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Chapter 3: 'The Gibbet in the Landscape: Locating the Criminal Corpse in Mid-Eighteenth-Century England' from book: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781137444011 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137444011_4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 16:57:22
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This is a chapter from A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse edited by Richard Ward. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. In this chapter, Zoe Dyndor uses data compiled for the Wellcome Trust funded project, Harnessing the Power of the Criminal Corpse, to investigate the logic and rationale behind selecting gibbet locations in eighteenth-century England. She suggests that while gibbets were generally located near to the scene of the crime, there were a number of other factors that led to the selection of particular sites for cases of hanging in chains. Through a case study of smugglers hung in chains in the 1740s, Dyndor demonstrates that, in certain cases, gibbet locations were specifically selected to reflect the nature of the offence, the background of the offender or the circumstances of the crime.

Arbeit im Nationalsozialismus

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ISBN: 9783486858846 9783110399073 Year: Pages: 403 DOI: 10.1515/9783486858846 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-13 13:31:08
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Work was a core concept in National Socialism. In pre-war concentration camps, it was a tool for converting prisoners into Volksgenossen, or members of the national community. And during the war, forced labor was crucial to armaments production. “Ability to work” meant life or death for Jews, POWs, and others. The essays in this volume explore the multiple meanings of work as a social, political, and cultural practice in National Socialism.

The First Fleet Piano: Volume One and Two

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ISBN: 9781922144645 9781925022483 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603164 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Music --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-23 11:01:05
License: ANU Press

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During the late eighteenth century, a musical–cultural phenomenon swept the globe. The English square piano—invented in the early 1760s by an entrepreneurial German guitar maker in London—not only became an indispensable part of social life, but also inspired the creation of an expressive and scintillating repertoire. Square pianos reinforced music as life’s counterpoint, and were played by royalty, by musicians of the highest calibre and by aspiring amateurs alike. On Sunday, 13 May 1787, a square piano departed from Portsmouth on board the Sirius, the flagship of the First Fleet, bound for Botany Bay. Who made the First Fleet piano, and when was it made? Who owned it? Who played it, and who listened? What music did the instrument sound out, and within what contexts was its voice heard? What became of the First Fleet piano after its arrival on antipodean soil, and who played a part in the instrument’s subsequent history? Two extant instruments contend for the title ‘First Fleet piano’; which of these made the epic journey to Botany Bay in 1787–88? The First Fleet Piano: A Musician’s View answers these questions, and provides tantalising glimpses of social and cultural life both in Georgian England and in the early colony at Sydney Cove. The First Fleet piano is placed within the musical and social contexts for which it was created, and narratives of the individuals whose lives have been touched by the instrument are woven together into an account of the First Fleet piano’s conjunction with the forces of history. Note: Volume 1 and 2 are sold as a set ($120 for both) and cannot be purchased separately.

Keywords

music --- first fleet --- social history --- piano

¿Qué hacer con los pobres? Elites y sectores populares en Santiago de Chile 1840-1895

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ISBN: 9789568416089 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 267 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617579 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: History --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 03:22:15
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Study on the phenomenon of the poor and poverty in Santiago city in the 19th century, and the reaction of the political and economic elite

Die Anfänge der Gegenwart. Umbrüche in Westeuropa nach dem Boom

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Book Series: Zeitgeschichte im Gespräch ISSN: 2190-2062 ISBN: 9783486855609 Year: Volume: 17 Pages: 150 DOI: 10.1524/9783486855609 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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Contemporary observers were already aware that the 1970s and 1980s were a time of accelerated change. There were simultaneous breakthroughs in many areas, which permanently transformed politics, society, and culture. People were quick to note that these post-boom years were a turning point. This volume traces the upheavals of the 1970s and 1980s by looking at selected examples to sharpen our awareness of the origins of the present.

Het virus der betrokkenheid

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ISBN: 9789463724814 9789463724814 Year: Pages: 521 DOI: 10.5117/9789463724814 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-01 11:21:02
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Het Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis (IISG) is een van de meest vooraanstaande onderzoeksinstituten ter wereld op het terrein van de sociale geschiedenis, zowel in het wetenschappelijk onderzoek als in het verzamelen en beheren van een unieke internationale collectie archieven. Dit boek onderzoekt de geschiedenis van het Instituut van 1935 tot 1989. Centraal staat de ontwikkeling van het Instituut in de richting van een steeds sterkere professionalisering. Een ontwikkeling in wisselwerking met een driehoek van externe invloeden: de politieke en maatschappelijke context; de ontwikkeling van sociale geschiedenis als academische discipline; en het institutionele en bestuurlijke kader. Het is het verhaal van betrokken historici en activisten, die het erfgoed van en uit de arbeidersbeweging en andere emancipatiebewegingen wilden veiligstellen en voor onderzoek beschikbaar maken. Het boek neemt de lezer mee naar spectaculaire reddingsacties van archieven en bibliotheken die bedreigd waren door de opkomst van Hitler, de ineenstorting van het IISG tijdens de bezetting, en de wonderbaarlijke terugkeer van de meeste collecties na de oorlog. Tijdens de wederopbouw volgde een zoektocht naar een plaats in de academische infrastructuur. Intern raakte het Instituut ontregeld tijdens de roerige jaren zestig en zeventig. In de jaren tachtig vond het IISG de weg naar verdere professionalisering zonder zijn oorspronkelijke bestaansrecht en drijfveren uit het oog te verliezen.

