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Theories of Social Capital

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Book Series: IIPPE ISBN: 9780745329970 9781849644426 9781783716555 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100879
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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Tracing the evolution of social capital since his highly acclaimed contribution of 2001 (Social Capital Versus Social Theory), Ben Fine consolidates his position as the world's leading critic of the concept. Fine forcibly demonstrates how social capital has expanded across the social sciences only by degrading the different disciplines and topics that it touches: a McDonaldisation of social theory. The rise and fall of social capital at the World Bank is critically explained as is social capital's growing presence in disciplines, such as management studies, and its relative absence in others, such as social history.Writing with a sharp critical edge, Fine not only deconstructs the roller-coaster presence of social capital across the social sciences but also draws out lessons on how (and how not) to do research.

Ambiguous Citizenship in an Age of Global Migration

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ISBN: 9780748692774 9780748692781 9780748692798 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101083
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Many people see citizenship in a globalised world in terms of binaries: inclusion/exclusion, past/present, particularism/universalism. Aoileann Ní Mhurchú points out the limitations of these positions and argues that we need to be able to take into account the people who get caught between these traditional categories. Using critical resources found in poststructural, psychoanalytic and postcolonial thought, Ní Mhurchú thinks in new ways about citizenship, drawing on a range of thinkers including Kristeva, Bhabha and Foucault. Taking a distinctive theoretical approach, she shows how citizenship is being reconfigured beyond these categories.

Knowledge and Action

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Knowledge and Space ISSN: 1877-9220 ISBN: 9783319445878 9783319445885 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: 300 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44588-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 12:56:35
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This volume explores interdependencies between knowledge, action, and space from different interdisciplinary perspectives. Some of the contributors discuss knowledge as a social construct based on collective action, while others look at knowledge as an individual capacity for action. The chapters contain theoretical frameworks as well as experimental outcomes. Readers will gain insight into key questions such as: How does knowledge function as a prerequisite for action? Why are knowledge gaps growing and not diminishing in a knowledge society? How much knowledge is necessary for action? How do various types of knowledge influence the steps from cognition to action? How do different representations of knowledge shape action? What impact have spatial conditions for the formation of knowledge? What is the relationship between social and geographical space? The contributors consider rationality in social and economic theories as well as in everyday life. Attention is also given to action theoretic approaches and rationality from the viewpoints of psychology, post-structuralism, and human geography, making this an attractive book for students, researchers and academics of various backgrounds.

Balancing Power without Weapons

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ISBN: 9781107181861 9781316855430 Year: DOI: 10.1017/9781316855430 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101743
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-10 11:01:53
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Why do states block some foreign direct investment on national security grounds even when it originates from within their own security community? Government intervention into foreign takeovers of domestic companies is on the rise, and many observers find it surprising that states engage in such behavior not only against their strategic and military competitors, but also against their closest allies. Ashley Thomas Lenihan argues that such puzzling behavior can be explained by recognizing that states use intervention into cross-border mergers and acquisitions as a tool of statecraft to internally balance the economic and military power of other states through non-military means. This book tests this theory using quantitative and qualitative analysis of transactions in the United States, Russia, China, and fifteen European Union states.

Critical Theories of Crises in Europe: From Weimar to the Euro

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781783487455 Year: Pages: 251 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611731 Language: English
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 312331
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-14 11:01:17
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What is to be learned from the chaotic downfall of the Weimar Republic and the erosion of European liberal statehood in the interwar period vis-a-vis the ongoing Europeancrisis? This book analyses and explains the recurrent emergence of crises in European societies. It asks how previous crises can inform our understanding of the present crisis. The particular perspective advanced is that these crises not only are economic and social crises, but must also be understood as crises of public power, order and authority. In other words, it argues that substantial challenges to the functional and normative setup of democracy and the rule of law were central to the emergence and the unfolding of these crises.The book draws on and adds to the rich â&#128;&#153;crises literatureâ&#128;&#153; developed within the critical theory tradition to outline a conceptual framework for understanding what societal crises are.&#xD;The central idea is that societal crises represent a discrepancy between the unfolding of social processes and the institutional frameworks that have been established to normatively stabilize such processes. The crises at issue emerged in periods characterized by strong social, economic and technological transformations as well as situations of political upheaval. As such, the crises represented moments where the existing functional and normative grid of society, as embodied in notions of public order and authority, were&#xD;severely challenged and in many instances undermined. Seen in this perspective, the book reconstructs how crises unfolded, how they were experienced, and what kind of responses the specific crises in question provoked.

After Queer Theory

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ISBN: 9780745333793 9781849649858 9781849649865 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100868
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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After Queer Theory makes the provocative claim that queer theory has run its course, made obsolete by the elaboration of its own logic within capitalism. James Penney argues that far from signalling the end of anti-homophobic criticism, however, the end of queer presents the occasion to rethink the relation between sexuality and politics.Through a critical return to Marxism and psychoanalysis (Freud and Lacan), Penney insists that the way to implant sexuality in the field of political antagonism is paradoxically to abandon the exhausted premise of a politicised sexuality.After Queer Theory argues that it is necessary to wrest sexuality from the dead end of identity politics, opening it up to a universal emancipatory struggle beyond the reach of capitalism's powers of commodification.

