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Qu’est-ce qu’un lieu de savoir ?

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Book Series: Encyclopédie numérique ISSN: 22713174 22667342 ISBN: 9782821834583 Year: Pages: 122
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-24 12:28:40
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Comment les savoirs sont-ils produits ? Comment se transmettent-ils ? Quelle approche adopter pour apprendre à les observer ? Qu’il s’agisse d’un laboratoire, d’une agora grecque, d’un jardin botanique, d’une table de travail ou d’une bibliothèque, chaque lieu de savoir possède une dynamique propre, conséquence de son histoire et de ses spécificités. En mêlant l’observation des pratiques à l’interprétation des méthodes de pensée, cet ouvrage étudie les lieux de l’activité savante dans une ap...

The International Turn in American Studies

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Book Series: Interamericana ISBN: 9783653988543 9783653988550 9783631647998 Year: Pages: 372 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:57
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The volume is a contribution to the ongoing debate on the internationalization of American Studies. The essays by European, American and Latin American scholars provide critical evaluations of a wide range of concepts, including trans-national and post-national, international, trans-atlantic, trans-pacific, as well as hemispheric, inter-American and comparative American studies. Combining theoretical reflections and actual case studies, the collection proposes a reassessment of current developments at a time when American nations experience the paradoxical simultaneity of both weakened and strengthened national borders alongside multiple challenges to national sovereignty.

New Publication Cultures in the Humanities: Exploring the Paradigm Shift

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ISBN: 9789089645647 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515678 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-23 11:01:09
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The changes we have seen in recent years in the scholarly publishing world - including the growth of digital publishing and changes to the role and strategies of publishers and libraries alike - represent the most dramatic paradigm shift in scholarly communications in centuries. This volume brings together leading scholars from across the humanities to explore that transformation and consider the challenges and opportunities it brings.

Linking Clauses and Actions in Social Interaction

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Linguistica ISBN: 9789522228581 9789522229007 9789522228994 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.21435/sflin.20 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library
Subject: Information theory --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:49
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"This volume concerns the ways in which verbal and non-verbal actions are combined and linked in a range of contexts in everyday conversation, in institutional contexts, and in written journalism. The volume includes an introduction which, besides presenting the content of the articles, discusses terminological fundamentals such as the understanding of the terms “clause”, “action” and “linkage” and “combining” in different grammatical traditions and the ways they are conceived of here, as well as open questions collectively formulated by the contributors in planning for the volume concerning the recognition, emergence and distance of linkage, and the ways these questions are addressed in the contributions to the volume. &#xD;Topics treated in the articles include combining physical actions and verbal announcements in everyday conversation, linking of verbal and nonverbal actions as well as verbal linkages between nonverbal actions by dance teachers building pedagogical activity. Other topics concern the mediation of questions through informal translating in multilingual conversation in order to organize participation, and the ways in which student requests for clarification and confirmation create learning occasions in a foreign language classroom. Still other articles concern the on-line emergence of alternative questions with the Finnish particle vai ’or’, delayed completions of unfinished turns, the transforming of requests and offers into joint ventures, and the ways in which direct quotations are created in written journalism from the original talk in the spoken interview. &#xD;Most of the papers employ Conversation Analysis and Interactional Linguistics as a theoretical framework. The languages used as data are Finnish, English, Estonian, French, Brazilian Portuguese and Swedish. &#xD;"

Turn-Taking in Human Communicative Interaction

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISBN: 9782889198252 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-825-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA Grant: Max Planck Gesellschaft
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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The core use of language is in face-to-face conversation. This is characterized by rapid turn-taking. This turn-taking poses a number central puzzles for the psychology of language. Consider, for example, that in large corpora the gap between turns is on the order of 100 to 300 ms, but the latencies involved in language production require minimally between 600ms (for a single word) or 1500 ms (for as simple sentence). This implies that participants in conversation are predicting the ends of the incoming turn and preparing in advance. But how is this done? What aspects of this prediction are done when? What happens when the prediction is wrong? What stops participants coming in too early? If the system is running on prediction, why is there consistently a mode of 100 to 300 ms in response time? &#xD;&#xD;The timing puzzle raises further puzzles: it seems that comprehension must run parallel with the preparation for production, but it has been presumed that there are strict cognitive limitations on more than one central process running at a time. How is this bottleneck overcome? Far from being 'easy' as some psychologists have suggested, conversation may be one of the most demanding cognitive tasks in our everyday lives. Further questions naturally arise: how do children learn to master this demanding task, and what is the developmental trajectory in this domain? &#xD;&#xD;Research shows that aspects of turn-taking such as its timing are remarkably stable across languages and cultures, but the word order of languages varies enormously. How then does prediction of the incoming turn work when the verb (often the informational nugget in a clause) is at the end? Conversely, how can production work fast enough in languages that have the verb at the beginning, thereby requiring early planning of the whole clause? What happens when one changes modality, as in sign languages -- with the loss of channel constraints is turn-taking much freer? And what about face-to-face communication amongst hearing individuals -- do gestures, gaze, and other body behaviors facilitate turn-taking? One can also ask the phylogenetic question: how did such a system evolve? There seem to be parallels (analogies) in duetting bird species, and in a variety of monkey species, but there is little evidence of anything like this among the great apes. &#xD;&#xD;All this constitutes a neglected set of problems at the heart of the psychology of language and of the language sciences. This research topic welcomes contributions from right across the board, for example from psycholinguists, developmental psychologists, students of dialogue and conversation analysis, linguists interested in the use of language, phoneticians, corpus analysts and comparative ethologists or psychologists. We welcome contributions of all sorts, for example original research papers, opinion pieces, and reviews of work in subfields that may not be fully understood in other subfields.

