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Das Instrument der Direktzahlungen in der Agrarpolitik der USA und der EU - Eine Konvergenzanalyse

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ISBN: 9783863953911 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
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Lange Zeit stellten die entkoppelten Direktzahlungen ein wichtiges Instrument zur Förderung der Landwirtschaft sowohl in den USA als auch in der EU dar. Ihre Abschaffung in den USA durch die Agrarreform von 2014 markierte den Bruch des bisherigen Trends zur Angleichung der Agrarpolitiken beider Akteure. Die vorliegende Arbeit erklärt mithilfe der Konvergenztheorie die Ursachen für die neu auftretenden Divergenzen. Es werden die Gründe für den Reformdruck in Bezug auf die Direktzahlungen identifiziert sowie die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen den USA und der EU herausgearbeitet und bewertet. Schließlich werden die Konvergenzmuster untersucht und der Konvergenzprozess erklärt. Der Analyse liegt ein umfassender Vergleich der jeweiligen Entwicklung der Direktzahlungen zugrunde, einschließlich ihrer Behandlung in der wissenschaftlichen Literatur auf beiden Seiten des Atlantiks.

Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

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ISBN: 9780199683529 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 21:10:22
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Agricultural input subsidies were a major feature of development policies in rural economies until the 1980s. Continuing rural poverty with low productivity and fertilizer use in smallholder staple crops has led to their resurgence in Africa. These subsidies are, however, controversial with claims of both large food security benefits and unsustainable, inefficient resource use. This book reviews current theory and evidence on the strengths and weaknesses of these programmes and the effects of programme context, design, and implementation. Theoretical arguments for agricultural subsidies are based on input promotion where farmers’ private costs (benefits) are higher (lower) than wider economic costs (benefits). These arguments, and concerns about inefficiency and diversion, are reviewed and extended to consider input affordability constraints and ‘smart’ rationing and targeting. Recent programmes in Africa have a variety of generally producer-focused objectives, with varied implementation and programme outcomes. Most pay little attention to consumer interests and potential contributions to wider growth. A detailed examination of Malawi’s controversial agricultural input subsidy programme follows. Drawing on a wide range of information sources, the political and agro-economic contexts of the programme are examined, with evidence on its implementation and impacts from 2005 to 2011. Positive impacts are recorded on beneficiaries’ production, incomes, food consumption, school enrolment, child health, and reduced need for earnings from undertaking casual labour for others. There is evidence of indirect economy-wide impacts, but this is not as strong as might be expected. Targeting and graduation are identified as critically important issues requiring continuing attention.

Weltagrarbericht: Synthesebericht

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ISBN: 9783937816685 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.94 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:23

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The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development[IAASTD] adopted in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2008, is the result of a unique cooperative effort by UN and other international organizations, 60 governments and more than 400 scientists from all over the world.A Global Report and five Regional Reports describe the main problems facing agriculture, food, the environment and human health today and show how the urgent need for a turnaround towards sustainable, environmentally and socially equitable development and food security for a growing world population can be achieved in practice. The synthesis report now published in German summarizes the central analyses and options.

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