Search results: Found 4

Listing 1 - 4 of 4
Sort by
Chapter 7 ‘Indefensible and Irresponsible' (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138592902 9780429952814 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Drawing on a range of approaches from the social sciences and humanities, this handbook explores theoretical and empirical perspectives that address the articulation of law in society, and the social character of the rule of law. The vast field of socio-legal studies provides multiple lenses through which law can be considered. Rather than seeking to define the field of socio-legal studies, this book takes up the experiences of researchers within the field. First-hand accounts of socio-legal research projects allow the reader to engage with diverse theoretical and methodological approaches within this fluid interdisciplinary area. The book provides a rich resource for those interested in deepening their understanding of the variety of theories and methods available when law is studied in its broadest social context, as well as setting those within the history of the socio-legal movement. The chapters consider multiple disciplinary lenses – including feminism, anthropology and sociology – as well as a variety of methodologies, including: narrative, visual and spatial, psychological, economic and epidemiological approaches. Moreover, these are applied in a range of substantive contexts such as online hate speech, environmental law, biotechnology, research in post-conflict situations, race and LGBT+ lawyers. The handbook brings together younger contributors and some of the best-known names in the socio-legal field. It offers a fresh perspective on the past, present and future of sociolegal studies that will appeal to students and scholars with relevant interests in a range of subjects, including law, sociology and politics.

Outsourcing Legal Aid in the Nordic Welfare States

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319466835 9783319466842 Year: Pages: 341 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46684-2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Universitetet i Oslo
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:33:54
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This edited collection provides a comprehensive analysis of the differences and similarities between civil legal aid schemes in the Nordic countries whilst outlining recent legal aid transformations in their respective welfare states. Based on in-depth studies of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland, the authors compare these cases with legal aid in Europe and the US to examine whether a single, unique Nordic model exists. Contextualizing Nordic legal aid in relation to welfare ideology and human rights, Hammerslev and Halvorsen Rønning consider whether flaws in the welfare state exist, and how legal aid affects disadvantaged citizens.Concluding that the five countries all have very different legal aid schemes, the authors explore an important general trend: welfare states increasingly outsourcing legal aid to the market and the third sector through both membership organizations and smaller voluntary organizations. A methodical and compassionate text, this book will be of special interest to scholars and students of the criminal justice, the welfare state, and the legal aid system.

Die Praxis der bedingten Entlassung aus dem Strafvollzug

Author:
Book Series: sui generis ISBN: 9783941159365 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.24921/2019.94115937 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The decision on conditional release from prison (Art. 86 – 89 SCC) is one of the most important decisions in the Swiss criminal justice system. At stake are both the freedom of the convicted person, who is to be given a chance of reintegration by the conditional release, and the security of the general public, which must be protected against the commission of further criminal offences. Despite its significance for convicted persons and the society as a whole, the practice of conditional release is scarcely discussed in Swiss literature: What is the procedure for conditional release? How do the opinions of the parties involved in the procedure influence its outcome? How do the persons responsible for conditional release exercise the discretion left to them by the law? The clarification of these issues seems all the more important given that in recent decades the number of conditional release decisions has decreased and there are considerable cantonal differences. The focus of the dissertation is on the process of decision-making by the responsible authorities in Switzerland, in particular the implementation of the right to be heard, as well as the criteria which influence the decision on the conditional release of offenders. The research is based on a representative sample of 943 criminal files from the cantons of Berne, Fribourg, Lucerne and Vaud, which are evaluated using statistical methods (logistic regression). The results of the investigation show that the responsible authorities select only a few aspects from a large number of case characteristics that largely determine their decision-making process. The decision is strongly influenced by the residency status of the convicted person, his criminal record and the opinion of the prison authorities. The legal prognosis is therefore primarily based on static factors from the past, whereas dynamic factors which the convicted person or the involved actors could influence are more secondary. In addition, it emerges that the temporal and cantonal differences in the release rates do not relate to a differing prison population, as it most often assumed, but to a different way of implementing the law and appreciating the profile of prisoners – following a more restrictive or liberal understanding and practice of the release decision – depending on time and canton. The study shows as well that there is no uniform practice for the procedure: the use of risk assessment tools, the opinions of the prison management or the organisation of the right to be heard are extremely disparate and therefore the right of the sentenced person to an equal and fair trial is not guaranteed to the same extent everywhere. The work concludes with a legal classification of the findings as well as with criminal policy considerations and proposals for a more precise reformulation of Art. 86 SCC. These should contribute to a more harmonious and broader application across cantonal borders and therefore strengthen conditional release as an efficient instrument of crime prevention.

Cultural Expertise: An Emergent Concept and Evolving Practices

Author:
ISBN: 9783039280506 9783039280513 Year: Pages: 94 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-051-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Cultural expertise in the form of expert opinions formulated by social scientists appointed as experts in the legal process is not different from any other kind of expertise in court. In specialised fields of law, such as native land titles in America and in Australia, the appointment of social scientists as experts in court is a consolidated practice. This Special Issue focuses on the contemporary evolution and variation of cultural expertise as an emergent concept providing a conceptual umbrella for a variety of evolving practices, which all include use of the specialised knowledge of social sciences for the resolution of conflicts. It surveys the application of cultural expertise in the legal process with an unprecedented span of fields ranging from criminology and ethnopsychiatry to the recognition of the rights of autochthone minorities including linguistic expertise, and modern reformulation of cultural rights. In this Special Issue, the emphasis is on the development and change of culture-related expert witnessing over recent times, culture-related adjudication, and resolution of disputes, criminal litigation, and other kinds of court and out-of-court procedures. This Special Issue offers descriptions of judicial practices involving experts in local laws and customs and surveys of the most frequent fields of expert witnessing that are related with culture; interrogates who the experts are, their links with local communities, and also with the courts and the state power and politics; how cultural expert witnessing has been received by judges; how cultural expertise has developed across the sister disciplines of history and psychiatry; and eventually, it asks whether academic truth and legal truth are commensurable across time and space.

Listing 1 - 4 of 4
Sort by