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Robotics: Hephaestus does it again

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ISBN: 9782722601864 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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It was when I was preparing this lecture that I discovered that roboticists had a god: Hephaestus. In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was a talented craftsman. Enamoured with Athena, he attempted to woo her, in vain. The goddess of knowledge withstood the advances of the god of doing. Robotics stems from this tension. Although the myth contradicts a current tendency to confuse science and technology, it nevertheless reflects my experience with innovation. C’est en préparant cette leçon que j’ai ...

Data Sciences: From First-Order Logic to the Web

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ISBN: 9782722601796 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Relational database management systems, using as foundations a formal language, first-order logic, serve as mediators between individuals and machines. With the increase in the volume of data disseminated on the Web, a “collective intelligence” is currently emerging, shaped by large search engines whose monopoly raises ethical and political questions. One of the main challenges for the coming years is the development of technologies that will make it possible to find, evaluate, validate, veri...

Efficient Algorithms for Large-Scale Image Analysis

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe Automatische Sichtprüfung und Bildverarbeitung ISSN: 18665934 ISBN: 9783866447868 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: XVIII, 201 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025309 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This work develops highly efficient algorithms for analyzing large images. Applications include object-based change detection and screening. The algorithms are 10-100 times as fast as existing software, sometimes even outperforming FGPA/GPU hardware, because they are designed to suit the computer architecture. This thesis describes the implementation details and the underlying algorithm engineering methodology, so that both may also be applied to other applications.

Water Optics and Water Colour Remote Sensing

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ISBN: 9783038425083 9783038425090 Year: Pages: X, 425 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-27 13:24:09
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Water is irreplaceable natural resources on the planet for people to survival and develop. Declining water quality has become a global issue of significant concern as anthropogenic activities expand and climate change threatens to cause major alterations to the hydrological cycle. Thus, monitoring the physical, chemical, and biological status of rivers, reservoirs, lakes, coastal waters, and oceans is immensely important. Remote sensing has the potential to provide an invaluable complementary source of data at local to global scales. This book—Water Optics and Water Colour Remote Sensing—provides an overview of the current state of the science on water optical properties and water colour remote sensing monitoring. Overall, the book presents a variety of applications at the global scale (with case studies in Europe, Asia, South and North America, and the Antarctic), achieved with different remote sensing instruments, such as hyperspectral field and airborne sensors, ocean colour radiometry, geostationary platforms, and the multispectral Landsat and Sentinel-2 satellites.The book is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from the graduate students, university teachers and the working scientists to policy makers and managers. Efforts have been made to highlight general principles as well as the site-specific application in the field of water optics and water colour remote sensing.

Evolutionary computation in stochastic environments

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ISBN: 9783866441286 Year: Pages: VII, 128 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000006634 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This book develops efficient methods for the application of Evolutionary Algorithms on stochastic problems. To achieve this, procedures for statistical selection are systematically analyzed with respect to different measures and significantly improved. It is shown how to adapt one of the best procedures for the needs of Evolutionary Algorithms and Evolutionary operators for efficient implementation in stochastic environments are identified.

Evolutionary Algorithms

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ISBN: 9789533071718 Year: Pages: 598 DOI: 10.5772/627 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Evolutionary algorithms are successively applied to wide optimization problems in the engineering, marketing, operations research, and social science, such as include scheduling, genetics, material selection, structural design and so on. Apart from mathematical optimization problems, evolutionary algorithms have also been used as an experimental framework within biological evolution and natural selection in the field of artificial life.

Montecarlo Simulation of Two Component Aerosol Processes

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ISBN: 9789535122623 9789535122630 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.5772/60735 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Nanophase materials are single-phase or multiphase polycrystals, with dimensions of the order of 1-100 nm. As grain size decreases down to the nanometer-size range, nanophase metals generally get stronger and harder, while nanophase ceramics show ductility, even superplasticity, at lower temperatures than conventional brittle ceramics. This book describes a novel method for the production of high purity, unagglomerated nano-particulates of tungsten and tungsten titanium alloys by flame synthesis. W-Ti nano-sized alloys have a combination of high strength (800-1000 MPa), high ductility (10-30%), good e1ectrical and thermal conductivity, corrosion resistance, and excellent machinability. Current applications for W and W-Ti inc1ude radiation shields, lighting components, ignition electrode materials, catalysts in the chemical industry, alloying elements for high speed steels, sputter targets in VLSI chip technology, and sport related parts.

Heuristics and Hyper-Heuristics - Principles and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535133834 9789535133841 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/66267 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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In the last few years, the society is witnessing ever-growing levels of complexity in the optimization paradigms lying at the core of different applications and processes. This augmented complexity has motivated the adoption of heuristic methods as a means to balance the Pareto trade-off between computational efficiency and the quality of the produced solutions to the problem at hand. The momentum gained by heuristics in practical applications spans further towards hyper-heuristics, which allow constructing ensembles of simple heuristics to handle efficiently several problems of a single class. In this context, this short book compiles selected applications of heuristics and hyper-heuristics for combinatorial optimization problems, including scheduling and other assorted application scenarios.

