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Tense and Text in Classical Arabic

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Book Series: Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics ISBN: 9789004310483 Year: Volume: 85 Pages: 235 DOI: 10.1163/9789004310483 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-19 11:01:15
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This study undertakes to examine the problem of the tenses in Classical Arabic. While aware of the long tradition which shaped the discussion of this subject, and building, in fact, on some important insights offered by medieval and modern grammarians, this study attempts to redefine the discussion and propose a new analysis of the tenses, based on a functional text-oriented investigation of a large corpus of Classical Arabic prose. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

linguistics --- arabic

Creating Standards. Interactions with Arabic script in 12 manuscript cultures

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-9696 ISBN: 9783110639063 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: 336,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110639063 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
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Manuscript cultures based on Arabic script feature various tendencies in standardisation of orthography, script types and layout. Unlike previous studies, this book steps outside disciplinary and regional boundaries and provides a typological cross-cultural comparison of standardisation processes in twelve Arabic-influenced writing traditions where different cultures, languages and scripts interact. A wide range of case studies give insights into the factors behind uniformity and variation in Judeo-Arabic in Hebrew script, South Palestinian Christian Arabic, New Persian, Aljamiado of the Spanish Moriscos, Ottoman Turkish, a single multilingual Ottoman manuscript, Sino-Arabic in northwest China, Malay Jawi in the Moluccas, Kanuri and Hausa in Nigeria, Kabyle in Algeria, and Ethiopian Fidäl script as used to transliterate Arabic. One of the findings of this volume is that different domains of manuscript cultures have distinct paths of standardisation, so that orthography tends to develop its own standardisation principles irrespective of norms applied to layout and script types. This book will appeal to readers interested in manuscript studies, sociolinguistics, literacy studies, and history of writing.

Conflicted Antiquities

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ISBN: 9780822339755 9780822390398 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102087
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:05
License: Duke University Press

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Conflicted Antiquities is a rich cultural history of European and Egyptian interest in ancient Egypt and its material culture, from the early nineteenth century until the mid-twentieth. Consulting the relevant Arabic archives, Elliott Colla demonstrates that the emergence of Egyptology—the study of ancient Egypt and its material legacy—was as consequential for modern Egyptians as it was for Europeans. The values and practices introduced by the new science of archaeology played a key role in the formation of a new colonial regime in Egypt. This fact was not lost on Egyptian nationalists, who challenged colonial archaeologists with the claim that they were the direct heirs of the Pharaohs, and therefore the rightful owners and administrators of ancient Egypt’s historical sites and artifacts. As this dispute developed, nationalists invented the political and expressive culture of “Pharaonism”—Egypt’s response to Europe’s Egyptomania.

Keywords

History --- Egyptology --- Arabic --- European --- Archaeology

Arabic Script on Christian Kings. Textile Inscriptions on Royal Garments from Norman Sicily

Author:
Book Series: Das Mittelalter. Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung. Beihefte ISBN: 9783110533873 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 275 DOI: 10.1515/9783110533873 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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Isabelle Dolezalek is the recipient of the 2018 ICMA Annual Book Prize. Roger II’s famous mantle and other royal garments from twelfth- and thirteenth-century Sicily prominently display Arabic inscriptions. While the phenomenon is highly unusual in the context of Latin Christian kingship, the use of inscriptions as a textile ornament was common and imbued with political functions in the Islamic courts of the medieval Mediterranean. This case study of the inscribed garments from Norman Sicily draws attention to the diverse functions of Arabic textile inscriptions using various contextual frames. Such a contextual approach not only highlights the specificities of the Norman textile inscriptions and emphasises the practical and political choices underlying their use at the Sicilian court, it also pinpoints the flaws of universalising approaches to transcultural ornamental in circulation in the medieval Mediterranean. This new perspective on the royal garments from Norman Sicily draws from a variety of disciplines, including Islamic and European art history, the history of textiles, epigraphy, legal history and historiography, and aims to challenge established notions of cultural and disciplinary boundaries.

Galeni In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum I commentariorum I-III versio Arabica / Galen. Commentary on Hippocrates' Epidemics Book I

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110405835 9783110406597 9783110406771 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 736 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_531190 Language: English|Uncoded
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-29 09:34:24
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The present volume offers the first critical edition of Book 1 of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on the Hippocratic Epidemics, produced by the celebrated translator Hunayn ibn Ishāq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The translation of Galen's commentary became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world, especially in the nascent field of clinical medicine. It was frequently read and quoted in later Arabic medical literature, and several Arabic authors used it to produce a wide range of didactic writings for medical students and practising physicians.&#xD;&#xD;The English translation, which aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic translation, comes with extensive notes on the differences between the Greek original and the Arabic translation. A thorough comparison between the two versions of the commentary provides important insights into the translation style and technique of Hunayn ibn Ishāq and his circle and Arabic medical terminology at the time.

