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1. Formulaic sequences: a drop in the ocean of constructions or something more significant? (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138721579 Year: Pages: 24 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:32
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This article investigates how formulaic sequences fi t into a constructionist approach to grammar, which is a major post- Chomskyan family of approaches to linguistic structure. The author considers whether, in this framework, formulaic sequences represent a phenomenon that is suffi ciently diff erent to warrant special status or whether they might best be studied in terms of the larger set of all constructions found in language. Based on data drawn from a large corpus of Wikipedia texts, it is argued that it is extremely diffi cult to form a distinct class of formulaic sequences without creating highly arbitrary boundaries. On the other hand, based on existing theoretical claims that formulaic sequences are the basis of fi rst language acquisition, a marker of profi ciency in a language, critical to the success of communicative acts and key to rapid language processing, it is argued that formulaic sequences as constructions are nevertheless signifi cant enough to be the focus of research, and a theoretical category meriting particular attention. These fi ndings have key repercussions both for research primarily interested in formulaic language and phraseology as well as for construction grammatical research.

The Cognition of Sequences

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453986 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-398-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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It is impossible to perceive the innumerable stimuli impinging on our senses, all at once. Out of the myriad stimuli, external and internal, a few are selected for further processing; and even among these, we try to put each in some sort of relation with the others, to be able to make some sense about them all. Time, of course, is an elementary dimension we use to organize our experiences. Thus, the perception of sequences is basic to human cognition. Nevertheless, research addressing sequences is rather sparse. Partly, this is due to difficulty in designing experiments in this area due to huge individual differences. Then, there is the assumption that temporal order has more to do with memory than perception. Another problem is that sequences seem endemic to the auditory world. So much so that some researchers have suggested that sound provides the ‘auditory scaffolding’ for sequencing behavior. Little wonder that research studies addressing sequences in modalities other than audition are extremely rare.This research topic aimed to gather a holistic picture of sequencing behaviour among humans by collecting snapshots of the current research on the topic of sequencing. We particularly sought contributions which addressed sequences beyond the auditory modality. The single unifying criteria for these diverse contributions was that they shed new light on previously unexplored empirical relationships and/or provoked new lines of research with incisive ideas regarding sequencing behavior. Seasoned researchers contributed their views on perception, memory, and production of sequences.

Improving Practice and Performance in Basketball

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039216949 9783039216956 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-695-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Despite being one of the most popular sports worldwide, basketball has received limited research attention compared to other team sports. Establishing a strong evidence base with high-quality and impactful research is essential in enhancing decision-making processes to optimize player performance for basketball professionals. Consequently, the book entitled Improving Performance and Practice in Basketball provides a collection of novel research studies to increase the available evidence on various topics with strong translation to practice in basketball. The book includes work by 40 researchers from 16 institutions or professional organizations from 9 countries. In keeping with notable topics in basketball research, the book contains 2 reviews focused on monitoring strategies to detect player fatigue and considerations for travel in National Basketball Association players. In addition, 8 applied studies are also included in the book, focused on workload monitoring, game-related statistics, and the measurement of physical and skill attributes in basketball players. This book also has a strong focus on increasing the evidence available for female basketball players, who have traditionally been under-represented in the literature. The outcomes generated from this book should provide new insights to inform practice in many areas for professionals working in various roles with basketball teams.

Nucleic Acid Architectures for Therapeutics, Diagnostics, Devices and Materials

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ISBN: 9783039212590 9783039212606 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-260-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Nucleic acids (RNA and DNA) and their chemical analogs have been utilized as building materials due to their biocompatibility and programmability. RNA, which naturally possesses a wide range of different functions, is now being widely investigated for its role as a responsive biomaterial which dynamically reacts to changes in the surrounding environment. It is now evident that artificially designed self-assembling RNAs, that can form programmable nanoparticles and supra-assemblies, will play an increasingly important part in a diverse range of applications, such as macromolecular therapies, drug delivery systems, biosensing, tissue engineering, programmable scaffolds for material organization, logic gates, and soft actuators, to name but a few. The current exciting Special Issue comprises research highlights, short communications, research articles, and reviews that all bring together the leading scientists who are exploring a wide range of the fundamental properties of RNA and DNA nanoassemblies suitable for biomedical applications.

