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The Tools of Policy Formulation: Actors, Capacities, Venues and Effects

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Book Series: New Horizons in Public Policy series ISBN: 9781783477036 9781783477043 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.4337/9781783477043 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-27 15:28:05
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Policy analysts are accustomed to thinking in terms of tools and instruments. Yet an authoritative examination of the tools which have been developed to formulate new policies is missing. This book is the first of its kind to distinguish the defining characteristics of the main policy formulation tools, and offer a fresh way of understanding how, why and by whom they are selected, as well as the effects they produce in practice.CONTENTSPrefaceAcknowledgementsPART I INTRODUCTION1. The Tools of Policy Formulation: An IntroductionJohn R. Turnpenny, Andy J. Jordan, David Benson and Tim RaynerPART II TOOLS OF POLICY FORMULATION2. Participatory Assessment: Tools for Empowering, Learning and Legitimating?Matthijs Hisschemöller and Eefje Cuppen3. Scenarios: Tools for Coping with Complexity and Future UncertaintyMarta Pérez-Soba and Rob Maas4. Indicators: Tools for Informing, Monitoring or Controlling?Markku Lehtonen5. Computerized Models: Tools for Assessing the Future of Complex Systems?Martin K. Van Ittersum and Barbara Sterk6. Multi-Criteria Analysis: A Tool for Going Beyond Monetization?Catherine D. Gamper and Catrinel Turcanu7. Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Tool That is Both Useful and Influential?Giles AtkinsonPART III ACTORS, CAPACITIES, VENUES AND EFFECTS8. Policy Formulation, Policy Advice and Policy Appraisal: The Distribution of Analytical ToolsMichael Howlett, Seck L. Tan, Andrea Migone, Adam Wellstead and Bryan Evans9. The Use of Policy Formulation Tools in the Venue of Policy Appraisal: Patterns and Underlying MotivationsJohn R. Turnpenny, Andrew J. Jordan, Camilla Adelle, Stephan Bartke, Thomas Bournaris, Petrus Kautto, Hanna Kuittinen, Lars Ege Larsen, Christina Moulogianni, Sanna-Riikka Saarela and Sabine Weiland10. Policy Formulation Tool Use in Emerging Policy Spheres: A Developing Country PerspectiveSachin Warghade11. The Effects of Targets and Indicators on Policy Formulation: Narrowing Down, Crowding Out and Locking InChristina Boswell, Steve Yearley, Colin Fleming, Eugénia Rodrigues and Graham Spinardi12. The Use of Computerized Models in Different Policy Formulation Venues: The MARKAL Energy ModelPaul Upham, Peter Taylor, David Christopherson and Will McdowallPART IV CONCLUSIONS AND NEW DIRECTIONS13. The Tools of Policy Formulation: New Perspectives and New ChallengesAndy J. Jordan, John R. Turnpenny and Tim RaynerIndex

What Determines Social Behavior? Investigating the Role of Emotions, Self-Centered Motives, and Social Norms

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199648 Year: Pages: 403 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-964-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Human behavior and decision making is subject to social and motivational influences such as emotions, norms and self/other regarding preferences. The identification of the neural and psychological mechanisms underlying these factors is a central issue in psychology, behavioral economics and social neuroscience, with important clinical, social, and even political implications. However, despite a continuously growing interest from the scientific community, the processes underlying these factors, as well as their ontogenetic and phylogenetic development, have so far remained elusive. In this Research Topic we collect articles that provide challenging insights and stimulate a fruitful controversy on the question of “what determines social behavior”. Indeed, over the last decades, research has shown that introducing a social context to otherwise abstract tasks has diverse effects on social behavior. On the one hand, it may induce individuals to act irrationally, for instance to refuse money, but on the other hand it improves individuals’ reasoning, in that formerly difficult abstract problems can be easily solved. These lines of research led to distinct (although not necessarily mutually exclusive) models for socially-driven behavioral changes. For instance, a popular theoretical framework interprets human behavior as a result of a conflict between cognition and emotion, with the cognitive system promoting self-interested choices, and the emotional system (triggered by the social context) operating against them. Other theories favor social norms and deontic heuristics in biasing human reasoning and encouraging choices that are sometimes in conflict with one’s interest. Few studies attempted to disentangle between these (as well as other) models. As a consequence, although insightful results arise from specific domains/tasks, a comprehensive theoretical framework is still missing. Furthermore, studies employing neuroimaging techniques have begun to shed some light on the neural substrates involved in social behavior, implicating consistently (although not exclusively) portions of the limbic system, the insular and the prefrontal cortex. In this context, a challenge for present research lies not only in further mapping the brain structures implicated in social behavior, or in describing in detail the functional interaction between these structures, but in showing how the implicated networks relate to different theoretical models. This is Research Topic hosted by members of the Swiss National Center of Competence in Research “Affective Sciences – Emotions in Individual Behaviour and Social Processes”. We collected contributions from the international community which extended the current knowledge about the psychological and neural structures underlying social behavior and decision making. In particular, we encouraged submissions from investigators arising from different domains (psychology, behavioral economics, affective sciences, etc.) implementing different techniques (behavior, electrophysiology, neuroimaging, brain stimulations) on different populations (neurotypical adults, children, brain damaged or psychiatric patients, etc.). Animal studies are also included, as the data reported are of high comparative value. Finally, we also welcomed submissions of meta-analytical articles, mini-reviews and perspective papers which offer provocative and insightful interpretations of the recent literature in the field.

Die Zukunft der Vergangenheit in der Gegenwart

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783205232322 Year: Pages: 285 Seiten Language: English|German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 591
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-02 11:21:12
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The volume contains 18 contributions to an international conference of archivists and historians dealing with the current situation of archives and archival science generally and specifically with the impact of digitization on archival core tasks and on the societal roles of archives.

New directions in corpus-based translation studies

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783944675831 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 174 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_559833 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-04 15:00:51
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Corpus-based translation studies has become a major paradigm and research methodology and has investigated a wide variety of topics in the last two decades. The contributions to this volume add to the range of corpus-based studies by providing examples of some less explored applications of corpus analysis methods to translation research. They show that the area keeps evolving as it constantly opens up to different frameworks and approaches, from appraisal theory to process-oriented analysis, and encompasses multiple translation settings, including (indirect) literary translation, machine(-assisted) translation and the practical work of professional legal translators. The studies included in the volume also expand the range of application of corpus applications in terms of the tools used to accomplish the research tasks outlined.

Participatory Forestry: Involvement, Information and Science

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ISBN: 9783039213313 / 9783039213320 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-332-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Public participation in forestry is a key issue in ensuring the democratization of decision-making processes, increasing the social acceptance of policies, and reducing conflicts between forest users. Public participation also provides an opportunity for the improvement of the quality of information, public debate, personal reflection, and professionalization, raising awareness. Participation in forestry implies the involvement of stakeholders (the interest group participation approach) and/or the involvement of people (the direct citizen participation approach) in the decision-making process. Since the UN Conference on Environment and Development (1992), new norms and perspectives have emerged encouraging a bottom-up approach in forest governance. Consequently, several participatory techniques, methods, and tools for stakeholder involvement in forest governance have been developed and applied. These different experiences allow us to learn from failures and successes and contribute to knowledge improvement. The future challenges of participatory forestry deal with adaptation to changes in ecological, social, and economic contexts.

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