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Les œuvres protestantes en Europe

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ISBN: 9782753569645 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.135648 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:46
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Parmi les principes théologiques protestants fondateurs, l'affirmation que la foi seule assure le salut du croyant s'exprime souvent. N'étant plus méritoires, les œuvres n'en sont pas pour autant interdites : l'action envers les plus démunis, au profit des corps souffrants, s'observe là où la réformation s'implante. Et l'encouragement à diverses entreprises d'entraide communautaire demeure réel. Les œuvres ne sont plus garantes du salut, comme dans le catholicisme, mais un prolongement de la foi, de l'application de l'amour du prochain et de la reconnaissance envers Dieu. Les œuvres protestantes en Europe examine cette notion d'œuvres du XVIe au début du XXe siècle : les institutions qui les encadrent, les organisent ; les figures et les structures qui se singularisent dans le domaine de l'assistance. Cette réflexion s'appuie d'abord sur les écrits qui appellent à prendre soin de son prochain : textes théologiques, cours de formation pastorale, sermons stimulent, chacun à sa manière, l'action charitable. Passer du texte aux actes s'impose alors pour comprendre l'importance, dans la vie quotidienne des fidèles, d'une pratique devenue impératif chrétien et facteur de cohésion communautaire. Dès lors, l'approche du secours matériel et spirituel nécessite de détailler les structures qui, sur quatre siècles, traduisent l'influence d'une conscience accrue de la dimension sociale de l'Évangile.

Keywords

protestant --- Europe --- assistance --- Réforme --- entraide --- pauvre

Les Parlements et la vie de la cité (xvie-xviiie siècle)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9791024010847 DOI: 10.4000/books.purh.7301 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rouen et du Havre
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:49
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les parlements d'Ancien Régime ont joué un rôle très important dans la vie sociale au travers des fonctions de contrôle, de direction ou d'impulsion qu'ils ont été appelés à remplir au sein des sociétés urbaines dans des domaines aussi divers que la librairie, l'assistance publique ou la lutte contre les grandes épidémies ; au travers aussi des relations entre les milieux parlementaires et les élites des grandes cités qui abritaient ces institutions. Tout en privilégiant le parlement de Normandie et la ville de Rouen, les auteurs ont également abordé ces différents thèmes pour d'autres parlements, parmi les plus importants, et d'autres métropoles provinciales : Dijon, Besançon, Bordeaux, Grenoble et Rennes.

Rethinking Canadian Aid

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780776626123 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:53
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In 2013, the government abolished the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), which had been Canada’s flagship foreign aid agency for decades, and transferred its functions to the newly renamed Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD). As the government is rethinking Canadian aid and its relationship with other foreign policy and commercial objectives, the time is ripe to rethink Canadian aid more broadly. Edited by Stephen Brown, Molly den Heyer and David R. Black, this is the first book on Canadian foreign aid since CIDA was folded into DFATD. Designed to reach a variety of audiences, contributions by twenty-one scholars and experts in the field offer an incisive examination of Canada’s record and recent changes in Canadian foreign aid, such as its focus on maternal and child health and on the extractive sector. Many chapters also ask more fundamental questions concerning the intersection of the moral imperative that underpins aid and the trend towards greater self-interest. For instance, what are and what should be the underlying motives of Canadian aid? How compatible are altruism and self-interest in foreign aid? To what extent should aid be integrated with Canada’s other policies and practices? The portrait that emerges is a sobering one. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in Canada’s changing role in the world and how it reflects on Canada.

Haptic Guidance for Extended Range Telepresence

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Book Series: Karlsruhe Series on Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems Laboratory ISSN: 18673813 ISBN: 9783731500353 Year: Volume: 12 Pages: XIII, 196 DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000035098 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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A novel navigation assistance for extended range telepresence is presented. The haptic information from the target environment is augmented with guidance commands to assist the user in reaching desired goals in the arbitrarily large target environment from the spatially restricted user environment. Furthermore, a semi-mobile haptic interface was developed, one whose lightweight design and setup configuration atop the user provide for an absolutely safe operation and high force display quality.

International Aid and China's Environment

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Book Series: Routledge Studies on China in Transition ISBN: 9780203086520 9780415378208 9780415648684 9781134183166 9781134183159 9781134183111 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203086520 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Political Science --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:21
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Rapid economic growth in the world's most populous nation is leading to widespread soil erosion, desertification, deforestation and the depletion of vital natural resources. The scale and severity of environmental problems in China now threaten the economic and social foundations of its modernization. Using case studies, Morton analyzes the relationship between international and local responses to environmental problems in China, challenging the prevailing wisdom that weak compliance is the only constraint upon local environmental management in China. It advances two interrelated discussions: first, it constructs a conceptual framework for understanding the key dimensions of environmental capacity. This is broadly defined to encompass the financial, institutional, technological and social aspects of environmental management. Second, the book presents the results of an empirical inquiry into the implementation of donor-funded environmental projects in both China's poorer and relatively developed regions. By drawing upon extensive fieldwork, it seeks to explain how, and under what conditions, international donors can strengthen China's environmental capacity, especially at the local level. It will be of interest to those studying Chinese politics, environmental studies and international relations.

