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Consciousness and Action Control

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193158 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-315-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 17:24:33
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The basic nuts and bolts underlying human behavior remain mysterious from a scientific point of view. Everyday acts - naming an object, suppressing the urge to say something, or grabbing a waiter’s attention with a “cappuccino, please” - remain difficult to understand from a mechanistic standpoint. Despite these challenges, research has begun to illuminate, not only the basic processes underlying human action production, but the role of conscious processing in the control of behavior. This Research Topic, “Consciousness and the Control of Action,” is devoted to surveying and synthesizing these developments from disparate fields of study.

Politics of Preferential Development: Trans-global study of affirmative action and ethnic conflict in Fiji, Malaysia and South Africa

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ISBN: 9781925021028 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459990 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-02 13:45:43
License: ANU Press

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The book is a critical examination of affirmative action, a form of preferential development often used to address the situation of disadvantaged groups. It uses a trans-global approach, as opposed to the comparative approach, to examine the relationship between affirmative action, ethnic conflict and the role of the state in Fiji, Malaysia and South Africa. While affirmative action has noble goals, there are often intervening political and ideological factors in the form of ethno-nationalism and elite interests, amongst others, which potentially undermine fair distribution of affirmative action resources. The book examines the affirmative action philosophies and programs of the three countries and raises pertinent questions about whether affirmative action has led to equality, social justice, harmony and political stability and explores future possibilities. “Steven Ratuva provides a brilliant critical study, not just of affirmative action policy and practice in three very different postcolonial contexts, but of the very complex matters of principle, justification and ideology that are involved more generally. It is an invaluable contribution to the literature on this important topic.”&#xD;&#xD;- Dr Stephanie Lawson, Professor of Politics and International Relations, Macquarie University.&#xD;&#xD;“Scholarly and provocative, Steven Ratuva’s Politics of Preferential Development is an original and insightful comparative contribution to the growing literature on affirmative action around the world.”&#xD;&#xD;- Dr Ralph Premdas, Professor of Public Policy, University of West Indies; Former Professor, University of California Berkeley and University of Toronto.

Mental Practice - Clinical and Experimental Research in Imagery and Action Observation

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198399 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-839-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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There is now strong evidence demonstrating that the brain simulates action and other functions. Such action simulation can be evoked through conscious mental rehearsal of movement or imagery, but also through passive action observation watching movements in others. Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that mental rehearsal of movement, or mental practice, can produce improvements normally attributed to practising actual movements. It is currently assumed that such improvements are due to neural activation associated with action simulation. However the neuroscience of mental practice efficacy is still poorly understood. The aim of this research topic is to clarify the underlying mechanisms of mental practice, bringing evidence from cognitive neuroscience, experimental neuropsychology, sport and movement science, and clinical neurology. It also attempts to address confusion regarding the concepts of imagery and observation, which has hampered the progression of mental practice research both scientifically and applied. As well as reviews, theoretical, and position articles, this research topic includes original neuroimaging, experimental, and patient research addressing, among others, the following issues. Neuroimaging studies provide strong evidence for action simulation, but the link to behavioural change and functional outcome is weak. What is the evidence that mental practice efficacy is driven by neuroplasticity processes evoked by action simulation? This research topic includes contributions on neural correlates and behaviour with regards to imagery and action observation. Much of the mental practice efficacy evidence comes from longstanding research within sport science. However, what does mental practice entail in these contexts, and to what extent is it compatible with the cognitive neuroscience perspective of action simulation? This research topic will include contributions that consider both evidence and concepts with regards to imagery and action observation, in an attempt to build an interdisciplinary consensus on the nature and application of mental practice. Mental practice is perceived as a promising motor rehabilitation technique, but critically there is lack of clarity or consensus on what mental practice treatment should entail. It is also not clear what are the most appropriate outcomes to measure imagery ability and cognitive or behavioural change following mental practice. A further important issue that needs consideration as part of this research topic is dosage, as it is currently unclear how much mental practice is appropriate and whether this depends on patient variables such as age, cognitive functioning, motor function, or pathophysiology.

Sanaa

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ISBN: 9782821825888 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherches et d'études sur le monde arabe et musulman - IREMAM
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-21 09:29:34
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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La monographie que les géographes E. Wirth et H. Kopp ont consacrée à Sanaa a été élaborée, et éditée dans sa version originale, dans le cadre du célèbre TAVO (Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients - Atlas du Proche-Orient de Tübingen). Elle est conçue comme un supplément à la cartographie qui a été établie. En s'appuyant sur une enquête de terrain méthodique, les auteurs se sont attachés aux aspects fonctionnels et morphologiques de Sanaa. Ils proposent une topographie de cette ville caractéri...

