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AI based Robot Safe Learning and Control

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789811555039 Year: Pages: 127 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5503-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:53
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This open access book mainly focuses on the safe control of robot manipulators. The control schemes are mainly developed based on dynamic neural network, which is an important theoretical branch of deep reinforcement learning. In order to enhance the safety performance of robot systems, the control strategies include adaptive tracking control for robots with model uncertainties, compliance control in uncertain environments, obstacle avoidance in dynamic workspace. The idea for this book on solving safe control of robot arms was conceived during the industrial applications and the research discussion in the laboratory. Most of the materials in this book are derived from the authors’ papers published in journals, such as IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, neurocomputing, etc. This book can be used as a reference book for researcher and designer of the robotic systems and AI based controllers, and can also be used as a reference book for senior undergraduate and graduate students in colleges and universities.

Fractional Order Systems

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ISBN: 9783039216086 9783039216093 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-609-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book is focused on fractional order systems. Historically, fractional calculus has been recognized since the inception of regular calculus, with the first written reference dated in September 1695 in a letter from Leibniz to L’Hospital. Nowadays, fractional calculus has a wide area of applications in areas such as physics, chemistry, bioengineering, chaos theory, control systems engineering, and many others. In all those applications, we deal with fractional order systems in general. Moreover, fractional calculus plays an important role even in complex systems and therefore allows us to develop better descriptions of real-world phenomena. On that basis, fractional order systems are ubiquitous, as the whole real world around us is fractional. Due to this reason, it is urgent to consider almost all systems as fractional order systems.

Friction Stir Welding and Processing in Alloy Manufacturing

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ISBN: 9783039212071 9783039212088 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-208-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- Analytical Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Friction stir welding (FSW) is considered to be the most significant development in metal joining in decades and, in addition, is a ""green"" technology due to its energy efficiency, environmental friendliness, and versatility. This process offers a number of advantages over conventional joining processes. Furthermore, because welding occurs via the deformation of material at temperatures below the melting temperature, many problems commonly associated with joining of dissimilar alloys can be avoided, and thus, high-quality welds are produced. Due to this fact, FSW has been widely used in different industrial applications where metallurgical characteristics should be retained, such as in the aeronautic, naval, and automotive industries.

Human Health Engineering

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ISBN: 9783039284085 9783039284092 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-409-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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In this Special Issue on human health engineering, we invited submissions exploring recent contributions to the field of human health engineering, which is the technology used for monitoring the physical or mental health status of individuals in a variety of applications. Contributions focused on sensors, wearable hardware, algorithms, or integrated monitoring systems. We organized the different papers according to their contributions to the main aspects of the monitoring and control engineering scheme applied to human health applications, including papers focusing on measuring/sensing physiological variables, contributions describing research on the modelling of biological signals, papers highlighting health monitoring applications, and finally examples of control applications for human health. In comparison to biomedical engineering, the field of human health engineering also covers applications on healthy humans (e.g., sports, sleep, and stress) and thus not only contributes to develop technology for curing patients or supporting chronically ill people, but also more generally for disease prevention and optimizing human well-being.

Keywords

artefact correction --- head-shaped phantom --- spherical phantom --- gradient artefact --- simultaneous EEG–fMRI --- calcaneal spur --- pain minimum compressive pressure --- contour of shoe insole --- insole foot area --- health information --- interface formats --- older adults --- wearable devices --- usability --- emotional reaction --- ADHD --- screening --- machine learning --- SVM --- children --- novel --- nomophobia --- anxiety --- smartphone --- internet --- cyberaddiction --- new technologies --- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease --- COPD --- oxygen uptake --- VO2 --- kinetics --- exercise testing --- rehabilitation robotics --- soft walking assistive robot --- long-term effect --- gait characteristics --- elderly person --- blood pressure estimation --- photoplethysmogram --- pulse wave --- pulse oximeter --- wearable device --- Kano-TRIZ design theory --- quality function deployment --- four-wheeled rollator --- model predictive control --- orthosis control --- muscle modeling --- arm --- Hill muscle --- swarm optimization --- pneumatic artificial muscle --- sliding mode control --- fractional calculus --- antagonistic actuator --- weight loss --- mHealth --- dynamic model --- adaptive control --- spirometry --- airflow limitation --- airway resistance --- specific airway conductance --- COPD --- body-plethysmography --- forced expiration --- alveolar pressure --- emphysema --- computed tomography --- air-trapping --- thermal comfort --- bicycle helmet --- smart wearables --- adaptive model --- streaming data --- thermal sensation --- adaptive model --- personalized model --- machine leaning --- support-vector-machine --- adaptive control --- streaming algorithm --- thermoregulation --- homeostasis --- cold-induced-vasodilation --- cold-induced-vasoconstriction --- control system --- dynamic modelling --- powered mobility --- dyskinetic cerebral palsy --- dystonia --- choreoathetosis --- mobility scale --- movement disorder --- children --- youth --- reliability --- validity --- feature engineering --- intensive care unit --- mortality prediction --- hard-margin support vector machines --- driver drowsiness --- thermoregulation --- distal skin temperature --- decision tree --- heart model --- Van der Pol --- FitzHugh–Nagumo --- relaxation oscillator --- electrocardiographic signal --- bicycle helmets --- thermal manikin --- convective and evaporative heat loss --- zonal performance characteristics --- freestyle skiing aerials --- knee joint --- ligament --- finite element simulation --- lifting technique --- stoop --- squat --- work-related musculoskeletal disorders --- musculoskeletal modeling --- spine --- shoulder --- back loading --- harmonization --- meta-analysis --- missing data --- multiple imputations --- information technology --- remoteness --- cohort studies --- control parameter reference --- stance assistance --- magnetorheological brake --- body mass index --- walking speed --- ankle torque --- ankle angular velocity --- n/a

