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The Demography of Disasters

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ISBN: 9783030499204 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-49920-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Geography --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:04:29
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This open access book provides worldwide examples demonstrating the importance of the interplay between demography and disasters in regions and spatially. It marks an advance in practical and theoretical insights for understanding the role of demography in planning for and mitigating impacts from disasters in developed nations. Both slow onset (like the of loss polar ice from climate change) and sudden disasters (such as cyclones and man-made disasters) have the capacity to fundamentally change the profiles of populations at local and regional levels. Impacts vary according to the type, rapidity and magnitude of the disaster, but also according to the pre-existing population profile and its relationships to the economy and society. In all cases, the key to understanding impacts and avoiding them in the future is to understand the relationships between disasters and population change. In most chapters in this book we compare and contrast studies from at least two cases and summarize their practical and theoretical lessons.

Developments in Demographic Forecasting

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Book Series: The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis ISBN: 9783030424725 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42472-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:05:35
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This open access book presents new developments in the field of demographic forecasting, covering both mortality, fertility and migration. For each component emerging methods to forecast them are presented. Moreover, instruments for forecasting evaluation are provided. Bayesian models, nonparametric models, cohort approaches, elicitation of expert opinion, evaluation of probabilistic forecasts are some of the topics covered in the book. In addition, the book is accompanied by complementary material on the web allowing readers to practice with some of the ideas exposed in the book. Readers are encouraged to use this material to apply the new methods to their own data. The book is an important read for demographers, applied statisticians, as well as other social scientists interested or active in the field of population forecasting. Professional population forecasters in statistical agencies will find useful new ideas in various chapters.

Large-Scale Cognitive Assessment

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Book Series: Methodology of Educational Measurement and Assessment ISBN: 9783030475154 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-47515-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:02:22
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This open access methodological book summarises existing analysing techniques using data from PIAAC, a study initiated by the OECD that assesses key cognitive and occupational skills of the adult population in more than 40 countries. The approximately 65 PIAAC datasets that has been published worldwide to date has been widely received and used by an interdisciplinary research community. Due to the complex structure of the data, analyses with PIAAC datasets are very challenging. To ensure the quality and significance of these data analyses, it is necessary to instruct users in the correct handling of the data. This methodological book provides a standardised approach to successfully implementing these data analyses. It contains examples of and tools for the analysis of the PIAAC data using different statistical approaches and software, and it offers perspectives from various disciplines. The contributing authors have hands-on experience of using PIAAC data, and/or they have conducted data analysis workshops with these data.

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