Advanced Numerical Methods in Applied Sciences

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976660 9783038976677 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-667-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The use of scientific computing tools is currently customary for solving problems at several complexity levels in Applied Sciences. The great need for reliable software in the scientific community conveys a continuous stimulus to develop new and better performing numerical methods that are able to grasp the particular features of the problem at hand. This has been the case for many different settings of numerical analysis, and this Special Issue aims at covering some important developments in various areas of application.

Keywords

time fractional differential equations --- mixed-index problems --- analytical solution --- asymptotic stability --- conservative problems --- Hamiltonian problems --- energy-conserving methods --- Poisson problems --- Hamiltonian Boundary Value Methods --- HBVMs --- line integral methods --- constrained Hamiltonian problems --- Hamiltonian PDEs --- highly oscillatory problems --- boundary element method --- finite difference method --- floating strike Asian options --- continuous geometric average --- barrier options --- isogeometric analysis --- adaptive methods --- hierarchical splines --- THB-splines --- local refinement --- linear systems --- preconditioners --- Cholesky factorization --- limited memory --- Volterra integral equations --- Volterra integro–differential equations --- collocation methods --- multistep methods --- convergence --- B-spline --- optimal basis --- fractional derivative --- Galerkin method --- collocation method --- spectral (eigenvalue) and singular value distributions --- generalized locally Toeplitz sequences --- discretization of systems of differential equations --- higher-order finite element methods --- discontinuous Galerkin methods --- finite difference methods --- isogeometric analysis --- B-splines --- curl–curl operator --- time harmonic Maxwell’s equations and magnetostatic problems --- low rank completion --- matrix ODEs --- gradient system --- ordinary differential equations --- Runge–Kutta --- tree --- stump --- order --- elementary differential --- edge-histogram --- edge-preserving smoothing --- histogram specification --- initial value problems --- one-step methods --- Hermite–Obreshkov methods --- symplecticity --- B-splines --- BS methods --- hyperbolic partial differential equations --- high order discontinuous Galerkin finite element schemes --- shock waves and discontinuities --- vectorization and parallelization --- high performance computing --- generalized Schur algorithm --- null-space --- displacement rank --- structured matrices --- stochastic differential equations --- stochastic multistep methods --- stochastic Volterra integral equations --- mean-square stability --- asymptotic stability --- numerical analysis --- numerical methods --- scientific computing --- initial value problems --- one-step methods --- Hermite–Obreshkov methods --- symplecticity --- B-splines --- BS methods

The Origin and Early Evolution of Life: Prebiotic Chemistry of Biomolecules

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ISBN: 9783039216062 9783039216079 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-607-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Studying the origin of life is one of man’s greatest achievements over the last sixty years. The fields of interest encompassed by this quest are multiple and interdisciplinary: chemistry, physics, biology, biochemistry, mathematics, geology but also statistics, atmospheric science, meteorology, oceanography, and astrophysics. Recent scientific discoveries, such as water on Mars and the existence of super-Earths with atmospheres similar to primordial Earth, have pushed researchers to simulate prebiotic conditions in explaining the abiotic formation of molecules essential to life. This collection of articles offers an overview of recent discoveries in the field of prebiotic chemistry of biomolecules, their formation and selection, and the evolution of complex chemical systems.