MEMS/NEMS Sensors: Fabrication and Application

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039216345 9783039216352 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-635-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Due to the ever-expanding applications of micro/nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS/MEMS) as sensors and actuators, interest in their development has rapidly expanded over the past decade. Encompassing various excitation and readout schemes, the MEMS/NEMS devices transduce physical parameter changes, such as temperature, mass or stress, caused by changes in desired measurands, to electrical signals that can be further processed. Some common examples of NEMS/MEMS sensors include pressure sensors, accelerometers, magnetic field sensors, microphones, radiation sensors, and particulate matter sensors. Despite a long history of development, fabrication of novel MEMS/NEMS devices still poses unique challenges due to their requirement for a suspended geometry; and many new fabrication techniques have been proposed to overcome these challenges. However, further development of these techniques is still necessary, as newer materials such as compound semiconductors, and 2-dimensional materials are finding their way in various MEMS/NEMS applications, with more complex structures and potentially smaller dimensions.

Keywords

thermoelectric power sensor --- wideband --- GaAs MMIC --- MEMS --- floating slug --- back cavity --- microwave measurement --- MEMS --- high temperature pressure sensors --- AlGaN/GaN circular HFETs --- GaN diaphragm --- adaptive control --- backstepping approach --- tracking performance --- microgyroscope --- resonant frequency --- resistance parameter --- micro fluidic --- oil detection --- MEMS --- microactuator --- magnetic --- micro-NIR spectrometer --- scanning grating mirror --- deflection position detector --- dual-mass MEMS gyroscope --- frequency tuning --- frequency split --- quadrature modulation signal --- frequency mismatch --- suspended micro hotplate --- single-layer SiO2 --- temperature uniformity --- power consumption --- infrared image --- MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical system) --- inertial switch --- acceleration switch --- threshold accuracy --- squeeze-film damping --- photonic crystal cavity --- photonic crystal nanobeam cavity --- optical sensor --- refractive index sensor --- nanoparticle sensor --- optomechanical sensor --- temperature sensor --- Accelerometer readout --- low noise --- low zero-g offset --- microfluidic --- femtosecond laser --- rapid fabrication --- glass welding --- bonding strength --- accelerometer design --- spring design --- analytical model --- gas sensor --- micropellistor --- microdroplet --- pulse inertia force --- methane --- tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) --- wet etching --- silicon --- 3D simulation --- level-set method --- single crystal silicon --- anisotropy --- vibrating ring gyroscope --- frequency split --- accelerometer --- tunnel magnetoresistive effect --- electrostatic force feedback --- n/a

Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210442 9783039210459 Year: Pages: 604 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-045-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book offers a collection of 30 scientific papers which address the problems associated with the use of power electronic converters in renewable energy source-based systems. Relevant problems associated with the use of power electronic converters to integrate renewable energy systems to the power grid are presented. Some of the covered topics relate to the integration of photovoltaic and wind energy generators into the rest of the system, and to the use of energy storage to mitigate power fluctuations, which are a characteristic of renewable energy systems. The book provides a good overview of the abovementioned topics.

