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Gesundheitsversorgung am Lebensende

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ISBN: 9783658133467 9783658133474 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-13347-4 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:34:05
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Damian Hedinger untersucht die Frage der Gesundheitsversorgung am Lebensende, die durch die Demografische Alterung und eine weiterhin steigende Lebenserwartung immer zentraler wird. Er geht sowohl aus wissenschaftlicher als auch aus gesellschaftspolitischer Perspektive vor und nutzt administrative Daten aus der Schweiz, um herauszufinden, warum man eine längere oder kürzere Dauer im Heim oder im Spital verbringt und weshalb man wo stirbt. Dabei zeigt sich, dass neben medizinischen Faktoren auch sozioökonomische, familiale und kulturelle Determinanten einen maßgeblichen Einfluss auf die Gesundheitsversorgung vor dem Tod ausüben.

TafelGesellschaft

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837615043 9783839415047 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839415047 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103231
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Die wohltätige Verteilung von Lebensmitteln steht für eine neue Polarisierung in den Überflussgesellschaften. Während Überangebot und individuelle Konsumentscheidungen systematisch Überschüsse hinterlassen, sind zugleich Menschen von Arbeit und Konsum so weit ausgeschlossen, dass sie nehmen, was die Tafeln und ähnliche Initiativen gerade verteilen können. Der transdisziplinäre Diskussionsband versammelt empirisch fundierte Analysen, theoretische Einsichten und politische Stellungnahmen zu dieser noch jungen Entwicklung. Ein breites Spektrum an Perspektiven auf ein aktuelles sozialpolitisches Phänomen, mit Beiträgen u.a. von Katrin Göring-Eckardt, Regina Görner, Gabriele Goettle, Marianne Gronemeyer, Fabian Kessl und Matthias Möhring-Hesse.

Against Meritocracy

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ISBN: 9781138889552 9781315712802 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102668
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-12 10:19:51
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In this book Jo Littler argues that meritocracy is the key cultural means of legitimation for contemporary neoliberal culture – and that whilst it promises opportunity, it in fact creates new forms of social division. Against Meritocracy is split into two parts. Part I explores the genealogies of meritocracy within social theory, political discourse and working cultures. It traces the dramatic U-turn in meritocracy’s meaning, from socialist slur to a contemporary ideal of how a society should be organised. Part II uses a series of case studies to analyse the cultural pull of popular ‘parables of progress’, from reality TV to the super-rich and celebrity CEOs, from social media controversies to the rise of the ‘mumpreneur’. Paying special attention to the role of gender, ‘race’ and class, this book provides new conceptualisations of the meaning of meritocracy in contemporary culture and society.

Ohne Abschluss in die Bildungsgesellschaft

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ISBN: 9783866498266 9783847400080 Year: Pages: 354 DOI: 10.3224/93809407 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:08
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Education is and will probably remain the all-dominant topic of the 21st century. The consequences of a lack of or exclusion from education must be correspondingly dramatic. In the economic and sociological labour market literature, the same dominant explanatory pattern, the displacement mechanism, can now be found for the increasing disadvantage of low-skilled persons: the low-skilled are "displaced" by the better-skilled. In contrast to the theoretical considerations and empirical analyses in this book, the significance of processes of increasing discreditation, social impoverishment and stigmatization is worked out and emphasized - it is therefore more a matter of social inequality than of "displacement".

European Somalis' Post-Migration Movements

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783319956602 Year: Pages: 213 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95660-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Anthropology --- History --- Migration --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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Based on a qualitative study on migrants of Somali origin who have settled in Europe for at least a decade, this open access book offers a ground-breaking exploration of the idea of mobility, both empirically and theoretically. It draws a comprehensive typology of the varied “post-migration mobility practices” developed by these migrants from their country of residence after having settled there. It argues that cross-border mobility may, under certain conditions, become a form of capital that can be employed to pursue advantages in transnational social fields. Anchored in rich empirical data, the book constitutes an innovative and successful attempt at theoretically linking the emerging field of “mobilities studies” with studies of migration, transnationalism and integration. It emphasises how the ability to be mobile may become a significant marker of social differentiation, alongside other social hierarchies. The “mobility capital” accumulated by some migrants is the cornerstone of strategies intended to negotiate inconsistent social positions in transnational social fields, challenging sedentarist and state-centred visions of social inequality. The migrants in the study are able to diversify the geographic and social fields in which they accumulate and circulate resources, and to benefit from this circulation by reinvesting them where they can best be valorised. The study sheds a different light on migrants who are often considered passive or problematic migrants/refugees in Europe, and demonstrates that mobility capital is not the prerogative of highly qualified elites: less privileged migrants also circulate in a globalised world, benefiting from being embedded in transnational social fields and from mobility practices over which they have gained some control. ; This open access book highlights the relevance of various types of cross-border movements in the post-migration lives of women and men of Somali origin Brings together conceptual insights from the migration studies and the mobilities studies to understand migrants' biographies Contributes to an emerging field that aims to trans-nationalize theories of social inequalities

Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030292867 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29286-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:05

