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Serviço Nacional de Saúde. SNS. 30 Anos de Resistência

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Book Series: Outros Títulos ISBN: 9789892618449 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1845-6 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-20 16:48:45
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Os homens e as instituições andam sempre

Towards Convergence in Europe: Institutions, Labour and Industrial Relations

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ISBN: 9781788978064 9781788978071 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.4337/9781788978071 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 10:37:11
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This book aims to answer a number of important questions. To what extent have European countries converged or diverged with EU-wide economic and social indicators over the past 20 years? What have been the drivers of convergence? Why do some countries lag behind, while others experience continuous upward convergence? Why are these trajectories not always linear? Particular attention is paid to the role of institutions, actors and industrial relations – focusing on the resources and strategies of governments, employers and trade unions – in nudging EU countries onto an upward convergence path.

Armut und Engagement

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Book Series: Gesellschaft der Unterschiede ISBN: 9783837631357 9783839431351 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839431351 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103338
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Warum ist es so schwierig, sich als Betroffene gegen Armut und Erwerbslosigkeit sozial zu engagieren? Ihr Einsatz ist zwar vielfältig - ob bei den Tafeln, in der Beratung oder im Protest gegen "Hartz IV". Doch auch in der Zivilgesellschaft wirken Mechanismen der Diskriminierung, die dem Anspruch dieser Akteure auf Gleichheit als Bürger entgegenstehen. Leiv Eirik Voigtländer analysiert anhand von qualitativen Interviews typische förderliche und hemmende Handlungsbedingungen und trägt so dazu bei, die soziale Spaltung bürgerschaftlichen Engagements im Kontext erodierender sozialer Rechte zu verstehen. Dem vorherrschenden Fokus auf die bürgerschaftliche Apathie der Prekären werden so die Erfahrungen von sozial engagierten Bürgern in Armutslagen entgegengestellt.

The Effectiveness of Social Rights in the EU

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Book Series: Studi di dritto pubblico - Open Access ISBN: 9788891767561 Year: Language: English
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:01:03
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"Increasing inequalities, social exclusion and poverty within the EU (although at a different scale between States) prove that the effectiveness of social rights falls behind their formal entitlements and their judicial enforceability. Beyond the classical way followed by legal studies in dealing with the issue, the focus would shift to experimental ways better able to cope with the current multifaceted implications of social exclusion, poverty and inequalities for the purpose of effective and improved social inclusion. Indeed, legacies stemming from developments at the European level (recent and less recent) are relevant not only for policy-makers and social scientists but for legal scholars too. These latter are expected to pick up and underline the main aspects of constitutional relevance implied in the process and steer it towards being constitutionally consistent. Against this background, our claim for an interdisciplinary dialogue with social sciences focuses on the constitutional implications underlying the use of social indicators within the European governance framework."

Debating European Citizenship

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087/2364-4095 ISBN: 9783319899046 9783319899053 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89905-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-24 12:39:28
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This open access book raises crucial questions about the citizenship of the European Union. Is it a new citizenship beyond the nation-state although it is derived from Member State nationality? Who should get it? What rights and duties does it entail? Should EU citizens living in other Member States be able to vote there in national elections? If there are tensions between free movement and social rights, which should take priority? And should the European Court of Justice determine what European citizenship is about or the legislative institutions of the EU or national parliaments? This book collects a wide range of answers to these questions from legal scholars, political scientists, and political practitioners. It is structured as a series of three conversations in which authors respond to each other. This exchange of arguments provides unique depth to the debate.

When NGOs Fulfill State Obligations

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Book Series: Studien aus dem Max-Planck-Institut für Sozialrecht und Sozialpolitik ISBN: 9783848765768 Year: Volume: 73 Pages: 337 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748906926 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-30 06:57:29
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Across parts of Africa, states have been restricting the operations, funding and speech of NGOs. Many have therefore expressed their concern that the cornerstones of a free civil society—the rights to free association and free speech—are under attack. However, another concern that warrants greater attention is whether such restrictive measures might also threaten the social rights of NGOs’ beneficiaries. The ICESCR obliges states to take steps progressively towards the full realisation of social rights. How, then, should a state’s social rights obligations be understood when NGOs enter the picture? How might those obligations affect a state’s freedom to regulate NGOs? This book offers a systematic examination of the ways in which the social rights obligations of states towards beneficiaries can reorganise and refine our understanding of the regulatory relationship between states and NGOs.Einige afrikanische Staaten haben die Handlungsbefugnisse, Finanzierung und die Meinungsäußerung von NGOs eingeschränkt. Viele haben ihre Besorgnis darüber geäußert, dass die Eckpfeiler einer freien Zivilgesellschaft - das Recht auf Versammlungs- und Redefreiheit - angegriffen werden. Ein bislang eher weniger untersuchtes Problem ist jedoch, ob solche restriktiven Maßnahmen auch die sozialen Rechte der Begünstigten von NGOs gefährden könnten. Der UN-Sozialpakt verpflichtet die Staaten, Schritt für Schritt auf eine vollständige Verwirklichung der sozialen Rechte zuzugehen. Wie sollten also die Verpflichtungen eines Staates in Bezug auf soziale Rechte verstanden werden, wenn NGOs ins Spiel kommen? Wie könnten sich diese Verpflichtungen auf die Freiheit eines Staates auswirken, NGOs zu regulieren?Dieses Buch bietet eine systematische Untersuchung wie die sozialrechtlichen Verpflichtungen von Staaten gegenüber den Begünstigten unser Verständnis der Regulierungsbeziehungen zwischen Staaten und NGOs neu definieren und weiterentwickeln können.

