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Connaître les dénaturalisés de Vichy : La base Dénat, un nouvel outil et ses exploitations

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ISBN: 9791036521683 DOI: 10.4000/books.pan.1071 Language: French
Publisher: Publications des Archives nationales
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cette journée d'étude a été organisé par les Archives nationales en 2018, suite à l'achèvement de l’enrichissement de la base Dénat, qui centralise les 15 129 fiches d’individus naturalisés après 1927 et privés de la nationalité française par le régime de Vichy. Cet outil exhaustif, lié à la base de données du Mémorial de la Shoah, documente la politique de privation des droits menée par l’État français envers des groupes qu’il excluait de la communauté nationale. Il permet d’accéder aux dossiers de demande de naturalisation correspondants, très riches pour cerner « les dénaturalisés de Vichy » : situation familiale, enquêtes sur l’attitude politique et le patriotisme, parfois photographies et documents autographes. Cette journée d’étude a dressé les premières exploitations qui peuvent être faites de ces sources sur les modalités d’organisation du retrait de la nationalité sous Vichy. Elle illustre la diversité des enquêtes qui peuvent être menées sur ces questions.

Grenzen der Menschenrechte

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837647402 9783839447406 Year: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14361/9783839447406 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104823
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:09
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Im derzeitigen Katalog der Menschenrechte fehlt ein zentrales Recht, das Hannah Arendt das »Recht auf Rechte« nennt. Dadurch bleibt vielen Menschen, wenn sie nicht Staatsbürger_innen eines Landes sind, in der nationalstaatlichen Praxis das Recht auf politische Mitgestaltung vorenthalten. 70 Jahre nach der Verabschiedung der Allgemeinen Erklärung der Menschenrechte ist daher eine kritische Revision des Menschenrechtsverständnisses dringend erforderlich. Franziska Martinsen erläutert aus radikaldemokratietheoretischer Perspektive, dass Menschenrechte erst dann, wenn sie weniger als humanitäre denn als originär politische Rechte verstanden werden, ihr ermächtigendes Potenzial weltweit entfalten können.

Heimatrecht und Staatsbürgerschaft österreichischer Juden

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ISBN: 9783205794950 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_461430 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 81
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-06 22:31:37
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The study describes the process of gradual inclusion of the Jews into the ‚Heimatrecht‘ and citizenship in the Austrian monarchy since the Josephine reforms. The stony path of integration of the Jews into general citizenship which spans centuries and is marked by numerous setbacks allows to shed new light on the act of expatriation of the Austrian Jews during the Nazi regime.The stony path of integration of the Jews into general citizenship spans many centuries and is marked by numerous setbacks. It stretches from special royal protection of the Jews ('Judenregal') via Tolerance or 'Familienstelle' all the way to full citizenship. A description of this development allows to shed new light on the previously dimly lit act of expatriation of the Austrian Jews during the Nazi regime. This was a complex process running in several stages which, although similar to the rest of the German Reich, occurred at a somewhat later stage and already under the sign of flight and expulsion. However, the disenfranchisement and – literally and legally - depersonalization of the Austrian Jews was - so the argument - not just an act of targeted Nazi persecution, but the systematic reversal in rapid motion of the Jews' emancipation which had started at the end of the 18th century. What at first glance appears to have been an abstruse and cluttered convolution of Nazi regulatory activity turns out, on closer analysis, to have been a meticulous reversal of the historical process of 'Jewish emancipation'. Numerous case studies and three major biographical studies towards the end of the book show to what extent the 'Heimatrecht' and citizenship or, by contrast, the fate of statelessness determined the lives and identities of people - far beyond the time of the Austrian monarchy.

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