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H2 Established and Emerging Techniques for Characterising the Formation, Structure and Performance of Calcified Structures under Ocean Acidification (Book chapter)

Book title: Oceanography and Marine Biology

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Ocean Engineering & Oceanography ISBN: 9780367134150 9780429026379 Year: Pages: 40 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-11 11:21:03
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Ocean acidification (OA) is the decline in seawater pH and saturation levels of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) minerals that has led to concerns for calcifying organisms such as corals, oysters and mussels because of the adverse effects of OA on their biomineralisation, shells and skeletons. A range of cellular biology, geochemistry and materials science approaches have been used to explore biomineralisation. These techniques have revealed that responses to seawater acidification can be highly variable among species, yet the underlying mechanisms remain largely unresolved. To assess the impacts of global OA, researchers will need to apply a range of tools developed across disciplines, many of which are emerging and have not yet been used in this context. This review outlines techniques that could be applied to study OA-induced alterations in the mechanisms of biomineralisation and their ultimate effects on shells and skeletons. We illustrate how to characterise, quantify and monitor the process of biomineralisation in the context of global climate change and OA. We highlight the basic principles, as well as the advantages and disadvantages, of established, emerging and future techniques for OA researchers. A combination of these techniques will enable a holistic approach and better understanding of the potential impact of OA on biomineralisation and its consequences for marine calcifiers and associated ecosystems.

ZISU – Zeitschrift für interpretative Schul- und Unterrichtsforschung

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783847408765 9783847407232 Year: Pages: 149 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-19 11:21:04
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Unterricht wurde lange ausschließlich als Diskurs untersucht, aber jeder Unterricht erfordert auch einen fachbezogenen und didaktischen Umgang mit materiellen Dingen. In dem neuen ZISU-Band fragen die AutorInnen aus der Perspektive erziehungswissenschaftlicher und fachdidaktischer Unterrichtsforschung, wie Dinge im Unterricht genutzt werden, wie sie zu Dingen des Unterrichts werden und sich im Unterricht verändern und welche Bedeutung Dingen bei der Konstituierung von Lernsituationen zukommt.; For a long time, teaching has been examined exclusively as discourse, but all teaching also requires a subject-related and didactic approach to material things. In the new volume of the journal "ZISU", the authors ask from the perspective of educational science and didactic teaching research how things are used in class, how they become material matters of class and how they change in class, and what significance things have for the constitution of learning situations.

Le cœur des moulins : Archives départementales de la Gironde

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ISBN: 9782356133168 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.ausonius.10520 Language: French
Publisher: Ausonius Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L’apparition des moulins dans le paysage s’est faite très tôt avec, sous l’Ancien Régime, une période d’activité dense et riche où le meunier a un rôle social très en vue dans le monde rural. À partir du xviiie siècle, les progrès techniques améliorent la productivité des moulins. Puis sous l’impulsion de la Révolution industrielle, l’introduction de la vapeur et/ou des turbines permet de moins dépendre du régime saisonnier des rivières. Le cœur des moulins : Archives départementales de la Gironde est issu d’une exposition présentée par les Archives départementales de la Gironde de novembre 2015 à mars 2016. Les contributions d’universitaires et d’érudits invitent à pénétrer au cœur d’une économie rurale et de réseaux de sociabilité développés autour de la mouture des céréales, de la vente des farines et des autres productions des moulins.

Education for Democratic Intercultural Citizenship

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Book Series: Moral Development and Citizenship Education ISBN: 9789004411944 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.1163/9789004411944 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:57:46
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Education for Democratic Intercultural Citizenship (EDIC) is very relevant in contemporary societies. Seven European universities are working together in developing a curriculum to prepare their students for this important academic, societal and political task. The book present their theories and practices. Readership: Scholars in the field of educational studies, in particular moral education and citizenship education and educational change. Researchers, teacher educators, curriculum developers, policy-makers.

Auf den Spuren von Amartya Sen

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631753743 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3726/b13895 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:09:29
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Le livre technique avant le xxe siècle : À l'échelle du monde

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782271130440 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.editionscnrs.27664 Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L'histoire du livre technique constitue un champ neuf et peu développé. Si elle est relativement moins connue que celle du livre de science ou de la littérature artistique, elle concerne pourtant une production extrêmement riche, qui représente et met à l'œuvre l'intelligence pratique et l'esprit d'invention. Il suffit de penser aux Descriptions des arts et métiers, commandées au plus haut sommet de l'État sous l'Ancien Régime, aux spectaculaires « théâtres de machines », aux manuels de fonctionnaires circulant dans tout l'empire chinois, aux multiples traités qui ont formé des générations d'ingénieurs ou encore aux guides techniques destinés à améliorer les pratiques des artisans et des agriculteurs, pour comprendre qu'il s'agit d'une littérature importante à caractère universel faisant l'objet de circulations intenses entre les différentes parties du globe. L'objet de ce livre est à la fois de combler une lacune du champ historique et d'interroger les relations entre l'économie du livre et le monde de la technique afin d'analyser la catégorie du livre technique à travers ses formes, ses fonctions, ses modes de diffusion et d'appropriation, avant le xxe siècle. Cet ouvrage contribue ainsi au dynamisme de l'histoire des techniques, soucieuse d'affirmer sa dimension culturelle, comme une histoire des savoirs et des représentations, et de s'inscrire dans les débats de l'histoire globale.

