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Kritik – Selbstaffirmation – Othering

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783839451762 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839451762 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:47
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Landscape Urbanism and Green Infrastructure

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ISBN: 9783039213696 9783039213702 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-370-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This volume examines the applicability of landscape urbanism theory in contemporary landscape architecture practice by bringing together ecology and architecture in the built environment. Using participatory planning of green infrastructure and application of nature-based solutions to address urban challenges, landscape urbanism seeks to reintroduce critical connections between natural and urban systems. In light of ongoing developments in landscape architecture, the goal is a paradigm shift towards a landscape that restores and rehabilitates urban ecosystems. Nine contributions examine a wide range of successful cases of designing livable and resilient cities in different geographical contexts, from the United States of America to Australia and Japan, and through several European cities in Italy, Portugal, Estonia, and Greece. While some chapters attempt to conceptualize the interconnections between cities and nature, others clearly have an empirical focus. Efforts such as the use of ornamental helophyte plants in bioretention ponds to reduce and treat stormwater runoff, the recovery of a poorly constructed urban waterway or participatory approaches for optimizing the location of green stormwater infrastructure and examining the environmental justice issue of equative availability and accessibility to public open spaces make these innovations explicit. Thus, this volume contributes to the sustainable cities goal of the United Nations.

Keywords

pedestrian zones --- well-being --- viable city --- residents’ views --- green infrastructure --- Greece --- biophilic urbanism --- vacant land --- street verges --- spontaneous vegetation --- postal questionnaire --- Asia --- Japan --- recreation --- urban sustainability --- landscape urbanism --- green gentrification --- Soviet-era housing blocks --- deprived areas --- Roma minority --- built environment --- urban design --- regenerative design --- sustainable development --- river restoration --- biophilic urbanism --- green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) --- social equity --- site suitability modeling --- geographic information systems --- environmental justice --- urban planning --- Philadelphia --- urban design --- landscape first --- post-postmodernism --- landscape history --- urban ecology --- plant ecology --- context-sensitive design --- landscape theory --- urban geography --- nature-based solution --- floating treatment wetland --- pollutant removal --- runoff --- biophilic design --- green infrastructure --- Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) --- public open space --- re-naturing cities --- urban nature --- visitor satisfaction survey --- resource rationalization --- biophilic design --- public amenity --- public green infrastructure (PGI) --- public open space --- renaturing cities --- sustainable development --- livability --- liveability --- urban nature (UN) --- well-being --- built environment --- nature-based solutions --- sustainable cities --- biophilic design --- urban planning --- landscape architecture --- environmental justice --- public perception --- well-being

Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Logic and Their Applications

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ISBN: 9783039285204 9783039285211 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-521-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The present book contains 20 articles collected from amongst the 53 total submitted manuscripts for the Special Issue “Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Loigic and Their Applications” of the MDPI journal Mathematics. The articles, which appear in the book in the series in which they were accepted, published in Volumes 7 (2019) and 8 (2020) of the journal, cover a wide range of topics connected to the theory and applications of fuzzy systems and their extensions and generalizations. This range includes, among others, management of the uncertainty in a fuzzy environment; fuzzy assessment methods of human-machine performance; fuzzy graphs; fuzzy topological and convergence spaces; bipolar fuzzy relations; type-2 fuzzy; and intuitionistic, interval-valued, complex, picture, and Pythagorean fuzzy sets, soft sets and algebras, etc. The applications presented are oriented to finance, fuzzy analytic hierarchy, green supply chain industries, smart health practice, and hotel selection. This wide range of topics makes the book interesting for all those working in the wider area of Fuzzy sets and systems and of fuzzy logic and for those who have the proper mathematical background who wish to become familiar with recent advances in fuzzy mathematics, which has entered to almost all sectors of human life and activity.

Keywords

fuzzy analytic hierarchy process --- decision-making --- partial consensus --- posterior aggregation --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- lattice-valued convergence --- ?-convergence space --- relative topologicalness --- p-topologcalness --- diagonal condition --- neighborhood condition --- fuzzy sets (FSs) --- uncertainty --- center of gravity (COG) defuzzification technique --- triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) --- grey numbers (GNs) --- fuzzy relation equations (FRE) --- grade point average (GPA) index --- residuated lattice --- soft set --- filter --- t-filter --- t-int-soft filter --- BCK/BCI-algebra --- (?,?)-US set --- (?,?)-US subalgebra --- (?,?)-US (closed) ideal --- (?,?)-US commutative ideal --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- ?-convergence space --- regularity --- intuitionistic fuzzy set --- similarity --- counterintuitive --- fuzzy graph --- picture fuzzy graph --- social network --- direct product --- lexicographic product --- strong product --- Interval-valued complex fuzzy sets --- distance measures --- rotational invariance --- reflectional invariance --- dynamic multiple attribute decision making --- fuzzy regression --- interval type-2 fuzzy sets --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- ?-convergence --- diagonal condition --- L-cotopological space --- L-topological space --- degree of L-continuity --- degree of L-closedness --- degree of L-openness --- performance management --- green supply chain --- decision making --- nonlinear mathematical modeling --- FMCG industries --- fuzzy DEMATEL --- bipolar fuzzy relation --- bipolar fuzzy reflexive (resp., symmetric and transitive) relation --- bipolar fuzzy equivalence relation --- bipolar fuzzy partition --- (a, b)-level set --- fuzzy logic --- finance --- banking --- banking crisis management --- fuzzy number --- ?-limit set --- periodic point --- Zadeh’s extension --- smart health --- fuzzy collaborative intelligence --- fuzzy analytic hierarchy process --- suitability --- picture fuzzy numbers --- interaction operations --- partitioned Heronian --- aggregation operators --- hotel selection --- Pythagorean fuzzy set --- Dempster–Shafer evidence theory --- basic probability assignment --- medical diagnosis --- interval-valued fuzzy soft set --- interval-valued fuzzy soft topology --- interval-valued fuzzy soft point --- interval-valued fuzzy soft neighborhood --- interval-valued fuzzy soft quasi-neighborhood --- interval-valued fuzzy soft separation axioms

