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La population étudiante

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Statistique et mathématiques appliquées ISBN: 9782800412719 Year: Pages: 384 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:16
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D’où viennent les étudiants qui entrent dans l’enseignement supérieur ? Quel type d’enseignement choisissent-ils ? Quel choix spécifique d’études font-ils ? L’enseignement supérieur s’est-il « féminisé » au cours du temps ? La réussite varie-t-elle en fonction du sexe ? Un retard scolaire à l’entrée a-t-il des effets sur la réussite ? La filière du secondaire influence-t-elle la réussite ? Telles sont quelques-unes des questions auxquelles cet ouvrage tente de répondre à partir d’une étude menée par une équipe de chercheurs de l’Université catholique de Louvain et de l’Université libre de Bruxelles. À partir de bases de données relatives au système éducatif de la Communauté française de Belgique, et tout particulièrement à son enseignement supérieur, ces chercheurs ont décrit et analysé ce système et son évolution. Ils se sont aussi intéressés à son avenir par des essais de perspectives. Pour atteindre ses objectifs, l’équipe interuniversitaire a développé une méthodologie spécifique dont le lecteur trouvera aussi l’exposé dans ce livre.

Keywords

Statistics

Age-Period-Cohort Analysis

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781466507524 Year: DOI: 10.1201/b13902 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:03:32
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Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: New Models, Methods, and Empirical Applications is based on a decade of the authors’ collaborative work in age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Within a single, consistent HAPC-GLMM statistical modeling framework, the authors synthesize APC models and methods for three research designs: age-by-time period tables of population rates or proportions, repeated cross-section sample surveys, and accelerated longitudinal panel studies. The authors show how the empirical application of the models to various problems leads to many fascinating findings on how outcome variables develop along the age, period, and cohort dimensions. The book makes two essential contributions to quantitative studies of time-related change. Through the introduction of the GLMM framework, it shows how innovative estimation methods and new model specifications can be used to tackle the "model identification problem" that has hampered the development and empirical application of APC analysis. The book also addresses the major criticism against APC analysis by explaining the use of new models within the GLMM framework to uncover mechanisms underlying age patterns and temporal trends. Encompassing both methodological expositions and empirical studies, this book explores the ways in which statistical models, methods, and research designs can be used to open new possibilities for APC analysis. It compares new and existing models and methods and provides useful guidelines on how to conduct APC analysis. For empirical illustrations, the text incorporates examples from a variety of disciplines, such as sociology, demography, and epidemiology. Along with details on empirical analyses, software and programs to estimate the models are available on the book’s web page.

Agency, contingency and census process: Observations of the 2006 Indigenous Enumeration Strategy in remote Aboriginal Australia

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Book Series: CAEPR Monograph ISBN: 9781921313592 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458796 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The Indigenous Enumeration Strategy (IES) of the Australian National Census of Population and Housing has evolved over the years in response to the perceived ‘difference’ of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Its defining characteristics are the use of locally recruited, mostly Indigenous collector interviewers, and the administration of a modified collection instrument in discrete Indigenous communities, mostly in remote Australia. The research reported here is unique. The authors, with the assistance of the Australian Bureau of Statistics, were able to follow the workings of the IES in the 2006 Census from the design of the collection instrument to the training of temporary census field staff at the Northern Territory’s Census Management Unit in Darwin, to the enumeration in four remote locations, through to the processing stage at the Data Processing Centre in Melbourne. This allowed the tracking of data from collection to processing, and an assessment of the effects of information flows on the quality of the data, both as input and output. This study of the enumeration involved four very different locations: a group of small outstation communities (Arnhem Land), a large Aboriginal township (Wadeye), an ‘open’ town with a majority Aboriginal population (Fitzroy Crossing), and the minority Aboriginal population of a major regional centre (Alice Springs). A comparison between these contexts reveals differences that reflect the diversity of remote Aboriginal Australia, but also commonalities that exert a powerful influence on the effectiveness of the IES, in particular very high levels of short-term mobility. The selection of sites also allowed a comparison between the enumeration process in the Northern Territory, where a time-extended rolling count was explicitly planned for, and Western Australia, where a modified form of the standard count had been envisaged. The findings suggest that the IES has reached a point in its development where the injection of ever-increasing resources into essentially the same generic set and structure of activities may be producing diminishing returns. There is a need for a new kind of engagement between the Australian Bureau of Statistics and local government and Indigenous community-sector organisations in remote Australia. The agency and local knowledge of Indigenous people could be harnessed more effectively through an ongoing relationship with such organisations, to better address the complex contingencies confronting the census process in remote Indigenous Australia.