Galeni in Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum II commentariorum I-VI versio Arabica. Volume II: Commentaria IV-VI

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110462982 9783110463989 Year: Volume: 2,2 Pages: 541 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612444 Language: English|Uncoded
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-28 11:01:16
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This two-volume monograph offers the first critical edition of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on Book 2 of the Hippocratic Epidemics produced by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The Greek original of this text is lost; the Arabic translation is therefore the only witness to this important work. The number and extent of quotations from this commentary in medieval Arabic medical writings, which are documented in the introduction to the volume, demonstrate that it became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world. It also gave rise to a wide range of didactic writings which illustrate its importance for medical teaching. The English translation that accompanies the edition aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic text. It also comes with comprehensive indices that map out the terminology and style of the translation.

Galeni In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum II commentariorum I-VI versio Arabica. Volume I: Commentaria I-III

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110453485 9783110454055 Year: Volume: 2,1 Pages: 611 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612443 Language: English|Uncoded
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-28 11:01:18
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Abstract

This two-volume monograph offers the first critical edition of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on Book 2 of the Hippocratic Epidemics produced by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The Greek original of this text is lost; the Arabic translation is therefore the only witness to this important work. The number and extent of quotations from this commentary in medieval Arabic medical writings, which are documented in the introduction to the volume, demonstrate that it became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world. It also gave rise to a wide range of didactic writings which illustrate its importance for medical teaching. The English translation that accompanies the edition aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic text. It also comes with comprehensive indices that map out the terminology and style of the translation.

Molière et le théâtre arabe

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110442342 9783110436846 9783110434453 Year: Language: French
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104789
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-24 11:21:03
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Molière, often considered the ‘godfather of Arab theatre’, was first introduced to the Arab world in 1847 by Marun Naqqaš and his adaptation of The Miser. Since then, Molière has never ceased to influence Arab dramaturgy. Discussing a series of plays by authors from Lebanon, Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco, this study aims at defining Molière’s role in the development of a national Arab theatre.

Teenagers, Literacy and School

Author:
ISBN: 9780203015438 9780415364324 9780415654371 9781134220052 9781134220045 9781134220007 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203015438 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:10
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This unique and timely book follows the experiences of four Arabic teenagers, their families and their community, focusing on the role of literacy in their daily lives and the differences between home and school. The author looks at the conflict between expectations and practices at school and in the home, arguing that problems are inevitable where class and cultural differences exist. Emerging themes include: how literacy practices in the community are undergoing rapid change due to global developments in technology how the patterns of written and spoken language in Eng and Arabic in the home are linked with social practices in logical and coherent ways how many of the family practices that differ from school culture and language become marginalised. Built around these insightful case studies yet grounded in theory, this book is of immediate relevance to teachers working in multicultural contexts and students and lecturers in language/literacy or on TESOL courses.

The Chronicle of Seert: Christian Historical Imagination in Late Antique Iraq

Author:
Book Series: OXFORD EARLY CHRISTIAN STUDIES ISBN: 9780199670673 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670673.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:49
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This book is a study of the cultural and political history of Christian Iraq, the Church of the East, the so–called ‘Nestorians’. This history is seen through the Chronicle of Seert, a medieval Arabic Chronicle that reuses sources written several centuries earlier. This monograph aims to isolate different layers of composition and looks for trends in the choice of material and the agenda of their historians. Each layer of the text provides insight into the social construction of ‘orthodox belief’ in Iraq and the church as an institution. A central narrative is the growing power of the bishops (catholicoi) of the Sasanian capital of Ctesiphon, their apostolic heritage, and their alliance with the Persian shahs. The monograph also considers the relationship of the catholicoi with monastic and scholarly centres and with Christian communities of the West. In each of these cases, the material that the Chronicle includes shows us how independent historical traditions were annexed by a narrative focused on Ctesiphon and its bishops. The monograph begins in the fifth century, when a series of abortive alliances between church and shah generated small-scale persecutions. It continues this story into the sixth and early seventh, when the church witnessed considerable growth in numbers and prestige. At each stage, we can see Christians rewriting the past to accommodate a new political and social situation, turning a murky past into a glorious golden age. The book concludes with a final chapter on the church under Muslim rule, when the Chronicle was compiled.

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