Reading the crisis: legal, philosophical and literary perspectives

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 2255-5137 ISBN: 9788491484202 Year: Volume: 56 Pages: 224 Language: French
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-06 18:22:38
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Almost a decade has passed since the outbreak of the economic crisis; from its original nucleus, its effects have quickly affected the social and geopolitical fields. Such wide impact and its complex implications make the crisis an object susceptible of multiple readings. The particular aim of the studies collected in this volume is to explore the impact of the crisis on law, culture and society, in order to test the depth of the problem, by comparing the analytical perspectives obtainable from legal and human sciences. The book focuses on three main issues: the crisis as a social object, in order to consider the crisis in terms of its attributing force; the problem of democracy, which is becoming an increasingly central question now, as the changes imposed by the crisis have begun to settle down; the interdisciplinary challenge that, in time of crisis, questions paradigms of knowledge, competences and methods, in order to enable an heuristic dialogue between human, social and legal sciences.

The Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Commentary

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781920538507 Year: Pages: 396 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-08 15:47:40
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On 10 December 2008, coinciding with the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (OP-ICESCR). The Optional Protocol permits individuals or groups of individuals to submit complaints to the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights if they have exhausted domestic remedies and believe a ratifying State has violated their rights under the Covenant. It therefore effected an historic change in the UN human rights system in that it recognizes the equal status of claimants of economic, social and cultural rights and their right to access justice. The Protocol came into force on 5 May 2013, and the number of ratifications is steadily growing.This Commentary, the first and most comprehensive of its kind, offers rigorous scholarly commentary on the provisions of the OP-ICESCR, aimed at informing and encouraging research, reasoned argument, consistent interpretation and effective advocacy, adjudication and remedies under the Protocol. It provides a critical resource for both users of the Optional Protocol (applicants, lawyers, governments, the Committee) and a broader audience of scholars, students, national judiciaries and policy makers.The book is divided into three main sections that respectively address procedural issues, substantive interpretation, and remedies and enforcement. Each of the chapters highlights and discusses what is most innovative about the OP-ICESCR, as well as potential ambiguities and controversies. The Commentary makes a unique and critical contribution to legal scholarship and practice by laying the foundations for cutting-edge, authoritative jurisprudence. The chapters have benefited from a peer-review process, and an exchange and discussion among the authors and other experts.

Diversità e discorso giuridico. Temi per un dialogo interdisciplinare su diritti e giustizia in tempo di transizione

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788490859810 Year: Volume: 48 Pages: 287 Language: Italian
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-02 12:07:43
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The relationship between law and diversity was difficult and dialectical throughout the centuries of the legal modernity. Yet to mark its routes it was not a concern for diversity since at the core of its developments there was the issue of individual before the social issue. As a matter of fact, diversity was considered extensively in modern law, but always in an instrumental way. At present this juridical approach shows some limitations, especially in the taking into account the link with the problem of protection of fundamental and human rights. Therefore, it seems appropriate to open a discussion on the issue, assuming diversity, despite its plurality of meanings, as a single topic area from which to start questioning the law. This volume is an attempt in this direction. Taking its cue from these statements and adopting a multidisciplinary perspective, it aims to explore aspects of the complex relationship between law and diversity, assuming as a framework of reference the problem of rights and justice.--------È in un continuo e sofferto rapporto dialettico che diritto e diversità si sono reciprocamente inseguiti lungo i secoli della modernità giuridica. Eppure non è stata una preoccupazione per la diversità a segnarne gli itinerari. Di essa il diritto moderno si è molto occupato ma in chiave sempre strumentale, avendo posto al centro dei suoi svolgimenti la questione dell’individuo prima che della società. Al contempo la fase attuale evidenzia una certa usura degli strumenti giuridici tradizionali e un limite complessivo di tale approccio al problema, soprattutto se si considerano i nessi della questione con la tutela dei diritti fondamentali e umani. Appare, dunque, opportuno avviare una riflessione complessiva sulla questione, assumendo la diversità, pur nella sua pluralità di valenze, come ambito tematico unitario e come categoria a partire dalla quale interrogare il diritto. Il presente volume, costituisce un tentativo in tale direzione. Esso - prendendo le mosse da tali constatazioni e avvalendosi di molteplici punti di vista disciplinari - si propone di esplorare aspetti del complesso rapporto tra diritto e diversità, assumendo come cornice di riferimento la questione dei diritti e della giustizia.

Menschenwürde als heilige Ordnung

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Book Series: Kulturen der Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783837639414 9783839439418 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839439418 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103356
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Die Würde des Menschen ist unantastbar - dieses unbedingte Recht ist völker-, europa- und verfassungsrechtlich verbürgt. Dass die Würde des Menschen jedoch auch im säkularisierten sozialen Rechtsstaat letztendlich eine heilige Ordnung ist, kollektiv religiös geglaubt werden muss und sich nicht in einem rationalen Diskurs hinreichend wahrheitsfähig erweist, zeigt Frank Schulz-Nieswandt im Rekurs auf Böckenförde, Habermas, Joas und Agamben. Im Anschluss daran entfaltet er die Idee einer gottlosen Ontotheologie eines existenzialen personalistischen Humanismus, den er mit Verweis auf Paul Tillich und Romano Guardini zugleich gegen jeden Übergriff einer autoritären Theo-Dogmatik supranaturalistischer Art verteidigt.

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