Keywords

origin of life --- systems chemistry --- Chemomimesis --- Molecular Darwinism --- origin of life --- prebiotic chemistry --- thiol-rich peptides --- cysteine --- aminonitriles --- imidazoles --- origin of life --- prebiotic chemistry --- nucleotide and nucleoside synthesis --- protein design --- novel metalloproteins --- binary patterned amino acid sequences --- prebiotic chemistry --- population growth --- replication --- growth order --- Darwinian evolution --- selection --- origin of life --- abiogenesis --- carbon fixation --- hydrothermal vents --- electrochemistry --- reduction --- digit multiplicity --- information --- transmission --- encoding --- translation --- diversity --- function --- origin of life --- layered double hydroxide (LDH) clay --- pentose diphosphate --- pentopyranose nucleic acid --- arabinopyranose nucleic acid --- RNA --- base pairing --- purine precursor --- inosine --- AICAR --- peptide/RNA world --- prebiotic information system --- translation and the genetic code --- bridge peptide and aaRS --- ribozyme and tRNA --- tRNA and mRNA --- coevolution of translation machine and the genetic code --- MVC architecture pattern and biological information --- numerical codons --- AnyLogic software for computer simulation of translation machine --- phosphoryl transfer --- metabolism --- energy currency --- mixed anhydride --- origin of life --- hypercycle --- Monte Carlo --- prebiotic chemistry --- carbamic acid --- carbon dioxide-ammonia ices --- infrared spectra --- anharmonicity --- origin of life --- metabolism --- phosphates --- network expansion simulation --- thermodynamic bottleneck --- molecular clocks --- ab initio molecular dynamics --- catalysis --- prebiotic soup --- origins of life --- aldol reaction --- mechanochemistry --- minerals --- monosaccharides --- prebiotic chemistry --- prebiotic polymerization --- nucleotide oligomerization --- abasic oligomers --- nucleotide stability --- stability as a selection pressure --- dry-wet cycles --- genetic code origin --- tRNA accretion model --- tRNA-synthetase --- metabolism --- thioester --- nucleotidyltransferases --- early peptides --- ribosome --- n/a

Stochastic Processes: Theory and Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039219629 9783039219636 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-963-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics --- Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The aim of this special issue is to publish original research papers that cover recent advances in the theory and application of stochastic processes. There is especial focus on applications of stochastic processes as models of dynamic phenomena in various research areas, such as queuing theory, physics, biology, economics, medicine, reliability theory, and financial mathematics. Potential topics include, but are not limited to: Markov chains and processes; large deviations and limit theorems; random motions; stochastic biological model; reliability, availability, maintenance, inspection; queueing models; queueing network models; computational methods for stochastic models; applications to risk theory, insurance and mathematical finance.

Keywords

measure of information --- cumulative inaccuracy --- mutual information --- lower record values --- parabolic equation --- Cauchy problem --- Monte Carlo method --- unbiased estimator --- von-Neumann–Ulam scheme --- compound poisson insurance risk model --- expected discounted penalty function --- estimation --- Fourier transform --- Fourier-cosine series --- multidimensional birth-death process --- inhomogeneous continuous-time Markov chain --- rate of convergence --- one dimensional projection --- Wiener–Poisson risk model --- survival probability --- Nonparametric threshold estimation --- wet periods --- total precipitation volume --- asymptotic approximation --- extreme order statistics --- random sample size --- testing statistical hypotheses --- queueing systems --- rate of convergence --- non-stationary --- Markovian queueing models --- limiting characteristics --- queuing network --- retrials --- state-dependent marked Markovian arrival process --- wireless telecommunication networks --- time-dependent queue-length probability --- discrete-time Geo/D/1 queue --- closed-form solution --- Monte Carlo method --- quasi-Monte Carlo method --- Koksma-Hlawka inequality --- quasi-random sequences --- stochastic processes --- processor heating and cooling --- markovian arrival process --- phase-type service time distribution --- impatience --- Quasi-Birth-and-Death process --- matrix-geometric solution --- truncated distribution --- Markovian arrival process --- multi-class arrival processes --- product form --- equity-linked death benefits --- Fourier cosine series expansion --- guaranteed minimum death benefit --- option --- valuation --- Lévy process --- compound Poisson risk model --- generalized Gerber–Shiu discounted penalty function --- Laplace transform --- Dickson–Hipp operator --- recursive formula

DNA Replication Stress

Author:
ISBN: 9783039213894 9783039213900 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-390-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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This Special Issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (IJMS) is dedicated to the mechanisms mediated at the molecular and cellular levels in response to adverse genomic perturbations and DNA replication stress. The relevant proteins and processes play paramount roles in nucleic acid transactions to maintain genomic stability and cellular homeostasis. A total of 18 articles are presented which encompass a broad range of highly relevant topics in genome biology. These include replication fork dynamics, DNA repair processes, DNA damage signaling and cell cycle control, cancer biology, epigenetics, cellular senescence, neurodegeneration, and aging. As Guest Editor for this IJMS Special Issue, I am very pleased to offer this collection of riveting articles centered on the theme of DNA replication stress. The blend of articles builds upon a theme that DNA damage has profound consequences for genomic stability and cellular homeostasis that affect tissue function, disease, cancer, and aging at multiple levels and through unique mechanisms. I thank the authors for their excellent contributions, which provide new insight into this fascinating and highly relevant area of genome biology.

