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The Verb in Nyakyusa

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Book Series: Contemporary African Linguistics ISBN: 9783961100149 9783961100156 Year: Pages: 403 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.926408 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-13 11:02:32
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Abstract

Nyakyusa is an underdescribed Bantu language spoken by around 800.000 speakers in the Mbeya Region of Tanzania. This book provides a detailled description of the verb in this language. The topics covered include the complex morphophonological and morphological processes as well as verb-to-verb derivation, copula verbs and grammaticalized verbs of motion. The main body of the book consists of a detailed description of tense, aspect and modality constructions, which includes not only an in-depth discussion of their sentence level semantics, but also of their patterns of employment in discourse.

Keywords

mbeya region --- verb --- tanzania --- modality --- aspect --- tense --- bantu languages

The Roots of Verbal Meaning

Authors: ---
Book Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics ISBN: 9780198855781 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198855781.003.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: University of Manchester||National Science Foundation - BCS-1451765
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-29 11:21:06
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This book explores possible and impossible word meanings, with a specific focus on the meanings of verbs. It adopts the now common view that verb meanings consist at least partly of an event structure, made up of an event template describing the verb’s broad temporal and causal contours that occurs across lots of verbs and groups them into semantic and grammatical classes, plus an idiosyncratic root describing specific, real world states and actions that distinguish verbs with the same template. While much work has focused on templates, less work has addressed the truth conditional contributions of roots, despite the importance of a theory of root meaning in fully defining the predictions event structural approaches make. This book addresses this lacuna, exploring two previously proposed constraints on root meaning: The Bifurcation Thesis of Roots, whereby roots never introduce the meanings introduced by templates, and Manner/Result Complementarity, which has as a component that roots can describe either a manner or a result state but never both at the same time. Two extended case studies, on change-of-state verbs and ditransitive verbs of caused possession, show that neither hypothesis holds, and that ultimately there may be no constraints on what a root can mean. Nonetheless, the book argues that event structures still have predictive value, and it presents a new theory of possible root meanings and how they interact with event templates that produces a new typology of possible verbs, albeit one where not just templates but also roots determine systematic semantic and grammatical properties.

The Semantic Organization of the Serbo-Croatian Verb

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876903828 Year: Pages: 447 DOI: 10.3726/b12681 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:54
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This work presents a re-analysis of a major segment of the paradigm of the Serbo-Croatian verb. It concentrates chiefly on the perfective and imperfective morphology, but treats this classic problem in Slavic scholarship from a non-aspectual point of view.

En torno a ‘haber’

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ISBN: 9783631666623 9783653060997 9783631695968 Year: DOI: 10.3726/9783653060997 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103678
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-24 11:21:03
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Este volumen constituye la primera monografía que aborda el haz entero de construcciones en las que, a lo largo de la historia, ha participado el auxiliar más conocido del español, HABERE > haber. Catorce especialistas de universidades europeas y americanas trazan, desde muy diversas ópticas teóricas (lingüística de área, gramática formal, gramática de construcciones, sociolingüística, dialectología o gramaticalización), una perspectiva de conjunto, exhaustiva en los detalles y novedosa en sus hipótesis, sobre los distintos caminos que históricamente ha emprendido el verbo ‘haber’ y hoy caracterizan su comportamiento en español (y otras lenguas románicas aquí abordadas: catalán, francés, portugués...), adentrándose igualmente en aspectos generales de la variación y el cambio morfosintácticos.

Studies in Historical Linguistics and Language Change. Grammaticalization, Refunctionalization and Beyond

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039215768 9783039215775 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-577-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The present volume examines the usefulness of a particular set of concepts and processes of change studying their applicability to a range of linguistic changes in Spanish and Latin that cannot be easily or can only be partially accounted for within the framework of grammaticalization. Rather than challenging the insights of grammaticalization theory, the different contributions to this monograph demonstrate that exaptation, capitalization, refunctionalization and adfunctionalization, as well as changes motivated by rhetorical guidelines, constitute interesting and valuable notions that allow for a better understanding of specific language changes in Spanish and, by extension, of language change in general.

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