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Chapter Violence and Politics in Zimbabwe from 2008-2018 (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780198805472 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 726504
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:21:34
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"Zimbabwe’s ZANU-PF party has been locked in an internal battle of political survival which intensified as the country democratized. Political violence has become a common feature in these internal struggles and underscores the degree of competition between agents within the government. This analysis of Zimbabwe’s political violence is presented in three sequential parts: the first considers patterns and explanations for the violence in 2008; the second on subsequent low-level violence since 2008; and the last on the violence emanating from internal ZANU-PF factional struggles. There are continuities in this violence over the past ten years; first, the politics of the ruling party have become the defining feature of the Zimbabwean state; and political violence remains a direct reflection of ZANU-PF internal struggles. Second, violence is most intense surrounding elections. Violence marred all three that took place between January 2008 and August 2018, although at vastly different rates and in response to different perceived threats. Despite the repeated risks of violence during elections, Zimbabwe remains a relatively stable country with low rates of all political violence compared to the surrounding states in Africa. Third, violence is but one way that the internal competition with ZANU-PF and state institutions is performed. As ZANU-PF continues to alter its foundations, elites and principles to be ‘fit for purpose’, there are reasons to believe that violence rates will not change."

Pioneers, Settlers, Aliens, Exiles: The decolonisation of white identity in Zimbabwe

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ISBN: 9781921666148 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459443 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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What did the future hold for Rhodesia’s white population at the end of a bloody armed conflict fought against settler colonialism? Would there be a place for them in newly independent Zimbabwe? Pioneers, Settlers, Aliens, Exiles sets out the terms offered by Robert Mugabe in 1980 to whites who opted to stay in the country they thought of as their home. The book traces over the next two decades their changing relationship with the country when the post-colonial government revised its symbolic and geographical landscape and reworked codes of membership. Particular attention is paid to colonial memories and white interpellation in the official account of the nation’s rebirth and indigene discourses, in view of which their attachment to the place shifted and weakened. As the book describes the whites’ trajectory from privileged citizens to persons of disputed membership and contested belonging, it provides valuable background information with regard to the land and governance crises that engulfed Zimbabwe at the start of the twenty-first century.

African Initiated Christianity and the Decolonisation of Development

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Research in Religion and Development ISBN: 9780367358686 9780367823825 Year: Pages: 354 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-06 11:21:02
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This book investigates the substantial and growing contribution which African Independent and Pentecostal Churches are making to sustainable development in all its manifold forms.

The Pseudo-Democrat's Dilemma

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ISBN: 9780801449666 9780801456763 9780801460777 9780801461255 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100459
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:57
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Cowinner of the International Studies Association’s Chadwick F. Alger Prize, Winner of the American Political Science Association’s Comparative Democratization Section Best Book Award, and Cowinner of the Yale University MacMillan Center’s Gustav Ranis International Book Prize. Why did election monitoring become an international norm? Why do "pseudo-democrats" (undemocratic leaders who present themselves as democratic) invite international observers, even when they are likely to be caught manipulating elections? Is election observation an effective tool of democracy promotion, or is it simply a way to legitimize electoral autocracies? This book uses cross-national data on election observations since 1960 and case studies of Armenia, Indonesia, Haiti, Peru, Togo, and Zimbabwe to explain international election monitoring with a new theory of international norms.

The implementation of modern African Constitutions: Challenges and prospects

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ISBN: 9781920538651 Year: Pages: 335 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-08 15:51:21
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In “The implementation of modern African Constitutions: challenges and prospects”, the authors try to identify obstacles to constitutional implementation in Africa and, on the basis of good practice, assess how this could be overcome. A single volume like this cannot unravel the complexity of the causes and effects of, and solutions to, the problem of non-implementation of constitutions in Africa: the subject is far too intricate. Nevertheless, this study, represents a first attempt to draw attention to the issue, and hopes to open a serious debate about it and pave the way for making this issue an integral consideration in constitution-building in the future. The variety of perspectives provided in analysing the challenges to constitution-implementation in this volume should make it to appeal to academics, practitioners, policy makers and postgraduate research students interested in the intricacies of comparative African constitutional law.