The Makassar annals

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Book Series: Bibliotheca Indonesica ISBN: 9789067183666 9789004253629 Year: Volume: 35 Pages: x + 357 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_371571 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The Makassar annals Translated and edited by William Cummings&#xD;&#xD;Beginning in the 1630s, a series of annalists at the main courts of Makassar began keeping records with dated entries that recorded a wide variety of specific historical information about a wide variety of topics, including the births and deaths of notable individuals, the actions of rulers, the spread of Islam, trade and diplomacy, the built environment, ritual activity, warfare, internal political struggles, social and kinship relations, eclipses and comets, and more. These Lontaraq bilang were a clear departure in form and function from the genealogically-structured chronicles being composed about the ruling families of Gowa and Talloq in the same era. By the end of 1751, nearly 2400 entries had been completed.&#xD;&#xD;These records are a rich lode of information for scholars interested in virtually any aspect of life in premodern Makassar, and are a rare and precious resource for scholars of Southeast Asia. This is the first English translation and annotation of the annals.&#xD;&#xD;William Cummings is an associate professor of history at the University of South Florida. He is the author of Making blood white; Historical transformation in early modern Makassar, A chain of kings; The Makassarese chronicles of Gowa and Talloq, and numerous articles about Makassarese history and culture.

Beyond Empire and Nation; The Decolonization of African and Asian societies, 1930s-1960s

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067182898 9789004260443 Year: Volume: 244 Pages: vi+291 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_424255 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-19 16:57:33
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The decolonization of countries in Asia and Africa is one of the momentous events in the twentieth century. But did the shift to independence indeed affect the lives of the people in such a dramatic way as the political events suggest? The authors in this volume look beyond the political interpretations of decolonization and address the issue of social and economic reorientations which were necessitated or caused by the end of colonial rule. The book covers three major issues: public security; the changes in the urban environment, and the reorientation of the economies. Most articles search for comparisons transcending the colonial and national borders and adopt a time frame extending from the late colonial period to the early decades of independence in Asia and Africa (1930s-1970s). The volume is part of the research programme ‘Indonesia across Orders’ of the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation.&#xD;Contributors to the volume are: Greg Bankoff, Raymond Betts, Ann Booth, Cathérine Coquéry-Vidrovitch, Freek Colombijn, Frederick Cooper, Bill Freund, Karl Hack, Jim Masselos and Willem Wolters.

A Usable Collection: Essays in Honour of Jaap Kloosterman on Collecting Social History

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789089646880 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_496214 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-20 11:01:07
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Established in 1935, the International Institute of Social History (IISH) is one of the world’s leading research institutes focused on social history and holds one of the richest collections in the field. This volume brings together thirty-five essays in honor of the IISH’s longtime director Jaap Kloosterman, who built the institute into a world leader in the field.

Black, White and Gold. Goldmining in Papua New Guinea 1878–1930

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ISBN: 9781921934339 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_616883 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-22 11:01:16
License: ANU Press

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Australian goldminers were among the first white men to have sustained contact with Papua New Guineans. Some Papua New Guineans welcomed them, worked for them, traded with them and learnt their skills and soon were mining on their own account. Others met them with hostility, either by direct confrontation or by stealthy ambush. Many of the indigenous people and some miners were killed. The miners were dependent on the local people for labourers, guides, producers of food and women. Some women lived willingly in the miners’ camps, a few were legally married, and some were raped. Working conditions for Papua New Guineans on the claims were mixed; some being well treated by the miners, others being poorly housed and fed, ill-treated, and subject to devastating epidemics. Conditions were rough, not only for them but for the diggers too. This book, republished in its original format, shows the differences in the experience of various Papua New Guinean communities which encountered the miners and tries to explain these differences. It is a graphic description of what happens when people from vastly different cultures meet. The author has drawn on documentary sources and interviews with the local people to produce, for the first time, a lively history.

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