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Pensamiento Indígena en Nuestramérica

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Book Series: Collección Estudios de las Ideas ISBN: 9789568416669 9789568416669 Year: Pages: 195 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-06 11:01:02
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Latin America; Indigenous thinking; debates

Macrocognition: The Science and Engineering of Sociotechnical Work Systems

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454181 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-418-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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The increasing complexity of work systems and changes in the nature of workplace technology over the past century have resulted in an exponential shift in the nature of work activities, from physical labor to cognitive work. Modern work systems have many characteristics that make them cognitively complex: They can be highly interactive; comprised of multiple agents and artifacts; information may be limited and distributed across space and time; task goals are frequently ill-defined, conflicting, dynamic and emergent; planning may only be possible at general levels of abstraction or require adaptive solutions; some degree of proficiency or expertise is required; the stakes are often high; and uncertainty, time-constraints and stress are seldom absent. To complicate matters further, cognition in complex work settings is typically constrained by broader professional, organizational, and institutional practice and policy. These features of cognitive work present significant challenges to scientific methodology and theory, and subsequent design of reliable interventions. Historically, philosophers and scientists have attempted to understand the mental activities experienced during cognitive work at multiple levels of analysis using divergent methods. Some have examined cognition at an associative, contextual, functional or holistic level, relying on naturalistic methods to understand the higher mental processes as they work in harmony during goal-directed behavior. Others have embraced experimental methods and favored internal over external validity, often reducing cognition to a psychology of fundamental acts, such as short-term memory access with millisecond shifts in attention. More recently, Macrocognition has evolved as a complementary paradigm. Macrocognitive researchers have studied the cognitive functions and processes associated with skilled, adaptive, collaborative, and resilient cognitive work in the context of the aforementioned complexities of psychotechnical and sociotechnical work systems. Typically, this research has been carried out using cognitive task analytic techniques that draw on both naturalistic and (quasi-)experimental methods. The primary goals of research in Macrocognition are to better understand cognitive adaptations to complexity, to increase our theoretical understanding of the organism-environment relations by studying the mapping between cognitive work and real-world demands, and to promote use-inspired research capable of improving system performance.

Crescere nell’Assurdo : Uno sguardo dallo Stretto

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788899982973 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.3727 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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In che modo può l'arte affiancarsi alla crescita e stimolare l'immaginario mantenendo una funzione critica? "Crescere nell'Assurdo. Uno sguardo dello Stretto" indaga queste domande, formulate da Altre Velocità all'interno del progetto "Crescere spettatori", e le relaziona allo Stretto di Messina, dove processi contraddittori di simbolizzazione e di erosione dell'identità storica convivono con strascichi di un patrimonio popolare ancora vitale e con forme di resistenza culturale. Coniugando un ricco apparato iconografico con le parole di studiosi, critici e prestigiosi artisti del panorama messinese, il volume ripercorre le tracce di un tempo perduto di cui pensiero e arte rinnovano la memoria e la capacità di azione, andando incontro al territorio. Propone, così, un cammino che ci interroga sulle forme, oltre che sui contenuti, di un'educazione al pensiero critico dentro e fuori dalle istituzioni scolastiche e universitarie.

Cognitive Stages in Rational Thinking - toward Human Technology (Book chapter)

Book title: Electronic Imaging & the Visual Arts. EVA 2018 Florence

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Book Series: Proceedings e report ISSN: 27045846 ISBN: 9788864537078 Year: Volume: 118 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-707-8.15
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:24
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The main idea behind this research paper is that modern information and communication technology could be better made to serve human beings, if we could specify more precisely the process of human thought and action. The cognitive stages of rational thinking has been studied from the user interface and product point of view but there does not seem to be any generally accepted model for the dynamics involved in cognitive stages in literature. In addition, a few studies have investigated the cognitive stages in rational thinking process from human centric point of view, i.e. how the skills are actually learned.

Paradigmi storiografici per insegnare la storia dell’educazione: riflessioni da una pratica di Public History (Book chapter)

Book title: Public History of Education: riflessioni, testimonianze, esperienze

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Book Series: Studi e saggi ISSN: 27045919 ISBN: 9788855180092 Year: Volume: 204 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-009-2.08
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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Teaching the history of education to future educators? One possible way to avoid the sclerotization of the discipline into an excessive focus on handbooks is to conceive it as a public history practice, interrogating specific cases under the lens of different historiographic paradigms. The goal will then be to promote "historical thinking" in the future educator as a training ground for exercising doubt and critical citizenship.