Kapitalismus und Naturzerstörung

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ISBN: 9783863883089 9783863887384 Year: Pages: 574 DOI: 10.3224/86388738 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:07
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Historical-materialistic critique of common explanations of the social relationship to nature in capitalism brings to light idealistic, culturalistic and politicistic short-cuts. A critical theory of social nature relations based on Marx's major work Das Kapital shows that the laws of capitalist society necessarily lead to systematic destruction of nature. The capitalist mode of production is incompatible with sustainable development.

Power, Knowledge and Feminist Scholarship

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ISBN: 9781138911499 978131569262 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102666
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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Feminist scholarship is sometimes dismissed as not quite ‘proper’ knowledge – it’s too political or subjective, many argue. But what are the boundaries of ‘proper’ knowledge? Who defines them, and how are they changing? How do feminists negotiate them? And how does this boundary-work affect women’s and gender studies, and its scholars’ and students’ lives? These are the questions tackled by this ground-breaking ethnography of academia inspired by feminist epistemology, Foucault, and science and technology studies. Drawing on data collected over a decade in Portugal and the UK, US and Scandinavia, this title explores different spaces of academic work and sociability, considering both official discourse and ‘corridor talk’. It links epistemic negotiations to the shifting political economy of academic labour, and situates the smallest (but fiercest) departmental negotiations within global relations of unequal academic exchange. Through these links, this timely volume also raises urgent questions about the current state and status of gender studies and the mood of contemporary academia.

Conflict, Security and the Reshaping of Society

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Liberty and Security ISBN: 9780415570343 Year: Pages: 230 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book is an examination of the effect of contemporary wars (such as the 'War on Terror') on civil life at a global level. Contemporary literature on war is mainly devoted to recent changes in the theory and practice of warfare, particular those in which terrorists or insurgents are involved (for example, the 'revolution in military affairs', 'small wars', and so on). On the other hand, today's research on security is focused, among other themes, on the effects of the war on terrorism, and on civil liberties and social control. This volume connects these two fields of research, showing how 'war' and 'security' tend to exchange targets and forms of action as well as personnel (for instance, the spreading use of private contractors in wars and of military experts in the 'struggle for security') in modern society. This shows how, contrary to Clausewitz's belief war should be conceived of as a "continuation of politics by other means", the opposite statement is also true: that politics, insofar as it concerns security, can be defined as the 'continuation of war by other means'. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, war and conflict studies, terrorism studies, sociology and IR in general. Salvatore Palidda is Professor of Sociology in the Faculty of Education at the University of Genoa. Alessandro Dal Lago is Professor of Sociology of Culture and Communication at the University of Genoa. Introduction Alessandro Dal Lago and Salvatore Palidda Part 1: The Constituent Role of Armed Conflicts 1. Fields Without Honour: Contemporary War as Global Enforcement Alessandro Dal Lago 2. The Barbarization of the Peace: The Neo-Conservative Transformation of War and Perspectives Alain Joxe 3. Norm/Exception: Exceptionalism and Governmental Prospects Roberto Ciccarelli 4. Reversing Clausewitz? War and politics in French Philosophy: Michel Foucault, Deleuze-Guattari and Raymond Aron Massimiliano Guareschi 5. Global War and Technoscience Luca Guzzetti Part 2: Securisation 6. September 14, 2001: The Regression to the Habitus Didier Bigo 7. Revolution in Police Affairs Salvatore Palidda 8. Surveillance: From Resistance to Support Eric Heilmann 9. Enemies, Not Criminals: The Law and Courts Against Global Terrorism Gabriella Petti Part 3: The Reshaping of Global Society 10. Media at War Marcello Maneri 11. Global Bureaucracy: Irresponsible But Not Indifferent Mariella Pandolfi and Laurence Mcfall 12. The Space of Camps: Towards a Genealogy of Places of Internment in the Present Federico Rahola

Materiality, Techniques and Society in Pottery Production The Technological Study of Archaeological Ceramics through Paste Analysis

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ISBN: 9783110410204 9783110427295 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.2478/9783110410204 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-13 10:57:10
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Daniel Albero Santacreu presents a wide overview of certain aspects of the pottery analysis and summarizes most of the methodological and theoretical information currently applied in archaeology in order to develop wide and deep analysis of ceramic pastes. The book provides an adequate framework for understanding the way pottery production is organised and clarifies the meaning and role of the pottery in archaeological and traditional societies.The goal of this book is to encourage reflection, especially by those researchers who face the analysis of ceramics for the first time, by providing a background for the generation of their own research and to formulate their own questions depending on their concerns and interests. The three-part structure of the book allows readers to move easily from the analysis of the reality and ceramic material culture to the world of the ideas and theories and to develop a dialogue between data and their interpretation.Daniel Albero Santacreu is a Lecturer Assistant in the University of the Balearic Islands, member of the Research Group Arqueo UIB and the Ceramic Petrology Group. He has carried out the analysis of ceramics from several prehistoric societies placed in the Western Mediterranean, as well as the study of handmade pottery from contemporary ethnic groups in Northeast Ghana.

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