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Rethinking Canadian Aid

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studies in International Development and Globalization ISBN: 9780776623658 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612090 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-05 11:01:18
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In 2013, the government abolished the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), which had been Canada's flagship foreign aid agency for decades, and transferred its functions to the newly renamed Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD). As the government is rethinking Canadian aid and its relationship with other foreign policy and commercial objectives, the time is ripe to rethink Canadian aid more broadly. Edited by Stephen Brown, Molly den Heyer and David R. Black, this revised edition not only analyzes Canada's past development assistance, it also highlights important new opportunities in the context of the recent change in government. Designed to reach a variety of audiences, contributions by twenty scholars and experts in the field offer an incisive examination of Canada's record and initiatives in Canadian foreign aid, including its relatively recent emphasis on maternal and child health and on the extractive sector, as well as the longer-term engagement with state fragility.&#xD;&#xD;The portrait that emerges is a sobering one. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in Canada's changing role in the world.

Keywords

foreign aid --- canada

The Pacific challenge - Development trends in the 21st century

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783938616109 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2005-221 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Migration --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The enormous leaps of growth and development experienced by Eastern and Southeast Asian states since the 1960s on account of their astonishing industrial development have led to concerns that a resulting global economic and political shift might favour the »Pacific region« at the expense of the »Atlantic region«. A »Pacific century« was proclaimed, in which it was predicted that Asian-Pacific countries would outpace the traditional leading powers of the West. A more careful look quickly reveals that this view is too simplistic. From the point of view of various disciplines and covering different nations like China, Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea the authors of this publication pursue the question whether the 21st century can already be labelled the »Pacific Century«. This was also the title of the interdisciplinary series of lectures held at the University of Göttingen/Germany in the winter semester 2003/2004. This series of lectures was jointly organized by the Department of Geography, the University of Göttingen and the Association of Pacific Studies e.V. (APSA). This 10th volume of the publication series »Pazifik Forum« contains contributions by W. Kreisel, M. Taube & Ka-Wai Yiu, M. Waibel, A. Croissant, B. Dahm, H. Schneider, R. Seib and R. Jordan.

A Samaritan State Revisited: Historical Perspectives on Canadian Foreign Aid

Authors: ---
Book Series: Beyond Boundaries: Canadian Defence and Strategic Studies ISSN: 19252919 ISBN: 9781773850405 Year: Pages: 377
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-05 22:11:44
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Canada’s foreign aid programs are an area of ongoing interest, yet there is little knowledge of Canada’s 70-year aid history, the historic forces that have shaped Canadian aid policy, and the many complex factors that affect Canada’s future foreign aid policy. A Samaritan State Revisited brings together a refreshing group of emerging and leading scholars to reflect on the history of Canada’s overseas development aid. Addressing the broad ideological and institutional origins of Canada’s official development assistance in the 1950s and specific themes in its evolution and professionalization since the 1960s, this collection is the first to explore Canada’s history with foreign aid with this level of interrogative detail.Extending from the 1950s to the present and covering Canadian aid to all regions of the Global South, from South and Southeast Asia to Latin America and Africa, these essays embrace a variety of approaches and methodologies ranging from traditional, archival-based research to textual and image analysis, oral history, and administrative studies. A Samaritan State Revisited weaves together a unique synthesis of governmental and non-governmental perspectives, providing a clear and readily accessible explanation of the forces that have shaped Canadian foreign aid policy

Healthcare, Frugal Innovation, and Professional Voluntarism: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483658 9783319483665 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48366-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 12:50:28
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This book investigates what international placements of healthcare employees in low resource settings add to the UK workforce and the efficacy of its national health system. The authors present empirical data collected from a volunteer deployment project in Uganda focused on reducing maternal and new-born mortality and discuss the learning and experiential outcomes for UK health care professionals acting as long term volunteers in low resource settings. They also develop a model for structured placement that offers optimal learning and experiential outcomes and minimizes risk, while shedding new light on the role that international placements play as part of continuing professional development both in the UK and in other sending countries.

Keywords

healthcare --- politics --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

The Ethics of Educational Healthcare Placements in Low and Middle Income Countries: First Do No Harm?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483627 9783319483634 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48363-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 13:02:49
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This book examines the current state of elective placements of medical undergraduate students in developing countries and their impact on health care education at home. Drawing from a recent case study of volunteer deployment in Uganda, the authors provide an in-depth evaluation of the impacts on the students themselves and the learning outcomes associated with placements in low resource settings, as well as the impacts that these forms of student mobility have on the host settings. In addition to reviewing the existing literature on elective placements, the authors outline a potential model for the future development of ethical elective placements. As the book concurs with an increasing international demand for elective placements, it will be of immediate interest to universities, intermediary organizations, students as consumers, and hosting organisations in low-resource settings.

Keywords

education --- policy --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

The rise of multi-bi aid and the proliferation of trust funds (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781783474578 9781783474592 Year: Pages: 28 DOI: 10.4337/9781783474592.00041 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-14 17:09:16
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Since the end of the Cold War, development assistance has been transformed in various ways. The aid allocation and the aid effectiveness literature intensively discuss the qualitative reorientation from geopolitical towards actual poverty reduction objectives and the donors’ related geographical and sector choices. The introduction of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the World Bank’s poverty reduction strategies (PRS), and the new principles for aid developed in the context of the Paris Declaration have all triggered important dynamics that also found a corresponding reflection in the literature. In parallel, there has been a much more silent revolution of funding mechanisms, widely discussed within aid agencies, but so far without any significant analysis in the academic literature. While donor countries traditionally face a binary choice between two channels for official development assistance (ODA), namely, the bilateral and the multilateral channel, they now increasingly opt for a combination of the two, generally called ‘multi-bi’ aid. In this context, they channel funds to an international development organization (IDO), a multilateral agency that implements development activities, but without providing the IDO with the authority to spend these funds at its own discretion. Owing to this earmarking to specific areas in which the funds may be used, multi-bi aid differs substantially from traditional core funding to multilaterals. A further difference consists in the voluntary nature of multi-bi contributions that provide much more flexibility to the donor government.