Quantitative Techniques in Participatory Forest Management

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781466569249 Year: Pages: 625 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Forestry --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-24 23:58:26
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Forest management has evolved from a mercantilist view to a multi-functional one that integrates economic, social, and ecological aspects. However, the issue of sustainability is not yet resolved. Quantitative Techniques in Participatory Forest Management brings together global research in three areas of application: inventory of the forest variables that determine the main environmental indices, description and design of new environmental indices, and the application of sustainability indices for regional implementations. The book outlines a public participatory process to assess sustainability in forest management. It explores a new approach that links human and natural systems, reconsiders our interdependence with the diversity of life, and recognizes our role in a unique and complex system. The book also identifies quantitative indices that provide a vast amount of information on soil, landscape, and ecological functioning. It highlights the importance of these indices for public information programs on participatory processes and provides an operating procedure to identify the degree of convergence in the utility of multiple evaluators. The last chapter describes a downloadable computer application that integrates the techniques explained in the book. Users accessing the application are offered a map representing their preferred forest management plan in the study zone. They are also given a map with the results of their corresponding community of evaluators, including the numerical and qualitative data for both. The system stores a record of the visit, including the visitor's profile and responses, to progress towards the joint forest management plan. The quantitative techniques highlighted in this book create the basis for the development of scientific methodologies of participatory sustainable forest management. It details the methodology for the design of a forest management plan that best suits a specific preference system.

La recherche sur le patrimoine et les outils numériques

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ISBN: 9782490296347 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Publications de l’Institut de recherches historiques du Septentrion
Subject: Arts in general --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ce volume regroupe les communications de la journée d’étude organisée le 12 septembre 2019 à l’université de Lille dans le cadre de la Structure fédérative de recherche « Numérique & Patrimoine ». Elle a accueilli des jeunes chercheurs, doctorants et docteurs, historiens, historiens de l’art, archéologues et architectes, appelés à partager leurs expériences sur l’utilisation des outils numériques pour la connaissance et la valorisation du patrimoine. À ce titre, les sept contributions réunies dans cet ouvrage constituent autant d’études de cas reflétant la diversité des méthodes mises en œuvre afin d’apporter un éclairage nouveau sur leur objet d’étude. Adaptation et expérimentation sont les maîtres-mots de ces contributions qui présentent les raisons qui amènent à privilégier un outil plutôt qu’un autre et à en adapter l’usage. Elles soulignent l’apport et les perspectives que ces outils offrent à la recherche dans les domaines des sciences du numérique et du patrimoine, un domaine qui ne cesse de se développer et qui s’ouvre de plus en plus aux jeunes chercheurs.

Seeing Renaissance Glass

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ISBN: 9781433148354 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.3726/b14280 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:09:51
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With the invention of eyeglasses around 1280 near Pisa, the mundane medium of glass transformed early modern optical technology and visuality. It also significantly influenced contemporaneous art, religion, and science. References to glass are found throughout the Bible and in medieval hagiography and poetry. For instance, glass is mentioned in descriptions of Heavenly Jerusalem, the Beatific Vision, and the Incarnation. At the same time, a well-known Islamic scientific treatise, which likened a portion of the eye’s anatomy to glass, entered the scientific circles of the Latin West. Amidst this complex web of glass-related phenomena early modern Italian artists used glass in some of their most important artworks but, until now, no study has offered a comprehensive consideration of the important role glass played in shaping the art of the Italian Renaissance. Seeing Renaissance Glass explores how artists such as Giotto, Duccio, Nicola Pisano, Simone Martini, and others employed the medium of glass—whether it be depictions of glass or actual glass in the form of stained glass, gilded glass, and transparent glass—to resonate with the period’s complex visuality and achieve their artistic goals. Such an interdisciplinary approach to the visual culture of early modern Italy is particularly well-suited to an introductory humanities course as well as classes on media studies and late medieval and early Renaissance art history. It is also ideal for a general reader interested in art history or issues of materiality.

Arbeitslosigkeit und zweiter Arbeitsmarkt

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Book Series: Sozialoekonomische Schriften ISBN: 9783631750179 Year: Pages: 409 DOI: 10.3726/b13575 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:12:12
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