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Socioeconomic Factors and Outcomes in Higher Education : A Multivariate Analysis

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ISBN: 9789587726299 DOI: 10.4000/books.uec.1496 Language: English
Publisher: Universidad Externado de Colombia
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:53
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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In the Colombian case, it is very common to associate academic performance with the students' socioeconomic conditions. A generalized and bivariate interpretation of this relationship could imply that only students from a high socioeconomic class would perform satisfactorily and that all students from a low socioeconomic class would perform poorly. If this is the case, then the educational system could be increasing the gap between social classes instead of making it smaller. Therefore, it seems important to examine the way in which some socioeconomic factors are related to the students' academic performance in Colombia. Consequently, Socioeconomic Factors and Outcomes in Higher Education: a Multivariate Analysis, explores the relationship between the results in standardized tests and socioeconomic variables in a cohort of Colombian students.

Institutional determinants of social inequality

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197859 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-785-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 17:04:57
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Understanding the factors that create and maintain social inequalities is a core question in social psychology. Research has so far mainly focused on the role of individual stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination. However, there is growing evidence that, beyond the “biased” acts of prejudiced individuals, structural factors related to the very functioning of institutions and organizations can play a role in the reproduction of social inequalities. Indeed, in industrialized countries, society is structured in a way that reflects the perspective of, is organized by, and benefits the dominant groups. In this Research Topic, we propose to bring together researchers who study how institutional ideologies and practices promote norms, rules and opportunities that favor dominant groups and disadvantage dominated groups. This question can be tackled by work investigating how institutional practices (e.g., grading, tracking, recruitment, …) and ideologies (e.g., meritocracy, individualism, protestant work ethic, …) shape the psychological experience of (dis)advantaged people. Moreover, another interesting venue is represented by work investigating how the institutional practices and ideologies are enacted by the agents (e.g., teachers, recruiters, leaders, …). Taking the perspective of agents allows to investigate how institutional functioning constrains the actual opportunities they provide to (dis)advantaged individuals. This could also highlight how institutional ideologies and practices are incorporated by agents, thus revealing mechanisms of change vs. perpetuation of the institutional functioning.

Universities in Transition: Foregrounding Social Contexts of Knowledge in the First Year Experience

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ISBN: 9781922064837 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.20851/universities-transition Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-20 03:27:48
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Universities are social universes in their own right. They are the site of multiple, complex and diverse social relations, identities, communities, knowledges and practices. At the heart of this book are people enrolling at university for the first time and entering into the broad variety of social relations and contexts entailed in their ‘coming to know’ at, of and through university. By recasting ‘the transition to university’ as simultaneously and necessarily entailing a transition of university — indeed universities — and of their many and varied constitutive relations, structures and practices, the contributors to this book seek to reconceptualise the ‘first-year experience’ in terms of multiple and dynamic processes of dialogue and exchange amongst all participants. They interrogate taken-for-granted understandings of what ‘the university’ is, and consider what universities might yet become.

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