Keywords

barley --- chromosome --- DNA replication pattern --- EdU --- mutagens --- DNA replication --- DNA damage --- DNA repair --- genome integrity --- A549 cells --- H1299 cells --- heterogeneity --- DNA damage response --- 8-chloro-adenosine --- DNA replication --- S phase --- origin firing --- TopBP1 --- ATR --- DNA fiber assay --- APE2 --- ATR-Chk1 DDR pathway --- Genome integrity --- SSB end resection --- SSB repair --- SSB signaling --- DNA replication stress --- genome stability --- ubiquitin --- replication fork restart --- translesion synthesis --- template-switching --- homologous recombination --- Fanconi Anemia --- G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) --- aging --- DNA damage --- ?-arrestin --- G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) --- interactome --- G protein-coupled receptor kinase interacting protein 2 (GIT2) --- ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) --- clock proteins --- energy metabolism --- neurodegeneration --- cellular senescence --- ageing --- Alzheimer’s disease --- multiple sclerosis --- Parkinson’s disease --- lipofuscin --- SenTraGorTM (GL13) --- senolytics --- DNA replication --- DNA repair --- DNA damage response --- DNA translocation --- DNA helicase --- superfamily 2 ATPase --- replication restart --- fork reversal --- fork regression --- chromatin remodeler --- C9orf72 --- ALS --- motor neuron disease --- R loops, nucleolar stress --- neurodegeneration --- Difficult-to-Replicate Sequences --- replication stress --- non-B DNA --- Polymerase eta --- Polymerase kappa --- genome instability --- common fragile sites --- Microsatellites --- cancer --- DNA double-strand repair --- premature aging --- post-translational modification --- protein stability --- replication stress --- Werner Syndrome --- Werner Syndrome Protein --- dormant origins --- replicative stress --- replication timing --- DNA damage --- genome instability --- cancer --- Thermococcus eurythermalis --- endonuclease IV --- AP site analogue --- spacer --- DNA repair --- DNA repair --- double strand break repair --- exonuclease 1 --- EXO1 --- mismatch repair --- MMR --- NER --- nucleotide excision repair --- strand displacements --- TLS --- translesion DNA synthesis --- POL? --- mutation frequency --- mutations spectra --- SupF --- mutagenicity --- oxidative stress --- DNA damage --- DNA repair --- replication --- 8-oxoG --- epigenetic --- gene expression --- helicase --- cell cycle checkpoints --- genomic instability --- G2-arrest --- cell death --- repair of DNA damage --- adaptation --- n/a

Advanced Mobile Robotics: Volume 1

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219162 9783039219179 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-917-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Mobile robotics is a challenging field with great potential. It covers disciplines including electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, cognitive science, and social science. It is essential to the design of automated robots, in combination with artificial intelligence, vision, and sensor technologies. Mobile robots are widely used for surveillance, guidance, transportation and entertainment tasks, as well as medical applications. This Special Issue intends to concentrate on recent developments concerning mobile robots and the research surrounding them to enhance studies on the fundamental problems observed in the robots. Various multidisciplinary approaches and integrative contributions including navigation, learning and adaptation, networked system, biologically inspired robots and cognitive methods are welcome contributions to this Special Issue, both from a research and an application perspective.