Entropy Applications in Environmental and Water Engineering

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038972228 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-223-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 15:50:41
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Abstract

Entropy theory has wide applications to a range of problems in the fields of environmental and water engineering, including river hydraulic geometry, fluvial hydraulics, water monitoring network design, river flow forecasting, floods and droughts, river network analysis, infiltration, soil moisture, sediment transport, surface water and groundwater quality modeling, ecosystems modeling, water distribution networks, environmental and water resources management, and parameter estimation. Such applications have used several different entropy formulations, such as Shannon, Tsallis, Reacutenyi Burg, Kolmogorov, Kapur, configurational, and relative entropies, which can be derived in time, space, or frequency domains. More recently, entropy-based concepts have been coupled with other theories, including copula and wavelets, to study various issues associated with environmental and water resources systems. Recent studies indicate the enormous scope and potential of entropy theory in advancing research in the fields of environmental and water engineering, including establishing and explaining physical connections between theory and reality. The objective of this Special Issue is to provide a platform for compiling important recent and current research on the applications of entropy theory in environmental and water engineering. The contributions to this Special Issue have addressed many aspects associated with entropy theory applications and have shown the enormous scope and potential of entropy theory in advancing research in the fields of environmental and water engineering.

Keywords

complexity --- streamflow --- water level --- composite multiscale sample entropy --- trend --- Poyang Lake basin --- four-parameter exponential gamma distribution --- principle of maximum entropy --- precipitation frequency analysis --- methods of moments --- maximum likelihood estimation --- flood frequency analysis --- generalized gamma (GG) distribution --- principle of maximum entropy (POME) --- entropy theory --- principle of maximum entropy (POME) --- GB2 distribution --- flood frequency analysis --- non-point source pollution --- ANN --- entropy weighting method --- data-scarce --- multi-events --- spatio-temporal variability --- soil water content --- entropy --- arid region --- joint entropy --- NDVI --- temperature --- precipitation --- groundwater depth --- Hei River basin --- turbulent flow --- canopy flow --- randomness --- coherent structures --- Shannon entropy --- Kolmogorov complexity --- entropy --- information transfer --- optimization --- radar --- rainfall network --- water resource carrying capacity --- forewarning model --- entropy of information --- fuzzy analytic hierarchy process --- projection pursuit --- accelerating genetic algorithm --- entropy production --- conditional entropy production --- stochastic processes --- scaling --- climacogram --- turbulence --- water resources vulnerability --- connection entropy --- changing environment --- set pair analysis --- Anhui Province --- cross-entropy minimization --- land suitability evaluation --- spatial optimization --- monthly streamflow forecasting --- Burg entropy --- configurational entropy --- entropy spectral analysis time series analysis --- entropy --- water monitoring --- network design --- hydrometric network --- information theory --- entropy applications --- hydrological risk analysis --- maximum entropy-copula method --- uncertainty --- Loess Plateau --- entropy --- water engineering --- Tsallis entropy --- principle of maximum entropy --- Lagrangian function --- probability distribution function --- flux concentration relation --- uncertainty --- information --- informational entropy --- variation of information --- continuous probability distribution functions --- confidence intervals --- precipitation --- variability --- marginal entropy --- crop yield --- Hexi corridor --- flow duration curve --- Shannon entropy --- entropy parameter --- modeling --- spatial and dynamics characteristic --- hydrology --- tropical rainfall --- statistical scaling --- Tsallis entropy --- multiplicative cascades --- Beta-Lognormal model --- rainfall forecast --- cross entropy --- ant colony fuzzy clustering --- combined forecast --- information entropy --- mutual information --- kernel density estimation --- ENSO --- nonlinear relation --- scaling laws --- power laws --- water distribution networks --- robustness --- flow entropy --- entropy theory --- frequency analysis --- hydrometeorological extremes --- Bayesian technique --- rainfall --- entropy ensemble filter --- ensemble model simulation criterion --- EEF method --- bootstrap aggregating --- bagging --- bootstrap neural networks --- El Niño --- ENSO --- neural network forecast --- sea surface temperature --- tropical Pacific --- entropy --- cross elasticity --- mean annual runoff --- water resources --- resilience --- quaternary catchment --- complement --- substitute --- entropy theory --- complex systems --- hydraulics --- hydrology --- water engineering --- environmental engineering

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