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Moskaus Spuren in Ostdeutschland 1945 bis 1949. Aktenerschließung und Forschungspläne

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Book Series: Zeitgeschichte im Gespräch ISSN: 2190-2054 ISBN: 9783110402605 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1515/9783110402605 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-21 17:56:44
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As research conditions in Russian archives began to improve in the mid-1990s, empirical studies were undertaken in Germany on Soviet occupation policy in Germany and on the Soviet military administration. This volume discusses important projects, cites deficiencies, and outlines future perspectives, thereby providing an initial assessment of the research.

Federalism and democratisation in Russia

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ISBN: 9780719058691 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe has encouraged political scientists to re-examine the comparative literature on democratisation. A vast literature has now been produced comparing transitions from authoritarianism and democratisation in different parts of the world. However, there are two major omissions in the transition literature. First, the focus of research has primarily been on national level politics, and second, the relationship between federalism and democracy has largely been overlooked. This study seeks to redress this imbalance by moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratisation at the local level and to the study of federalism and democratisation in Russia. Federal states are much more difficult to set up than unitary ones, and forging a new federal system at the same time as privatising the economy and trying to radically overhaul the political system has clearly made Russia's transition triply difficult. This book builds on Cameron Ross' earlier work, 'Regional Politics in Russia', by combining theoretical perspectives with empirical work to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions and to assess the impact of theses different institutional arrangements on democratisation and federalism. Overall, this study argues that Russia's weak and asymmetrical form of federalism has played a major role in thwarting the consolidation of democracy. Federalism and democratisation in Russia exist in contradiction rather than harmony. In a vicious circle authoritarianism at the centre has been nourished by authoritarianism in the regions and vice versa. 'Elective dictatorships' and 'delegative democracies' are now well entrenched in many republics and authoritarian regimes are firmly established in a majority of the regions. This book will be vital reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of Russian politics and democratisation.

Keywords

politics --- russia, soviet --- communism

Limiting institutions?: The challenge of Eurasian security governance

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780719066047 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Limiting Institutions examines the security threats in Eurasia and the role of institutions in the post-Cold War international environment. It looks at both the crucial aspect of foreign policy as well as a theoretical area of security studies and its impact in the former Soviet States including Russia, Belarus, Armenia, the Ukraine and Moldova. The first section addresses the important and varied range of security threats to this area of the world, and examines the range of responses open to European countries and to the United States. Threats such as ethnic conflict, transnational crime, and environmental and energy security issues are examined in depth. The second section addresses an important theoretical issue, namely the role that international institutions can perhaps play as arbiters of conflict and facilitators of cooperation in a region abutting the European political space. The role of the OSCE, NATO, the European Union, the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Council are consequently examined closely. The contributors are scholars with solid international reputations, and the book will be of benefit to students of international relations and conflict analysis.

Keywords

eurasia --- nato --- eurasian --- soviet

Charms of the Cynical Reason: Tricksters in Soviet and Post-Soviet Culture

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ISBN: 9781934843451 Year: Pages: 300 Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-01 16:10:40
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The impetus for Charms of the Cynical Reason is the phenomenal and little-explored popularity of various tricksters flourishing in official and unofficial Soviet culture, as well as in the post-Soviet era. Mark Lipovetsky interprets this puzzling phenomenon through analysis of the most remarkable and fascinating literary and cinematic images of soviet and post-Soviet tricksters, including such “cultural idioms” as Ostap Bender, Buratino, Vasilii Tyorkin, Stierlitz, and others. Soviet tricksters present survival in a cynical, contradictory, and inadequate world, not as a necessity, but as a field for creativity, play, and freedom. Through an analysis of the representation of tricksters in Soviet and post-Soviet culture, Lipovetsky attempts to draw a virtual map of the soviet and post-Soviet cynical reason: to identify its symbols, discourses, and contradictions, and by these means its historical development from the 1920s to the 2000s.

Keywords

Soviet culture --- literature

Sowjetische Kommandanturen und deutsche Verwaltung in der SBZ und frühen DDR. Dokumente

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Book Series: Texte und Materialien zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2192-0893 ISBN: 9783110400724 Year: Volume: 19 Pages: 638 DOI: 10.1515/9783110400724 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49

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The SBZ and early East German state were subject to a chaotic set of laws derived from the Soviet occupation, Nazi era, German Bundesländer, and new East German government. This source volume helps create order from the chaos. A catalogue of occupational authorities, commanders, and key documents, most of them from Soviet archives, along with introductory texts, examine this history from the Russian as well as German perspectives.