Keywords

path planning --- lane change --- excellent driver model --- neural networks --- autonomous vehicle --- remotely operated vehicle --- ocean current --- cable disturbance modeling --- lumped parameter method --- sliding mode observer --- 4WS4WD vehicle --- force control --- MPC --- PSO --- path tracking --- negative-buoyancy --- tri-tilt-rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- immersion and invariance --- object mapping --- Geometric Algebra --- Differential Evolution --- non-inertial reference frame --- centrifugal force --- turning model LIP --- trajectory planning --- space robot --- hybrid bionic robot --- chameleon --- end effector --- hybrid robot --- curve fitting --- fair optimisation --- trajectory interpolation --- piezoelectric actuator --- high step-up ratio --- high efficiency --- small size --- micro mobile robot --- biomimetic robot --- micro air vehicle --- flapping --- drag-based system --- dragonfly --- snake-like robot --- singularity analysis --- system design --- dynamical model --- nonlinear differentiator --- robotic drilling --- sliding mode control --- drilling end-effector --- fault diagnosis --- quadcopter UAV --- fault-tolerant control --- sliding mode observer --- Thau observer --- smart materials --- actuators --- robots --- electro-rheological fluids --- magneto-rheological fluids --- shape memory alloys --- medical devices --- rehabilitation system --- LOS --- motion camouflage control --- parallel navigation --- missile control system --- target tracking --- variable speed --- high-speed target --- snake robots --- head-raising --- shape-fitting --- phase-shifting --- spiral curve --- servo valve --- pneumatics --- position control --- cart --- robot --- step climbing --- transportation --- stopper --- climbing robot --- safety recovery mechanism --- cable detection --- dynamic coupling analysis --- path planning --- mobile robots --- curvature constraints --- state constraints --- extend procedure --- G3-continuity --- car-like kinematics --- obstacle avoidance system --- harmonic potential field --- curvature constraint --- non-holonomic mobile robot --- computing time --- inverse kinematics --- joint limit avoidance --- kinematic singularity --- manipulator --- obstacle avoidance --- potential field --- service robot --- graph representation --- similarity measure --- mobile robot --- static environments --- path planning --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGA-II --- evolutionary operators --- mobile robot --- coalmine --- exploration --- robotics --- ATEX --- safety --- methane --- quadruped robot --- stability criterion --- dynamic gait --- glass façade cleaning robot --- wall climbing robot --- biped mechanism --- data association --- 3D-SLAM --- localization --- mapping --- disturbance-rejection control --- extended state observer (ESO) --- hover mode --- transition mode --- negative buoyancy --- quad-tilt rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- Rodrigues parameters --- UAV --- variable spray --- prescription map translation --- PID algorithm --- grip planning --- biped climbing robots --- collision avoidance --- grip optimization --- dynamic environment --- closed-loop detection --- sparse pose adjustment (SPA) --- inertial measurement unit (IMU) --- simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) --- non-singular fast-terminal sliding-mode control --- industrial robotic manipulator --- external disturbance --- dynamic uncertainty --- adaptive control law --- exoskeleton --- load carriage --- muscle activities --- human–robot interaction --- discomfort --- actuatorless --- alpine ski --- human–robot interaction --- mechanism --- passive skiing turn --- skiing robot --- predictable trajectory planning --- geodesic --- constrained motion --- mobile robot --- jumping robot --- hopping robot --- continuous hopping --- single actuator --- self-reconfigurable robot --- cleaning robot --- Tetris-inspired --- polyomino tiling theory --- coverage path planning --- area decomposition --- multi-criteria decision making --- design and modeling --- kinematics --- kinematic identification --- monocular vision --- action generation --- robot motion --- undiscovered sensor values --- differential wheeled robot --- powered exoskeleton --- motion sensor --- machine learning --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- pesticide application --- deposition uniformity --- droplets penetrability --- control efficacy --- working efficiency --- subgoal graphs --- reinforcement learning --- hierarchical path planning --- uncertain environments --- mobile robots --- deep reinforcement learning --- mobile manipulation --- robot learning --- intelligent mobile robot --- pallet transportation --- master-slave --- compact driving unit --- high-gain observer --- snake robot --- series elastic actuator --- SEA --- Robot Operating System --- ROS --- non-prehensile manipulation --- manipulation planning --- contact planning --- manipulation action sequences --- robot --- obstacle avoidance --- facial and gender recognition --- q-learning --- Q-networks --- reinforcement learning --- gait cycle --- biped robots --- minimally invasive surgery robot --- inverse kinematics --- dialytic elimination --- Newton iteration --- curvilinear obstacle --- douglas–peuker polygonal approximation --- opposite angle-based exact cell decomposition --- path planning --- mobile robot --- UAV --- auto-tuning --- machine learning --- iterative learning --- extremum-seeking --- altitude controller --- enemy avoidance --- reinforcement learning --- decision making --- hardware-in-the-loop simulation --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- path planning --- multiple mobile robots --- artificial fish swarm algorithm --- expansion logic strategy --- sample gathering problem --- mobile robots --- mathematical modeling --- numerical evaluation --- centralized architecture --- optimization --- fault recovery --- reinforcement learning --- gait adaptation --- legged robot --- bio-inspired robot --- human–machine interactive navigation --- mobile robot --- topological map --- regional growth --- trajectory planning --- position/force cooperative control --- hierarchical planning --- object-oriented --- symmetrical adaptive variable impedance --- biologically-inspired --- self-learning --- formation control --- mobile robots --- loop closure detection --- convolutional neural network --- spatial pyramid pooling --- dynamic neural networks --- mobile robot navigation --- gesture recognition --- behaviour dynamics --- real-time action recognition --- formation of robots --- non-holonomic robot --- stability analysis --- Lyapunov-like function --- target assignment --- goal exchange --- path following --- switching control --- swarm-robotics --- rendezvous consensus --- robot navigation --- victim-detection --- unmanned surface vessel --- path following --- integral line-of-sight --- finite-time currents observer --- radial basis function neural networks --- input saturation --- n/a

