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La Liga de las Juventudes Comunistas (Komsomol) y la transformación de la Unión Soviética (1917-1932)

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ISBN: 9789568416836 Year: Pages: 289 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-08 11:21:03
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History of the formation of the komsomol and its inclusion in the new Soviet Stalinist State

With and Without Galton: Vasilii Florinskii and the Fate of Eugenics in Russia

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ISBN: 9781783745111 9781783745135 Year: Pages: 696 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0144
Publisher: Open Book Publishers Grant: English
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-26 16:07:26
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In 1865, British polymath Francis Galton published his initial thoughts about the scientific field that would become ‘eugenics.’ The same year, Russian physician Vasilii Florinskii addressed similar issues in a sizeable treatise, entitled Human Perfection and Degeneration. Initially unheralded, Florinskii’s book would go on to have a remarkable afterlife in twentieth- and twenty-first-century Russia. In this lucid and insightful work, Nikolai Krementsov argues that the concept of eugenics brings together ideas, values, practices, and fears energised by a focus on the future. It has proven so seductive to different groups over time because it provides a way to grapple with fundamental existential questions of human nature and destiny. With and Without Galton develops this argument by tracing the life-story of Florinskii’s monograph from its uncelebrated arrival amid the Russian empire’s Great Reforms, to its reissue after the Bolshevik Revolution, its decline under Stalinism, and its subsequent resurgence: first, as a founding document of medical genetics, and most recently, as a manifesto for nationalists and racial purists. Krementsov’s meticulously researched ‘biography of a book’ sheds light not only on the peculiar fate of eugenics in Russia, but also on its convoluted transnational history, elucidating the field’s protean nature and its continuing and contested appeal to diverse audiences, multiple local trajectories, and global trends. It is required reading for historians of eugenics, science, medicine, education, literature, and Russia, and it will also appeal to the general reader looking for a deeper understanding of this challenging subject.

Stalin’s Constitution

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ISBN: 9781138721845 9781315194004 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102671
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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Upon its adoption in December 1936, Soviet leaders hailed the new so-called Stalin Constitution as the most democratic in the world. Scholars have long scoffed at this claim, noting that the mass repression of 1937-1938 that followed rendered it a hollow document. This book focuses on the six-month long popular discussion of the draft Constitution, which preceded its formal adoption in December 1936. Drawing on rich archival sources, this book uses the discussion of the draft 1936 Constitution to examine discourse between the central state leadership and citizens about the new Soviet social contract, which delineated the roles the state and citizens should play in developing socialism.

25 Years of Transformations of Higher Education Systems in Post-Soviet Countries: Reform and Continuity

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ISBN: 9783319529790 9783319529806 Year: Pages: 482 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-52980-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscow
Subject: History --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 17:21:44
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This open access book is a result of the first ever study of the transformations of the higher education institutional landscape in fifteen former USSR countries after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. It explores how the single Soviet model that developed across the vast and diverse territory of the Soviet Union over several decades has evolved into fifteen unique national systems, systems that have responded to national and global developments while still bearing some traces of the past. The book is distinctive as it presents a comprehensive analysis of the reforms and transformations in the region in the last 25 years; and it focuses on institutional landscape through the evolution of the institutional types established and developed in Pre-Soviet, Soviet and Post-Soviet time. It also embraces all fifteen countries of the former USSR, and provides a comparative analysis of transformations of institutional landscape across Post-Soviet systems. It will be highly relevant for students and researchers in the fields of higher education and and sociology, particularly those with an interest in historical and comparative studies.

Die politische Religion. Eine Untersuchung über den Ursprung des Verfalls in der Geschichte (1935). Herausgegeben und eingeleitet von Rainer Hering

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Book Series: Hamburger Historische Forschungen ISBN: 9783937816692 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HHF.4.93 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:21

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The fourth volume of the series "Hamburger Historische Forschungen" comprises primarily the edition of an unpublished text. The author is the theologian Prof. Dr. Dr. Dr. Paul Schütz (1891-1985) who was the main pastor at the Hamburg Main Church St. Nikolai from 1940 to 1952. At the same time he taught as a full-time lecturer and later as professor of theology at the Church University of Hamburg. Schütz was one of the first to develop a concept of political religion. His contribution, written in 1935, could not be published at that time.Today, an edition of this article is important for the history of theology and church history. On the other hand, for some years now there has been an intensive discussion in historical research on the interpretation of the "Third Reich" as a "political religion" developed in the 1930s. This model, which sees dictatorships, especially National Socialism, as a "political religion", is generally attributed to Eric Voegelin and Raymond Aron, who published their approaches in 1938 and 1939 respectively. It was not known until recently that Paul Schütz had already developed such a concept three or four years earlier. The present edition can therefore provide new impetus for the debate on the history and viability of this approach and enrich its content.

Das halbe Jahrhundert meiner Eltern

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISSN: 18675018 ISBN: 9783731503606 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: 218 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000046370 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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The titels alludes to the Dutch family history of Geert Mak ""De eeuw van mijn vader"" an exemplary history of Dutch society and mentalites. There are similarities to Walter Kempowskis historical narration ""Deutsche Chronik"" The double biographies of Rudi Kunze (1925 - 2001) and Gerda Kunze (1926 - 2010) are a unique, Hollywood-like movie plot and a characteristically German narration in the half century of extremes.

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