Search results: Found 32

Listing 1 - 10 of 32 << page
of 4
>>
Sort by
The Second World War in the Twenty-First-Century Museum. From Narrative, Memory, and Experience to Experientiality

Author:
Book Series: Media and Cultural Memory / Medien und kulturelle Erinnerung ISSN: 1613-8961 ISBN: 9783110664416 Year: Volume: 26 Pages: 368 DOI: 10.1515/9783110664416 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:43:51
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The Second World War is omnipresent in contemporary memory debates. As the war fades from living memory, this study is the first to systematically analyze how Second World War museums allow prototypical visitors to comprehend and experience the past. It analyzes twelve permanent exhibitions in Europe and North America – including the Bundeswehr Military History Museum in Dresden, the Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk, the House of European History in Brussels, the Imperial War Museums in London and Manchester, and the National WWII Museum in New Orleans – in order to show how museums reflect and shape cultural memory, as well as their cognitive, ethical, emotional, and aesthetic potential and effects. This includes a discussion of representations of events such as the Holocaust and air warfare. In relation to narrative, memory, and experience, the study develops the concept of experientiality (on a sliding scale between mimetic and structural forms), which provides a new textual-spatial method for reading exhibitions and understanding the experiences of historical individuals and collectives. It is supplemented by concepts like transnational memory, empathy, and encouraging critical thinking through difficult knowledge.

Continued Violence and Troublesome Pasts: Post-war Europe between the Victors after the Second World War

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789522228574 9789522229045 9789522229038 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.22 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS||Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:55
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In most European countries, the horrific legacy of 1939–45 has made it quite difficult to remember the war with much glory. Despite the Anglo-American memory narrative of saving democracy from totalitarianism and the Soviet epic of the Great Patriotic War, the fundamental experience of war for so many Europeans was that of immense personal losses and often meaningless hardships. The anthology at hand focuses on these histories between the victors: on the cases of Hungary, Estonia, Poland, Austria, Finland, and Germany and on the respective, often gendered experiences of defeat. The book’s chapters underline the asynchronous transition to peace in individual experiences, when compared to the smooth timelines of national and international historiographies. Furthermore, it is important to note that instead of a linear chronology, both personal and collective histories tend to return back to the moments of violence and loss, thus forming continuous cycles of remembrance and forgetting. Several of the authors also pay specific attention to the constructed and contested nature of national histories in these cycles. The role of these ‘in-between’ countries – and even more their peoples’ multifaceted experiences – will add to the widening European history of the aftermath, thereby challenging the conventional dichotomies and periodisations. In the aftermath of the seventieth anniversary of 1945, it is still too early to regard the post-war period as mere history, the memory politics and rhetoric of the Second World War and its aftermath are again being used and abused to serve contemporary power politics in Europe

Arbeit als Hoffnung. Jüdische Ghettos in Litauen 1941-1944

Author:
Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 04813545 ISBN: 9783110415551 Year: Volume: 108 Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1515/9783110415551 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In the ghettos of Lithuania an urban infrastructure developed based on the needs of Jewish conscription and forced labor for German occupation forces and the Lithuanian administration. Using the example of the ghettos in Vilnius, Kaunas, and Siauliai, the author reveals for the first time the ways to which Jewish labor conscription was organized inside and outside the ghettos and the patterns of daily ghetto life as seen by the inhabitants.

Bombs over Biscay, Barcelona and Dresden (1937-1945): From the Spanish Civil War to the Second World War

ISBN: 9788484247463 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.17345/9788484247463 Language: English
Publisher: Publicacions Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-15 12:10:51
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Sometimes tragedies that have little to distinguish them from a wide range of similar events and which can make no claim to record numbers of casualties or destructive impact go down in history as fundamental and emblematic. This is the case of two of the airstrikes discussed in this volume: Barcelona and Dresden. Other tragedies, however, are sometimes obscured by circumstances elsewhere. This is the case of the “other Guernicas”: that is to say, the bombings of Otxandio, Durango and Elorrio in Biscay. They are good examples not only of the brutality inherent in all wars and of how methods of combat become increasingly barbaric as conflicts wear on but also of the way in which some circumstances push events to the forefront of history and make them emblematic.

Kriegstagebuch einer jungen Nationalsozialistin. Die Aufzeichnungen Wolfhilde von Königs 1939-1946

Author:
Book Series: Schriftenreihe der Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 0506-9408 ISBN: 9783110405378 Year: Volume: 111 Pages: 265 DOI: 10.1515/9783110405378 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-18 15:12:41

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book documents 6 years of war, the destruction of her home city of Munich, her worries about her father and brother, the defeat and the first post-war months. It offers an authentic view of the war experiences of an adolescent and young woman who regarded herself as a committed National Socialist, and whose self-perception, thinking, and daily life were shaped by membership in the female branch of the Hitler Youth, the Bund Deutscher Mädel.

