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A Quarter-Century of Normalization and Social Role Valorization : Evolution and Impact

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ISBN: 9780776627076 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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During the late 1960s, Normalization and Social Role Valorization (SRV) enabled the widespread emergence of community residential options and then provided the philosophical climate within which educational integration, supported employment, and community participation were able to take firm root. This book is unique in tracing the evolution and impact of Normalization and SRV over the last quarter-century, with many of the chapter authors personally involved in a still-evolving international movement.

Standardization and Risk Governance

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780367259730 Year: Pages: 306 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: History --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:46
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This multi-disciplinary book conceptualizes, maps, and analyses ongoing standardization processes of risk issues across various sectors, processes, and practices. Standards are not only technical specifications and guidelines to support efficient risk governance, but also contain social, political, economic, and organizational aspects. This book presents a variety of standardization processes and applications of standards that may influence our judgements of risk, the organizing of risk governance, and, accordingly, our behaviour. Standardization and standards can impact risk governance in different ways. The most important lessons drawn from the present volume can be summarized in three areas: (1) how standardization might impact on power relations and interests; (2) how standardization may change flexibility in decision-making, communication, and cooperation; and (3) how standardization could (re)direct attention and risk perception. The volume’s aim is to present an analysis of standardization processes and how it affects our thinking about risk, how we organize risk governance, and how standardization may influence risk management. In so doing, it contributes to a more informed discourse regarding the use of standards and standardization in contemporary risk management. Standardization and Risk Governance will be of great interest to students of risk, standardization, global governance, and critical security studies.

Current Trends in Historical Sociolinguistics

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ISBN: 9783110488401 9783110488449 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.1515/9783110488401 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-18 15:35:04
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The volume collects original studies highlighting contemporary trends in historical sociolinguistics, as well as current research on the relationship between sociolinguistics and historical linguistics, social motivations of language variation and change, and corpus-based studies. Distinctive features of the book, which make it appealing to a wider audience, are the interdisciplinary nature of the chapters and the range of languages addressed.

Handbuch Europäische Sprachkritik Online

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Handbuch Europäische Sprachkritik Online ISBN: 9783947732173 9783947732166 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.heso.2018.2 Language: German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-28 11:21:03
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This second volume of the “Online Handbook of Language Criticism – A European Perspective” focuses on the processes of standardisation in German, English, French, Italian, and Croatian and investigates them in the context of language criticism, comparing different aspects of standardisation and authorities involved. It highlights diachronic aspects relating to the shaping of norms for written and spoken language as well as synchronic aspects, such as the development of pluricentric standards and issues of orthography and codification.

Measuring difference, numbering normal

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Book Series: Disability history ISBN: 9781526143167 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History --- Medicine (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:24:48
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Measuring difference, numbering normal provides a detailed study of the technological construction of disability by examining how the audiometer and spirometer were used to create numerical proxies for invisible and inarticulable experiences. Measurements, and their manipulation, have been underestimated as crucial historical forces motivating and guiding the way we think about disability. Using measurement technology as a lens, this book draws together several existing discussions on disability, healthcare, medical practice, embodiment and emerging medical and scientific technologies at the turn of the twentieth century. As such, this work connects several important and usually separate academic subject areas and historical specialisms. The standards embedded in instrumentation created strict but ultimately arbitrary thresholds of normalcy and abnormalcy. Considering these standards from a long historical perspective reveals how these dividing lines shifted when pushed. The central thesis of this book is that health measurements are given artificial authority if they are particularly amenable to calculability and easy measurement. These measurement processes were perpetuated and perfected in the interwar years in Britain as the previously invisible limits of the body were made visible and measurable. Determination to consider body processes as quantifiable was driven by the need to compensate for disability occasioned by warfare or industry. This focus thus draws attention to the biopower associated with systems, which has emerged as a central area of concern for modern healthcare in the second decade of the twenty-first century.

Le livre sur les calculs effectués avec des bâtonnets : Un manuscrit du – iie siècle excavé à Zhangjiashan

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ISBN: 9782858313099 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesinalco.18815 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Inalco
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
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L’ouvrage présente, traduit et commente le Suan shu shu 算數書, un manuscrit chinois du – IIe siècle excavé pendant l’hiver 1983-84. Sa découverte a bouleversé les connaissances sur les sources anciennes des mathématiques en Chine. La traduction et ses commentaires permettent de mieux comprendre le texte et son contexte, ils mettent en résonnance l’archéologie des textes excavés, le chinois ancien, l’histoire des mathématiques et la vie en Chine sous les Han. La traduction française est accompagnée du texte original, de sa transcription pinyin et d’un mot-à-mot.

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