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Transitionen im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783037777220 9783037771570 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Seismo
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-14 11:01:03
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Much like the first volume published in 2011, the second volume of this anthology series gathers a selection of analyses which are empirically based on the data of the Swiss panel study TREE (Transitions from Education to Employment). The contributions of this volume carry on the investigation of the critical transitions during youth and young adulthood, drawing on sociological, economic, psychological and pedagogical research questions and thus highlighting the analytic and pluri-disciplinary research potential of the TREE data. One of the topical foci is the longterm influence of social origin on education and labour market pathways, particularly with regard to access to higher education.

Le phénomène constituant : Un dialogue interdisciplinaire

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782379280627 DOI: 10.4000/books.putc.3181 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:51
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Le « phénomène constituant » est à comprendre comme un ensemble d’actes successifs ou simultanés qui sont à la fois des actes juridiques et des faits. Il est un processus complexe et composite qui se déclenche à partir de la fin d’un ordre constitutionnel donné et qui conduit, après une période dont la durée dépend des contextes historiques et politiques, à l’instauration d’un nouvel ordre constitutionnel. L’étude de la période se situant entre deux constitutions a souvent été délaissée par la doctrine constitutionnaliste. Une partie de celle-ci considère en effet que les périodes de transition constitutionnelle ne sont qu’une succession de décisions politiques dont la valeur juridique ne pourra qu’être confirmée ou infirmée ex post, une fois la nouvelle constitution adoptée et le nouvel ordre juridique établi. Mais si la transition entre deux ordres juridiques est une période exceptionnelle, dans laquelle les faits politiques et sociaux s’articulent aux faits juridiques, le nouvel ordre constitutionnel qui s’ensuit est alors le reflet de ces faits, des équilibres qui en sont issus, souvent formalisés par des actes juridiques pré-constituants. Pour décrire et expliquer ce phénomène complexe, le constitutionnaliste a alors besoin de s’appuyer sur les analyses des autres disciplines pour comprendre les multiples éléments qui participent à ce processus. Cette journée de réflexion se propose ainsi d’instaurer un dialogue interdisciplinaire sur le phénomène constituant entre les juristes constitutionnalistes et les représentants d’autres sciences humaines et sociales. Les perspectives de l’histoire, de la science politique, de la sociologie, de la psychanalyse ou encore de l’économie permettront d’apporter des éclairages nouveaux sur cet objet juridique mal identifié.

Youth on the Move

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789523690097 9789523690080 9789523690103 9789523690110 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.33134/HUP-3 Language: English
Publisher: Helsinki University Press
Subject: Education --- Social and Public Welfare --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-04 11:21:02
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This book intends to deepen the knowledge of the extended and uncertain transitions from school to work and to higher education by analysing the perspectives of youths and young adults and by addressing policies and institutional practices. The book critically examines the ‘transition machinery’ consisting of various education and training measures, projects and schemes, provided by educational institutions, the EU, ministries, municipalities and non-governmental organisations. Treating lack of education and unemployment mainly as individual problems, personal deficiencies or identity issues, the solutions are likewise individualised. The book illustrates how youth transitions are intertwined with social structures, power relations and differences.

Electric Worlds / Mondes électriques

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Histoire de l’énergie/History of Energy ISBN: 9782807600287 9782807600294 9782875743305 Year: Pages: 606 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0352-6605-4 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:12
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What interpretation(s) do today’s historians make of electrification? Electrification is a process which began almost a hundred and fifty years ago but which more than one billion men and women still do not have access to. This book displays the social diversity of the electric worlds and of the approaches to their history. It updates the historical knowledge and shows the renewal of the historiography in both its themes and its approaches. Four questions about the passage to the electrical age are raised: which innovations or combination of innovations made this passage a reality? According to which networks and appropriation? Evolving thanks to which tensions and alliances? And resulting in which transition and accumulation?

Quel(s) regard(s) les historiens d’aujourd’hui portent-ils sur l’électrification, processus engagé il y a près de cent cinquante ans mais auquel plus d’un milliard d’hommes et de femmes restent encore étrangers ? Le présent volume rend compte de la diversité des mondes sociaux électriques et des manières d’enquêter sur leur histoire. Il actualise les connaissances et témoigne du renouvellement de l’historiographie, dans ses objets et ses approches. Quatre points d’interrogation sur le basculement des sociétés dans l’âge électrique jalonnent le volume : moyennant quelles créations ou combinaisons créatrices ? En vertu de quelles circulations et appropriations ? Selon quelles tensions et alliances ? Et produisant quelles transitions et accumulations ?

