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La Jeune sociologie urbaine francophone : Retour sur la tradition et exploration de nouveaux champs

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ISBN: 9782729711320 DOI: 10.4000/books.pul.4676 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Lyon
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:20:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Réunis au sein du comité de recherche « Sociologie urbaine : villes, sociétés et action publique » de l'Association internationale des sociologues de langue française, douze jeunes chercheurs apportent un regard neuf sur des questions fortes de la sociologie urbaine, notamment la ségrégation, la production et l'expérience de la ville. Pour les aborder, ils mobilisent d'autres disciplines ou d'autres champs de la sociologie - la famille, l'action publique, le travail -, et renouvellent les méthodes et les terrains. Il en ressort un tableau complexe, où le nouveau centre d'affaires d'Istanbul côtoie le périurbain, l'espace public ou les quartiers gentrifiés de Paris, Montréal ou Milan, au même titre que les copropriétés fermées, légales ou non, d'Amérique latine. L'espace-temps des travailleurs saisonniers rencontre celui du retour en vacances au « bled » ou celui, quotidien, des jeunes habitants de « zones urbaines sensibles » franciliennes. Mais toutes ces recherches convergent sur un point : elles marquent le retour de l'espace dans la sociologie urbaine.

„Nomadin-Sein“ im „Dorf der Solidarität“ - Eine kritische Ethnografie zu Camps für Rom_nja in Rom

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ISBN: 9783863954178 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-05 11:21:18
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In Italy, Solidarity Villages are state-provided places of accommodation for Romani people. In Rome, they are typically fenced off areas equipped with low-quality portable housing. In the media, these halting sites are often represented as a culturally appropriate housing solution. Yet, these camps are neither temporary halting places nor cultural forms of housing. Rather, they are places of segregation, conflict and negotiation—sites where racism, sexism and a particular way of dealing with poverty and migration condense. Beginning with the declaration of a Nomad Emergency in 2008, Simona Pagano documents the emergence of the spatial logic of the camp and offers an intersectional analysis of the complex power relations that shape the lives of its female residents. Drawing on ethnographic engagement, as well as interviews with institutional actors and civil society organizations, Pagano shows that the camps are often places of segregation and control, of profit generation and violence, but also, spaces of solidarity, homemaking and friendship.

Keywords

Romani --- segregation --- camps

Mr. Emerson's Revolution

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ISBN: 9782821876255 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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This volume traces the life, thought and work of Ralph Waldo Emerson, a giant of American intellectual history whose transformative ideas greatly strengthened the two leading reform issues of his day: abolition and women's rights. A broad and deep, yet cautious revolutionary, he spoke about a spectrum of inner and outer realities-personal, philosophical, theological and cultural-all of which gave his mid-career turn to political and social issues their immediate and lasting power. This multi-authored study frankly explores Emerson's private prejudices against blacks and women alongside his public championing of their causes. Such a juxtaposition freshly charts the evolution of Emerson's slow but steady application of his early neo-idealism to emancipating blacks and freeing women from social bondage. His shift from philosopher to active reformer had lasting effects not only in America but also abroad. In the U.S. Emerson influenced such diverse figures as Thoreau, Whitman, Dickinson and William James; in Europe he shaped Mickiewicz, Wilde, Kipling, Nietzsche, and Camus; moreover, he had many leading followers in India and Japan. The book includes over 160 illustrations, among them eight custom-made maps of Emerson's haunts and wide-ranging lecture itineraries, as well as a new four-part chronology of his life placed alongside both national and international events as well as major inventions. Mr. Emerson’s Revolution provides essenti al reading for students and teachers of American intellectual history, aboliti on and the women’s rights movement―and for anyone interested in the nineteenth-century roots of these seismic social changes.

Ségrégation et fragmentation dans les métropoles

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ISBN: 9782757405826 9782757414170 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Septentrion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 14:25:19
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Les métropoles fascinent et inquiètent. D’un côté, elles apparaissent comme des sources inépuisables de créativité humaine, lieux de modernité et de tolérance. De l’autre, elles représentent la démesure, par leur expansion continue, et l’inégalité, par la ségrégation entre les populations qu’elles abritent. Pour analyser ces mondes urbains, les chercheurs doivent renouveler leurs approches. Plusieurs partis-pris marquent cet ouvrage, écrit par des auteurs de différentes disciplines, destiné à...

Ségrégation et justice spatiale

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ISBN: 9782840161639 9782821850866 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Paris Nanterre
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-29 10:33:34
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Alors que depuis quelques années, une réflexion s’est développée sur le concept de justice spatiale, cet ouvrage a pour ambition de contribuer au renouveau des analyses portant plus spécifiquement sur les liens entre ségrégation urbaine et justice, en favorisant les échanges scientifiques entre chercheurs issus d’horizons disciplinaires, géographiques et culturels variés. Il vise également à apporter des éléments nouveaux permettant d’éclairer les politiques urbaines qui, dans de nombreux pay...

