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Animals and Medicine : The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease

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ISBN: 9782821876347 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease offers a detailed, scholarly historical review of the critical role animal experiments have played in advancing medical knowledge. Laboratory animals have been essential to this progress, and the knowledge gained has saved countless lives - both human and animal. Unfortunately, those opposed to using animals in research have often employed doctored evidence to suggest that the practice has impeded medical progress. This volume presents the articles Jack Botting wrote for the Research Defence Society News from 1991 to 1996, papers which provided scientists with the information needed to rebut such claims. Collected, they can now reach a wider readership interested in understanding the part of animal experiments in the history of medicine - from the discovery of key vaccines to the advancement of research on a range of diseases, among them hypertension, kidney failure and cancer. This book is essential reading for anyone curious about the role of animal experimentation in the history of science from the nineteenth century to the present.

Anti-Vivisection and the Profession of Medicine in Britain: A Social History

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Book Series: The Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series ISBN: 9781137556967 9781137556974 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-55697-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 15:47:31
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This book explores the social history of the anti-vivisection movement in Britain from its nineteenth-century beginnings until the 1960s. It discusses the ethical principles that inspired the movement and the socio-political background that explains its rise and fall. Opposition to vivisection began when medical practitioners complained it was contrary to the compassionate ethos of their profession. Christian anti-cruelty organizations took up the cause out of concern that callousness among the professional classes would have a demoralizing effect on the rest of society. As the nineteenth century drew to a close, the influence of transcendentalism, Eastern religions and the spiritual revival led new age social reformers to champion a more holistic approach to science, and dismiss reliance on vivisection as a materialistic oversimplification. In response, scientists claimed it was necessary to remain objective and unemotional in order to perform the experiments necessary for medical progress.

Milieux naturels, espaces sociaux : Études offertes à Robert Delort

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9791035102241 DOI: 10.4000/books.psorbonne.27485 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:42
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Robert Delort se distingue par l'ampleur et l'originalité du champ de sa réflexion historique. Il a abordé, grâce à sa maîtrise des méthodes de la recherche historique les plus diversifiées, de la linguistique à l'archéologie, des statistiques à l'analyse littéraire et iconographique, aussi bien l'histoire économique, sociale et politique du Moyen Âge, que celle des comportements ou encore de la biologie des espèces animales. Il n'est donc pas étonnant que Robert Delort ait orienté ses recherches et celles de ses élèves vers l'histoire des relations de l'homme avec son environnement, histoire dont il fut l'un des pionniers. Il a donné en particulier une impulsion décisive à l'histoire du monde animal. De plus, en élargissant la réflexion à la fois sur le plan chronologique et géographique bien au-delà de la période médiévale et de l'Occident européen, il propose une investigation globale du devenir historique qui séduit ses auditeurs et ses lecteurs en France comme à l'étranger. Le volume des études présentement offertes à Robert Delort par ses amis et élèves, s'ouvrant sur une préface de Jacques Le Goff, veut témoigner de la globalité méthodologique, thématique, chronologique et géographique de sa pensée historique.

Animal Death

Authors: ---
Book Series: Animal Publics ISBN: 9781743320235 9781743325247 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Sydney University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101637
Subject: Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-01 17:01:12
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Animal death is a complex, uncomfortable, depressing, motivating and sensitive topic. For those scholars participating in Human-Animal Studies, it is – accompanied by the concept of 'life' – the ground upon which their studies commence, whether those studies are historical, archaeological, social, philosophical, or cultural. It is a tough subject to face, but as this volume demonstrates, one at the heart of human–animal relations and human–animal studies scholarship.

Animal Umwelten in a Changing world: Zoosemiotic Perspectives

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Tartu Semiotics Library ISBN: 9789949772810 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620672 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-06 11:01:04
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The book raises semiotic questions of human–animal relations: what is the semiotic character of different species, how humans endow animals with meaning, and how animal sign exchange and communication has coped with environmental change. The book takes a zoosemiotic approach and considers different species as being integrated with the environment via their specific umwelt or subjective perceptual world. The authors elaborate J. v. Uexküll’s concept of umwelt to make it applicable for analyzing complex and dynamical interactions between animals, humans, environment and culture. The opening chapters of the book present a framework for philosophical, historical, epistemological and methodological aspects of zoosemiotic research. These initial considerations are followed by specific case studies: on human–animal interactions in zoological gardens, communication in the teams of visually disabled persons and guiding dogs, semiotics of the animal condition in philosophy, historical changes in the role of animals in human households, the semiotics of predation, cultural perception of novel species, and other topics. The authors belong to the research group in zoosemiotics and human–animal relations based in the Department of Semiotics at the University of Tartu in Estonia, and in the University of Stavanger in Norway.