Rethinking White Societies in Southern Africa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367376420 Year: Pages: 252 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-29 00:11:12
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This book showcases new research by emerging and established scholars on white workers and the white poor in Southern Africa. Rethinking White Societies in Southern Africa challenges the geographical and chronological limitations of existing scholarship by presenting case studies from Angola, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe that track the fortunes of nonhegemonic whites during the era of white minority rule. Arguing against prevalent understandings of white society as uniformly wealthy or culturally homogeneous during this period, it demonstrates that social class remained a salient element throughout the twentieth century, how Southern Africa’s white societies were often divided and riven with tension and how the resulting social, political and economic complexities animated white minority regimes in the region. Addressing themes such as the class-based disruption of racial norms and practices, state surveillance and interventions – and their failures – towards nonhegemonic whites, and the opportunities and limitations of physical and social mobility, the book mounts a forceful argument for the regional consideration of white societies in this historical context. Centrally, it extends the path-breaking insights emanating from scholarship on racialized class identities from North America to the African context to argue that race and class cannot be considered independently in Southern Africa. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of southern African studies, African history, and the history of race.

New Results and Advances in PGE Mineralogy in Ni-Cu-Cr-PGE Ore Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039217168 9783039217175 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-717-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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The book (Special Issue) presents impressive new results related to a wide spectrum of occurrences of platinum-group minerals (PGM) and natural compounds enriched in platinum-group elements (PGE), which are associated with various complexes and deposits, such as Uralian-Alaskan-type complexes, layered intrusions and placers. The geographical locations of the involved deposits and complexes include, on a truly international scale, different areas of the Urals, Western and Eastern Sayans and Gornaya Shoria in Siberia, Southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt in China, Northern Michigan, USA, South Africa and Zimbabwe, etc. Of particular interest is the first description of a new species of PGM, thalhammerite (approved by the Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification of the International Mineralogical Association), which is a new species of palladium-silver sulfobismuthide discovered in the Noril’sk region of Russia. Additionally, comprehensive reviews, on compositional variations in Pt–Fe alloy minerals and processes of transformations of PGM in exogenic environments, are presented which will also attract attention from international readers.

Keywords

platinum-group elements --- platinum-group minerals --- PGE alloys --- chromian spinel --- schemes of substitution --- Ti- and REE-rich inclusions --- Sisim placer zone --- Lysanskiy complex --- Eastern Sayans --- Russia --- platinum-group elements --- gold --- platinum-group minerals --- placer deposits --- ophiolite complexes --- western Sayans --- Russia --- thalhammerite --- platinum-group mineral --- Pd9Ag2Bi2S4 phase --- reflectance data --- X-ray-diffraction data --- crystal structure --- Komsomolsky mine --- Talnakh deposit --- Noril’sk region --- Russia --- chromitite --- platinum group minerals --- primary inclusions --- ophiolite --- Alaskan-type complex. --- Urals --- Russia --- Alaskan-type complex --- Central Asian Orogenic Belt --- PGM --- PGE mineralization --- Bushveld Complex --- South Africa --- Great Dyke --- Zimbabwe --- platinum-group minerals --- primary ores --- oxide ores --- placers --- allogenic --- authigenic --- Echo Lake --- Midcontinent --- palladium --- platinum --- magnetite --- gabbro --- platinum-group elements --- platinum-group minerals --- Pt–Fe alloys --- compositional variations --- element substitutions --- placer deposits --- ore mineralization --- ultramafic-mafic complexes --- Ural Platinum belt --- Ural-Alaskan massif --- Svetloborsky massif --- placer system --- platinum group elements --- platinum group minerals --- platiniferous tetra-auricupride --- Pt-for-Au substitution --- platinum --- gold --- ophiolite --- Bolshoy Khailyk placer --- western Sayans --- Russia --- platinum-group elements --- gold --- platinum-group minerals --- placer deposits --- micrometric inclusions --- Gornaya Shoria --- Siberia --- Russia --- n/a

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