Empirical Research in Statistics Education

Authors: ---
Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319389677 9783319389684 Year: Pages: 37 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-38968-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Statistics --- Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 18:03:53
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This ICME-13 Topical Survey provides a review of recent research into statistics education, with a focus on empirical research published in established educational journals and on the proceedings of important conferences on statistics education. It identifies and addresses six key research topics, namely: teachers’ knowledge; teachers’ role in statistics education; teacher preparation; students’ knowledge; students’ role in statistics education; and how students learn statistics with the help of technology. For each topic, the survey builds upon existing reviews, complementing them with the latest research.

Exploring the Components of the Universe Through Higher-Order Weak Lensing Statistics Higher-Order Weak Lensing Statistics (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789535108801 Year: DOI: 10.5772/51871 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 228261
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:47:59
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Our current cosmological model, backed by a large body of evidence from a variety of different cosmological probes (for example, see [1, 2]), describes a Universe comprised of around 5% normal baryonic matter, 22% cold dark matter and 73% dark energy. While many cosmologists accept this so-called concordance cosmology – the ΛCDM cosmological model – as accurate, very little is known about the nature and properties of these dark components of the Universe. Studies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), combined with other observational evidence of big bang nucleosynthesis indicate that dark matter is non-baryonic. This supports measurements on galaxy and cluster scales, which found evidence of a large proportion of dark matter. This dark matter appears to be cold and collisionless, apparent only through its gravitational effects.

Keywords

statistics --- exploring --- universe

Dokumentarische Methode: Triangulation und blinde Flecken

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Beiträge des Centrums für qualitative Evaluations- und Sozialforschung (ces) zur dokumentarischen Methode ISBN: 9783847410461 9783847420743 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.3224/84742074 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-19 11:21:04
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The volume discusses the possibilities and limits of the documentary method in terms of basic theory, methodology and methodology. Triangulation is important in two ways: as a research practice in itself and as a way of identifying blind spots. The interest in the topic of triangulation - taking on different perspectives - relates above all to questions about the possibilities and limits offered by the documentary method for triangulation in terms of basic theory, methodology, and method. This goes beyond the common understanding of triangulation as mixed methods, which involves the combination of different methods and the validation of results. The second part of the book deals with "blind spots" of the documentary method, which become clear in comparison with other methodologies and procedures of empirical social and educational research, but which are also constituted and revealed in the actual research practice (in the field of research). Both dimensions are taken into account in the volume.; Der Band diskutiert in grundlagentheoretischer, methodologischer und methodischer Hinsicht Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Dokumentarischen Methode. Triangulation ist dabei in doppelter Weise von Bedeutung: einmal als Forschungspraxis an sich und einmal als Möglichkeit der Identifikation blinder Flecken. Das Interesse am Thema Triangulation – Einnahme unterschiedlicher Perspektiven – bezieht sich vor allem auf Fragen danach, welche Möglichkeiten und Grenzen die Dokumentarische Methode für Triangulationen in grundlagentheoretischer, methodologischer und methodischer Hinsicht bietet. Damit wird über das gängige Verständnis von Triangulation als Mixed Methods hinausgegangen, bei dem es um die Kombination verschiedener Methoden und die Validierung von Ergebnissen geht. Im zweiten Teil des Buches geht es um „Blinde Flecken“ der Dokumentarischen Methode, die im Vergleich mit anderen Methodologien und Verfahren der empirischen Sozial- und Bildungsforschung deutlich werden, sich aber auch in der eigentlichen Forschungspraxis (im Forschungsfeld) konstituieren und offenbaren. Im Band werden beide Dimensionen berücksichtigt.