Permanente Optimierung dynamischer Probleme der Fertigungssteuerung unter Einbeziehung von Benutzerinteraktionen

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731504269 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: XXIII, 262 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000048541 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Despite huge research efforts only simple scheduling algorithms assist humans in their daily work. This work presents a comprehensive concept for a permanent running algorithmic scheduler intelligently collaborating with the humans. The developed approaches provide prompt reactions on manufacturing events and intelligent rescheduling based on analysis of the optimization potential and demand. The practicability of the presented approaches is proved by dynamic simulations with real data.

Optimization Methods Applied to Power Systems: Volume 1

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ISBN: 9783039211302 / 9783039211319 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-131-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book presents an interesting sample of the latest advances in optimization techniques applied to electrical power engineering. It covers a variety of topics from various fields, ranging from classical optimization such as Linear and Nonlinear Programming and Integer and Mixed-Integer Programming to the most modern methods based on bio-inspired metaheuristics. The featured papers invite readers to delve further into emerging optimization techniques and their real application to case studies such as conventional and renewable energy generation, distributed generation, transport and distribution of electrical energy, electrical machines and power electronics, network optimization, intelligent systems, advances in electric mobility, etc.

Keywords

Cable joint --- internal defect --- thermal probability density --- power system optimization --- optimal power flow --- developed grew wolf optimizer --- energy internet --- prosumer --- energy management --- consensus --- demand response --- day-ahead load forecasting --- modular predictor --- feature selection --- micro-phasor measurement unit --- mutual information theory --- stochastic state estimation --- two-point estimation method --- JAYA algorithm --- multi-population method (MP) --- chaos optimization algorithm (COA) --- economic load dispatch problem (ELD) --- optimization methods --- constrained parameter estimation --- extended Kalman filter --- power systems --- C&I particle swarm optimization --- ringdown detection --- optimal reactive power dispatch --- loss minimization --- voltage deviation --- hybrid method --- tabu search --- particle swarm optimization --- artificial lighting --- simulation --- calibration --- radiance --- GenOpt --- street light points --- DC optimal power flow --- power transfer distribution factors --- generalized generation distribution factors --- unit commitment --- adaptive consensus algorithm --- distributed heat-electricity energy management --- eight searching sub-regions --- islanded microgrid --- dragonfly algorithm --- metaheuristic --- optimal power flow --- particle swarm optimization --- CCHP system --- energy storage --- off-design performance --- dynamic solving framework --- battery energy storage system --- micro grid --- MILP --- PCS efficiency --- piecewise linear techniques --- renewable energy sources --- optimal operation --- UC --- demand bidding --- demand response --- genetic algorithm --- load curtailment --- optimization --- hybrid renewable energy system --- pumped-hydro energy storage --- off-grid --- optimization --- HOMER software --- rural electrification --- sub-Saharan Africa --- Cameroon --- building energy management system --- HVAC system --- energy storage system --- energy flow model --- dependability --- sustainability --- data center --- power architectures --- optimization --- AC/DC hybrid active distribution --- hierarchical scheduling --- multi-stakeholders --- discrete wind driven optimization --- multiobjective optimization --- optimal power flow --- metaheuristic --- wind energy --- photovoltaic --- smart grid --- transformer-fault diagnosis --- principal component analysis --- particle swarm optimization --- support vector machine --- wind power --- integration assessment --- interactive load --- considerable decomposition --- controllable response --- SOCP relaxations --- optimal power flow --- current margins --- affine arithmetic --- interval variables --- optimizing-scenarios method --- power flow --- wind power --- active distribution system --- virtual power plant --- stochastic optimization --- decentralized and collaborative optimization --- genetic algorithm --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm --- artificial bee colony --- IEEE Std. 80-2000 --- Schwarz’s equation --- fuzzy algorithm --- radial basis function --- neural network --- ETAP --- distributed generations (DGs) --- distribution network reconfiguration --- runner-root algorithm (RRA) --- inter-turn shorted-circuit fault (ISCF) --- strong track filter (STF) --- linear discriminant analysis (LDA) --- switched reluctance machine (SRM) --- charging/discharging --- electric vehicle --- energy management --- genetic algorithm --- intelligent scatter search --- electric vehicles --- heterogeneous networks --- demand uncertainty --- power optimization --- Stackelberg game --- power system unit commitment --- hybrid membrane computing --- cross-entropy --- the genetic algorithm based P system --- the biomimetic membrane computing --- transient stability --- two-stage feature selection --- particle encoding method --- fitness function --- power factor compensation --- non-sinusoidal circuits --- geometric algebra --- evolutionary algorithms --- electric power contracts --- electric energy costs --- cost minimization --- evolutionary computation --- bio-inspired algorithms --- congestion management --- low-voltage networks --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization --- affinity propagation clustering --- optimal congestion threshold --- optimization --- magnetic field mitigation --- overhead --- underground --- passive shielding --- active shielding --- MV/LV substation --- n/a

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