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This open access book gives an overview of the sessions, panel discussions, and outcomes of the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference, held in February 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA, and hosted by the Mays Cancer Center and the Institute for Health Promotion Research at UT Health San Antonio. Latinos – the largest, youngest, and fastest-growing minority group in the United States – are expected to face a 142% rise in cancer cases in coming years. Although there has been substantial advancement in cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment over the past few decades, addressing Latino cancer health disparities has not nearly kept pace with progress. The diverse and dynamic group of speakers and panelists brought together at the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference provided in-depth insights as well as progress and actionable goals for Latino-focused basic science research, clinical best practices, community interventions, and what can be done by way of prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer in Latinos. These insights have been translated into the chapters included in this compendium; the chapters summarize the presentations and include current knowledge in the specific topic areas, identified gaps, and top priority areas for future cancer research in Latinos. Topics included among the chapters: Colorectal cancer disparities in Latinos: Genes vs. Environment Breast cancer risk and mortality in women of Latin American origin Differential cancer risk in Latinos: The role of diet Overcoming barriers for Latinos on cancer clinical trials Es tiempo: Engaging Latinas in cervical cancer research Emerging policies in U.S. health care Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos proves to be an indispensable resource offering key insights into actionable targets for basic science research, suggestions for clinical best practices and community interventions, and novel strategies and advocacy opportunities to reduce health disparities in Latino communities. It will find an engaged audience among researchers, academics, physicians and other healthcare professionals, patient advocates, students, and others with an interest in the broad field of Latino cancer.

Migrating and Settling in a Mobile World: Albanian Migrants and Their Children in Europe

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319130231 9783319130248 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13024-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Ecology --- Law --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 17:15:36
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This book draws on award-winning cross-generational research comparing the complex and life-changing processes of settlement among Albanian migrants and their adolescent children in three European cities: London (UK), Thessaloniki (Greece), and Florence (Italy). Building on key concepts from the social sciences and migration studies, such as identity, integration and transnationalism, the author links these with emerging theoretical notions, such as mobility, translocality and cosmopolitanism. Ethnic identities, transnational ties and integration pathways of the youngsters and adults are compared, focusing on intergenerational transmission in particular and recognizing mobility as an inherent characteristic of contemporary lives. Departing from the traditional focus on the adult children of settled migrants and the main immigration countries of continental North-Western Europe, this study centres on Southern Europe and Great Britain and a very recently settled immigrant group. The result is an illuminating early look at a second generation “in-the-making”. Indeed, the findings provide ample grounds for pragmatic and forward-looking policy to enable these migrant-origin youngsters, and others like them, to more fully attain their potential. The book ends with a call to reassess the term “second generation” as it is currently used in policy and scholarly works. Children of migrants seldom see themselves as a particular and homogeneous group with ethnicity as an intrinsic identifying quality. More importantly, they make use of all the limited resources at their disposal, and view their integration processes through broader geographies – showing sometimes a cosmopolitan orientation, but also using localized reference points, such as the school, city, or urban neighbourhood.

Has Latin American Inequality Changed Direction?: Looking Over the Long Run

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ISBN: 9783319446202 9783319446219 Year: Pages: 419 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44621-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Manufactures --- Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 12:17:48
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This book brings together a range of ideas and theories to arrive at a deeper understanding of inequality in Latin America and its complex realities. To so, it addresses questions such as: What are the origins of inequality in Latin America? How can we create societies that are more equal in terms of income distribution, gender equality and opportunities? How can we remedy the social divide that is making Latin America one of the most unequal regions on earth? What are the roles played by market forces, institutions and ideology in terms of inequality?In this book, a group of global experts gathered by the Institute for the Integration of Latin America and the Caribbean (INTAL), part of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), show readers how various types of inequality, such as economical, educational, racial and gender inequality have been practiced in countries like Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Mexico and many others through the centuries.Presenting new ideas, new evidence, and new methods, the book subsequently analyzes how to move forward with second-generation reforms that lay the foundations for more egalitarian societies. As such, it offers a valuable and insightful guide for development economists, historians and Latin American specialists alike, as well as students, educators, policymakers and all citizens with an interest in development, inequality and the Latin American region.

Spaces of the Poor

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Book Series: Mainzer Historische Kulturwissenschaften ISBN: 9783837624731 9783839424735 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_627789 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100531
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-21 11:01:49
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What do we know about the urban impoverished areas of the world and the living environment of its inhabitants? How did the urban poor cope with their surroundings? How did they interpret and adopt urban space in order to fight against their position at the periphery of society? This volume takes up these questions and investigates how far approaches of cultural sciences can contribute to overcome the 'exoticization of the ghetto' (Loïc Wacquant) and instead to look at the heterogeneity and individuality behind the facades. It opens new perspectives for the research of poverty and inequalities that do not stop at collective categories.

Armut und Engagement

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Book Series: Gesellschaft der Unterschiede ISBN: 9783837631357 9783839431351 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839431351 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103338
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Warum ist es so schwierig, sich als Betroffene gegen Armut und Erwerbslosigkeit sozial zu engagieren? Ihr Einsatz ist zwar vielfältig - ob bei den Tafeln, in der Beratung oder im Protest gegen "Hartz IV". Doch auch in der Zivilgesellschaft wirken Mechanismen der Diskriminierung, die dem Anspruch dieser Akteure auf Gleichheit als Bürger entgegenstehen. Leiv Eirik Voigtländer analysiert anhand von qualitativen Interviews typische förderliche und hemmende Handlungsbedingungen und trägt so dazu bei, die soziale Spaltung bürgerschaftlichen Engagements im Kontext erodierender sozialer Rechte zu verstehen. Dem vorherrschenden Fokus auf die bürgerschaftliche Apathie der Prekären werden so die Erfahrungen von sozial engagierten Bürgern in Armutslagen entgegengestellt.

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