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X-Ray Contrast Media: Overview, Use and Pharmaceutical Aspects

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ISBN: 9783662564646 9783662564653 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-56465-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Bayer Pharma AG
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 15:48:01
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This open access book is an overview on CT/X-ray contrast media designed for radiologists and other medical specialists who use contrast media in imaging and interventional procedures as well as related scientists on the use and pharmaceutical aspects of X-ray contrast media. The overall goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview relevant for the optimal use of x-ray contrast media covering next to the historic development, their structure and properties also practical information for handling of contrast media, and explanation of the relevant risks during use and measures for prevention and treatment of potential side effects.

Keywords

X-Ray --- Radiography --- Imaging --- Radiology

X-Ray Free-Electron Laser

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ISBN: 9783038428794 9783038428800 Year: Pages: XII, 454 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-04 14:02:12
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X-ray free electron lasers (XFELs) deliver intense, coherent, femtosecond laser pulses in the X-ray range. The XFELs are opening two new research fields. One is to study ultrafast electronic and structural dynamics in various forms of matter. XFELs can make atoms and electrons in action visible. Another field is to study the non-linear interaction of the unprecedented intense X-ray pulse with matter. XFELs transform matter into its new form in extreme conditions that have never been reached. The present special issue provides an overview of the current status and future direction of the development of XFELs and the research fields opened by XFELs. Featured are reports on the status and plans of all FEL facilities in the world, i.e., FLASH in Germany, LCLS in USA, SACLA in Japan, FERMI in Italy, European XFEL, SwissFEL, PAL-XFEL in Korea, and Shanghai SXFEL in China. Reports are also included on instrumentations and on science at these facilities, as well as on the relevant theory.

Entwicklung einer Röntgenzoomlinse

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Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Mikrostrukturtechnik am Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Hrsg.: Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik ISSN: 18695183 ISBN: 9783731508854 Year: Volume: 41 Pages: Viii, 158 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000089715 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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Imaging methods such as X-ray microscopy are used in non-destructive material analysis to achieve resolutions in the sub micrometer range. Imaging optics are required, for which X-ray lenses are particularly suitable for photon energies above 10 keV. To ensure the universal use of these lenses with constant optical properties over a wide photon energy range, for the first time an X-ray zoom lens was developed in this work.

Diseases of the Abdomen and Pelvis 2018-2021: Diagnostic Imaging - IDKD Book

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Book Series: IDKD Springer Series ISSN: 2523-7829 ISBN: 9783319750187 9783319750194 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75019-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Foundation for the Advancement of Education in Medical Radiology
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 17:34:01
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This open access book deals with imaging of the abdomen and pelvis, an area that has seen considerable advances over the past several years, driven by clinical as well as technological developments. The respective chapters, written by internationally respected experts in their fields, focus on imaging diagnosis and interventional therapies in abdominal and pelvic disease; they cover all relevant imaging modalities, including magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and positron emission tomography. As such, the book offers a comprehensive review of the state of the art in imaging of the abdomen and pelvis. It will be of interest to general radiologists, radiology residents, interventional radiologists, and clinicians from other specialties who want to update their knowledge in this area.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal disease --- PET/CT --- Radiology --- X-ray --- IDKD --- Davos

Investigation of deformation mechanisms in nanocrystalline metals and alloys by in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Materialien, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 21929963 ISBN: 9783866449626 Year: Volume: 13 Pages: X, 223 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000031997 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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In this work, different nanocrystalline metals and alloys were investigated by a synchrotron-based in situ XRD mechanical testing technique in order to investigate the dominant deformation mechanisms. All tested samples show a succession and coexistence of several mechanisms, regardless of grain size, loading condition, or sample geometry. However, the relative shares of the individual mechanisms strongly vary and depend on parameters such as grain size, sample purity, and alloy composition.

X-ray optics made by X-ray lithography: Process optimization and quality control

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Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Mikrostrukturtechnik am Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Hrsg.: Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik ISSN: 18695183 ISBN: 9783731506799 Year: Volume: 36 Pages: X, 138 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000070029 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Grating based X-ray phase contrast imaging sets out to overcome the limits of conventional X-ray imaging in the detection of subtle density differences and opens a way to characterize a sample’s microstructure without the need for ultrahigh spatial resolution. The technique relies on grating structures with micrometric periods and extreme aspect ratio – their fabrication by X-ray lithography with optimal structure quality is the topic of this work.

Vergrößerung des Sehfeldes der Röntgen-Phasenkontrast-Bildgebung für die klinische Anwendung

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Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Mikrostrukturtechnik am Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Hrsg.: Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik ISSN: 18695183 ISBN: 9783731507314 Year: Volume: 37 Pages: XII, 185 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000075852 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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X-ray phase contrast imaging is a highly promising technology for the clinical diagnostic. Particularly high demands are placed on the required X-ray gratings, as the core element of this method. Such gratings can be fabricated using LIGA-technology, where the structured area is currently limited to a few centimeters in the diagonal (e.g. 10 cm). In this work possibilities to enlarge the area of X-ray gratings, as they are required for the Talbot-Lau Interferometry, were developed and analyzed.

Influence of cellulose ethers on the kinetics of early Portland cement hydration

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Book Series: Karlsruher mineralogische und geochemische Hefte ISSN: 16182677 ISBN: 9783866440777 Year: Volume: 32 Pages: III, 110 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000005907 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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The phase-specific influence of cellulose ether (CEs) on Portland cement hydration was investigated in-situ, using synchrotron X-ray diffractometry. CE-caused retardation can be traced to the polymers adsorption behaviour. The adsorption decreases in following order: silicates and their hydrates (high), sulfates (low), ettringite (zero). The retarding effect is strong on silicates, moderate on sulfates and unspecific on alluminates.

Kinanthropometry IX

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780203970157 9780415380539 9780415484930 9781134179596 9781134179589 9781134179541 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203970157 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sports Science --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:20
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This is an edited collection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the Ninth International Conference of the Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry. Defined as the relationship between human body structure and function, kinanthropometry is an area of growing interest, and these proceedings will be of use to students, academics and professionals in the areas of ergonomics, sports science, nutrition, health, and other allied fields. The assembled works represent the latest research findings across kinanthropometry, moving the discipline forward and promoting good practice and the exchange of expertise.

Keywords

body --- composition --- endomorphic --- mesomorphs --- fat --- free --- mass --- dual --- energy --- x-ray

High Precision X-Ray Measurements

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ISBN: 9783039213177 9783039213184 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-318-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Since their discovery in 1895, the detection of X-rays has had a strong impact on and various applications in several fields of science and human life. Impressive efforts have been made to develop new types of detectors and new techniques, aiming to obtain higher precision both in terms of energy and position. Depending on the applications, solid state detectors, microcalorimeters, and various types of spectrometers currently serve as the best options for spectroscopic and imaging detectors. Recent advancements in micron and meV precision have opened the door for groundbreaking applications in fundamental physics, medical science, astrophysics, cultural heritage, and several other fields. The aim of this Special Issue is to compile an overview, from different communities and research fields, of the most recent developments in X-ray detection and their possible impacts in various sectors, such as in exotic atom measurements, quantum physics studies, XRF, XES, EXAFS, plasma emission spectroscopy, monochromators, synchrotron radiation, telescopes, and space engineering. All the papers included in this Special Issue contribute to emphasizing the importance of X-ray detection in a very broad range of physics topics; most of these topics are covered by the published works, and several others are mentioned in the paper references, providing an interesting and very useful synopsis, from a variety of different communities and research fields, of the most recent developments in X-ray detection and their impact in fundamental research and societal applications.

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