Les dépenses culturelles des collectivités locales en 2006 : Près de 7 milliards d’euros pour la culture

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782111398443 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Les résultats de l’enquête sur les dépenses culturelles des collectivités territoriales, dont les données n’avaient pas été actualisées depuis 2002, confirment que les communes, départements et régions ainsi que, désormais, les groupements de communes, sont des acteurs majeurs du financement public de la culture en France. Ce sont ainsi près de 4,4 milliards d’euros que les seules communes de plus de 10 000 habitants ont mobilisés pour la culture en 2006, tandis que leurs groupements à fiscalité propre dotés de la compétence culturelle y ont consacré plus de 840 millions d’euros. Départements et régions ont engagé respectivement 1,3 milliard et 556 millions d’euros pour la culture cette même année. Au-delà des domaines réservés d’intervention découlant de la première vague de transfert de compétences comme la lecture publique pour les départements par exemple, on observe que les communes et groupements de communes consacrent leurs dépenses culturelles de fonctionnement et d’investissement aux équipements de proximité (écoles de musique et de danse, bibliothèques et médiathèques, musées municipaux ou départementaux), tandis que les départements et particulièrement les régions attribuent plus massivement des subventions aux équipements et acteurs culturels. Enfin, si, en 2006, la loi du 13 août 2004 relative aux libertés et responsabilités locales avait encore une incidence limitée sur les transferts de compétences aux différents échelons territoriaux, elle a pu favoriser le transfert des compétences culturelles aux groupements de communes.

Statistiques d’entreprises des industries culturelles

Author:
ISBN: 9782111398405 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Arts in general --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Publication issue de l’exploitation de deux enquêtes annuelles d’entreprises sur les services et sur les entreprises de l’industrie menées par l’Insee et le Sessi, dont les résultats ont été analysés et mis en perspective par le DEPS pour le champ culturel. Le secteur des industries culturelles qui relève des activités de services constitue un sous-ensemble du secteur des industries de l’information et de la communication. Il combine des fonctions de conception, de création et de fabrication, de distribution ainsi que de commercialisation de supports physiques reproductibles ou bien de communication. En 2006, il a réalisé 7,3 % du chiffre d’affaires des services marchands, soit 43 milliards d’euros, et a employé 3,8 % des effectifs salariés, soit 157 000 salariés (effectif salarié moyen annuel, équivalent temps plein). Secteur d’oligopoles à frange concurrentielle, sa structure est conditionnée par les modèles d’affaires de ses entreprises : des coûts fixes de production relativement élevés et des coûts variables de reproduction ou diffusion relativement faibles favorisent la concentration industrielle dans le cadre de marchés caractérisés par une demande variable et imprévisible de produits qualifiés de biens d’expérience.

Data-Driven Policy Impact Evaluation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319784618 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-78461-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science --- Economics --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:03
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In the light of better and more detailed administrative databases, this open access book provides statistical tools for evaluating the effects of public policies advocated by governments and public institutions. Experts from academia, national statistics offices and various research centers present modern econometric methods for an efficient data-driven policy evaluation and monitoring, assess the causal effects of policy measures and report on best practices of successful data management and usage. Topics include data confidentiality, data linkage, and national practices in policy areas such as public health, education and employment. It offers scholars as well as practitioners from public administrations, consultancy firms and nongovernmental organizations insights into counterfactual impact evaluation methods and the potential of data-based policy and program evaluation. ; Open Access Demonstrates the potential of data-based policy evaluation Introduces counterfactual impact evaluation methods Includes case studies on policy areas such as public health, education and employment

Bayesian Methods for Statistical Analysis

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ISBN: 9781921934254 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611011 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-24 11:01:04
License: ANU Press

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Bayesian methods for statistical analysis is a book on statistical methods for analysing a wide variety of data. The book consists of 12 chapters, starting with basic concepts and covering numerous topics, including Bayesian estimation, decision theory, prediction, hypothesis testing, hierarchical models, Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, finite population inference, biased sampling and nonignorable nonresponse. The book contains many exercises, all with worked solutions, including complete computer code. It is suitable for self-study or a semester-long course, with three hours of lectures and one tutorial per week for 13 weeks.

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