Transitions in Segmented Labor Markets

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631531624 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3726/b13892 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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When labor market economists started to work on segmented labor markets, they classified informal employment as a transitory state. At the end of the 20th century, informal employment still persists governments’ attempts to eradicate it and represents a growing labor market segment not only in developing countries but worldwide. It is evident that informal employment will not disappear but has to be taken into account when designing labor market policies. This study investigates the role of informal dependent employment on the allocation of workers into formal employment in general and on the choice of job search channels in particular. The empirical analysis is based on Cox proportional hazard models and multinomial logistic regression, using Brazilian labor market panel data.

Transitions in Energy Efficiency and Demand

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Energy Transitions ISBN: 9780815356783 9781351127264 Year: Pages: 300 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
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Meeting the goals enshrined in the Paris Agreement and limiting global temperature increases to less than two degrees above pre-industrial levels demands rapid reductions in global carbon dioxide emissions. Reducing energy demand has a central role in achieving this goal, but existing policy initiatives have been largely incremental in terms of the technological and behavioural changes they encourage. Against this background, this book develops a sociotechnical approach to the challenge of reducing energy demand and illustrates this with a number of empirical case studies from the United Kingdom. In doing so, it explores the emergence, diffusion and impact of low energy innovations, including electric vehicles and smart meters. The book has the dual aim of improving the academic understanding of sociotechnical transitions and energy demand and providing practical recommendations for public policy. Combining an impressive range of contributions from key thinkers in the field, this book will be of great interest to energy students, scholars and decision-makers.

A Broader View for Plant EvoDevo: Novel Approaches for Diverse Model Systems

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451531 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-153-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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This collection attempts to integrate work pertaining to a fundamental question in plant evolution: What are the molecular underpinnings for the origin of different plant forms? Among the many facets this question touches are the transition to land, the emergence of vascular plants, the origin of the seed and the origin and diversification of floral form. We aim to bring to the forefront the most salient and original plant systems and approaches within an inclusive phylogenetic context that encompasses representatives of the major lineages of land plants.

High-Pressure Studies of Crystalline Materials

ISBN: 9783038971313 9783038971320 Year: Pages: 330 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-132-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General) --- Mathematics --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-20 10:13:12
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[This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue of Crystals: High-Pressure Studies of Crystalline Materials. It also includes additional articles published in Crystals and related to the topic of the Special Issue, which have been selected based upon their relevance and scientific quality.]

Energy Poverty

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ISBN: 978331969298 9783319692999 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-69299-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 313478
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-20 11:02:19
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EVALUATE is a multi-sited study, involving extensive research across a variety of cities and countries. Focusing primarily on four Central and&#xD;Eastern European cities (Budapest, Gdańsk, Prague and Skopje) the project&#xD;has undertaken a customized survey with 2435 households, supplemented&#xD;with insights from in-depth household interviews, ‘energy diaries’&#xD;and energy efficiency audits in the homes of approximately 160 households&#xD;living in the four cities. EVALUATE has entailed 195 expert interviews&#xD;in a much wider range of sites across the world, as well as an analysis&#xD;of micro-data from national and European Union surveys of energy poverty.&#xD;It has led to more than 200 dissemination activities, while laying the&#xD;basis for the European Energy Poverty Observatory as well as a new&#xD;European Co-operation for Science and Technology Action on ‘European&#xD;Energy Poverty: Agenda Co-Creation and Knowledge Innovation’

Youth Studies and Generations: Values, Practices and Discourses on Generations

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ISBN: 9783039283262 9783039283279 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-327-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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There is currently much discourse about generations in the public sphere. A sequence of letters conflates generations and age cohorts born in the last few decades (generation “X”, “Y” or “Z”) as well as multiple categories are used to describe today’s young people as a generation that is distinct from its predecessors. Despite the popularity of generational labels in media, politics, or even academia, the use of generation as a conceptual tool in youth studies has been controversial. This Special Issue allows readers to better understand the key issues regarding the use of generation as a theoretical concept and/or as a social category in the field of youth studies, shedding light on the controversies, trends, and cautions that go through it.

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