A Cautious New Approach

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ISBN: 9781760463472 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.22459/CNA.2020 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:26:43
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"‘As a student of international relations and a former diplomat, Zhang brings the insights of a practitioner and the eye of scholar to explain why Chinese actors choose to engage in aid cooperation with traditional donors in the Asia-Pacific. This book is among the first to take a holistic approach to understanding the motivations of the many agencies involved in China’s aid program, and it will challenge the expectations of many readers.’ —Dr Graeme Smith, The Australian National University ‘This book breaks new ground by examining a little-known dimension of China’s foreign policy: trilateral aid cooperation. Denghua Zhang sets this highly original analysis in the context of the new assertiveness of Chinese foreign policy under Xi Jinping, the China International Development Cooperation Agency established in 2018, and the Belt and Road Initiative, which now serves as the framework for Chinese overseas aid and engagement. At a time when the debate in the West about the rise of China has intensified, not always knowledgeably, this book fills an important gap in our understanding of China in Southeast Asia and the Pacific.’ —Dr Stewart Firth, The Australian National University ‘This thoroughly researched work examines trilateral cooperation as a new and interesting aspect of China’s growing international aid program, and as a window into the changing nature of that program as well as the wider foreign policy in which it is embedded. The broad themes and topics discussed are clearly significant, ultimately touching on one of the most important international issues of our time, the implications of the rise of China for a long-established Western-dominated international system.’ —Prof. Terence Smith-Wesley, University of Hawai‘i"

Re-Visioning Arts and Cultural Policy: Current Impasses and Future Directions

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ISBN: 9781921313394 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459486 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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In this monograph, Jennifer Craik undertakes a critical and historical analysis of the main imperatives of arts and cultural policy in Australia. With forensic skill she examines the financial and policy instruments commonly relied upon in this much contested and diverse area of public policy. Craik uses her analysis of past and current policy responses as a platform for articulating future options. This is a valuable work for cultural professionals and administrators, art historians and, indeed, anyone with an abiding interest in the management of the nation’s cultural estate.

Globalising Democracy

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Globalisation ISBN: 9780203965719 9780415401845 9780415401838 9781134143894 9781134143887 9781134143849 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203965719 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:23
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This volume brings together expert contributors to explore the intersection of two major contemporary themes: globalization, and the contribution that both domestic party politics and international party support make to democratization. Globalising Democracy clearly shows what globalization means for domestic and international efforts to build effective political parties and competitive party systems in new and emerging democracies. Contrasting perspectives are presented through fresh case studies of European post-communist countries, Africa and Turkey. The reader is clearly shown how international party assistance is a manifestation and vehicle of globalization, and explores how it may be assessed in terms of: global economic integration the growth of global communications the development and implications for party politics of multi-level governance. This is the first book to analyze the impact of globalization on democracy and will be of great interest to all students of international relations, governance and politics.

Keywords

assistance --- party --- aid --- promotion --- system --- political --- international --- zeeuw --- civil --- society

Des catastrophes naturelles au désastre humain : Conséquences et enjeux de l’aide humanitaire après le tsunami et le cyclone Nargis en Thaïlande et Birmanie

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782956447092 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.686 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Le tsunami de 2004 et le cyclone Nargis de 2008 qui, à près de quatre ans d'intervalle, ont touché l'Asie du Sud-Est ont donné lieu à la mise en place de centaines de projets humanitaires et de développement. Ils ont apporté de profonds bouleversements dans la région en révélant une multitude d'enjeux, qu'ils soient politiques, économiques ou culturels. Néanmoins, sur le terrain et dans les rapports et propositions d'action ces projets visaient bien entendu à aider les victimes des catastrophes, rendues vulnérables par les éléments naturels. Là où tout était détruit, il fallait reconstruire mais, rapidement, nous nous sommes rendu compte qu'il ne s'agissait pas uniquement d'une reconstruction, mais plutôt d'une véritable construction : à l'urgence suit le développement, auquel des dizaines de milliers de personnes se sont retrouvées confrontées du jour au lendemain. La question se pose donc : un développement pour qui et pourquoi ? En observant la mise en place des actions dès le début, nous avons pu constater que les valeurs soutenues par les projets et la façon dont fonctionnait la réalité locale, complexe et efficace, n'étaient pas compatibles et que, dans certains cas, les conséquences de ces politiques de développement allaient devenir à leur tour catastrophiques, aboutissant à la création de citoyens de seconde zone n'ayant aucun autre choix que de se plier à la volonté de l'Etat et des ONG. Il s'agit ici d'observer les conséquences qu'a pu apporter une aide trop intéressée, mais aussi d'en comprendre les raisons. Pourquoi tant d'ONG ou d'organismes de développement, en voulant aider les victimes, les ont accolées à une précarité qui, si elle n'est pas toujours économique, touche néanmoins à la conscience et l'expression de leur identité ?

Keywords

Nature --- Climate --- Natural disaster --- Thailand --- development --- storm --- aid --- ngo

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