God and Humans in Islamic Thought

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Book Series: Culture and Civilization in the Middle East ISBN: 9780203965375 9780415400282 9780415663885 9781134146765 9781134146758 9781134146710 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203965375 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- Religion --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:23
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Winner of The Iranian World Prize for the Book of the Year 2007 in the Philosophy and Mysticism category. This new and original text provides a timely re-examination of Islamic thought, presenting a stark contrast to the more usual conservative view. The explanation of the relationship between God and humans, as portrayed in Islam, is often influenced by the images of God and of human beings which theologians, philosophers and mystics have in mind. The early period of Islam reveals a diversity of interpretations of this relationship. Elkaisy-Friemuth discusses the view of three scholars from the tenth and eleventh century: Abd al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali, which introduce three different approaches of looking at the relationship between God and Humans. God and Humans in Islamic Thought attempts to shed light on an important side of medieval rational thought in demonstrating its significance in forming the basis of an understanding of the nature of God, the nature of human beings and the construction of different bridges between them.

Keywords

divine --- assistance --- eternal --- knowledge --- world --- soul --- abd --- jabbar --- gods --- essence

Globalising Democracy

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Globalisation ISBN: 9780203965719 9780415401845 9780415401838 9781134143894 9781134143887 9781134143849 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203965719 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:23
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This volume brings together expert contributors to explore the intersection of two major contemporary themes: globalization, and the contribution that both domestic party politics and international party support make to democratization. Globalising Democracy clearly shows what globalization means for domestic and international efforts to build effective political parties and competitive party systems in new and emerging democracies. Contrasting perspectives are presented through fresh case studies of European post-communist countries, Africa and Turkey. The reader is clearly shown how international party assistance is a manifestation and vehicle of globalization, and explores how it may be assessed in terms of: global economic integration the growth of global communications the development and implications for party politics of multi-level governance. This is the first book to analyze the impact of globalization on democracy and will be of great interest to all students of international relations, governance and politics.

Keywords

assistance --- party --- aid --- promotion --- system --- political --- international --- zeeuw --- civil --- society

Le désengagement de l'État providence

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ISBN: 9791036503979 DOI: 10.4000/books.pum.12201 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:43
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Plusieurs raisons militent en faveur d'une étude du processus de désengagement de l'État dans le domaine de la protection sociale. Certains voudront mieux connaître les fondements et l'organisation du filet de sécurité sociale au Canada. D'autres voudront savoir aussi en quoi a consisté sa restructuration profonde à partir de 1975. D'autres, enfin, s'intéresseront au processus de désengagement en tant que tel ou encore aux stratégies politiques que le gouvernement fédéral a mises en place pendant une vingtaine d'années pour restructurer la sécurité du revenu au moindre coût politique possible. Cet ouvrage poursuit trois grands objectifs. D'abord, il vise à analyser le processus et les formes de désengagement du gouvernement canadien dans le domaine de la sécurité du revenu entre 1975 et 1995. Pour ce faire, il examine les changements qui se sont produits dans quatre grands programmes fédéraux : pensions de vieillesse, assurance-chômage, Régime d'assistance publique du Canada et prestations financières pour enfants. Ensuite, il compare les approches et stratégies que le gouvernement fédéral a poursuivies au cours de cette période pour se désengager de certaines obligations financières envers les citoyens. Enfin, il établit des distinctions importantes entre les facteurs associés à l'expansion de l'État providence canadien (1950 à 1974) et ceux associés au désengagement (depuis 1975).

Governing Failure - Provisional Expertise and the Transformation of Global Development Finance

Author:
ISBN: 9781107035041 9781139542739 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472457 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:17
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Jacqueline Best argues that the changes in International Monetary Fund, World Bank and donor policies in the 1990s, towards what some have called the 'Post-Washington Consensus,' were driven by an erosion of expert authority and an increasing preoccupation with policy failure. Failures such as the Asian financial crisis and the decades of despair in sub-Saharan Africa led these institutions to develop governance strategies designed to avoid failure: fostering country ownership, developing global standards, managing risk and vulnerability and measuring results. In contrast to the structural adjustment era when policymakers were confident that they had all the answers, the author argues that we are now in an era of provisional governance, in which key actors are aware of the possibility of failure even as they seek to inoculate themselves against it. This book considers the implications of this shift, asking if it is a positive change and whether it is sustainable. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

La figure du sauveteur

Author:
ISBN: 9782753502857 9782753531758 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:18:59
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Le terme de « sauveteur » n’apparaît dans la langue française que vers 1816. Mais par-delà les différences de régimes et d’opinions politiques, l’État, la pédagogie morale, la presse de masse, les associations de bénévoles vont enraciner le type générique de l’individu secourable et courageux dans l’imaginaire civique de la France moderne. Au fil du xixe siècle, comme le montrent les récompenses officielles accordées, le sauveteur est le marin qui se porte au devant des naufragés, le marinier...

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