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Sozialperspektivität - theoretische Bezüge, Forschungsmethodik und wirtschaftliche Praktikabilität eines beziehungsdiagnostischen Konstrukts

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ISBN: 9783930457632 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Social perspective defines the human skill of changing between the point of view of oneself and the other. It takes meta-perspectives and applies them to the different (suspected) point of views. If one knows how the interaction-partner sees the world, one can assume the partner´s willingness to act and consider it for one´s own plan of action.

Keywords

psychology --- prejudice --- behaviour

From Bricks to Brains: The Embodied Cognitive Science of Lego Robots

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781897425787 9781897425794 Year: Pages: 354 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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From Bricks to Brains introduces embodied cognitive science, and illustrates its foundational ideas through the construction and observation of LEGO Mindstorms robots. Discussing the characteristics that distinguish embodied cognitive science from classical cognitive science, From Bricks to Brains places a renewed emphasis on sensing and acting, the importance of embodiment, the exploration of distributed notions of control, and the development of theories by synthesizing simple systems and exploring their behaviour. Numerous examples are used to illustrate a key theme: the importance of an agent’s environment. Even simple agents, such as LEGO robots, are capable of exhibiting complex behaviour when they can sense and affect the world around them.

Keywords

science --- brain --- behaviour

Sugar and Spice, and Everything Nice: Exploring Prosocial Development Through Infancy and Early Childhood

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195169 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-516-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:06
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Prosocial behaviors such as sharing, helping, and comforting begin to emerge early in development. The presence of these prosocial behaviors is important not only in childhood, but throughout one’s lifetime, as behaving prosocially is important for social functioning and maintaining social relationships. For many years researchers have been interested in how and when these behaviors develop, as well as how these behaviors are influenced by a variety of factors. Recently however, exciting new research has shown novel and surprising findings, particularly on the early development and ontogenetic origins of prosocial behavior. Research is this area is important, as by understanding what influences prosocial behavior, we may be better able to sustain and support the development of prosociality. Further, a richer understanding may help us to be better able to mediate factors that impede or negatively influence positive social behaviors, as well as negate triggers that may lead to negative social behaviors. Many theoretical views guide different streams of developmental research in this field. Here, we will bring together scholars from various theoretical backgrounds, to collectively explore the development of early prosocial behaviors from early infancy to early school aged children. Contributors will offer insights using a variety of methodologies, from various resource allocation paradigms derived from economist game theorists, to looking time paradigms and more. Together we seek to broadly explore questions pertaining to prosocial development, for example- at what age do prosocial behaviors, moral understanding, or social selectivity emerge? Contributors will individually address unique research questions across a spectrum of topics. For example, how prosocial behaviors are influenced by underlying mechanisms, such as moral emotions (e.g. guilt and sympathy), will be explored, as will how children’s expectations may shape their behaviors, and how they come to care about others. Questions surrounding different contexts will also be investigated. For example, how does empathy influence prosociality? Do children treat partners differently depending on their past behaviors, wealth, or other characteristics? Does whether there is a cost associated with behaving prosocially influence decision-making? By incorporating the work of numerous researchers in the field of prosocial development, who contribute comprehensive reviews of past research, unique theoretical perspectives and empirical approaches, the proposed research topic endeavors to provide new insights into a breadth of prosocial behaviors. In sum, the proposed research topic will contribute to our understanding of prosocial development in the early years by highlighting the relevant factors and contexts under which prosocial behavior emerges.

Sustainable Consumer Behavior

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ISBN: 9783038425830 9783038425847 Year: Pages: VIII, 211 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-27 09:00:07
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Sustainability may be achieved through many different agents and institutions in society, including governments, new technologies, industries, and markets. In addition to these agents, consumers and households play a crucial role in the adoption of sustainable products and technologies. Additionally, households are responsible for substantial proportions of energy use and waste. In the European Union, the end use of total energy by households was about 25% in 2014 (Eurostat, 2016). Additionally, households generated 8% of total waste in the EU in 2012 (Eurostat, 2015). Moreover, ethical aspects of consumption are becoming more and more important. In order to gain understanding of sustainable consumer and household behavior, Sustainability has devoted an entire Special Issue to this topic. The Special Issue includes studies focusing on macro- and meso-issues, such as political parties’ positions, nationality, social dilemmas and collective consumer efforts. Others studies focus on micro-issues of consumer behaviour, such as consumer segmentation, consumer perceptions, opinions, and intentions. The studies employ a variety of methods, including surveys, experiments, eye tracking, and contingent valuation. The collection of studies provide a balanced overview of consumer research in the field of sustainability.