Advanced Mobile Robotics: Volume 2

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219445 9783039219452 Year: Pages: 498 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-945-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

Mobile robotics is a challenging field with great potential. It covers disciplines including electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, cognitive science, and social science. It is essential to the design of automated robots, in combination with artificial intelligence, vision, and sensor technologies. Mobile robots are widely used for surveillance, guidance, transportation and entertainment tasks, as well as medical applications. This Special Issue intends to concentrate on recent developments concerning mobile robots and the research surrounding them to enhance studies on the fundamental problems observed in the robots. Various multidisciplinary approaches and integrative contributions including navigation, learning and adaptation, networked system, biologically inspired robots and cognitive methods are welcome contributions to this Special Issue, both from a research and an application perspective.

Keywords

path planning --- lane change --- excellent driver model --- neural networks --- autonomous vehicle --- remotely operated vehicle --- ocean current --- cable disturbance modeling --- lumped parameter method --- sliding mode observer --- 4WS4WD vehicle --- force control --- MPC --- PSO --- path tracking --- negative-buoyancy --- tri-tilt-rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- immersion and invariance --- object mapping --- Geometric Algebra --- Differential Evolution --- non-inertial reference frame --- centrifugal force --- turning model LIP --- trajectory planning --- space robot --- hybrid bionic robot --- chameleon --- end effector --- hybrid robot --- curve fitting --- fair optimisation --- trajectory interpolation --- piezoelectric actuator --- high step-up ratio --- high efficiency --- small size --- micro mobile robot --- biomimetic robot --- micro air vehicle --- flapping --- drag-based system --- dragonfly --- snake-like robot --- singularity analysis --- system design --- dynamical model --- nonlinear differentiator --- robotic drilling --- sliding mode control --- drilling end-effector --- fault diagnosis --- quadcopter UAV --- fault-tolerant control --- sliding mode observer --- Thau observer --- smart materials --- actuators --- robots --- electro-rheological fluids --- magneto-rheological fluids --- shape memory alloys --- medical devices --- rehabilitation system --- LOS --- motion camouflage control --- parallel navigation --- missile control system --- target tracking --- variable speed --- high-speed target --- snake robots --- head-raising --- shape-fitting --- phase-shifting --- spiral curve --- servo valve --- pneumatics --- position control --- cart --- robot --- step climbing --- transportation --- stopper --- climbing robot --- safety recovery mechanism --- cable detection --- dynamic coupling analysis --- path planning --- mobile robots --- curvature constraints --- state constraints --- extend procedure --- G3-continuity --- car-like kinematics --- obstacle avoidance system --- harmonic potential field --- curvature constraint --- non-holonomic mobile robot --- computing time --- inverse kinematics --- joint limit avoidance --- kinematic singularity --- manipulator --- obstacle avoidance --- potential field --- service robot --- graph representation --- similarity measure --- mobile robot --- static environments --- path planning --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGA-II --- evolutionary operators --- mobile robot --- coalmine --- exploration --- robotics --- ATEX --- safety --- methane --- quadruped robot --- stability criterion --- dynamic gait --- glass façade cleaning robot --- wall climbing robot --- biped mechanism --- data association --- 3D-SLAM --- localization --- mapping --- disturbance-rejection control --- extended state observer (ESO) --- hover mode --- transition mode --- negative buoyancy --- quad-tilt rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- Rodrigues