Keywords

modular multilevel converter --- battery energy storage system --- state-of-charge balancing --- second-life battery --- multi-energy complementary --- microgrid --- demand response --- operation optimization --- electricity price --- peak-current-mode control --- dynamic modeling --- duty-ratio constraints --- discontinuous conduction mode --- FACTS devices --- active power filter --- static compensator --- control strategies --- grid-connected converter --- SPWM --- SVM --- maximum power point tracking --- open circuit voltage --- perturb and observe --- thermoelectric generator --- two-stage photovoltaic power --- virtual synchronous generator --- adaptive-MPPT (maximum power point tracking) --- improved-VSG (virtual synchronous generator) --- power matching --- failure zone --- governor --- frequency regulation --- inverter --- voltage-type control --- static frequency characteristics --- grid-connected converter --- adaptive resonant controller --- PLL --- impedance analysis --- distorted grid --- digital signal processor (DSP) TMS320F28335 --- grid-connected inverter --- internal model --- linear quadratic regulator --- LCL filter --- photovoltaic systems --- multilevel power converter --- soft switching --- selective harmonic mitigation --- phase shifted --- voltage cancellation --- adaptive control --- sliding mode control --- speed control --- wind energy system --- microgrid (MG) --- droop control --- washout filter --- hardware in the loop (HIL) --- active front-end converter --- back-to-back converter --- permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) --- THD --- type-4 wind turbine --- wind energy system --- Opal-RT Technologies® --- synchronization --- adaptive notch filter (ANF) --- phase-locked loop (PLL) --- wind power prediction --- phase space reconstruction --- multivariate linear regression --- cloud computing --- time series --- multiple VSGs --- oscillation mitigation --- coordinated control --- small-signal and transient stability --- coordination control --- energy storage --- grid support function --- inertia --- photovoltaic --- virtual synchronous generator --- weak grid --- parallel inverters --- oscillation suppression --- notch filter --- impedance reshaping --- boost converter --- peak-current-mode control --- dynamic modeling --- discontinuous operation mode --- doubly-fed induction generator --- short-circuit fault --- frequency regulation --- variable power tracking control --- improved additional frequency control --- variable coefficient regulation --- inertia and damping characteristics --- generator speed control --- electrical power generation --- turbine and generator --- grid-connected converter --- organic Rankine cycle --- renewable energy --- multiport converter (MPC) --- single ended primary inductor converter (SEPIC) --- multi-input single output (MISO) --- renewable power system --- coupled oscillators --- virtual impedance --- synchronization --- power converters --- droop control --- virtual admittance --- distributed generation --- energy --- renewable energy --- microgrids --- Energy Internet --- energy router --- microgrid --- electric vehicle --- PV --- battery-energy storage --- DC-AC power converters --- impedance emulation --- stability analysis --- power-hardware-in- the-loop --- photovoltaic generators --- maximum power point tracking --- step size --- perturbation frequency --- source and load impedance --- transient dynamics --- stability --- grid synchronization --- power electronics --- power grid --- inverter --- grid-connected --- microgrid --- experiment --- modules --- synchronverter --- power ripple elimination --- resonant controller --- unbalanced power grid --- ROCOF --- PLL --- error --- low inertia --- VSC --- n/a

Methods and Concepts for Designing and Validating Smart Grid Systems

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039216482 9783039216499 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-649-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Energy efficiency and low-carbon technologies are key contributors to curtailing the emission of greenhouse gases that continue to cause global warming. The efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions also strongly affect electrical power systems. Renewable sources, storage systems, and flexible loads provide new system controls, but power system operators and utilities have to deal with their fluctuating nature, limited storage capabilities, and typically higher infrastructure complexity with a growing number of heterogeneous components. In addition to the technological change of new components, the liberalization of energy markets and new regulatory rules bring contextual change that necessitates the restructuring of the design and operation of future energy systems. Sophisticated component design methods, intelligent information and communication architectures, automation and control concepts, new and advanced markets, as well as proper standards are necessary in order to manage the higher complexity of such intelligent power systems that form smart grids. Due to the considerably higher complexity of such cyber-physical energy systems, constituting the power system, automation, protection, information and communication technology (ICT), and system services, it is expected that the design and validation of smart-grid configurations will play a major role in future technology and system developments. However, an integrated approach for the design and evaluation of smart-grid configurations incorporating these diverse constituent parts remains evasive. The currently available validation approaches focus mainly on component-oriented methods. In order to guarantee a sustainable, affordable, and secure supply of electricity through the transition to a future smart grid with considerably higher complexity and innovation, new design, validation, and testing methods appropriate for cyber-physical systems are required. Therefore, this book summarizes recent research results and developments related to the design and validation of smart grid systems.