L'animal sauvage entre nuisance et patrimoine

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ISBN: 9782847881981 9782847887419 Year: Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 11:38:32
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Dans un contexte social et médiatique largement ouvert sur les thématiques et problématiques environnementales, l'animal sauvage s'invite dans les débats humains. Objet de discussions passionnées de la part des scientifiques, des naturalistes et des écologues professionnels aussi bien qu'amateurs, il a désormais acquis droit de cité dans les travaux des sciences humaines et sociales. Dans leur diversité, les animaux non domestiques ont parfois été redoutés ou chassés pour procurer des ressou...

Le lapin

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ISBN: 9782759224180 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2418-0 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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This work is the first manual devoted specifically to rabbit biology. It recounts the history of the domestic rabbit and summarises current knowledge. It also makes concrete recommendations on rabbit breeding practices for both families and professionals and for pet rabbits.&#xD;

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases: An Introductory Guide

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319282978 9783319282985 Year: Pages: 49 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-28298-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-30 17:33:03
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This manuscript discusses the potentials of the approaches as mentioned below to monitor the AIVs in WMW. Molecular diagnostic platforms enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding, enabling non-invasive research on the epidemiology of the disease. Wild migratory waterfowl (WMW) play significant role in the transmission of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) on large distances. Understanding bird migrations may therefore significantly contribute towards understanding of the disease epidemiology, however most conventional approaches to trace WMW migrations are based on capturing, tagging (mostly ringing or GPS devices) and their re-capturing to link the departure and arrival places.Stable isotope ratios in metabolically inert tissues (feathers, beaks, claws) reflect the ratios present at the point of intake (drinking or feeding), thus enabling for tracing bird origins at stopover places.Molecular diagnostic platforms such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies (genetic sequencing) can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding. Simple and easy collection of feather and fecal samples at the stopover places may generate a full information package on which species of WMW carries the AIVs (PCR+DNA barcoding on the feces), as well as the origin of these species (SI+DNA barcoding on the feathers). Therefore, such approaches enable for research on the epidemiology and the ecology of the AIVs in WMW using a non-invasive platform, which does not require capturing of WMW. This manuscript discusses the potentials of these approaches to monitor the AIVs in WMW.

Children and Companion Animals: Psychosocial, Medical, and Neurobiological Implications

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455591 Year: Pages: 90 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-559-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Children and companion animals seem to have a natural affinity towards each other. Most children desire a relationship with their own companion animals or at least demonstrate an interest to interact with animals in general. Living with companion animals or interacting with animals may have psychosocial, neurobiological, or medically relevant effects on typically developing children and juveniles as well as those with diverse and special needs.


In this eBook, we present several articles addressing the relationships between children/juveniles and animals in different countries, including Austria, Germany, Jamaica, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Three articles discuss approaches in animal-assisted education, including animal keeping and animal assisted interventions in schools, and an experimental study investigating immediate effects of dogs on reading competence and accompanying stress reactions with cortisol and behavior. Other articles address topics involving children and their companion animals, including dog-walking by children and juveniles, risks of dog bites by the family dog, selection of pet dogs for families with a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the relationships that children with ASD have with their family cats.


The interactions between children/juveniles and animals addressed in this eBook provide new insights into some scarcely investigated themes, and underline the significance of animals in children&#39;s lives.

DJUR

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789170617607 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.22188/kriterium.16 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Ethnology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:06
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In this volume of studies, Animal: Moments of Affect, Moments of Pain, eight ethnologists apply a cultural perspective to people’s varied and complex relationships with other species. The contributions focus on wild animals, that is, those that are rarely found in the authors’ immediate vicinity. Based on ongoing research, the articles discuss themes such as conflicts and joys in the birdwatching world, charismatic animals in various exhibition contexts, children’s fears, morbid animal jokes and the ritual transformation of living animals into edible meat. The texts range from the tender, comical and cute to death and existential vulnerability. The book begins with the editors presenting an overview of how animals have been produced, noticed and studied in a mostly Nordic humanistic research context. Then the articles follow. Based on the idea of affective logic, Elin Lundquist follows the on-site monitoring of the bird hunting that takes place annually in Malta. Mattias Frihammar uses observations at a wilderness gallery with taxidermied animals to reflect on local identity. Lars Kaijser examines the ambivalent and conflicted portrayal of sharks in public aquariums. Sverker Hyltén-Cavallius writes about the death of extinct animals and how this is displayed in natural history museums. Susanne Nylund Skog examines birdwatchers’ stories as an expression of collecting and as a way of manifesting status. With lobster cartoons as a starting point, Simon Ekström shows how these depict both animal rights issues and human anxiety. Helena Hörnfeldt investigates animal fear and the diffuse boundary between humans and animals. Proceeding from different depictions of slaughter and the preparation of meat, Michelle Zethson problematizes how some animals are made edible. The volume ends with an epilogue by the editors commenting on the findings.&#xD;

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