Deep Mapping

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ISBN: 9783038421658 9783038421665 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-166-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-03 11:19:27
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Culinary Turn

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Book Series: Ästhetische Praxis ISBN: 9783837630312 9783839430316 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628140 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100571
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-27 11:01:31
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Kitchen, cooking, nutrition, and eating have become omnipresent cultural topics. They stand at the center of design, gastronomy, nutrition science, and agriculture. Artists have appropriated cooking as an aesthetic practice – in turn, cooks are adapting the staging practices that go with an artistic self-image. This development is accompanied by a philosophy of cooking as a speculative cultural technique. This volume investigates the dimensions of a new culinary turn, combining for the very first time contributions from the theory and practice of cooking.

Close Readings - Kulturgeschichtliche Interpretationen zu Bildern der wissenschaftlich-technischen Zivilisation

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Book Series: Karlsruher Studien Technik und Kultur / Hrsg.: G. Banse, A. Böhn, A. Grunwald, K. Möser, M. Pfadenhauer ISSN: 18697194 ISBN: 9783731502166 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 416 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000040857 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:52:49
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These essays focus on the interpretation of pictures and fotos of 19th and 20th century&#8217;s techno-scientific civilization, tracing the emotional factor of individual identification with artefacts. They represent the new research field of Historical technology acceptance studies at KIT with a special interest in the history of transport and mobility.

Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205994671 Year: Pages: 870 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_473963 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3359
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:06
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In the present bio - bibliographic collection the life and work of female scientists, working in Austria or being originally from Austria, have been the center of research. The temporal focus extends primarily from the turn of the century to the post-war period. The first generation of female scientists at the Universities of Vienna, Graz and Innsbruck were explored. The first generation of women who achieved a habilitation in Austria, as well as the first female lecturers and professors were collected in their completeness. Those "classical" science careers can be compared with those of men.However, a detailed consideration was also given to the non- academic area. From a total of 331 lexicon articles about one-third is dedicated to the medical, psychological and therapeutic field. Due to the historical turning points of the two world wars persecution, flight, emigration and also re-migration of the female scientists move into the focus of numerous of the individual biographies. The question of similarities and differences, according to different living conditions and opportunities to those who remained in Austria, is obvious.Beyond the individual biographical aspect, a historic impression about cultural and political trends and their impact on scientific research and teaching is provided. Especially from a feminist perspective, the lexicon is a desideratum, as it is the first time that in Austria the participation of women in the production and placement of science during the considered period got comprehensively researched and documented.With the help of the variety of the textual contributions the overall concern was to depict the wide emancipation movement in the fields of education and the sciences rather than the history of a few female scientists working in specific fields. Clearly the multiple dimensions in which women could develop their scientific abilities were a focal point thus the personal and private life circumstances got rather set aside to provide the interested reader with a comprehensive interpretation of their scientific contributions.The numerous biographies written by authors specialized in the relevant areas grant an insight into a fascinating diversity of horizons of experiences and life patterns as well as into the scientific interest, which determined their various scientific careers.This women-specific lexicon introduces an alternative perspective on the Austrian history of science, where female contributions so far were mainly under-represented. Eventually the lexicon due to its interdisciplinarity and its representation of the forced exile of many female scientists, achieves to contribute to a broader understanding of the interconnectedness of the Austrian tradition of science with the inter/national culture- as well as the science transfer.

Civil Engineering and Symmetry

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ISBN: 9783039210022 / 9783039210039 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-003-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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A topic of utmost importance in civil engineering is finding optimal solutions throughout the life cycle of buildings and infrastructural objects, including their design, manufacturing, use, and maintenance. Operational research, management science, and optimization methods provide a consistent and applicable groundwork for engineering decision-making. These topics have received the interest of researchers and, after a rigorous peer-review process, eight papers have been published in this Special Issue. The articles in this Printed Edition demonstrate how solutions in civil engineering, which bring economic, social, and environmental benefits, are obtained through a variety of methodologies and tools. Usually, decision-makers need to take into account not just a single criterion, but several different criteria and, therefore, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches have been suggested for application in five of the published papers; the rest of the papers apply other research methods. Most approaches suggested decision models under uncertainty, proposing hybrid MCDM methods in combination with fuzzy or rough set theory, as well as D-numbers. The application areas of the proposed MCDM techniques mainly cover production/manufacturing engineering, logistics and transportation, and construction engineering and management. We hope that a summary of the Special Issue as provided here will encourage a detailed analysis of the papers included in the Printed Edition.

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