Keywords

adaptive control --- fuzzy logic --- cell --- frequency containment control (FCC) --- power frequency characteristic --- droop control --- smart grids --- substation automation system (SAS) --- high-availability seamless redundancy (HSR) --- seamless communications --- traffic reduction technique --- Power Hardware-in-the-Loop (PHIL) --- interface algorithm (IA) --- operational range of PHIL --- linear/switching amplifier --- cyber-physical energy system --- co-simulation --- conceptual structuration --- coupling method --- linear decision rules --- optimal reserve allocation --- robust optimization --- web of cells --- demand response --- real-time balancing market --- elastic demand bids --- shiftable loads --- market design --- market design elements --- Web-of-Cells --- procurement scheme --- remuneration scheme --- pricing scheme --- cascading procurement --- real-time simulation --- hardware-in-the-Loop --- synchrophasors --- micro-synchrophasors --- distribution phasor measurement units --- distribution grid --- time synchronization --- PHIL (power hardware in the loop) --- simulation initialization --- synchronization --- time delay --- synchronous power system --- stability --- accuracy --- peer-to-peer --- distributed control --- device-to-device communication --- voltage control --- experimentation --- smart grid --- cyber physical co-simulation --- information and communication technology --- 4G Long Term Evolution—LTE --- network reconfiguration --- fault management --- power loss allocation --- plug-in electric vehicle --- smart grid --- locational marginal prices --- microgrid --- resilience --- investment --- underground cabling --- network outage --- battery energy storage system (BESS) --- micro combined heat and power (micro-CHP) --- electricity distribution --- solar photovoltaics (PV) --- islanded operation --- distributed control --- microgrid --- hardware-in-the-loop --- average consensus --- multi-agent system --- active distribution network --- laboratory testbed --- renewable energy sources --- DC link --- centralised control --- interoperability --- smart energy systems --- use cases --- IEC 62559 --- SGAM --- TOGAF --- integration profiles --- IHE --- testing --- gazelle --- connectathon --- Hardware-in-the-Loop --- Software-in-the-Loop --- Power-Hardware-in-the-Loop --- Quasi-Dynamic Power-Hardware-in-the-Loop --- smart grids --- real-time simulation --- validation and testing --- decentralised energy system --- smart grids control strategies --- smart grid --- wind power --- synchronized measurements --- PMU --- data mining --- Architecture --- Development --- Enterprise Architecture Management --- Model-Based Software Engineering --- Smart Grid --- Smart Grid Architecture Model --- System-of-Systems --- Validation --- design, development and implementation methods for smart grid technologies --- modelling and simulation of smart grid systems --- co-simulation-based assessment methods --- validation techniques for innovative smart grid solutions --- real-time simulation and hardware-in-the-loop experiments

Advanced Mobile Robotics: Volume 1

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219162 9783039219179 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-917-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

Mobile robotics is a challenging field with great potential. It covers disciplines including electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, cognitive science, and social science. It is essential to the design of automated robots, in combination with artificial intelligence, vision, and sensor technologies. Mobile robots are widely used for surveillance, guidance, transportation and entertainment tasks, as well as medical applications. This Special Issue intends to concentrate on recent developments concerning mobile robots and the research surrounding them to enhance studies on the fundamental problems observed in the robots. Various multidisciplinary approaches and integrative contributions including navigation, learning and adaptation, networked system, biologically inspired robots and cognitive methods are welcome contributions to this Special Issue, both from a research and an application perspective.