New Methods for Measuring and Analyzing Segregation

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Book Series: The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis ISSN: 1389-6784 / 2215-1990 ISBN: 9783319413020 9783319413044 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-41304-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:00:25
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This book introduces new methods for measuring and analyzing residential segregation. It begins by placing all popular segregation indices in the “difference of group means” framework wherein index scores can be obtained as simple differences of group means on individual-level residential attainments scored from area racial composition. Drawing on the insight that in this framework index scores are additively determined by individual residential attainments, the book shows that the level of segregation in a given city can be equated to the effect of group membership (e.g., race) on individual residential attainments. This unifies separate research traditions in the field by joining the analysis of segregation at the aggregate level with the analysis of residential attainments for individuals. Next it shows how segregation analysis can be extended by using multivariate attainment models to assess the impact of group membership (i.e., the level of segregation for a city) while including controls for other relevant individual characteristics (e.g., income, education, language, nativity, etc.). It then illustrates how one can use these models to quantitatively assess the extent to which segregation traces to impacts of group membership on residential attainments versus other factors such as group differences in income. The book then shows how micro-level attainment models can be used to study macro-level variation in segregation; specifically, by estimating multi-level models of individual residential attainments to assess how the effect of group membership (i.e., segregation index scores) vary with city characteristics. Finally, the book introduces refined versions of popular indices that are free of the vexing problem of upward bias. This improves the quality of segregation measurement directly at the level of individual cases and expanding the number of cases that can be safely included in empirical studies.

Urban Inequality

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ISBN: 9783038972006 9783038972013 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-201-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sociology --- Arts in general --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-15 11:04:42
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After the impact of the 2007 crisis and post-crisis austerity policies, cities are being reconfigured under the auspices of inequality. The objective of this book is to study inequality in the city at different scales and in all territories, from informal settlements and the “urbanization of poverty” in the countries of the South, to the fragmentation of the city or urban segregation as global phenomena in 21st century cities. In line with this, we propose introducing new debates on the city and inequality linked to social movements, urban governance, and the access to and quality of drinking water, among other topics. The issue includes articles on social movements and resistance in Latin American cities, vulnerability in crisis-hit Spanish cities, and the segregation and quality of basic services in US cities.

The Power of Your Life

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ISBN: 9780198817758 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817758.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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This book explores a century of business development in The South African Life Assurance Company, from a specific local focus to a national conglomerate expanding into global insurance markets. Established as a strategic vehicle to address Afrikaner economic marginalization and abject poverty at the beginning of the twentieth century, Sanlam has displayed both path dependence and a dynamic adaptability to complex changing contexts to become a global player. The strategic convergence of economic empowerment through the mobilization of savings into insurance products, as well as Afrikaner nationalism, assisted this growth. Sanlam has played an a-typical role in the economic empowerment of an ethnic entity through extensive investments into the industrializing South African economy. This strategic diversion created operational limitations that were only resolved early in the twenty-first century. As globalization, financial deregulation, and weakened Afrikaner political and social hegemony manifested, strategic change management relied on the path dependence of empowerment strategies to address new markets with similar needs to those of the early stakeholder market of 1918. The former mutual life office demutualized operations to become a diversified financial services group of companies operating across almost the entire African continent, as well as in India, Malaysia, and the UK. This volume presents a business history of strategic management of an insurance enterprise, and its transformation from a defined cultural context into an international empowerment strategy through innovation on all levels of business operation and organization.&#xD;

Sociétés industrielles et urbaines contemporaines

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Après l'apartheid : La protestation sociale en Afrique du Sud

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ISBN: 9782753562813 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.74099 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:48
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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C'est au cœur de l'Afrique du Sud contemporaine que nous entraîne cet ouvrage ; vers l'horizon monotone que dessinent les maisons alignées des townships ; dans les ruelles de terre battue sinuant entre les cabanes en tôle et les échoppes de fortune. Louée pour sa transition démocratique, la « Nation arc-en-ciel » connaît, depuis la fin des années 1990, un cycle presque ininterrompu de protestation sociale. Chaque jour ou presque, des femmes et des hommes manifestent pour avoir un toit et, peut-être plus encore, pour dénoncer l'inachèvement de leur citoyenneté et les renoncements de l'ANC. Mêlant entretiens, observations de moments protestataires et description du quotidien des plus pauvres, l'auteur souligne les contours d'un monde en soi, où se réfléchissent les transformations des élites survenues depuis les années Mandela, la mémoire de la lutte contre l'apartheid et la persistance de pratiques politiques propres aux quartiers populaires.

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