Para una sociología de la emancipación mental

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788568416942 Year: Pages: 296 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-12-24 00:11:55
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The following work proposes an overview of what we could consider as one of the guiding problems for Latin American reflection in the first half of the 20th century (and, as argued in the same chapter, throughout the development of the Latin American thought): the question of authenticity. I know It deals with a problem in which José Gaos played a fundamental role; not only for wondering from his residence in Mexico about what (Latin) American of our philosophical tradition, but because he was the teacher trainer of the following generations that assumed as a cultural task the question of a properly Latin American philosophy-Highlighting the figure of Leopoldo Zea. Curiously In this perspective, Chilean philosophy will only find out in the second mid-twentieth century with Félix Schwartzmann and Luis Oyarzún, who put Chile, from a tradition different from that of Gaos, as place of enunciation. Juan Miguel Chávez and Gonzalo García propose that the desire for authenticity continues to operate in the proposals current that have revitalized the tradition of the essay; even more, they point out that it is a recursive topic in the history of comings whose. An attempt at explanation leads to the sociology of knowledge.

Madness and Creativity: Yes, No or Maybe?

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196708 Year: Pages: 85 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-670-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-04 13:33:42
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The pervasive idea that madness and creativity are intricately linked is one that holds tremendous fascination for both scientists and the general public alike. Although this view was at first largely driven by anecdotal evidence showcasing the manifestation of mental illness in individuals who exhibited extraordinary levels of creativity in various spheres of life, it initiated a strong impetus to empirically investigate the association between mental health and creativity.A variety of approaches (and combinations of approaches) have been adopted to address this association including clinical, personality, psychometric, behavioral, cognitive, historiometric and neuroscientific. Despite the ever accumulating body of evidence over the past six decades investigating this link, what is lacking is a comprehensive overview of the disparate findings from these different approaches that will enable us to address the question of whether there is an empirically founded relationship between creativity and mental illness. And if such a link does exist, what is the nature of this association? The purpose of this Research Topic was to motivate theorists and researchers to answer this question (or at least attempt to do so) given the available evidence thus far. The themes of interest that were open to exploration in view of this topic included:(a) Which mental disorders are positively associated with creativity?(b) Which mental disorders are negatively associated with creativity?(c) The dynamics of information processing biases (positive versus negative) associated with psychiatric and high-risk populations(d) Theories regarding the madness-creativity link(e) Personality-based studies on creativity(f) Creativity, mental illness and the brain(g) Genes and creativity(h) How can studies on neurological populations inform this debate?(i) What are the areas of impact with regard to real world applications and practice?(j) Historical timeline of this question(k) Evolutionary perspectives on the madness-creativity link(l) Methodological problems associated with this field(m) Philosophical issues to bear in mind when investigating this domain(n) The usefulness of the “troubled genius” concept The invitation to contribute was open to all interested academics regardless of whether they were seasoned explorers within this field of study or just beginning to get their feet wet in its murky waters. As a result of adopting this inclusive approach, the contributions showcase a wide variety of perspectives from academic departments and institutions the world over. What is most encouraging is that so many were willing to openly take on the challenge of tackling this difficult question head on. We hope future discussions that follow through as a result of this collective effort will prove to be just as fruitful.

Creativity and Mental Imagery

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199945 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-994-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Creativity is increasingly attracting attention of scientific community given its role in different aspects of human life. So far we have only began to understand its complexity and how it correlates with other cognitive processes. A further understanding of its key processes is essential to better implement applications of creativity tools to daily life. Therefore, it is the aim of this Research Topics to further elucidate how creativity can be measured, and its components, such as mental imagery, are determined.

The cognitive, emotional and neural correlates of creativity

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196333 Year: Pages: 98 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-633-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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Across species, humans have an unsurpassed capacity for creative thought and innovation. Human creativity is at the roots of extraordinary achievements in the arts and sciences, and enables individuals and their groups to adapt flexibly to changing circumstances, to manage complex social relations, and to survive and prosper through social, technological, and medical innovations. The ability to generate novel and potentially useful ideas and problem solutions (viz., creativity) is a key driver of human evolution, and among the most valued and sought after competencies in contemporary societies that struggle with complex problems and compete for technological and economic supremacy. Because creativity provides fitness functionality in both ancestral and contemporary societies, it stands to reason that (i) the human brain evolved to sustain and promote creative thinking and we should be able to identify (ii) the brain circuitries, genetic drivers, and neurohormonal modulators of the human capacity for creative problem solving and original ideation; and (iii) the core cognitive and emotional processes underlying creative thought. In this Research Topic, we bring together a collection of papers to provide an encyclopedic, open access snapshot of the current state of the art on the neural, cognitive, and emotional correlates of creativity.

Cittadinanze nella storia dello Stato contemporaneo

Authors: ---
Book Series: Temi di storia - Open Access ISBN: 9788891749192 Year: Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 11:01:43
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Cittadinanze offers a new perspective on the history of the State, understood in the aristotelian sense as the whole of its citizens. The volume contains twelve essays dedicated to the possible ways in which citizenship took shape during the contemporary age, analyzing the various historical concretions. Not a single, but a plural citizenship, an object and an epistemological instrument of many declinations - institutional, theoretical-political, juridical, philosophical. A reconstruction conducted through different places and times, ranging from the French and American revolutions to the immateriality of the digital divide. An original exam that interrogates the stories, practices and symbols that have linked individuals to their political communities.

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