Keywords

path planning --- lane change --- excellent driver model --- neural networks --- autonomous vehicle --- remotely operated vehicle --- ocean current --- cable disturbance modeling --- lumped parameter method --- sliding mode observer --- 4WS4WD vehicle --- force control --- MPC --- PSO --- path tracking --- negative-buoyancy --- tri-tilt-rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- immersion and invariance --- object mapping --- Geometric Algebra --- Differential Evolution --- non-inertial reference frame --- centrifugal force --- turning model LIP --- trajectory planning --- space robot --- hybrid bionic robot --- chameleon --- end effector --- hybrid robot --- curve fitting --- fair optimisation --- trajectory interpolation --- piezoelectric actuator --- high step-up ratio --- high efficiency --- small size --- micro mobile robot --- biomimetic robot --- micro air vehicle --- flapping --- drag-based system --- dragonfly --- snake-like robot --- singularity analysis --- system design --- dynamical model --- nonlinear differentiator --- robotic drilling --- sliding mode control --- drilling end-effector --- fault diagnosis --- quadcopter UAV --- fault-tolerant control --- sliding mode observer --- Thau observer --- smart materials --- actuators --- robots --- electro-rheological fluids --- magneto-rheological fluids --- shape memory alloys --- medical devices --- rehabilitation system --- LOS --- motion camouflage control --- parallel navigation --- missile control system --- target tracking --- variable speed --- high-speed target --- snake robots --- head-raising --- shape-fitting --- phase-shifting --- spiral curve --- servo valve --- pneumatics --- position control --- cart --- robot --- step climbing --- transportation --- stopper --- climbing robot --- safety recovery mechanism --- cable detection --- dynamic coupling analysis --- path planning --- mobile robots --- curvature constraints --- state constraints --- extend procedure --- G3-continuity --- car-like kinematics --- obstacle avoidance system --- harmonic potential field --- curvature constraint --- non-holonomic mobile robot --- computing time --- inverse kinematics --- joint limit avoidance --- kinematic singularity --- manipulator --- obstacle avoidance --- potential field --- service robot --- graph representation --- similarity measure --- mobile robot --- static environments --- path planning --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGA-II --- evolutionary operators --- mobile robot --- coalmine --- exploration --- robotics --- ATEX --- safety --- methane --- quadruped robot --- stability criterion --- dynamic gait --- glass façade cleaning robot --- wall climbing robot --- biped mechanism --- data association --- 3D-SLAM --- localization --- mapping --- disturbance-rejection control --- extended state observer (ESO) --- hover mode --- transition mode --- negative buoyancy --- quad-tilt rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- Rodrigues parameters --- UAV --- variable spray --- prescription map translation --- PID algorithm --- grip planning --- biped climbing robots --- collision avoidance --- grip optimization --- dynamic environment --- closed-loop detection --- sparse pose adjustment (SPA) --- inertial measurement unit (IMU) --- simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) --- non-singular fast-terminal sliding-mode control --- industrial robotic manipulator --- external disturbance --- dynamic uncertainty --- adaptive control law --- exoskeleton --- load carriage --- muscle activities --- human–robot interaction --- discomfort --- actuatorless --- alpine ski --- human–robot interaction --- mechanism --- passive skiing turn --- skiing robot --- predictable trajectory planning --- geodesic --- constrained motion --- mobile robot --- jumping robot --- hopping robot --- continuous hopping --- single actuator --- self-reconfigurable robot --- cleaning robot --- Tetris-inspired --- polyomino tiling theory --- coverage path planning --- area decomposition --- multi-criteria decision making --- design and modeling --- kinematics --- kinematic identification --- monocular vision --- action generation --- robot motion --- undiscovered sensor values --- differential wheeled robot --- powered exoskeleton --- motion sensor --- machine learning --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- pesticide application --- deposition uniformity --- droplets penetrability --- control efficacy --- working efficiency --- subgoal graphs --- reinforcement learning --- hierarchical path planning --- uncertain environments --- mobile robots --- deep reinforcement learning --- mobile manipulation --- robot learning --- intelligent mobile robot --- pallet transportation --- master-slave --- compact driving unit --- high-gain observer --- snake robot --- series elastic actuator --- SEA --- Robot Operating System --- ROS --- non-prehensile manipulation --- manipulation planning --- contact planning --- manipulation action sequences --- robot --- obstacle avoidance --- facial and gender recognition --- q-learning --- Q-networks --- reinforcement learning --- gait cycle --- biped robots --- minimally invasive surgery robot --- inverse kinematics --- dialytic elimination --- Newton iteration --- curvilinear obstacle --- douglas–peuker polygonal approximation --- opposite angle-based exact cell decomposition --- path planning --- mobile robot --- UAV --- auto-tuning --- machine learning --- iterative learning --- extremum-seeking --- altitude controller --- enemy avoidance --- reinforcement learning --- decision making --- hardware-in-the-loop simulation --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- path planning --- multiple mobile robots --- artificial fish swarm algorithm --- expansion logic strategy --- sample gathering problem --- mobile robots --- mathematical modeling --- numerical evaluation --- centralized architecture --- optimization --- fault recovery --- reinforcement learning --- gait adaptation --- legged robot --- bio-inspired robot --- human–machine interactive navigation --- mobile robot --- topological map --- regional growth --- trajectory planning --- position/force cooperative control --- hierarchical planning --- object-oriented --- symmetrical adaptive variable impedance --- biologically-inspired --- self-learning --- formation control --- mobile robots --- loop closure detection --- convolutional neural network --- spatial pyramid pooling --- dynamic neural networks --- mobile robot navigation --- gesture recognition --- behaviour dynamics --- real-time action recognition --- formation of robots --- non-holonomic robot --- stability analysis --- Lyapunov-like function --- target assignment --- goal exchange --- path following --- switching control --- swarm-robotics --- rendezvous consensus --- robot navigation --- victim-detection --- unmanned surface vessel --- path following --- integral line-of-sight --- finite-time currents observer --- radial basis function neural networks --- input saturation --- n/a