parameters --- UAV --- variable spray --- prescription map translation --- PID algorithm --- grip planning --- biped climbing robots --- collision avoidance --- grip optimization --- dynamic environment --- closed-loop detection --- sparse pose adjustment (SPA) --- inertial measurement unit (IMU) --- simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) --- non-singular fast-terminal sliding-mode control --- industrial robotic manipulator --- external disturbance --- dynamic uncertainty --- adaptive control law --- exoskeleton --- load carriage --- muscle activities --- human–robot interaction --- discomfort --- actuatorless --- alpine ski --- human–robot interaction --- mechanism --- passive skiing turn --- skiing robot --- predictable trajectory planning --- geodesic --- constrained motion --- mobile robot --- jumping robot --- hopping robot --- continuous hopping --- single actuator --- self-reconfigurable robot --- cleaning robot --- Tetris-inspired --- polyomino tiling theory --- coverage path planning --- area decomposition --- multi-criteria decision making --- design and modeling --- kinematics --- kinematic identification --- monocular vision --- action generation --- robot motion --- undiscovered sensor values --- differential wheeled robot --- powered exoskeleton --- motion sensor --- machine learning --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- pesticide application --- deposition uniformity --- droplets penetrability --- control efficacy --- working efficiency --- subgoal graphs --- reinforcement learning --- hierarchical path planning --- uncertain environments --- mobile robots --- deep reinforcement learning --- mobile manipulation --- robot learning --- intelligent mobile robot --- pallet transportation --- master-slave --- compact driving unit --- high-gain observer --- snake robot --- series elastic actuator --- SEA --- Robot Operating System --- ROS --- non-prehensile manipulation --- manipulation planning --- contact planning --- manipulation action sequences --- robot --- obstacle avoidance --- facial and gender recognition --- q-learning --- Q-networks --- reinforcement learning --- gait cycle --- biped robots --- minimally invasive surgery robot --- inverse kinematics --- dialytic elimination --- Newton iteration --- curvilinear obstacle --- douglas–peuker polygonal approximation --- opposite angle-based exact cell decomposition --- path planning --- mobile robot --- UAV --- auto-tuning --- machine learning --- iterative learning --- extremum-seeking --- altitude controller --- enemy avoidance --- reinforcement learning --- decision making --- hardware-in-the-loop simulation --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- path planning --- multiple mobile robots --- artificial fish swarm algorithm --- expansion logic strategy --- sample gathering problem --- mobile robots --- mathematical modeling --- numerical evaluation --- centralized architecture --- optimization --- fault recovery --- reinforcement learning --- gait adaptation --- legged robot --- bio-inspired robot --- human–machine interactive navigation --- mobile robot --- topological map --- regional growth --- trajectory planning --- position/force cooperative control --- hierarchical planning --- object-oriented --- symmetrical adaptive variable impedance --- biologically-inspired --- self-learning --- formation control --- mobile robots --- loop closure detection --- convolutional neural network --- spatial pyramid pooling --- dynamic neural networks --- mobile robot navigation --- gesture recognition --- behaviour dynamics --- real-time action recognition --- formation of robots --- non-holonomic robot --- stability analysis --- Lyapunov-like function --- target assignment --- goal exchange --- path following --- switching control --- swarm-robotics --- rendezvous consensus --- robot navigation --- victim-detection --- unmanned surface vessel --- path following --- integral line-of-sight --- finite-time currents observer --- radial basis function neural networks --- input saturation --- n/a

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