Von den Besiegten lernen? Die kriegsgeschichtliche Kooperation der U.S. Armee und der ehemaligen Wehrmachtselite 1945-1961

Author:
Book Series: Studien zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2192-0761 ISBN: 9783110415391 Year: Volume: 90 Pages: 398 DOI: 10.1515/9783110415391 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-18 15:12:41

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

From 1945 to 1961, former Wehrmacht officers undertook thousands of historical studies on behalf of the US army. Shared points of view with the Americans and the advent of the Cold War enabled the German soldiers to develop a self-justifying interpretation of history that denied the German war of extermination. The Historical Division actively contributed to the transatlantic dissemination of this myth of the clean Wehrmacht.

Wehrmachtjustiz an der "Heimatfront". Die Militärgerichte des Ersatzheeres im Zweiten Weltkrieg

Author:
Book Series: Studien zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2192-0761 ISBN: 9783110405613 Year: Volume: 91 Pages: 537 DOI: 10.1515/9783110405613 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 12:37:27

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This study paints a comprehensive picture of military justice in the Ersatzheer, or replacement army of the Wehrmacht, which had various home-front tasks. The author analyzes the operation of Ersatzheer military courts during the Second World War. She offers a general portrait of court personnel, and describes their attempts as an extended arm of the Wehrmacht to militarize society.

Brownshirt Princess: A Study of the 'Nazi Conscience'

Author:
ISBN: 9781906924072 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0003 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe-Biesterfeld was a rebellious young writer who became a fervent Nazi. Heinrich Vogeler was a well-regarded artist who was to join the German Communist Party. Ludwig Roselius was a successful businessman who had made a fortune from his invention of decaffeinated coffee. What was it about the revolutionary climate following World War I that induced three such different personalities to collaborate in the production of a slim volume of poetry—entitled Gott in Mir—about the indwelling of the divine within the human?Gossman's study situates the poem in the ideological context that made the collaboration possible: pantheism, Darwinism, disillusionment with traditional liberal values, theosophy and völkisch religions, and Lebensreform. The study outlines the subsequent life of the Princess who, until her death in 1993, continued to support and celebrate the ideals and heroes of National Socialism. Brownshirt Princess provides deep insight into the sources and character of the "Nazi Conscience", and is invaluable reading for anybody interested in understanding German society during the inter-war and Nazi periods.

Denunziation als soziale Praxis

Author:
ISBN: 9783205784326 Year: Pages: 384 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437184 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4110
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:22
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Denunciations were an essential component of everyday life under Nazism and affected almost every aspect of life. During the war, denunciations became a mass phenomenon. In Austria the subject was noticed relatively late. The attention proceeds from a general definition of terms, to a specific interpretation on the basis of archive sources (Wehrmacht legal records) and then to individual case reconstructions on the basis of oral history interviews, that is to say, from a macro to a micro perspective.The closed holding relates to charges on the offence of Wehrkraftzersetzung (subversion of the armed forces), most of which were reported by former residents in the Ostmark at the central court, Vienna, in 1943-1945. Central to this are above all questions of social history and the history of mentality, such as the significance of social milieu (denunciation as “release” from class or interest differences, as a group phenomenon, etc.), and of gender (gender-differentiated behaviour, denunciation as “release” from conflicts concerning gender hierarchy), of generation, of political/ideological orientation, and of the significance of the social environment, the sphere of life and the locality. Of interest, however, are not just the historical conditions under the Nazi regime, but also the room for manoeuvre of men and women - in the military milíeu in the endphase of the war - and the communicative mechanisms that led to political denunciation.

Chapter 2. Revolutionary Brothers (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

Author:
ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 37-52 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-003 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-31 11:01:46
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

re complex as two parallel nationalist movements – one seeking higher Yugoslav unity, the other arguing for the separate political autonomy of ethnic groups – often complemented one another, but at other times were in open conflict. Moreover, the political and territorial ambitions entailed by the various ethnic nationalisms often collided with each other. Eventually, as elsewhere, a marriage of necessity brought the two together. Yugoslav communists had to acknowledge that nationalism was a potent political force. They thus continued searching for a political project that could successfully combine both social and national emancipation in the context of developed and often mutually exclusive national projects of neighbouring groups. In this chapter, I show how the Yugoslav communists ‘discovered’ the successful federalist formula for the socialist re unification of Yugoslavia after the Second World War as well as how, as with any ‘successful’ formula, its discovery was preceded by numerous fruitless experiments.

Listing 1 - 10 of 32 << page
of 4
>>
Sort by