Advanced Mobile Robotics: Volume 2

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219445 9783039219452 Year: Pages: 498 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-945-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

Mobile robotics is a challenging field with great potential. It covers disciplines including electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, cognitive science, and social science. It is essential to the design of automated robots, in combination with artificial intelligence, vision, and sensor technologies. Mobile robots are widely used for surveillance, guidance, transportation and entertainment tasks, as well as medical applications. This Special Issue intends to concentrate on recent developments concerning mobile robots and the research surrounding them to enhance studies on the fundamental problems observed in the robots. Various multidisciplinary approaches and integrative contributions including navigation, learning and adaptation, networked system, biologically inspired robots and cognitive methods are welcome contributions to this Special Issue, both from a research and an application perspective.

Keywords

path planning --- lane change --- excellent driver model --- neural networks --- autonomous vehicle --- remotely operated vehicle --- ocean current --- cable disturbance modeling --- lumped parameter method --- sliding mode observer --- 4WS4WD vehicle --- force control --- MPC --- PSO --- path tracking --- negative-buoyancy --- tri-tilt-rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- immersion and invariance --- object mapping --- Geometric Algebra --- Differential Evolution --- non-inertial reference frame --- centrifugal force --- turning model LIP --- trajectory planning --- space robot --- hybrid bionic robot --- chameleon --- end effector --- hybrid robot --- curve fitting --- fair optimisation --- trajectory interpolation --- piezoelectric actuator --- high step-up ratio --- high efficiency --- small size --- micro mobile robot --- biomimetic robot --- micro air vehicle --- flapping --- drag-based system --- dragonfly --- snake-like robot --- singularity analysis --- system design --- dynamical model --- nonlinear differentiator --- robotic drilling --- sliding mode control --- drilling end-effector --- fault diagnosis --- quadcopter UAV --- fault-tolerant control --- sliding mode observer --- Thau observer --- smart materials --- actuators --- robots --- electro-rheological fluids --- magneto-rheological fluids --- shape memory alloys --- medical devices --- rehabilitation system --- LOS --- motion camouflage control --- parallel navigation --- missile control system --- target tracking --- variable speed --- high-speed target --- snake robots --- head-raising --- shape-fitting --- phase-shifting --- spiral curve --- servo valve --- pneumatics --- position control --- cart --- robot --- step climbing --- transportation --- stopper --- climbing robot --- safety recovery mechanism --- cable detection --- dynamic coupling analysis --- path planning --- mobile robots --- curvature constraints --- state constraints --- extend procedure --- G3-continuity --- car-like kinematics --- obstacle avoidance system --- harmonic potential field --- curvature constraint --- non-holonomic mobile robot --- computing time --- inverse kinematics --- joint limit avoidance --- kinematic singularity --- manipulator --- obstacle avoidance --- potential field --- service robot --- graph representation --- similarity measure --- mobile robot --- static environments --- path planning --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGA-II --- evolutionary operators --- mobile robot --- coalmine --- exploration --- robotics --- ATEX --- safety --- methane --- quadruped robot --- stability criterion --- dynamic gait --- glass façade cleaning robot --- wall climbing robot --- biped mechanism --- data association --- 3D-SLAM --- localization --- mapping --- disturbance-rejection control --- extended state observer (ESO) --- hover mode --- transition mode --- negative buoyancy --- quad-tilt rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- Rodrigues parameters --- UAV --- variable spray --- prescription map translation --- PID algorithm --- grip planning --- biped climbing robots --- collision avoidance --- grip optimization --- dynamic environment --- closed-loop detection --- sparse pose adjustment (SPA) --- inertial measurement unit (IMU) --- simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) --- non-singular fast-terminal sliding-mode control --- industrial robotic manipulator --- external disturbance --- dynamic uncertainty --- adaptive control law --- exoskeleton --- load carriage --- muscle activities --- human–robot interaction --- discomfort --- actuatorless --- alpine ski --- human–robot interaction --- mechanism --- passive skiing turn --- skiing robot --- predictable trajectory planning --- geodesic --- constrained motion --- mobile robot --- jumping robot --- hopping robot --- continuous hopping --- single actuator --- self-reconfigurable robot --- cleaning robot --- Tetris-inspired --- polyomino tiling theory --- coverage path planning --- area decomposition --- multi-criteria decision making --- design and modeling --- kinematics --- kinematic identification --- monocular vision --- action generation --- robot motion --- undiscovered sensor values --- differential wheeled robot --- powered exoskeleton --- motion sensor --- machine learning --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- pesticide application --- deposition uniformity --- droplets penetrability --- control efficacy --- working efficiency --- subgoal graphs --- reinforcement learning --- hierarchical path planning --- uncertain environments --- mobile robots --- deep reinforcement learning --- mobile manipulation --- robot learning --- intelligent mobile robot --- pallet transportation --- master-slave --- compact driving unit --- high-gain observer --- snake robot --- series elastic actuator --- SEA --- Robot Operating System --- ROS --- non-prehensile manipulation --- manipulation planning --- contact planning --- manipulation action sequences --- robot --- obstacle avoidance --- facial and gender recognition --- q-learning --- Q-networks --- reinforcement learning --- gait cycle --- biped robots --- minimally invasive surgery robot --- inverse kinematics --- dialytic elimination --- Newton iteration --- curvilinear obstacle --- douglas–peuker polygonal approximation --- opposite angle-based exact cell decomposition --- path planning --- mobile robot --- UAV --- auto-tuning --- machine learning --- iterative learning --- extremum-seeking --- altitude controller --- enemy avoidance --- reinforcement learning --- decision making --- hardware-in-the-loop simulation --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- path planning --- multiple mobile robots --- artificial fish swarm algorithm --- expansion logic strategy --- sample gathering problem --- mobile robots --- mathematical modeling --- numerical evaluation --- centralized architecture --- optimization --- fault recovery --- reinforcement learning --- gait adaptation --- legged robot --- bio-inspired robot --- human–machine interactive navigation --- mobile robot --- topological map --- regional growth --- trajectory planning --- position/force cooperative control --- hierarchical planning --- object-oriented --- symmetrical adaptive variable impedance --- biologically-inspired --- self-learning --- formation control --- mobile robots --- loop closure detection --- convolutional neural network --- spatial pyramid pooling --- dynamic neural networks --- mobile robot navigation --- gesture recognition --- behaviour dynamics --- real-time action recognition --- formation of robots --- non-holonomic robot --- stability analysis --- Lyapunov-like function --- target assignment --- goal exchange --- path following --- switching control --- swarm-robotics --- rendezvous consensus --- robot navigation --- victim-detection --- unmanned surface vessel --- path following --- integral line-of-sight --- finite-time currents observer --- radial basis function neural networks --- input saturation --- n/a