Infants’ Understanding and Production of Goal-Directed Actions in the Context of Social and Object-Related Interactions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452552 Year: Pages: 121 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-255-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Since the discovery of mirror neurons, the study of human infant goal-directed actions and object manipulation has burgeoned into new and exciting research directions. A number of infant studies have begun emphasizing the social context of action to understand what infants can infer when looking at others performing goal-directed actions or manipulating objects. Others have begun addressing how looking at actions in a social context, or even simply looking at objects in the immediate environment influence the way infants learn to direct their own actions on objects. Researchers have even begun investigating what aspects of goal-directed actions and object manipulation infants imitate when such actions are being modeled by a social partner, or they have been asking which cues infants use to predict others' actions. A growing understanding of how infants learn to reach, perceive information for reaching, and attend social cues for action has become central to many recent studies. These new lines of investigation and others have benefited from the use of a broad range of new investigative techniques. Eye-tracking, brains imaging techniques and new methodologies have been used to scrutinize how infants look, process, and use information to act themselves on objects and/or the social world, and to infer, predict, and recognize goal-directed actions outcomes from others. This Frontiers Research topic brings together empirical reports, literature reviews, and theory and hypothesis papers that tap into some of these exciting developmental questions about how infants perceive, understand, and perform goal-directed actions broadly defined. The papers included either stress the neural, motor, or perceptual aspects of infants’ behavior, or any combination of those dimensions as related to the development of early cognitive understanding and performance of goal-directed actions.

Le récit minimal

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ISBN: 9782878545654 9782878547542 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-20 15:08:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ce volume interroge la notion de « récit minimal », aussi bien dans ses limites qualitatives que quantitatives. Qu'est ce qu’un récit a minima ? Peut-on déterminer un contenu minimal de la narrativité : au moins une action, un événement ? Quel statut donner aux récits à l’événementialité incomplète, aux récits où « il ne se passe rien », aux récits où les actions apparaissent sans intentionalité ? Est-il possible de représenter le non-événement ? Quelles différences entre récit minimal, récit...

Animation et intervention sociale : parcours, formations, enjeux

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ISBN: 9791093839004 9791093839059 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Carrières Sociales Editions
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 09:45:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage est issu du 6e colloque international du Réseau International de l'Animation (RIA) organisé à Paris au mois d'octobre 2013 par l'Association des Départements Carrières Sociales de France (ADCS). Durant trois journées, plus de 200 participants, chercheurs et praticiens, de 21 nationalités et territoires différents, ont pu témoigner de leurs travaux et pratiques, confronter leurs observations et analyses, échanger autour du thème « Animation socioculturelle et intervention sociale :...

Animation, vie associative, des acteurs s'engagent

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ISBN: 9782954139074 9791093839073 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Carrières Sociales Editions
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 09:45:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage est issu du 6e colloque international organisé à Paris au mois d'octobre 2013 par l'Association des Départements Carrières Sociales de France (ADCS) pour le compte du Réseau International de l'Animation (RIA). A l'occasion de ce colloque, plus de 200 participants, chercheurs et praticiens, de 21 nationalités et territoires différents, ont pu témoigner de leurs travaux et pratiques, confronter leurs observations et analyses, échanger autour des problématiques interrogeant les réali...

L’animation socioculturelle, quelle place dans le projet urbain ?

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ISBN: 9782954139098 9791093839066 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Carrières Sociales Editions
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 09:45:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage fait suite au 29e colloque organisé à Bordeaux, en janvier 2013, par l'Institut Supérieur d'Ingénieurs-Animateurs Territoriaux (ISIAT) de l'IUT Bordeaux Montaigne et ses partenaires. Cette rencontre scientifique a accueilli une cinquantaine de communications sur le thème « L'animation socioculturelle, quelle place dans le projet urbain ? ». À travers une série de textes reprenant certains thèmes saillants du colloque, enseignants-chercheurs, doctorants, praticiens et concepteurs ...

Chapter 9 EU External Action, Intention and Explanation (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367346492 Year: Pages: 10 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-13 11:21:03
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"“Unintended consequences” is an umbrella concept. It comprises&#xD;phenomena that differ in crucial respects and consequently, without&#xD;refinement, it remains a rather blunt instrument for policy&#xD;analysis. The contributions in this volume, however, show that&#xD;disentangling unintended consequences by making clear distinctions&#xD;between various types, makes the concept much more useful&#xD;for policy analysis. Assessing the impact of EU foreign policies as&#xD;studied in this volume, we show that “bonuses”, “windfalls”, “accidents”,&#xD;and “trade-offs” – all unintended – are very different when&#xD;it comes to the explanation of policy outcomes, or to allocating&#xD;responsibility for them."&#xD;

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