Remains of the Soviet Past in Estonia

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Book Series: Fringe ISBN: 9781787353534 9781787353534 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353534 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-02 11:01:02
License: UCL Press

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What happens to legacies that do not find any continuation? In Estonia, a new generation that does not remember the socialist era and is open to global influences has grown up. As a result, the impact of the Soviet memory in people’s conventional values is losing its effective power, opening new opportunities for repair and revaluation of the past.&#xD;&#xD;Francisco Martinez brings together a number of sites of interest to explore the vanquishing of the Soviet legacy in Estonia: the railway bazaar in Tallinn where concepts such as ‘market’ and ‘employment’ take on distinctly different meanings from their Western use; Linnahall, a grandiose venue, whose Soviet heritage now poses diffi cult questions of how to present the building’s history; Tallinn’s cityscape, where the social, spatial and temporal co-evolution of the city can be viewed and debated; Narva, a city that marks the border between the Russian Federation, NATO and the European Union, and represents a place of continual negotiation of belonging; and the new Estonian National Museum in Raadi, an area on the outskirts of Tartu, that has been turned into a memory field.&#xD;

Keywords

Estonia --- Communism --- Eastern Europe --- Soviet

Stalin’s Constitution

Author:
ISBN: 9781138721845 9781315194004 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102671
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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Upon its adoption in December 1936, Soviet leaders hailed the new so-called Stalin Constitution as the most democratic in the world. Scholars have long scoffed at this claim, noting that the mass repression of 1937-1938 that followed rendered it a hollow document. This book focuses on the six-month long popular discussion of the draft Constitution, which preceded its formal adoption in December 1936. Drawing on rich archival sources, this book uses the discussion of the draft 1936 Constitution to examine discourse between the central state leadership and citizens about the new Soviet social contract, which delineated the roles the state and citizens should play in developing socialism.

25 Years of Transformations of Higher Education Systems in Post-Soviet Countries: Reform and Continuity

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319529790 9783319529806 Year: Pages: 482 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-52980-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscow
Subject: History --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 17:21:44
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This open access book is a result of the first ever study of the transformations of the higher education institutional landscape in fifteen former USSR countries after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. It explores how the single Soviet model that developed across the vast and diverse territory of the Soviet Union over several decades has evolved into fifteen unique national systems, systems that have responded to national and global developments while still bearing some traces of the past. The book is distinctive as it presents a comprehensive analysis of the reforms and transformations in the region in the last 25 years; and it focuses on institutional landscape through the evolution of the institutional types established and developed in Pre-Soviet, Soviet and Post-Soviet time. It also embraces all fifteen countries of the former USSR, and provides a comparative analysis of transformations of institutional landscape across Post-Soviet systems. It will be highly relevant for students and researchers in the fields of higher education and and sociology, particularly those with an interest in historical and comparative studies.

The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953: Archetypes, inventions and fabrications

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ISBN: 9781760460624 Year: DOI: 10.22459/PCSSP.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Arts in general --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:20
License: ANU Press

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From 1929 until 1953, Iosif Stalin’s image became a central symbol in Soviet propaganda. Touched up images of an omniscient Stalin appeared everywhere: emblazoned across buildings and lining the streets; carried in parades and woven into carpets; and saturating the media of socialist realist painting, statuary, monumental architecture, friezes, banners, and posters. From the beginning of the Soviet regime, posters were seen as a vitally important medium for communicating with the population of the vast territories of the USSR. Stalin’s image became a symbol of Bolshevik values and the personification of a revolutionary new type of society. The persona created for Stalin in propaganda posters reflects how the state saw itself or, at the very least, how it wished to appear in the eyes of the people. The ‘Stalin’ who was celebrated in posters bore but scant resemblance to the man Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, whose humble origins, criminal past, penchant for violent solutions and unprepossessing appearance made him an unlikely recipient of uncritical charismatic adulation. The Bolsheviks needed a wise, nurturing and authoritative figure to embody their revolutionary vision and to legitimate their hold on power. This leader would come to embody the sacred and archetypal qualities of the wise Teacher, the Father of the nation, the great Warrior and military strategist, and the Saviour of first the Russian land, and then the whole world. This book is the first dedicated study on the marketing of Stalin in Soviet propaganda posters. Drawing on the archives of libraries and museums throughout Russia, hundreds of previously unpublished posters are examined, with more than 130 reproduced in full colour. The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953 is a unique and valuable contribution to the discourse in Stalinist studies across a number of disciplines.

KSZE-Prozess und Perestroika in der Sowjetunion. Demokratisierung, Werteumbruch und Auflösung 1985-1991

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486757873 Year: Volume: 100 Pages: 404 DOI: 10.1524/9783486757873 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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The Soviet leadership was certain of its success after the signing of the Final Act of the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe), and especially pleased with the agreements on trust-building measures. Yulia von Saal`s study convincingly shows how the Kremlin underestimated the explosive power of the Final Act in terms of civil and human rights, which launched it on a path of constantly mounting pressure for democratization.

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