Auf Erfolgen aufbauend

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ISBN: 9783863882839 9783940755780 Year: Pages: 49 DOI: 10.3224/94075578 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:08
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This publication contains the recommendations of the German Data Forum (RatSWD) for expanding the research infrastructure for the social, economic and behavioral sciences. They were previously published as part of the comprehensive double-volume final report „Building on Progress – Expanding the Research Infrastructure for the Social, Economic, and Behavioral Sciences“. The recommendations are based on the 68 advisory reports published in the aforementioned final report. They reflect the current status of consideration regarding design and development of an internationally viable and innovative research infrastructure for the social, economic and behavioral sciences in Germany. The information presented in this short volume is aimed at policy makers, researchers, as well as research sponsors.

Scenarios and Indicators for Sustainable Development–Towards A Critical Assessment of Achievements and Challenges

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ISBN: 9783038976721 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-673-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 15:50:41
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Globalization and telecoupling are enhancing the complexity of the coupled socio-ecological system constituted by the interaction between the global ecosphere and the anthroposphere. As a result, the demand for tools to identify transformative innovations, assess future risks, and support precautionary decisions for sustainability is growing by the day in business and politics. Scenarios are a means of simplification, reducing the real-world complexity to a limited number of essential factors to analyze their interactions and support policy formulation, with indicators as communication and monitoring tools. In particular, in a time of fake news and alternative truths a critical reflection amongst producers and users of scenarios and indicators is overdue; the capability for critical self-reflection is what distinguishes science from pseudo-science, and is a condition of trust. The authors of this book test established measurement and modeling approaches against new challenges, assess the weaknesses of prevailing innovation theories and the political-ideological embedment of archetypical scenarios, highlight deficits in taking the physical basics into account, and the need to understand global interaction and the stepwise process of energy transitions, point out technical as well as conceptual weaknesses in data collection, harmonization and indicator generation, always with a view to solving problems.

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