11 Moral Neuroenhancement (Book chapter)

Book title: The Routledge handbook of neuroethics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138898295 9781315708652 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:59
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In recent years, philosophers, neuroethicists, and others have become preoccupied with “moral enhancement.” Very roughly, this refers to the deliberate moral improvement of an&#xD;individual’s character, motives, or behavior. In one sense, such enhancement could be seen&#xD;as “nothing new at all” (Wiseman, 2016, 4) or as something philosophically mundane: as&#xD;G. Owen Schaefer (2015) has stated, “Moral enhancement is an ostensibly laudable project. . . .

Moral Reasoning at Work: Rethinking Ethics in Organizations

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ISBN: 9781137532619 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.1057/9781137532619 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-21 11:46:37
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This book is open access under a CC-BY license.
Moral dilemmas are a pervasive feature of working life. Moral Reasoning at Work offers a fresh perspective on how to live with them. How do we cope with situations where no matter what we decide to do, something will be wrong? How do we live with the moral dissonance between what we are tempted to do and what is in line with our moral convictions? What can organizations do to establish a foundation for responsible decision-making and conduct? This book combines research streams from ethics and moral psychology using extensive experience of sessions of moral reasoning with leaders and employees in organizations. It argues that there is a need to go beyond compliance and traditional approaches to ethics in order to prepare decision-makers for moral dilemmas. Organizations can do that by encouraging people to become actively and regularly involved in moral reasoning at work.

Reducing Dietary Sodium and Improving Human Health

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ISBN: 9783038429258 9783038429265 Year: Pages: X, 390 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-18 15:50:08
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This Special Issue of Nutrients, entitled “Reducing Dietary Sodium and Improving Human Health”, welcomes the submission of manuscripts either describing original research or reviewing scientific literature related to salt reduction. Manuscripts should focus on population interventions for reducing dietary sodium and we are particularly interested in innovative approaches to changing the food environment and/or consumer behaviour. Manuscripts that discuss theoretical models informing the design of interventions for reducing dietary sodium are also welcome, as are studies from low or lower middle income countries.Potential topics may include, but are not limited to: Development/evaluation of regional or national strategies to reduce population salt intake Methodological issues related to measuring salt consumption patterns Use of policy or legislative approaches to reduce salt consumption Design and/or assessment of impact of behavioural change programs Modelling of the impact of interventions on salt intake and health outcomes.

Consumer Data Research

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781787353886 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353886 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Geography --- Economics --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-14 11:01:58
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Big Data collected by customer-facing organisations – such as smartphone logs, store loyalty card transactions, smart travel tickets, social media posts, or smart energy meter readings – account for most of the data collected about citizens today. As a result, they are transforming the practice of social science. Consumer Big Data are distinct from conventional social science data not only in their volume, variety and velocity, but also in terms of their provenance and fitness for ever more research purposes. The contributors to this book, all from the Consumer Data Research Centre, provide a first consolidated statement of the enormous potential of consumer data research in the academic, commercial and government sectors – and a timely appraisal of the ways in which consumer data challenge scientific orthodoxies.

Methode zur Einbindung realer Nutzerprofile in die ökologische und ökonomische Bewertung von Fahrzeugkonzepten

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriftenreihe Fahrzeugsystemtechnik / Institut für Fahrzeugsystemtechnik ISSN: 18696058 ISBN: 9783731508083 Year: Volume: 63 Pages: VII, 199 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000083924 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The book at hand shows possibilities to derive requirements from customers’ usage behaviour based on recorded vehicle data. The focus lies on the derivation of mobility and driving profiles for a computer aided calculation of the fuel consumption. On this basis, the calculated fuel consumption is integrated into the creation of life cycle assessments and total cost of ownership calculations in order to evaluate vehicle concepts.

Giovani Jeunes Jovenes

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Book Series: Studi e saggi ISBN: 8884530040 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_345469 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The book illustrates the results of research that emerged within the context of a specific European Union programme. The analysis was carried out by Italian, French and Spanish academics co-ordinated by the Inter-University Centre of Political Sociology of the University of Florence. It aims to reconstruct the educational careers of the new generations within the social and economic context of Southern Europe, paying particular attention to the conditions of university students and to youth unemployment. The issue is examined and discussed also in relation to a broader sociological meditation on the values shaping the future of the political culture in contemporary Europe.

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