Advanced Mobile Robotics: Volume 3

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219469 9783039219476 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-947-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

Mobile robotics is a challenging field with great potential. It covers disciplines including electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, cognitive science, and social science. It is essential to the design of automated robots, in combination with artificial intelligence, vision, and sensor technologies. Mobile robots are widely used for surveillance, guidance, transportation and entertainment tasks, as well as medical applications. This Special Issue intends to concentrate on recent developments concerning mobile robots and the research surrounding them to enhance studies on the fundamental problems observed in the robots. Various multidisciplinary approaches and integrative contributions including navigation, learning and adaptation, networked system, biologically inspired robots and cognitive methods are welcome contributions to this Special Issue, both from a research and an application perspective.

Keywords

path planning --- lane change --- excellent driver model --- neural networks --- autonomous vehicle --- remotely operated vehicle --- ocean current --- cable disturbance modeling --- lumped parameter method --- sliding mode observer --- 4WS4WD vehicle --- force control --- MPC --- PSO --- path tracking --- negative-buoyancy --- tri-tilt-rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- immersion and invariance --- object mapping --- Geometric Algebra --- Differential Evolution --- non-inertial reference frame --- centrifugal force --- turning model LIP --- trajectory planning --- space robot --- hybrid bionic robot --- chameleon --- end effector --- hybrid robot --- curve fitting --- fair optimisation --- trajectory interpolation --- piezoelectric actuator --- high step-up ratio --- high efficiency --- small size --- micro mobile robot --- biomimetic robot --- micro air vehicle --- flapping --- drag-based system --- dragonfly --- snake-like robot --- singularity analysis --- system design --- dynamical model --- nonlinear differentiator --- robotic drilling --- sliding mode control --- drilling end-effector --- fault diagnosis --- quadcopter UAV --- fault-tolerant control --- sliding mode observer --- Thau observer --- smart materials --- actuators --- robots --- electro-rheological fluids --- magneto-rheological fluids --- shape memory alloys --- medical devices --- rehabilitation system --- LOS --- motion camouflage control --- parallel navigation --- missile control system --- target tracking --- variable speed --- high-speed target --- snake robots --- head-raising --- shape-fitting --- phase-shifting --- spiral curve --- servo valve --- pneumatics --- position control --- cart --- robot --- step climbing --- transportation --- stopper --- climbing robot --- safety recovery mechanism --- cable detection --- dynamic coupling analysis --- path planning --- mobile robots --- curvature constraints --- state constraints --- extend procedure --- G3-continuity --- car-like kinematics --- obstacle avoidance system --- harmonic potential field --- curvature constraint --- non-holonomic mobile robot --- computing time --- inverse kinematics --- joint limit avoidance --- kinematic singularity --- manipulator --- obstacle avoidance --- potential field --- service robot --- graph representation --- similarity measure --- mobile robot --- static environments --- path planning --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGA-II --- evolutionary operators --- mobile robot --- coalmine --- exploration --- robotics --- ATEX --- safety --- methane --- quadruped robot --- stability criterion --- dynamic gait --- glass façade cleaning robot --- wall climbing robot --- biped mechanism --- data association --- 3D-SLAM --- localization --- mapping --- disturbance-rejection control --- extended state observer (ESO) --- hover mode --- transition mode --- negative buoyancy --- quad-tilt rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- Rodrigues parameters --- UAV --- variable spray --- prescription map translation --- PID algorithm --- grip planning --- biped climbing robots --- collision avoidance --- grip optimization --- dynamic environment --- closed-loop detection --- sparse pose adjustment (SPA) --- inertial measurement unit (IMU) --- simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) --- non-singular fast-terminal sliding-mode control --- industrial robotic manipulator --- external disturbance --- dynamic uncertainty --- adaptive control law --- exoskeleton --- load carriage --- muscle activities --- human–robot interaction --- discomfort --- actuatorless --- alpine ski --- human–robot interaction --- mechanism --- passive skiing turn --- skiing robot --- predictable trajectory planning --- geodesic --- constrained motion --- mobile robot --- jumping robot --- hopping robot --- continuous hopping --- single actuator --- self-reconfigurable robot --- cleaning robot --- Tetris-inspired --- polyomino tiling theory --- coverage path planning --- area decomposition --- multi-criteria decision making --- design and modeling --- kinematics --- kinematic identification --- monocular vision --- action generation --- robot motion --- undiscovered sensor values --- differential wheeled robot --- powered exoskeleton --- motion sensor --- machine learning --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- pesticide application --- deposition uniformity --- droplets penetrability --- control efficacy --- working efficiency --- subgoal graphs --- reinforcement learning --- hierarchical path planning --- uncertain environments --- mobile robots --- deep reinforcement learning --- mobile manipulation --- robot learning --- intelligent mobile robot --- pallet transportation --- master-slave --- compact driving unit --- high-gain observer --- snake robot --- series elastic actuator --- SEA --- Robot Operating System --- ROS --- non-prehensile manipulation --- manipulation planning --- contact planning --- manipulation action sequences --- robot --- obstacle avoidance --- facial and gender recognition --- q-learning --- Q-networks --- reinforcement learning --- gait cycle --- biped robots --- minimally invasive surgery robot --- inverse kinematics --- dialytic elimination --- Newton iteration --- curvilinear obstacle --- douglas–peuker polygonal approximation --- opposite angle-based exact cell decomposition --- path planning --- mobile robot --- UAV --- auto-tuning --- machine learning --- iterative learning --- extremum-seeking --- altitude controller --- enemy avoidance --- reinforcement learning --- decision making --- hardware-in-the-loop simulation --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- path planning --- multiple mobile robots --- artificial fish swarm algorithm --- expansion logic strategy --- sample gathering problem --- mobile robots --- mathematical modeling --- numerical evaluation --- centralized architecture --- optimization --- fault recovery --- reinforcement learning --- gait adaptation --- legged robot --- bio-inspired robot --- human–machine interactive navigation --- mobile robot --- topological map --- regional growth --- trajectory planning --- position/force cooperative control --- hierarchical planning --- object-oriented --- symmetrical adaptive variable impedance --- biologically-inspired --- self-learning --- formation control --- mobile robots --- loop closure detection --- convolutional neural network --- spatial pyramid pooling --- dynamic neural networks --- mobile robot navigation --- gesture recognition --- behaviour dynamics --- real-time action recognition --- formation of robots --- non-holonomic robot --- stability analysis --- Lyapunov-like function --- target assignment --- goal exchange --- path following --- switching control --- swarm-robotics --- rendezvous consensus --- robot navigation --- victim-detection --- unmanned surface vessel --- path following --- integral line-of-sight --- finite-time currents observer --- radial basis function neural networks --- input saturation --- n/a

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