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Science Policy under Thatcher

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ISBN: 9781787353411 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353411 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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Margaret Thatcher was prime minister from 1979 to 1990, during which time her Conservative administration transformed the political landscape of Britain. Science Policy under Thatcher is the first book to examine systematically the interplay of science and government under her leadership. Thatcher was a working scientist before she became a professional politician, and she maintained a close watch on science matters as prime minister. Scientific knowledge and advice were important to many urgent issues of the 1980s, from late Cold War questions of defence to emerging environmental problems such as acid rain and climate change. Drawing on newly released primary sources, Jon Agar explores how Thatcher worked with and occasionally against the structures of scientific advice, as the scientific aspects of such issues were balanced or conflicted with other demands and values. To what extent, for example, was the freedom of the individual scientist to choose research projects balanced against the desire to secure more commercial applications? What was Thatcher’s stance towards European scientific collaboration and commitments? How did cuts in public expenditure affect the publicly funded research and teaching of universities? In weaving together numerous topics, including AIDS and bioethics, the nuclear industry and strategic defence, Agar adds to the picture we have of Thatcher and her radically Conservative agenda, and argues that the science policy devised under her leadership, not least in relation to industrial strategy, had a prolonged influence on the culture of British science.

Die Transformation der Informationsmärkte in Richtung Nutzungsfreiheit. Alternativen zur Als-ob-Regulierung im Wissenschaftsurheberrecht

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Book Series: Age of Access? Grundfragen der Informationsgesellschaft ISSN: 21950210 ISBN: 9783110693447 Year: Volume: 12 Pages: 438 DOI: 10.1515/9783110693447 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-12 19:29:15
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In the last 30 years, copyright law’s approach to knowledge and information has come under fire. This book makes an important contribution to the debate about the sustainability of current models combining freedom of use and public financing. The author proposes a concept of “rights of use and freedom of use for knowledge and information” to replace copyright law applying to individual cases.

Auf Erfolgen aufbauend

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ISBN: 9783863882839 9783940755780 Year: Pages: 49 DOI: 10.3224/94075578 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:08
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This publication contains the recommendations of the German Data Forum (RatSWD) for expanding the research infrastructure for the social, economic and behavioral sciences. They were previously published as part of the comprehensive double-volume final report „Building on Progress – Expanding the Research Infrastructure for the Social, Economic, and Behavioral Sciences“. The recommendations are based on the 68 advisory reports published in the aforementioned final report. They reflect the current status of consideration regarding design and development of an internationally viable and innovative research infrastructure for the social, economic and behavioral sciences in Germany. The information presented in this short volume is aimed at policy makers, researchers, as well as research sponsors.

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition Wissenschaft & Demokratie ISSN: 26296292 ISBN: 9783110614244 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 127 DOI: 10.1515/9783110614244 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-08 11:21:02
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The contributors to this volume discuss the complex relationships between academia, politics, and the media in modern democracies. They address issues such as the problem of academic political consulting, the relationship between academia and the public sphere, the possibility and limits of a citizen science, and the role of ethics and politics in the university.

Dangerous Science

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ISBN: 9781911529897 9781911529880 9781911529903 9781911529910 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5334/bci Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Economics --- Biology --- Agriculture (General) --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-04 11:21:03
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The public is generally enthusiastic about the latest science and technology, but sometimes research threatens the physical safety or ethical norms of society. When this happens, scientists and engineers can find themselves unprepared in the midst of an intense science policy debate. In the absence of convincing evidence, technological optimists and skeptics struggle to build consensus. In these situations, it is best to sidestep the instigating controversy by using a broad risk-benefit assessment as a risk exploration tool to help scientists and engineers accomplish their goals while avoiding physical or moral dangers. Dangerous Science explores the intersection of science policy and risk analysis to determine ways to minimize negative impacts of science and technology on society.

Managing Socio-ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes for Sustainable Communities in Asia

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISBN: 9789811511332 Year: Pages: 179 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-1133-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Botany --- Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:22
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This open access book presents up-to-date analyses of community-based approaches to sustainable resource management of SEPLS (socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes) in areas where a harmonious relationship between the natural environment and the people who inhabit it is essential to ensure community and environmental well-being as well as to build resilience in the ecosystems that support this well-being. Understanding SEPLS and the forces of change that can weaken their resilience requires the integration of knowledge across a wide range of academic disciplines as well as from indigenous knowledge and experience. Moreover, given the wide variation in the socio-ecological makeup of SEPLS around the globe, as well as in their political and economic contexts, individual communities will be at the forefront of developing the measures appropriate for their unique circumstances. This in turn requires robust communication systems and broad participatory approaches. Sustainability science (SuS) research is highly integrated, participatory and solutions driven, and as such is well suited to the study of SEPLS. Through case studies, literature reviews and SuS analyses, the book explores various approaches to stakeholder participation, policy development and appropriate action for the future of SEPLS. It provides communities, researchers and decision-makers at various levels with new tools and strategies for exploring scenarios and creating future visions for sustainable societies.

Scenarios and Indicators for Sustainable Development–Towards A Critical Assessment of Achievements and Challenges

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ISBN: 9783038976721 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-673-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 15:50:41
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Globalization and telecoupling are enhancing the complexity of the coupled socio-ecological system constituted by the interaction between the global ecosphere and the anthroposphere. As a result, the demand for tools to identify transformative innovations, assess future risks, and support precautionary decisions for sustainability is growing by the day in business and politics. Scenarios are a means of simplification, reducing the real-world complexity to a limited number of essential factors to analyze their interactions and support policy formulation, with indicators as communication and monitoring tools. In particular, in a time of fake news and alternative truths a critical reflection amongst producers and users of scenarios and indicators is overdue; the capability for critical self-reflection is what distinguishes science from pseudo-science, and is a condition of trust. The authors of this book test established measurement and modeling approaches against new challenges, assess the weaknesses of prevailing innovation theories and the political-ideological embedment of archetypical scenarios, highlight deficits in taking the physical basics into account, and the need to understand global interaction and the stepwise process of energy transitions, point out technical as well as conceptual weaknesses in data collection, harmonization and indicator generation, always with a view to solving problems.

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