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Deutsche Grammatik - Regeln, Normen, Sprachgebrauch

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Book Series: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache ISSN: 0537-7900 ISBN: 9783110217360 Year: Volume: 2008 Pages: 388 DOI: 10.1515/9783110217360 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56

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Concern for the German language will always attract large audiences. Whoever claims that language is going to the dogs can be sure of the approbation of those who see themselves as linguistically superior. However, the status of grammatical rules is seldom questioned. It is in fact by no means clear what can be seen as correct German. How is ´German` to be understood? Who determines what should be regarded as correct? The 44th Annual Conference of the Institut für Deutsche Sprache [German Language Research Institute] endeavoured to help clarify questions such as these, and took as its topic German grammar in the tension between rules, standards and language usage.

Aspects of Linguistic Variation

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Book Series: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] ISSN: 1861-4302 ISBN: 9783110607963 Year: Volume: 324 Pages: 285 DOI: 10.1515/9783110607963 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49
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This volume brings together papers on linguistic variation. It takes a broad perspective, covering not only crosslinguistic and diachronic but also intralinguistic and interspeaker variation, and examines phenomena ranging from negation and TAM over connectives and the lexicon to definite articles and comparative concepts in well- and lesser-known languages. The collection thus contributes to our understanding of variation in general.

Germanic Heritage Languages in North America: Acquisition, attrition and change

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Book Series: Studies in Language Variation ISSN: 18729592 ISBN: 9789027268198 Year: Pages: vi, 418 DOI: 10.1075/silv.18 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-21 10:26:15
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This book presents new empirical findings about Germanic heritage varieties spoken in North America: Dutch, German, Pennsylvania Dutch, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, West Frisian and Yiddish, and varieties of English spoken both by heritage speakers and in communities after language shift. The volume focuses on three critical issues underlying the notion of ‘heritage language’: acquisition, attrition and change. The book offers theoretically-informed discussions of heritage language processes across phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics and the lexicon, in addition to work on sociolinguistics, historical linguistics and contact settings. With this, the volume also includes a variety of frameworks and approaches, synchronic and diachronic. Most European Germanic languages share some central linguistic features, such as V2, gender and agreement in the nominal system, and verb inflection. As minority languages faced with a majority language like English, similarities and differences emerge in patterns of variation and change in these heritage languages. These empirical findings shed new light on mechanisms and processes.

Diversification of Mexican Spanish. A Tridimensional Study in New World Sociolinguistics

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Book Series: Contributions to the Sociology of Language [CSL] ISSN: 1861-0676 ISBN: 9781501504532 Year: Volume: 111 Pages: 423 DOI: 10.1515/9781501504532 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 12:38:13
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This book covers the analysis of Spanish written from the early 16th to the early 19th century, immediately before the Independent period in most Spanish-speaking colonies. It is based on manuscripts such as the Segunda Carta de Relacion (1522) by Hernán Cortès, a rare inquisitorial manuscript known as El Abecedario, old printed books, and published collections of linguistic documents.

La variation pluridimensionnelle

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Book Series: Sciences pour la Communication ISBN: 9783034323321 9783034323338 9783034320856 Year: Pages: 348 Language: French
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:13
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Cet ouvrage présente une nouvelle approche originelle à la vielle question de la variation du ne de négation en français moderne. Soigneusement établie sur un corpus de langue parlée, l’auteur présente l’hypothèse de la variation linguistique pluridimensionnelle : le clitique négatif ne est parfois réalisé, comme dans la phrase ma mère ne vient pas, mais très souvent omis, surtout dans la communication informelle : je viens pas. Comme toute variable linguistique, le ne de négation est soumis à un ensemble d’influences potentielles. À l’aide d’une analyse multifactorielle, Charlotte Meisner montre que la variation pluridimensionnelle du ne de négation est déterminée par un facteur-clé sous-jacent : la prosodie du français moderne.

Application of the cohesive zone model to the analysis of rotors with a transverse crack

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Technische Mechanik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16143914 ISBN: 9783866447912 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: XVII, 183 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025401 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Ein Riss im Rotor ruft eine lokale Steifigkeitsänderung hervor. Die vorliegende Arbeit ermittelt die Steifigkeitsänderung einer angerissenen Welle. Dazu wird ein Kohäsivzonenmodell eingesetzt. Das Modell wurde für die erste Rissöffnungsmode bei ebenem Verzerrungszustand in Abhängigkeit der Mehrachsigkeit des Spannungszustandes (Triaxialität) entwickelt. Außerdemwird das Kohäsivzonenmodell bei einem eindimensionalen Kontinuumsrotor als FE Modell ausgeführt.

Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation: Qualities and the Grammar of Property Concepts

Authors: ---
Book Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics ISBN: 9780198744580 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: RCUK
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-27 11:01:52
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Systematic variation in form between semantic equivalents across languages is a key explanandum of linguistic theory. Two contrasting views of the role of lexical semantics in the analysis of such variation can be found in the literature: (1) uniformity, whereby lexical meaning is universal, and morphosyntactic variation arises from idiosyncratic differences in the inventory and phonological shape of language-particular functional material, and (2) transparency, whereby systematic variation in form arises from systematic variation in the meaning of basic lexical items. This volume contrasts these views as applied to the empirical domain of property concept sentences—sentences expressing adjectival predication and their translational equivalents across languages. Demonstrating that property concept sentences vary systematically between possessive and predicative form, the authors propose a transparentist analysis of this variation that links it to the lexical denotations of basic property concept lexemes. At the heart of the analysis are qualities: mass-like model-theoretic objects that closely resemble scales. The authors contrast their transparentist analysis with uniformitarian alternatives, demonstrating its theoretical and empirical advantages. They then show that the proposed theory of qualities can account for interesting and novel observations in two central domains of grammatical theory: the theory of lexical categories, and the theory of mass nouns. The overall results highlight the importance of the lexicon as a locus of generalizations about the limits of crosslinguistic variation.

Genomics Research on Non-Model Plant Pathogens: Delivering Novel Insights into Rust Fungus Biology

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198146 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-814-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Fungi of the order Pucciniales cause rust diseases on many plants including important crops and trees widely used in agriculture, forestry and bioenergy programs; these encompass gymnosperms and angiosperms, monocots and dicots, perennial and annual plant species. These fungi are obligate biotrophs and -except for a few cases- cannot be cultivated outside their hosts in a laboratory. For this reason, standard functional and molecular genetic approaches to study these pathogens are very challenging and the means to study their biology, i.e. how they infect, develop and reproduce on plant hosts, are rather limited, even though they rank among the most devastating pathogens. Among fungal plant pathogens, rust fungi display the most complex lifecycles with up to five different spore forms and for many rust fungi, unrelated alternate hosts on which sexual and clonal reproduction are achieved. The genomics revolution and particularly the application of new generation sequencing technologies have greatly changed the way we now address biological studies and has in particular accelerated and made feasible, molecular studies on non-model species, such as rust fungi. The goal of this research topic is to gather articles that present recent advances in the understanding of rust fungi biology, their complex lifecycles and obligate biotrophic interactions with their hosts, through the means of genomics. This includes genome sequencing and/or resequencing of isolates, RNA-Seq or large-scale transcriptome analyses, genome-scale detailed annotation of gene families, and comparative analyses among the various rust fungi and, where feasible, with other obligate biotrophs or fungi displaying distinct trophic modes. This Research Topic provides a great opportunity to provide an up-to-date account of rust fungus biology through the lens of genomics, including state-of-the-art technologies developed to achieve this knowledge.

Natural Diversity in the New Millennium

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199525 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-952-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Natural diversity has been extensively used to understand plant biology and improve crops. However, studies were commonly based on visual phenotypes or on a few measurable parameters. Nowadays, a large number of parameters can be measured thanks to next generation sequencing, metabolomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics thus providing an unprecedented resolution in the detection of natural diversity. This enhanced resolution offers new possibilities in terms of understanding plant biology. Technology advances also contribute to a better assessment of the biodiversity loss currently taking place. Hence, the topic presents an overview on efforts for maintaining biological diversity in crops, on possibilities offered by recent technologies in the assessment of natural variation, and ends with examples of the diversity found even at the cellular level.

Pratiques et représentations linguistiques en Guyane : Regards croisés

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ISBN: 9782709917896 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.6936 Language: French
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-09 10:17:46
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La Guyane française, avec sa grande richesse culturelle et linguistique, offre un observatoire privilégié pour l'étude des relations entre langue et société. On y parle en effet une trentaine de langues d'origines multiples : langues créoles, amérindiennes, asiatiques, européennes. Des populations aux histoires diverses participent aux processus de migrations et d'urbanisation, se trouvant ainsi confrontées aux langues et cultures dominantes de la région. Tant dans le domaine de l'éducation que dans celui de la santé ou de la justice, la promotion quasi-unique du français conduit à des difficultés d'ordre linguistique et culturel à l'origine d'importants problèmes sociaux. Linguistes, anthropologues, sociologues, historiens, dicacticiens, psychologues croisent ici leurs analyses pour susciter des politiques prenant en compte la spécifié des langues et cultures guyanaises. Cet ouvrage s'adresse à la communauté universitaire, aux pouvoirs publics, aux enseignants, aux acteurs sociaux, mais également à tout lecteur concerné par les questions sociolinguistiques et anthropologiques telles que le contact des langues et des cultures, le rôle des représentations culturelles dans l'apprentissage des langues, la construction de l'identité et la place des langues dans cette construction.

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